LOGIC

PHIL 205-001  (3,0)

www.lssu.edu/faculty/jswedene/logic


FALL 2012
T,R: 12:30-1:45 pm


Prerequisites:     ENGL 111

 

Instructor:       

Dr. Jason K. Swedene
Office location and phone number: Arts Center 223 (phone: 635-2122)
e-mail: jswedene@lssu.edu

website: www.lssu.edu/faculty/jswedene/
student hotline for school/ class cancellation: 635-2858

 

 

Monday

Tuesday

Wednesday

Thursday

Friday

8:30-10:30 am

3:50-4:20 pm

3:50-4:50 pm

3:50-4:20 pm

3:50-4:50 pm

 

 and by appointment

see website for latest information             

 

Required Text and Readings:            

1) Hurley, Patrick J. A Concise Introduction to Logic, 11th edition: Wadsworth, 2012.  ISBN:978-0-8400-3417-5   (9th edition ISBN: 0-534-58505-1.) Previous and subsequent editions are acceptable. 

The library circulation desk has copies of the text for short-term borrowing.

2) Please consult the course website (www.lssu.edu/faculty/jswedene/logic) for additional readings, handouts, and exercises. 

Course Description

An introductory course in logic; study of the role of logical methods of the rational approach to knowledge; consideration of such concepts as definition, implication, inference, syllogism, deduction.

Logic is typically defined as "the science of correct reasoning." Logic is a normative enterprise (as opposed to a descriptive enterprise), for to reason correctly is better than not to reason correctly. We are primarily concerned with how we ought to reason. As one philosopher puts it, logic is the "ethics of the intellect." Through analyzing language structures, propositions, and their relations we will acquire the tools requisite for a higher clarity of thinking and for a better way to convey our thoughts to others.

 

Course Goals

This course is required for certain disciplines, such as Philosophy and Political Science.  Every student seeking success in a liberal arts university will find logic useful and necessary. The ability to analyze and synthesize concepts as well as the ability to think critically are indispensable tools for success.  

The General Education Committee has recognized that this course fulfills the general education requirements for mathematics and deductive reasoning.

 

Course Objectives:

    1. The students will be able to model situations from a variety of settings in generalized formats, either mathematical or logical.
    2. The students will be able to express and manipulate mathematical information, concepts, and thoughts in verbal, numeric, graphical and symbolic form while solving a variety of problems.
    3. The students will have the ability to solve multi-step problems through different (inductive, deductive and symbolic) modes of reasoning.
    4. The students will be able to shift among verbal, numeric, graphical and symbolic modes of considering relationships.
    5. The students will be able to extract quantitative data from a given situation, translate the data into information in various modes, evaluate the information, abstract essential information, make logical deductions, and arrive at reasonable conclusions.

General Education Mathematics Outcome

This course satisfies the general education outcome for mathematics which states:

LSSU graduates will be able to analyze situations symbolically and quantitatively in order to make decisions and solve problems.

 

Grading Scale and Policies:

1) You must attend class regularly and participate in all class activities. Each      

           absence beyond the second will result in a 4% grade deduction.

 

2) There are many excellent exercises in this Logic text, and the CD that accompanies our text is a helpful practice medium. Since you are the best judge of what you need more work on, it would be prudent to work on all relevant problems, even if the instructor does not assign them. All assignments and class worksheets that are "officially" prescribed must be done before class.

 

3) There will be two full-period exams and one semi-cumulative final exam (up to 40% of the final will be items covered on the first two tests). When a test is missed, make-up tests are given only as warranted by circumstance (e.g., documented illness or documented family emergency) and as granted by instructor. The three tests each account for 25% of your grade.  Worksheets found on the website are the best material to anticipate test questions.

4) There will be at least five group quizzes which, when combined, are worth 25% of the final grade. 

             

Final grades are converted to letter grades using the scale (below).

             

97-100 (A+)

93-97 (A)

90-93 (A -)

87-90 (B +)

83-87 (B)

80-83 (B-)

77-80 (C+)

73-77 (C)

70-73 (C -)

67-70(D+)

63-67 (D)

60-63 (D -)

0-60 (F)

 

Ground Rules:

 

1) All assignments for a given day must be done before class.

2) Students are responsible for the assignments outlined on this syllabus and the course website. Absence at a previous class is not an acceptable excuse for not completing assignments on time.  

3) It is worth noting that each individual test will be curved upwards if the class average for that test is below a C.  It is also worth noting that final averages will not be curved upwards.   

4) Use of head phones, cell phones and hats during exams is prohibited.

5) Cell phones must be turned off for all class and lab sessions. If the cell phone is on and rings, the student will be asked to leave the class for the day and this will count as an absence.

 

 

University Policies and Statements:

 

Honor Pledge

As a student of Lake Superior State University, you must adhere to the Student Honor Code. You will refrain from any form of academic dishonesty or deception such as cheating, stealing, plagiarism or lying on take-home assignments, homework, computer programs, lab reports, quizzes, tests or exams which are Honor Code violations.  Furthermore, you understand and accept the potential consequences of punishable behavior.

 

The Americans with Disabilities Act & Accommodations

In compliance with Lake Superior State University policies and equal access laws, disability-related accommodations or services are available to students with documented disabilities.

 

If you are a student with a disability and you think you may require accommodations you must register with Disability Services (DS), which is located in the KJS Library, Room 130, (906) 635-2355 or x2355 on campus.  DS will provide you with a letter of confirmation of your verified disability and authorize recommended accommodations.  This authorization must be presented to your instructor before any accommodations can be made.

 

Students who desire such services should meet with instructors in a timely manner, preferably during the first week of class, to discuss individual disability related needs. Any student who feels that an accommodation is needed – based on the impact of a disability – should meet with instructors privately to discuss specific needs.

 

IPASS (Individual Plan for Academic Student Success)

If at mid-term your grades reflect that you are at risk for failing some or all of your classes, you will be contacted by a representative of IPASS. The IPASS program is designed to help you gain control over your learning through pro-active communication and goal-setting, the development of intentional learning skills and study habits, and personal accountability. You may contact 635-2887 or email ipass@lssu.edu if you would like to sign up early in the semester or if you have any questions or concerns.

 

Sequence of Lessons (Dates for tests will announced 3-4 days before a test.)

- Course Introduction; What is logic? (1.1) (Conditional Propositions)   Ch.1 (2 of 7)

- Propositions and Expressions (2.1)

- Words, Concepts, and Real Things (Reread 1.1, 2.1)

- Multiple Choice Questions (See website: How to answer multiple choice questions)

- Deductive and Inductive Arguments (1.2, 1.3), and Implication - Species of Implication

- Validity (1.4)

- Validity (1.4)

Test One

-Categorical Propositions (4.1, 4.2)

- Venn Diagrams and Categorical Propositions (4.3, 4.4)

- The Squares of Opposition (4.3, 4.5)

- The Squares of Opposition (4.3, 4.5, 4.6)

- Categorical Syllogisms (5.1)

- Categorical Syllogisms (5.1)

- Testing for Validity, Venn Diagrams (5.2)

- Venn Diagrams and Syllogism Rules (5.3)

- Venn Diagrams and Syllogism Rules (5.3)

 

Test Two

- Compound Propositions and Propositional Logic (6.1)

- Truth Functions (6.2, 6.3)

- Truth Functions (6.2, 6.3, 6.4)

- Tautogies and self-contradictories in depth

- George Orwell’s "Politics and the English Language" (see course website for reading)

- Induction (9.1)

-Argument Forms and Fallacies (6.6, 3.1)

- Fallacies of Relevance (3.2)

- Fallacies of Weak Induction (3.3)

- Fallacies of Ambiguity (3.4)

- Some other fallacies (3.5 AND see course website for link to "The Nonsense Traps")

- Fallacies continued

Natural Deduction (7.1, 7.2)

-Natural Deduction (7.3)

- Natural Deduction (7.4)

Test Three. If there is a designated final exam time for this class, please consult the most recent university guide for the Logic Final’s date, time and location. If there is not a designated final exam time for this class, the test will be held on the last day of class.