WESTERN HUMANITIES WEB SITES: FROM THE ANCIENT MEDITERRANEAN CIVILIZATIONS TO THE PRESENT

DICTIONARIES AND THESAURUSES

Merriam Webster's Dictionary and Thesaurus
http://www.m-w.com/home.htm

Roget's Thesaurus (version 1.02)
http://www.thesaurus.com

Strunk's Elements of Style (1918) ed.)
http://www.bartleby.com/141

Merriam Webster's Dictionary and Thesaurus
http://www.m-w.com/home.htm

CITATIONS AND COPYRIGHT

Library of Congress
http://lcweb.loc.gov/copyright

Copywright WebSite
http://www.benedict.com

Citing Sources
http://libweb.sdsu.edu/cite.html

LIBRARIES

Internet Public Library
http://ipl.org

Library of Congress
http://lcweb.loc.gov/library/

NEWSPAPERS

Geographic Listing
http://www.newsrack.com

BROADCAST NEWS

CNN
http://www.cnn.com

National Public Radio
http://www.npr.org

PBS
http://www.pbs.org

NEWS FILTERS

Newsfilter and Screen Saver
http://www.pointcast.com

BOOK REVIEWS

Book Wire
http://www.bookwire.com

The Independent Reader
http://www.independentreader.com

ONLINE WRITING CENTERS

National Writing Center Association
http://departments.colgate.edu/diw/NWCA.html

PEOPLE FINDERS

Yahoo's People Finder
http://people.yahoo.com

IMAGE FINDERS

Mister Pix
http://www.mister-pix.com

AltaVista Photo Finder
http://www.altavista.com

Yahoo! Image Surfer
http://ipix.yahoo.com

GENERAL AND WORLD HUMANITIES SITES

African History: South of the Sahara
http://www-sul.stanford.edu/depts/ssrg/africa/history.htm

Asian History Museums Online
http://dmoz.org/Reference/Museums/History/Asian/

Exploring Ancient World Cultures
http://eawc.evansville.edu

H-NET: Humanities and Social Sciences Online
http://www.h-net.msu.edu

Humanities Web Sites: UNCC
http://www.uncc.edu/lis/library/reference/human/websites/htm

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Mesoamerica
http://www.cultures/.com/meso_resources/meso_encyclopedia/meso_encylopedia_home.html

Internet African History Sourcebook
http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/africa/africasbook.html

Internet East Asian History Sourcebook
http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/eastasia/eastasiasbook.html

Internet Indian History Sourcebook
http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/india/indiasook/html

Perseus Project: Classical Resources
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/

The Voice of the Shuttle: Web Page for Humanities Research
http://vos.ucsb.edu

ART MUSEUMS

Art Institute of Chicago
http://www.artic.edu/aic/index.html

The Egyptian Museum: Berlin, Germany
http://www.smb.spk-berlin.de/amp/e/s.html

Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence, Italy
http://www.uffizi.firenze.it/welcomeE.html

Heard Museum: Native Cultures and Art
http://www.heard.org

J. Paul Getty Museum
http://www.getty.edu/museum/

Louvre Palace and Museum, France
http://www.louvre.fr/louvrea.htm

Metropolitan Museum of Art, Ne York
http://www.metmuseum.org

Museo de Prado: Madrid, Spain
http://museoprado.mcu.es/prado/html/ihome.html

Museum of Modern Art, New York
http://www.moma.org/

Museums of Berlin
http://www.worldartantiques.com/GermanyMuseums-Berlin.htm

National Gallery: London
http://www.nationalgallery.org.uk/

National Gallery of Art
http://www.nga.gov/home.htm

National Museum of African Art
http://www.si.edu/oganiz/museums/africart/africart.htm

Philadelphia Museum of Art
http://www.philamuseum.org/

Tate Gallery, London
http://www.tate.org.uk/london/index.htm

PREHISTORY AND NEAR EASTERN CIVILIZATIONS

Columbia University Area Studies: Ancient Egypt
http://www.colombia.edu/cu/libraries/indiv/area/Africa/AncEgypt.html

The Oriental Institute: The University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu

The University of Memphis Institute of Egyptian Art and Archeology
http://www.memphis.edu/egypt/main.html

AEGEAN CIVILIZATIONS: THE MINOANS, THE MYCENAEANS, AND THE GREEKS OF THE ARCHAIC AGE

The Ancient Greek World: The University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archeology and Anthropology
http://www.museum.upenn.edu/Greek_World/Intro.html

Argos Limited Area Search Engine for the Ancient and Medieval Worlds
http://argos.evansville.edu

The Prehistoric Archaeology of the Aegean
http://devlab.dartmouth.edu/history/bronze_age/

CLASSICAL GREEK CIVILIZATION: THE HELLENIC AGE

Antiqua Medicina: From Homer to Vesalius
http://www.med.virginia.edu/hs-library/historical/antiqua/anthome.html

ARIADNE: Hellenic Museums Page
http://www.greekcivil.ariadne-t.gr/HELLENIC_CIVILIZATION/Museums/Museums.html

The Beazley Archive, Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford
http://www.beazley.ox.ac.uk

NM's The Development of Western Civilization: Greece
http://history.evansville.net/greece.html

Overview of Archaic and Classical Greek History: Perseus Project
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/Secondary/TRM_Overview/index.html

PBS: The Greeks
http://www.pbs.org/empires/thegreeks

CLASSICAL GREEK CIVILIZATION: THE HELLENISTIC AGE

Classics Index
http://www.uky.edu.ArtsSciences/Classics/lexindex.html

The Hellenistic Age: Virtual Library
http://www.ukans.edu/history/VL/chronological/hellenistic.html

Interactive Ancient Mediterranean, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
http://iam.classics.unc.edu/index.html

Macedon, Thrace, and the Hellenistic Age
http://www-personal.umich.edu/~spalding/AlexFiles/Macedonia.html

ROMAN CIVILIZATION: THE PRE-CHRISTIAN CENTURIES

Archaeological Resource Guide for Europe: Roman Web Sites
http://www.bham.ac.uk/ARGE/Periods/#roman
 
 

Forum Romanum

http://library.thinkquest.org/11402/home_intro.html
 
 

Perseus project: Latin Texts

http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/Texts/latin_TOC.html
 
 

Pompeii Forum Project

http://jefferson.village.virginia.edu/pompeii/page-1.html
 
 

JUDAISM AND THE RISE OF CHRISTIANITY
 
 

FIU Libraries: Internet Resources for the Study of Judaism

http://www.fiu.edu/~library/internet/subjects/religion/reljud.html
 
 

Guide to Early Church Documents

http://www.iclnet.org/pub/resources/christian-history.html
 
 

Internet Resources for the Study of Judaism and Christianity

http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/rs/resources.html
 
 

LATE ROMAN CIVILIZATION
 
 

II Parthian Legion

http://www.virtual-pc.com/orontes/severi/sevpage.htm
 
 

The Latin Library

http://patriot.net/~lillard/cp/latlib
 
 

The Palace of Diocletian at Split

http://www.ncsa.uiuc.edu/SDG/Experimental/split/split1.html
 
 

THE SUCCESSORS OF ROME: BYZANTIUM, ISLAM, AND THE EARLY MEDIEVAL WEST
 
 

Byzantine and Medieval Studies Sites

http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/medweb
 
 

The Labyrinth: Resources for Medieval Studies: Georgetown University

http://www.georgetown.edu/labyrinth/labyrinth-home.html
 
 

ORB: The Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies

http://orb.rhodes.edu/
 
 

THE HIGH MIDDLE AGES: THE CHRISTIAN CENTURIES
 
 

Medieval Links

http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/medweb/links.htm#med_gen
 
 

Medieval Resources

http://www.haverford.edu/library/reference/mschaus/medieval.html
 
 

NetSERF: The Internet Connection for Medieval Resources

http://netserf.cua.edu/
 
 

THE LATE MIDDLE AGES: 1300-1500
 
 

The Bibliotheque Nationale de France presents The Age of King Charles V (1338-1380)

http://www.bnf.fr/enluminures/aaccueil.htm
 
 

Late Middle Ages Website

http://humanities.byu.edu/classes/ital420/Late_Middle_Ages/index.html
 
 

WebSampler: Middle Ages and Renaissance

http://ivory.LM.com/~kholt/WebSampler/ma-ren.html
 
 

THE EARLY RENAISSANCE: RETURN TO CLASSICAL ROOTS, 1400-1494
 
 

Early Modern Humanities Sites: European Renaissance and Reformation

http://darkwing.uoregon.edu/~rbear/links.html
 
 

NM's The Development of Western Civilization: The Renaissance

http://history.evansville.net/renaissa.html
 
 

RENAISSNACE forum: An Electronic Journal of Early-Modern Literary and Historical Studies

http://www.hull.ac.uk/Hull/EL_Web/renforum/resource.htm
 
 

THE HIGH RENAISSANCE AND EARLY MANNERISM: 1494-1564
 
 

Mannerism: Uffizi Gallery

http://www.televisual.net/uffizi/manneris.html
 
 
 
 

Web Gallery of Art

http://www.kfki.hu/~arthp/welcome.html
 
 

Web Museum: La Renaissance: Italy

http://sunsite.unc.edu/wm/paint/glo/renaissance/it.html
 
 

THE RELIGIOUS REFORMATIONS, NORTHERN HUMANISM, THE NORTHERN RENAISSANCE, AND LATE MANNERISM: 1500-1603
 
 

The Catholic Reformation: Texts, Documents, and Resources

http://history.hanover.edu/early/cath.htm

Gallery of Mannerism 1525-1600
 
 

http://tigtail.org/TVM/X1/mannerism.html
 
 

The History Guide: Renaissance Humanism

http://www.pagesz.net/~stevek/intellect/humanism.html
 
 

Web Museum: The Northern Renaissance

http://mexplaza.udg.mx/wm/paint/tl/north-ren
 
 

THE BAROQUE AGE: GLAMOUR AND GRANDIOSITY, 1600-1715
 
 

Baroque Art Web Sites

http://www.etsu.edu/library/docslaw/baroqweb.htm
 
 

L'Age d'Or: French and English Baroque

http://www.kipar.org
 
 

Music History 102: The Baroque Age

http://www.ipl.org/exhibit/mushist/bar/index.htm
 
 

WebMuseum: Baroque

http://www.oir.ucf.edu/wm/paint/theme/baroque.html
 
 

THE BAROQUE AGE II: REVOLUTIONS IN SCIENTIFIC AND POLITICAL THOUGHT, 1600-1715
 
 

Baroque Architecture

http://www.lib.virginia.edu/dic/colls/arh102/index.html
 
 

Baroque Art

http://www.op.net/~uarts/lin/we_e3.html
 
 

Musical Epochs: The Baroque

http://w3.rz-berlin.mpg.de/cmp/g_epoch_baroque.html
 
 

THE AGE OF REASON: 1700-1789
 
 

Eighteenth-Century E-Texts

http://newark.rutgers.edu/~jlynch/18th/etext.html
 
 

Eighteenth-Century Resources

http://andromeda.rutgers.edu/~jlynch/18th/ .
 
 

Eighteenth-Century Studies

http://eserver.org/18th
 
 

REVOLUTION, REACTION, AND CULTURAL RESPONSE: 1760-1830
 
 

NM's The Development of Western Civilization: Age of Industry

http://history.evansville.net/industry.html
 
 

Romanticism and the Arts

http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/cas/fnart/HP/romantic/html
 
 

Science and the Industrial Revolution

http://www.lucknow.com/horus/guide/si101.html
 
 

THE TRIUMPH OF THE BOURGEOISIE: 1830-1871
 
 

German Idealism

http://www.utm.edu/research/iep/g/germidea/htm
 
 

Romantic Links, Electronic Texts, and Home Pages

http://www-sul.stanford.edu/mirrors/romnet/wp1800
 
 

Triumph of the Bourgeoisie: Arts

http://www.ma.psu.edu/~nlf2/inart01/18.htm
 
 

THE AGE OF EARLY MODERNISM: 1871-1914
 
 

The History of the Surrealist Movement

http://newmedia.cgu.edu/cody/surrealism/history.htm
 
 

An Index of Web Sites on Modernism

http://www.modcult.brown.edu/people/Schoses/modlist/Title.html
 
 

NGA: Impressionism

http://www.nga.gov/collection/gallery/gg86/gg86-main1.html
 
 

THE AGE OF THE MASSES AND THE ZENITH OF MODERNISM: 1914-1945

The Advent of Modernism
http://proserv.wustl.edu/~wugallery/art/20cent1.html

Dada and Surrealism on the Web: A Comprehensive Survey
http://www.public.asu.edu/~jarcher/dadasurrX.html

Introduction to 20th Century Architecture
http://www.johnco.cc.ks.us/~jjackson/bar2.html

THE AGE OF ANXIETY AND BEYOND: 1945--

The Culture of Modernism
http://www.arthist.lu.se/kultsem/sonesson/cult_mod_1.html

Modernism and Post-Modernism in Contemporary Music
http://www.harrowschool.org.uk/harrow/page1.htm

Postmodernism and Its Critics
http://www.as.ua.edu/ant/Faculty/murphy/436/pomo.htm

THE ANCESTORS OF THE WEST

http://eawc.evansville.edu/nepage.htm
For texts, images, and links useful for all early Mediterranean civilizations. For example, the full text of Hammurabi’s Code is available.

http://www.clpgh.org/cmnh/tours/egypt/walton.html
The Carnegie Museum of Natural History provides excellent coverage of Life in Ancient Egypt.

http://www.newton.cam.ac.uk/egypt/index.html
Scholarly links and information on Egyptology can be found at Cambridge University’s Egyptology Resources.

http://scholar.cc.emory.edu/scripts/ASOR/HittieHP.html
Includes a useful list of rules and some texts in translation.

http://wae.com/webcat/waehome.htm
Ancient Egypt and the Middle East

THE BOOKS AND THE MYTHS: WESTERN ASIA AND EARLY GREECE
http://jeru.huji.ac.il/
http://jeru.huji.ac.il
Experience ancient Jerusalem, its foods, costume, and customs during the First and Second Temple periods.

http://libary.ccus.ctsteu.edu/~history/world_history/image_archive/achaemenid
View Images from the History of the Iranian Empire: Media and Achaemenid Persia.

http:// www.uoregon.edu%7Ejoelia/iliad.html
A complete version of Butler’s translation of The Iliad is available on the Internet.

http://web.nps.mil/-fapaoul/history_inline.html
For the period from prehistory to the present, excellent maps accompanied by informative articles enliven the Peloponnese: History site.

http://www.museum.upenn.edu/Greek_World/Index.html
The University of Pennsylvania’s Museum developed a Web site with images form its exhibit, The Ancient Greek World.

http://www.greekcivil.ariadne-t.gr/default.html
Ariadne serves as a starting point for Internet research into Greek culture.

http://lstmuse.com/alex3/alex-synopsys.html
The life and accomplishments of Alexander the Great are the focus of The Alexander the Great project.

http://vislab-www.nps.navymil/-fapaoul/history/alexand.html
Excellent maps of territories conquered and battles fought enliven The Campaigns of Alexander.

soc.history.ancient
Enthusiasts and professionals discuss topics in ancient history on the unmoderated Usenet newsgroup
(LSSU does not have access to Usenet feeds, if you have a private Internet provider, you may be able to access this.)

  ORB Online Encyclopedia--Overview of Late Antiquit
Covers Greece, Rome, and Early Middle Ages.

ROME: FROM REPUBLIC TO EMPIRE, CA. 509-44 BC

http://harpy.ucs.edu/roman/html/roman.html
The University of Colorado Springs maintains an online gallery of Roman art and architecture.

http://www.uky.edu/ArtsSciences/Cassics/gender.html
Information about Roman women can be found at Diatoma: Materials for the study of women and Gender in the Ancient World.

http://www.personal.umich.edu/~pfoss/index.html
Roman art and archaeology. Information about ROMARCH and other resources are available.

gopher://gopher.lib.viginia.edu:70/77/indexes/bmcr
Extensive online book reviews form The Bryn Mawr Classical Review can be searched via the Internet.

http://www.dla.utexas.edu/depts/classics/docments/cic.html
The Cicero Homepage provides information about the Roman author, along with some of his work.

http://www.dhm.de/museen/stien/tour/toure.html
View a German archaeological site dating from the third centuries A.D of Roman settlement online at the Roman open-air Museum.

http://www.mindspring.com/~tmryan/deadroma.htm
Informal, yet well-organized, Dead Romans allows visitors to take "visual walk-throughs" of Roman buildings via sequential photographs and also provides material on imperial history.

IMPERIAL ROME, 27 B.C.-A.D. 284

http://maps.linex.com/empire.html
Excellent maps cover important dates in Roman imperial history from AD 8-476

http://eawc.evansville.edu/ropage.htm
Exploring Ancient World Cultures has a useful Roman page with links to other online resources.

http://sunsite.unc.edu/expo/deadsea.scrolls.exhibit/overview.html
The Dead Sea Scrolls site has a wealth of original sources and commentaries.

http://orb.rhodes.edu
The Online Resource book provides a wealth of primary documents for European medieval history along with original articles.

http://www.unipissing.ca/department/history/ord/It-atest.htm
Consult the page for late Antiquity in the Mediterranean.

http://www.ncsa.unic.edu/SDG/Experimental/spilt1.html
Photographs and essays enliven The "Palace" of Diocletian at Spilt that can be found.

http://www.ccel.wheaton.edu/gibbon/decline
The complete text of Edward Gibbon’s Decline and fall of the Roman Empire is available.

http://www.catacombe.roma.it/welcome.html
An intriguing aspect of early Christian history receives elegant attention at The Christian Catacombs of Rome.

THE WORLD OF LATE ANTIQUITY, CA. 300-600

http://www.iglobal.net/psman/barbanian/history.html
The Ultimate Barbarian Site provides well-researched historical material and Links.

EARLY MEDIEVAL CIVILIZATIONS, CA. 600-900

http://www.isamicity.org/Mosque/IHAME/Sec4.htmorhttp://www.islamicity.org/Mosque/IHAME/Sec6.htm
Islam and Islamic History in Arabia and the Middle East provides background information.

http://www.bway.net/~halsall/imagespict
If you’re interested in Byzantine icons and architecture.

http://www.ghg.nrt/sheltyer/oldimp
Imperium provides an exhaustive genealogical cross-index for European rules and their families, covering all eras.

http://www.bedsworld.co.uk
The Museum of early Medieval Northumbria at Jarrow maintains a lavishly illustrated set of pages devoted to Bede, the Anglo-Saxon historian.

http://orb.rhodes.edu
The best starting place to find primary documents for European medieval history.

http://www.georgetown.edu/labyrinth/labyrinth-home.html
The Labyrinth is another out standing site for Medieval studies.

http://histroy.hanover.edu/Medieual/crusades.htm
A collection of links to both primary and secondary sources about the Crusades.

http://blah.bsuvc.bsu.edu/bt
The story of William the Conqueror’s winning of the English crown is memorialized in an epic work of embroidery.

http://www.castlewales.com/home.html
The Castle of Wales is an elegant, illustrated site devoted to these medieval fortifications.

http://portico.bl.uk/access/electronic-beowulf.html
View images of the eleventh-century manuscript of Beowulf at the British Library’s.

MEDIEVAL CIVILIZATION AT ITS HEIGHT CA. 1150-1300

http://www.cua.edu/www./hist/netserf/home.htm
Begin your search at NetSERF: The Internet Connection for Medieval Resources when looking for Medieval on the web.

http://www.wclc.edu/pers_pages/m-markow/ssclehome.html
The Society for the study of the Crusades and the Latin East maintains a web page with links.

http://www.calvacom.fr/calvaweb/mcm/uk/indexuk.html
Visit Paris in the age of Philip Augustus in the English language version of an illustrated Web site.

http://www.tulane.edu/lester/text/Gothic/Early.Gothic/Early.Gothic.html
Images of dozens of Early Gothic churches and artifacts can be found.

THE TRANSFORMATION OF MEDIEVAL CIVILIZATION, 1300-1500

http://jefferson.village.virgina.edu/osheim/into.html
Begin research into the Black Death with the document collection, Plague and Public Health in Renaissance Europe.

http:// www.bnf.fr/enlumintures/aaccuiel.htm and http://humanities.unchicago.edu/images/heures/heures.html
The art of the later Middle Ages is well represented in two online presentations.

http://userwww.sfsu.edu/~lindamar/joan.html
You can consult primary written and visual sources regarding Joan of Arc at an occasionally worshipful.

http://www.hyperhistory.com/
With biographies, maps, and links for various periods and figures of world history, including the late Middle Ages.

http://brown.edu/Departments/Italian_Studies/dweb/dweb.shtml
The Decamaron Web provides texts, images, and links based on Boccaccio’s vernacular masterpiece.

http://www.christurex.org/wwwl/vaticanco/O-Musei.html andhttp://www.televisual.it/uffizi/
Many of the greatest works of Renaissance artist are available online.

http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/castasto/overview.html
Search the online database for the Florentine Castasto.

http://www.mindspring/com/~gable

The architecture of Andrea Palladio (1508-1580).

EUROPE, THE OLD WORLD AND THE NEW

http://marauder.millersv.edu/~columbus
Begin your research into Columbus with a visit to the 1100 online text articles preserved in Columbus and the Age of Discovery.

http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/sbookl.html#expan1
A selection of sources devoted to European Expansions Overseas.

http://www.talkcity.com/atmusic/WOM/Samerica.shtml
Listen and learn about early South American Music.

THE AGE OF THE REFORMATION

http://history.hanover.edu/early/prot.html and http://history.hanover.edu/early/cath.html
Useful sites for The Protestant Reformation and the catholic Reformation.

http://www.geocites.com/SoHo/Studios/1344/hernyviii.html
The Henry VIII page presents a well-balanced picture of the man, his era, and accomplishments.

http://www.iclnet.org/pub/resouces/text/Wittenberg/Writtenberg_home.html
Project Wittenberg is an ambitious attempt to link and a comprehensive library of Luther.

http://www.vasamuseet.se/indexeng.html
Take a virtual tour on the 1628 Swedish flagship, Vasa, when you visit the Museum’s online.

http://the-tech.mit.edu/Shakepeare/
You can search the complete works of Shakespeare and explore related sites.

http://unomaha.edu/~wwweng/17thcentury/ppr.html
Biographical information about Rubens complements an extensive visual gallery.

http://www.libary.byu.edu/~rbh/phil2/
The immensely useful and wide-ranging Eurodocs site at Brigham Young Uinversity includes transcriptions and facsimile reproductions of previously unpublished letters of Philip II.

EUROPE IN THE AGE OF LOUIS XIV, CA. 1610-1715

http://www.histroy.rochester.edu/london_Gazette/

Explore the news media of late seventeenth century England in online transcripts of The London Gazette.

http://coral.bucknell.edu/department/russian/chorno2.html
The petrine Chronology provides informative, illustrated links for the major events in Peter the Great’s Russia.

http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/r_nestvold
Find out about the English playwright, author, and spy from The Alpha Behn Page.

http://es.rice.edu/ES/humsoc/Gailileo/ and http://wwwcn1.cern.ch/~mcnab/n/index.html
http://quarles,un.bc.edu/idea/gen/histroy/descartes.html
There are Web sites for many prominent figures from the Scientific Revolution.

A REVOLUTION IN WORLD-VIEW

http://sd02znet.com/rcb/
Although a commercial Internet site, The Germany has a wealth of information about antique scientific instruments.

http://www.arrowweb.com/philo/Pers/HobbPers.htm
Explore philosophy of the age at sites such as this page for Thomas Hobbes.

http://www.scottlan.edu/Iriddle/women/chronol.htm
Documenting women’s participation in the Scientific Revolution and beyond are the stories of Women Mathematicians.

http://eng.hss.cmu.edu/18th /
A host of text and links relevant to the period are available at Eighteenth-century studies.

http://humanities.unchicago.edu/homes/VSA/VSA.html
The Voltaire Society of American maintains a Web page featuring writings and historical images.

http://www.pallasweb.com/catherinepalace/
Take a virtual tour of one of Catharine the Great’s favorite residences.

http://www.catallyst-highlands.co.uk/booly/culloden/home.htm
Bloody Culloden commemorates the battle with historical background, photographs, and battle plans.

http://tuna.chicagao.edu/forms_ENC.query.html
Diderot and Alembert’s Encyclopedie in its original French.

REVOLUTIONARY EUROPE, 1789-1815

http://www.azstarnet.com/~kjkelly/Vigee.html
An excellent online gallery of The Art Elisabeth Louise Vigee Le Brun can be consulted.

http://www.napoleon.org/home_us.html
Napoleon.

http://www.ehche.ac.uk.college/shcools/human/engilsh/mw.htm
http://www.knuten.liu/se/~bjch509/philiosphes/bur.html
Experience the two extremes of English reaction to the French revolution.

Eighteenth-Century Studies
Eighteenth century literary and cultural studies, including novels, plays, poems, criticism.

Modern History (1776-1945)
By period.

European History
By subject.

Monarchs of Britain on Britannia
Brief biographies of monarchs of England

The French Revolution
Use with caution.

Contemporary History (since 1945)
Covers Europe, the Americas, Asia, Africa, the Cold War, and current events.
RESTORATION, REFORM, AND REVOLUTION, 1814-1848

http://www.history.rochester.edu/pennymag/
Immerse yourself in the culture of the past through the Penny Magazine online reproducing England of the 1830’s.

http://www.digsys.net/users/zrk/welcome.htm
Useful links for women’s history and writing can be found at the Introduction to a Victorian women’s World.

http://prometheus.cc.emory.edu/library.html
Prometheus Unplugged Romanticism links lists dozens of sites for romanticism, authors, and artists.

http://www.lesmis.com/inspiration/author/vicnovell.html
Learn about Victor Hugo, the author of The Hunchback of Notre Dame and Les Miserables.

THE INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION OF EUROPE

http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/htpertext/landow/victorian/history/histov.html
Many primary documents covering labor and working –class life are available under "Social History" at the Victorian Web’s History Overview.

http://csf.colorado.edu/psn/marx
The Marx/Engels Archive provides links and electronic text versions of their major writings.

http://www.emory.edu/FAMINE/
There are several excellent sites for the Irish Famine, among them Views of the Famine.

http://www.cre.canon.co.uk/~davide/kbsm/index.html
Science and technology museums have some interesting links for early industrialization.

NEW POWERS AND NEW TENSIONS, 1850-1880

http://gnv.fdt.net/~dforest/fnindex.htm
Learn about one of the real heroines of the Crimean War at the Florence Nightingale page.

http://www.library.nwu.edu/spec/siege/
Northwestern University’s Library has created a wonderful, searchable site devoted to their collection of documents and images.

http://www.usc.edu/dept/history/huffman/disaeli/life.htm
Lavishly illustrated with multimedia elements, The History of Benjamin Disraeli

THE AGE OF OPTIMISM, 1850-1880

http;//lang.nagoya-u.ac.jp/~matsuoka/Dickens.html and http://www.grocites.com/Athens/Acropoils/6250/index.htm and http://www.indiana.edu/~letrs/vwwp/index.html
Many nineteenth-century authors have dedicated Internet sites, and the Dostoevsky page, you can also search The Victorian Women writing project for electronic text versions of English women author’s work.

http://www.history.roshester.edu/eph-book/shb/ and http://idevelop.com/19ctec.htm
Read the online Autobiography of Sir Henry Bessemer, or delve into the scholarly community of the nineteenth Century Technology Board.

http://yawp.giant.net/wn/paint/hteme/impressionisme.html
Experience art and culture online at the Web Museum’s Impressionism site.

ESCALATING TENSIONS, 1880-1914

http://plaza.interport.net/nypsan/frudarc.html andhttp://www.sas.upeen.edu/~smfriedm/einstein.html
Visit Web sites for important intellectuals such as Signund Freud and Albert Einstein

http://www.barnardf.demon.co.uk/ and http://www.accinet.net/~fjzwick/kipling/
Explore historical attitudes towards imperialism at several sites including Letters from a Victorian Governess and "The White Man’s Burden" and Its Critics.

http://watt.emf.net/wn/paint/glo/expressionism andhttp://watt.emf.net/wn/paint/tl20th/fauvism.html
The Web Museum covers artists from all eras and schools including Expressionism and Fauvism.

THE AGE OF THE MASSES AND THE ZENITH OF MODERNISM: 1914-1945

The Advent of Modernism
http://proserv.wustl.edu/~wugallery/art/20cent1.html

Dada and Surrealism on the Web: A Comprehensive Survey
http://www.public.asu.edu/~jarcher/dadasurrX.html

Introduction to 20th Century Architecture
http://www.johnco.cc.ks.us/~jjackson/bar2.html

WAR AND REVOLUTION, 1914-1919

http://www.lib.byu.edu/~rph/wwi/ andhttp://www.worldwar1.com
Begin your search at World War 1 Document Archive part of Eurodocs, an online collection of primary sources.

http://www.pitt.edu/~novosel/ww1.html
The Great War links provides many connections to other WWI sites.

http://www/barnsdle.demon.co.uk/russ/rusrev.html and http://cfcsc.dnd.ca/links/miihist/rusrev.html
Try sites such as The Russian Revolution, with its many primary documents, links, and resources.

THE ILLUSION OF STABILITY, 1919-1930

http://www.peak.org/%7Edadaist/
Modern art is well represented at sites like Dada Online.

http://www.urc.edu/history/seaman/
Russian history on the Internet has links and brief biographies of Key Soviet figures.

http://classicalmus.com/artsts/barker.html and http://classical.com/composers/stravins.html
Find biographies, discographers, and occasional performance clips for musicians and composers o the era such as Josephine Baker.

http://www.tufts.edu/department/fletches/multi/www/league-covenant.html
At the Multilateral site you can read the entire text of the Covariant of the League of Nations.

THE TORTURED DECADE, 1930-1939

http://webcrop.com/sounds/ww2.htm
Listen to Chamberlain, Hitler, or Churchill speak; and view some exciting moments from the Munich Agreement in 1938.
http://burn.ucsd.edu/scw.htm and http://icweb.loc.gov/exhibits/archives/into.html
An excellent web exhibition, Poster of Spanish Civil War, can be viewed while the library of congress has staged an exhibit dealing with Soviet history.

http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/
The history Place: World War Two in Europe provides comprehensive coverage of The Rise of Adolf Hitler and an excellent timeline with visual and textual links.

AN ANXIOUS STABILITY: THE AGE OF THE COLD WAR, 1949-1985

http://lcweb.loc.gov/exhibits/marshall/
The Library of Congress has excellent electronic exhibits, For European Recovery: The Fiftieth Anniversary of the Marshall Plan.

http://www.slip.net/scmetro/sixties.htm
Visit a Web site devoted to The Sixties.

http://www.infi.net/~mwhite28/20 th-cen.html
Consult a variety of maps at The Historical atlas of the Twentieth Century online.

http://wwwarc.iue.it/
You can view images and texts from The Historical Archives of the European Communities.

Contemporary History (since 1945)
Includes Europe, America, Africa, Asia, the Cold War, and current events.

THE AGE OF ANXIETY AND BEYOND: 1945-

The Culture of Modernism
http://www.arthist.lu.se/kultsem/sonesson/cult_mod_1.html

Modernism and Post-Modernism in Contemporary Music
http://www.harrowschool.org.uk/harrow/page1.htm

Postmodernism and Its Critics
http://www.as.ua.edu/ant/Faculty/murphy/436/pomo.htm

THE WEST AND THE WORLD IN THE LATE TWENTIETH CENTURY

 http://CNN.com
Get the latest international news online.

 http://www.iht.com/
International Herald Tribune’s Page.

 http://www.80s.com
Sample the culture and kitsch of the 1980’s.

 http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/gulf/
For links and treatment of the Persian Gulf, visit Frontline’s The Gulf War site.

 http://library.whitehouse.gov/ThisWeek.cgi
Monitor current American political activity at The White House Briefing Room.

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