HS302NOTES

 

THE REFORM BILL OF 1867--

 

            BENJAMIN DISRAELI

           

            1. REDISTRIBUTION

           

            2. EXTENSION OF FRANCHISE TO MOST URBAN WORKERS

           

ELECTIONS OF 1868--

            WON BY GLADSTONE AND LIBERALS—IN OFFICE TILL 1874

            1. COMPETITIVE EXAMS FOR CIVIL SERVICE

            2. EDUCATION BILL OF 1870

                        A. LOCAL SCHOOL BOARDS

                        B. FINANICIAL SUPPORT TO BOARDS FROM PARLIAMENT

C. BOARDS TO OPERATE NONSECTARIAN ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS

THERE WERE CHURCH OPERATED AND OTHER NONSECTARIAN VOLUNTARY SCHOOLS

A. CONTINUE TO RECEIVE FINANCIAL SUPPORT FROM PARLIAMENT

1871 WORKERS GET RIGHT TO FORM UNIONS                                                    

            A. ALSO RIGHT TO STRIKE

            B. BAN ON PICKETING CONTINUED

1872  SECRET BALLOT ACT

GLADSTONE CONTINUED LAISSEZ FAIRE IN ECONOMIC MATTERS

1874-1880  DISRAELI PRIME MINISTER, WITH CONSERVATIVE PARTY

PUSHED PROGRAM CALLED TORY DEMOCRACY

            A. TO BENEFIT WORKING CLASSES

            B. WIN VOTES FOR CONSERVATIVE PARTY

C. 1875 ANOTHER FACTORY ACT – WORKING CONDITIONS

            D. PUBLIC HEALTH ACT—URBAN SANITATION

            E. ARTISAN’S DWELLING ACT

                        AUTHORIZES SLUM CLEARANCE

                        CONSTRUCT PUBLIC HOUSING

F. ALSO A LAW THAT LEGALIZED PICKETING

1880-1886 GLADSTONE AGAIN

            REFORM BILL OF 1884

            VOTES TO MOST FARM WORKERS

THE QUESTION OF IRELAND AGAIN

            REMEMBER ACT OF UNION 1800 AND

CATHOLIC EMANCIPATION IN 1829—IRISH CATHOLICS TO PARLIAMENT

DRIVE FOR HOME RULE—IRISH PARLIAMENT AND SELF-GOVERNMENT—BRITAIN RETAINS CONTROL OF FOREIGN POLICY

OPPOSITION FROM ULSTER PROTESTANTS

SUPPORTED BY CONSERVATIVE PARTY—UNIONISTS

1870-1903 SERIES OF LAND ACTS

WYNDHAM ACT—LOANS TO PURCHASE LAND--REVOLUTION

3F’S—FAIR RENT, FREE SALE OF IMPROVEMENTS, FIXED TENURE TO AVOID EVICTIONS

1880S—LAND WAR IN IRELAND—TENANTS AGAINST LANDLORDS

MICHAEL DAVITT, CAPTAIN BOYCOTT, C.S. PARNELL

THE INVINCIBLES—MURDER GOVERNMENT LEADERS

COERCION AND CONCILIATION

FIRST HOME RULE BILL, 1886—DEFEATED IN COMMONS

RADICALS AND WHIGS JOIN CONSERVATIVES

JOSEPH CHAMBERLAIN AND LORD HARTINGTON

SECOND HOME RULE BILL, 1893—DEFEATED IN LORDS

THIRD HOME RULE BILL, 1912—PASSED IN 1914

ILLEGAL MILITIAS IN ULSTER AND REST OF IRELAND

UNIONISTS AGAINST NATIONALISTS, THEN SINN FEIN

SUSPENDED FOR DURATION OF WAR, 1914-1918

DEVELOPMENT OF THE LABOR PARTY

GROWTH OF UNIONS IN 19TH CENTURY

1883 FOUNDING OF FABIAN SOCIETY (GEORGE BERNARD SHAW, H.G. WELLS, SYDNEY AND BEATRICE WEBB)

1900 JOIN TO FORM LABOR PARTY

SINCE 1880S SOME LABOR ELECTED TO PARLIAMENT

LIB-LABS—KEIR HARDIE, GEORGE LANSBURY

LEADS TO DESTRUCTION LIBERAL PARTY

1906 HAD 29 SEATS

1918 BECAME LOYAL OPPOSITION

1923 FORMED COALITION GOVERNMENT WITH LIBERALS

LIBERALS IN POWER, 1906-1916

            LED BY HENRY CAMPBELL-BANNERMANN, 1906-1908

            HERBERT ASQUITH, 1908-1916  

            SERIES OF SOCIAL AND POLITICAL REFORMS

ECONOMIC REFORMS: TO HOLD SUPPORT OF WORKERS--FAILED

1906 WORKMEN’S COMPENSATION ACT—INJURIES ON JOB

1909 OLD AGE PENSIONS ACT—FOR LOW INCOME OVER 70

PARLIAMENT ACT OF 1911

“PEOPLE’S BUDGET BY LLOYD GEORGE, 1909

INCREASED TAXES—

1) INCOME TAXES ON WEALTHY—

2) INCREASED INHERITANCE TAXES—

3) NEW TAX ON THE UNEARNED INCREASE IN THE VALUE OF LAND                      

HOUSE OF LORDS REJECTS BUDGET—UPROAR

            NEW LAW—PARLIAMENT ACT 0F 1911

            ABSOLUTE TO SUSPENSIVE VETO FOR LORDS

            WOULD MEAN HOME RULE FOR IRELAND

            NEW ELECTION—KING WILL APPOINT NEW LORDS, LIKE 1832

            LORDS GIVE IN, RATHER THAN FLOOD HOUSE

PAYMENT OF MPS—PASSED IN 1911

            1911 NATIONAL INSURANCE ACT

1) UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE—CONTRIBUTIONS FROM GOVERNMENT, WORKERS, AND EMPLOYERS

2) HEALTH INSURANCE—FINANCED SAME WAY

LIBERALS HAD TAKEN MAJOR STEP TOWARD WELFARE STATE AND DECLINE OF LAISSEZ FAIRE

1912 3RD HOME RULE BILL INTRODUCED FOR IRELAND

            THREAT OF CIVIL WAR—

CATHOLICS AGAINST PROTESTANTS

UNIONISTS AGAINST NATIONALISTS

MUTINY IN BRITISH ARMY IF ORDERED TO INFORCE

WEALTHY ENGLISH FINANCING GUN PURCHASES

SUFFRAGETTES—SEEK SUFFRAGE FOR WOMEN

1903 MRS. PANKHURST CREATES WOMEN’S SOCIAL AND POLITICAL UNION

1906-1914 MILITANT ACTION FOR VOTES—MOST MEN OPPOSED

PAINT—BEATINGS OF SPEAKERS, MINISTERS—SLASH ART

CAT AND MOUSE ACT—PRISON—HUNGER STRIKE—FORCIBLE FEEDING—RELEASE—NOURISHED—RETURNED TO PRISON

STRANGE DEATH OF LIBERAL ENGLAND

            WILLINGNESS TO ABANDON PEACEFUL RESOLUTIONS

            HOUSE OF LORDS—UNIONISTS—SUFFRAGETTES

WOMEN GOT VOTE IN 1918 AND 1928

            NEW ZEALAND, 1893—FINLAND, 1906—NORWAY, 1907—

            UNITED STATES, 1920