Home  |   Curriculum Vitae  |   Biography   |   Publications



Women Novelists

A Critical Reference Guide




Edited by

Doreen Alvarez Saar

Mary Anne Schofield






G.K. Hall & Co.

An Imprint of Simon & Schuster Macmillan

New York







Polly S. Fields

Davys, Mary (1674-1732)



Fiction by Mary Davys

1704The Amours of Alcippus and Lucippe: A Novel Written by a Lady
1705 The Fugitive, Containing Several Very Pleasant Passages and Surprising Adventures, Observ'd by a Lady in her Country Rambles being both useful and diverting for Persons of all Ranks
1724 The Reform'd Coquet: Or, Memoirs of Amoranda
1725 The Works of Mrs. Davys, Consisting of Plays, Novels, Poems, and Letters, Several of Which Never Before Published
1727 The Accomplish'd Rake; or, Modern Fine Gentlemen
1732 The False Friend: or The Treacherous Portuguese. A Novel Interpreted with the Adventures of Lorenzo and Elvira, Carlos and Lenora, Octavia and Clara




Writings About Mary Davys



1 MORGAN, CHARLOTTE E. The Rise of the Novel of Manner: A Study of English Prose Fiction Between 1600 and 1740. New York: Columbia University Press, pp. 70, 221.

Remarks on Davys's didacticism in The Reform'd Coquet. Assays her ideal hero to be "the perfect prig." Compares her fictional technique to that of Richardson and Rowe.



1 REYNOLDS, MYRA. The Learned Lady in England, 1650-1760. New York: Houghton Mifflin, p. 231.

A brief consideration of Davys's work.



1 NICOLL, ALLARDYCE. A History of Early Eighteenth-Century Drama, 1700-1750. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 163-64, 317.

Davys's play, The Northern Heiress, is a genteel comedy in the manner of Cibber and uses a reversal of the traditional fortune test.



1 BAKER, ERNEST A. The History of the English Novel. Vol. 3, The Later Romances and Establishment of Realism. London: H.R.F. & G. Weatherby, pp. 126-27.

Davys, a poor widow, justifies her writing by her need for money. She had definite views on the novel form. Discusses The Fugitive (here called The Merry Wanderer) and The Reform'd Coquet. Describes The Cousins, a "regular novella in a Spanish setting," The Northern Heiress, a play, and Familiar Letters, written in the Portuguese fashion.



1 ROSENFELD, SYBIL. Strolling Players and Drama in the Provinces, 1660-1765. Cambridge: University Press, pp. 109-10.

A short discussion of Davys's life. Offers criticism of Davys's one comedy, The Northern Heiress, as part of the English provincial theater.



1 WATSON, GEORGE, and FREDRICK W. BATESON. The Cambridge Bibliography of English Literature. Vol. 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,m pp. 338, 339.

Notes the editions of The Reform'd Coquet and supplies publication information for The Works of Mrs. Davys and for The Accomplish'd Rake.



1 MacCARTHY, B[RIDGET]. The Female Pen. Vol. 1, Women Writers: Their Contribution to the English Novel, 1621-1744. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 35-36, 215, 252, 255.

Considers Davys as a representative of a new kind of professional woman writer: the respectable person who cannot support herself by any other means. Argues that The Reform'd Coquet resembles Richardson in "its priggish outlook" and Mrs. Rowe in its didacticism. The Merry Wanderer (a.k.a. The Fugitive) shows a picaresque influence.



1 BOWYER, JOHN WILSON. The Celebrated Mrs. Centlivre. Durham: Duke University Press, p. 221.

Mentions "Mrs. Davis" in regard to a poem by Mrs. Susanna Centlivre. Giles Jacob is a source of information about Davys's poem responding to Centlivre.



1 DAY, ROBERT A., ed. Introduction to Familiar Leters Betwixt a Gentleman and a Lady, by Mary Davys. Augustan Reprint Society Publication, no. 54. Los Angeles: William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, University of California Press, pp. I-iv.

Discusses Davys as a contributor to the genre of the novel and her innovations in epistolary fiction.



1 LOFTIS, JOHN C. Comedy and Society from Congreve to Fielding. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, p. 99.

The Northern Heiress is treated as one of four plays with country locales, customs and character types. Argues that Davys's bucolic plays reflect her politicized view of rural England.

2McBURNEY, WILLIAM H. "Mrs. Mary Davys: Forerunner of Fielding." PMLA 74: 348-55.

Discusses Davys's works and suggests influences of Congreve and Haywood, among others, on Davys's writing. Examines Swift's correspondence and relationship with Davys. Claims her use of realism and provincial life represents innovations in the early novel.



1 McBURNEY, WILLIAM H. A Checklist of English Prose Fiction, 1700-1739. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, pp. 16, 16a, 154, 171, 171a, 207.

Lists Davys's The Fugitive, The Reform'd Coquet, The Accomplish'd Rake, a 1735 retitled edition of The Reform'd Coquet, and The Works of Mrs. Davys in this chronology of published works. Cites an anonymous attack on Davys in the 15 July 1731 Grub Street Journal; notes Davys's response in defense of her occupation (tavern keeper).



1 AVERY, EMMETT L., ed. The London Stage 1660-1800. Vol. 2, The London Stage: 1700-1729. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, p. 400.

Describes the opening performance of The Northern Heiress at Lincoln-Inn-Fields Theater on 27 April 1716. Incorporates commentary by Davys on the public reception of her play.



1 McBURNEY, WILLIAM H., ed. Introduction to Four Before Richardson: Selected English Novels, 1720-1727. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, pp. Xi-xxxv.

An edition of Davys's The Accomplish'd Rake. In a general introduction to four novels, McBurney praises The Accomplish'd Rake as "one of the few mature English novles to appear between 1700 and 1739." After giving some biographical detail, notes that Davys was unique in her reliance upon the drama as a source for novel struction. Mentions The Beaux' Strategm as a likely source for the novel.

2SWIFT, Jonathan. Journal to Stella. Edited by Harold Williams. Vol. 2. Oxfod: Clarendon Press, pp. 624-25.

Swift writes of Davys's persistence in seeking his monetary support. States that he cannot grant her requests.



1 WILLIAMS, HAROLD, ed. The Correspondence of Jonathan Swift, by Jonathan Swift. Vol. 4. Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 83-84, 107.

Repeats (in a letter to Motte dated 4 November 1732) a story about Davys's neglect of her indigent sister. Refers to Davy's heir, Mr. Ewen, and his slanderous remarks about her.



1 DAY, ROBERT A. Told in Letters: Epistolary Fiction Before Richardson. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, pp. 74, 79, 119, 138, 187, 190, 194-95, 203, 204, 223.

Studies Davys's epistolary fiction, noting her technical advances in the form. See 1955.1.

2SÉJOURNÉ, PHILLIPE. Aspects Généraux du roman féminin en Angleterre de 1740 à 1800. Publication of des Annales de la Faculté des Lettres Aix-en-Provence. Nouvelle serie, no. 52. Aix-en-Provence: Ophrys, pp. 11, 19, 54, 55, 66, 113-14, 115, 230, 309-10, 377, 422, 448, 478, 480, 537.

Considers the innovations of early women novelists, such as Davys, Haywood, and Behn. Studies Davys's works for their fictional representation of certain topics, including the masculine ideal, the relationship between men and women, and the contemporary climate in England. Singles out The Accomplish'd Rake for individual analysis.



1 PAULSON, RONALD. Satire and the Novel in Eighteenth-Century England. New Have: Yale University Press, pp. 49, 227.

Argues that The Accomplish'd Rake is fiction with elements of the romance. Mentions the novel's influence, especially on Smollett's Peregrine Pickle.



1 BARNETT, GEORGE L., ed. "Mrs. Mary Davys." Eighteenth-Century British Novelists on the Novel. New York: Appleton, Century, Crofts, pp. 37-39.

Supplies headnotes with biography and some consideration of Davys's influence on the genre of the novel. Incorporates an extract from the preface to The Works of Mrs. Davys, which presents her theory of the novel and its development.

2KONIGSBERG, IRA. Samuel Richardson and the Dramatic Novel. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, pp. 39, 99, 100, 130.

Mentions Davys's realism in her portraits of the rake. Compares her work with Richardson's.



1 RICHETTI, JOHN J. Popular Fiction Before Richarson: Narrative Pattersn 1700-1739. Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 169n.

Refers to Day's edition (see 1955.1) of Familiar Letters Betwixt a Gentleman and a Lady and The Accomplish'd Rake. Places Davys's novels in a social context.

2STEPHENSON, PETER STANSFIELD. "Three Playwright-Novelists: The Contribution of Dramatic Techniques to Restoration and Early Eighteenth-Centurey Prose Fiction." Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Davis, 261 pp.

Probes the experiments and experiences of three playwrights and novelists: Aphra Behn, William Congreve, and Mary Davys. Argues that working in both genres created a certain realism in plot, setting, and characterization and prepared the way for the modern novels of Richardson and Fielding. See Dissertation Abstracts International 30 (1970): 3920A.



1 PARK, WILLIAM. "What was New About the 'New Species of Writing'?" Studies in the Novel 2: 112-30.

In a discussion of the movement toward the "true" eighteenth-century novel, notes that Davys's The Accomplish'd Rake is "the one prior to 1740 which most approximates a mid-eighteenth-century novel."

2STEFANSON, DONALD HAL. "The Works of Mary Davys: A Critical Edition." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Iowa, 696 pp.

A critical edition of 1725 edition of The Works of Mrs. Davys that gives an unmodernized critical reading." In addition to the texts, discusses her works and the principles of textual emendations. See Dissertation Abstracts International 32 (1972):5203A.



1 BONHEIM, HELMUT W. "Mary Davys." In The English Novel Before Richardson: A Check List of Texts and Criticisms to 1970. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, Inc., p. 8.

Lists selected primary texts reprinted in the twentieth century and selected secondary criticism.



1 ADBURGHAM, ALISON. Women in Print: Writing Women and Women's Magazines From the Restoration to the Accession of Victoria. London: George Allen & Unwin, pp. 71-72.

Contains a brief biography focusing on Davys's later life. Comments on her innovative work as a professional writer and as a coffee-house proprietor.



1 GRIEDER, JOSEPHINE. Introduction to The Reform'd Coquet and Familiar Letters Betwixt a Gentleman and a Lady by Mary Davys; The Mercenary Lover by Eliza Haywood. Foundations of the Novel, no. 39. Edited by Michael F. Shugrue. New York: Garland Publishing, pp. 5-11.

Discusses Davys's approach to plot and characterization.

2SHULZ, DIETER. "'Novel,' 'Romance,' and Popular Fiction in the First Half of the Eighteenth Century." Studies in Philology 70:77-91.

Refers to Davys's definition of the novel. Distinguishes among the novel, the novella, and other prose fiction.



1 DOODY, MARGARET ANNE. A Natural Passion: A Study of the Novels of Samuel Richardson: Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 18, 20-23, 132-35, 137, 308, 372.

Remarks on similarities between Davys's work and that of Eliza Haywood and Delariviére Manley. Mentions that The Reform'd Coquet, Familiar Letters Betwixt a Gentleman and a Lady, and, particularly, The Lady's Tale have an epistolary format and courtship theme. Examines Davys's psychological focus on women protagonists.

2SPACKS, PATRICIA MEYER. "Ev'ry Woman Is at Heart a Rake." Eighteenth-Century Studies 8:27-46.

Remarks on the power women of the eighteenth century felt only belonged to men; cites Davys's Familiar Letters Betwixt a Gentleman and a Lady as an example of women's ambivalent feelings in the battle between love, marriage, and sex.



1 BACKSHEIDER, PAULA, FLIICITY NUSSBAUM, and PHILIP B. ANDERSON. "Mary Davys." In An annotated Bibliography of Twentieth-Century Critical Studies of Women and Literature, 1660-1800. New York and London: Garland Publishing, p. 138.

An annotated list of critical articles and books.



1 COTTON, NANCY. Women Playwrights in England c. 1363-1750. Lewisburg, Penn.: Bucknell University Press; London and Toronto: Associated University Presses, pp. 156-6-, 180-88, 204, 226n.

Mentions Davys as a minor playwright and discusses The Northern Heiress and The Self Rival. Assesses the possible influence of Davys's life on her art.

2PERRY, RUTH. Women, Letters, and the Novel. New York: AMS Press, pp. 13, 17, 132, 161, 171n, 176n, 186n.

Views Davys's epistolary fiction and her novelistic treatment of relations between men and women. Links the emergence of women's voices in the novel with the growth of feminine literacy.

3WEBER, DONNA-LEE. "Fair Game: Rape and Sexual Aggression of Women in Some Early Eighteenth-Century Prose Fiction." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Toronto, 311 pp.

Studies the laws on rape and legal attitudes toward female sexuality. Considers eighteenth-century novelists, such as Davys, as their narratives reflect society's views about violence against women. See Dissertation Abstracts International 42 (1980):232A.



1 BEASLEY, JERRY C. "Portrait of a Monster: Robert Walpole in Early English Prose Fiction." Eighteenth-Century Studies 14, no. 4:406-31.

In a discussion of fictional portrayals of Walpole, mentions Davys's. Explores correlations between literature of the period and the political scene.

2MORGAN, FIDELIS. The Female Wits: Women Playwrights on the London Stage 1660-1720. London: Virago Press, pp. 64-65.

Evaluates Davys's techniques in The Northern Heiress and The Reform'd Coquet. Includes a brief biography.



1 BEASLEY, JERRY C. Novels of the 1740s. Athens: University of Georgia Press, pp. 2, 6, 85, 162064.

Defines Davys as a writer of domestic and amorous adventures. Contrasts the quiet reception of her "breezy, unpretentious, judiciously conceived" works with Eliza Haywood's more popular novels and secret histories.

2FIGES, EVA. Sex and Subterfuge: Women Novelists to 1850. London and Basing Stoke: Macmillan, pp. 11, 90.

Claims Davys is important to the continuum of women writers. Refers to The Reform'd Coquet and to Davys's characterization of the male lover.

3ROGERS, KATHARINE. Feminism in Eighteenth-Century Englad. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, pp. 105-6, 117n, 259-60.

Investigates Davys's proto-feminism in Familiar Letters Betwixt a Gentleman and a Lady and The Accomplish'd Rake. Considers her realistic treatment of the rake character. Includes a biographical paragraph.



1 DAVIS, LENNARD J. Factual Fictions: The Origins of the English Novel. New York: Columbia University Press, pp. 103, 122.

Refers to the neglect of women writers, such as Davys. Mentions her theory of prose fictions and her definition of the novel form.

2KERN, JEAN. "Mrs. Mary Davys as Novelist of Manners." Essays in Literature 10, no. 3:29-38.

Corrects biographical errors made by previous critics. Challenges the assessments of previous critics and believes that a line from Davys's play, The Northern Heiress, sets the tone for Davys's writing and for her portrayal of manners: "'Tis Woman's Duty Women to Protect."



1 BACKSHEIDER, PAULA R. A Being More Intesne: A Study of the Prose Works of Bunyan, Swift, and Defoe. New York: AMS Press, pp. 145, 165.

Explains Davys's rejection of novelistic eroticism in favor of the domestic novel. Discusses briefly her emphasis on plot.



1 BACKSHEIDER, PAULA R. "Davys, Mary." In A Dictionary of British and American Women Writers, 1660-1800. Edited by Janet Todd. Totowa, N.J.: Rowman & Allanheld, pp. 98-99.

A biographical and critical entry that studies Davys's novels, suggesting the influence of other women writers on her work.

2BARKER, GERALD A. Grandison's Heirs: The Paragon's Progress in the Late Eighteenth-Century Novel. Newark: University of Delaware Press, pp. 19, 20-21, 48, 89, 168.

Sees similarities between Richardson's characters and Davys's. In particular, Davys's hero in The Reform'd Coquet is like Richardson's Grandison but more acceptable because Davys's novel lacks "that particularization of character and environment" that makes Grandison look too good to be true.

3DE BRUYN, FRANS. "Mary Davys (1674-1732)." In Dictionary of Literary Biography. Edited by Martin C. Battestin. Vol. 39, Parts 1 & 2, British Novelists, 1660-1800. Detroit: Bruccoli Clark, pp. 131-38.

Treats the development of Davys's novelistic innovations. Looks at the theatrical influences on individual writings.

4GOREAU, ANGELINE. The Whole Duty of Women: Female Writers in Seventeenth-Century England. Graden City, N.Y.: Dial Press, Doubleday. Pp. 317-20.

Reprints Davys's dedication and preface to The Works of Mrs. Davys, along with the prologue to The Northern Heiress. In a brief biography claims that Davys, who died in 1732, was allegedly still writing and publishing in 1756.

5HAHN, H. GEORGE, and CARL BEHM III. "Mary Davys." In The English Novel and Its Background: An Annotated Bibliography and Guide to Topics. Metuchen, N.J. and London: Scarecrow Press, pp. 285-86.

Annotated bibliography.

6RICHETTI, JOHN. "Popular Narratives in the Eighteenth Century: Formats and Formulas." In The First English Novelists: Essays in Understanding. Edited by J.M. Armisteda. Tennessee Studies in Literature, Vol. 29. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, pp. 3-39.

Considers The Reform'd Coquet as example of the domestic narrative that should be noted for its humor. It "strikes a balance . . .between the extravagance of the amatory novella and the moral realism of stage comedy."



1 BACKSHEIDER, PAULA R. "'I Died for Love': Esteem in Eighteenth-Century Novels by Women." In Fetter'd or Free? British Women Novelists, 1670-1815. Edited by Mary Anne Schofield and Cecilia Macheski. Athens: Ohio University Press, pp. 152-68.

In an exploration of the theme of esteem between men and women as a pattern in women's early fiction, treats Familiar Letters Betwixt a Gentleman and a Lady and The Reform'd Coquet as examples.

2BEASLEY, JERRY C. "Politics and Moral Idealism." In Fetter'd or Free? British Women Novelists, 1670-1815. Edited by Mary Anne Schofield and Cecilia Macheski. Athens: Ohio University Press, pp. 216-36.

Calls The Reform'd Coquet and The Accomplish'd Rake "skillful blendings of comedy of manners with sentimental didacticism." Treats these works as social commentary about both the situation fo innocent women and the decay of masculine society.

3LONDON, APRIL. "Placing the Female: The Metonymic Garden in Amatory and Pious Narrative, 1700-1740." In Fetter'd or Free? British Women Novelists, 1670-1815. Edited by Mary Anne Schofield and Cecilia Macheski. Athens: Ohio University Press, pp. 101-23.

Defines the heroine of The Fugitive within her role as the wanderer. Analyzes Davys's metaphorical use of landscape and nature.

4LUND, ROGER D. "The Modern Reader and the 'Truly Feminine Novel' 1660-1815: A Critical Reading List." In Fetter'd or Free? British Women Novelists, 1670-1815. Edited by Mary Anne Schofield and Cecilia Macheski. Athens: Ohio University Press, pp.398-425, passim.

Provides extensive critical reading list on Restoration and eighteenth-century women writers. Organized by theme and topic, it also enumerates critical readings related to Davys.

5SPENCER, JANE. The Rise of the Woman Novelist: From Aphra Belm to Jane Austen. London: Basil Blackwell, pp. 11, 143-54.

Claims The Reform'd Coquet is on of the first novels in which the man-woman relationship is structured around teacher-pupil relationship. Compares the work with Delariviere Manley's The New Atalantis.

6SPENDER, DALE. Mothers of the Novel: 100 Good Women Writers Before Jane Austen. London: Pandora, pp. 123, 200.

Lists works of Davys (which is spelled "Davis" in the index) and provides publication dates. Notes her contributions to the development of the epistolary novel.



1 BOONE, JOSEPH ALLEN. Tradition Counter Tradition: Love and the Form of Fiction. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, p. 69.

Examines her methods of fictionalizing feminine lives and suggests she influenced later writers.

2McKEON, MICHAEL. The Origins of the English Novel, 1600-1740. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, p. 260.

Points out Davys's didacticism in her character and class portrayals in The Accomplish'd Rake. Evaluates her in the line of women writers after Aphra Behn.



1 LUBOT, DONNA. "Domestic relations: Patterns of Empowerment in Women's Fiction, 1720-1820." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Delaware, 345 pp.

Suggests the subversive nature of Davys's romance fictions. Relates her use of sexual violence to her general vision of the masculine. Compares Davys with Eliza Haywood. See Dissertation Abstracts International 49 (1988):2231A.

2PEARSON, JACQUELINE. The Prostituted Muse: Images of Women and Women Dramatists 1642-1737. New York: Harvester, pp. 7, 9, 21, 229, 230-85, passim.

Discusses Davys's drama as "woman-centered": Davys's women characters are the source of action in her works. Sees The Northern Heiress and The Self Rival as feminine in concept and execution. Provides historical context for her presentations of role reversals.



1 KILFEATHER, SIOBHAN MARIE. "'Strangers at Home': Political Fictions by Women in Eighteenth-Century Ireland." Ph.D. dissertation, Princeton University, 486 pp.

Looks at The Fugitive in relation to gender, politics, and national identity. Discusses Davys as a socially provocative writer. See Dissertation Abstracts International 50 (1989):3761A.

2LONSDALE, ROGER. Eighteenth-Century Women Poets: An Oxford Anthology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 102-5.

Contains biographical headnote for seventy-five line excerpt from "The Modern Poet," attributed to Davys. Includes comments by Davys, Jonathan Swift, and others about Davys as a woman writer.

3TODD, JANET. "Davys, Mary." In British Women Writers: A Critical Reference Guide. Edited by Janet Todd. New York: Continuum Publishing, pp. 179-81.

A biographical study that adds information about Davys's works as early examples of the novel.

4------. "Davys, Mary." In Dictionary of British Women Writers. Edited by Janet Todd. London: Routledge, pp. 179-81.

Reprint of 1989.3.

5------. The Sign of Angellica: Women, Writing and Fiction, 1660-1800. London: Virago Press, pp. 50, 51, 132, 147, 153.

Brief mentions of Davys, who is didactic in her handling of the theme of terrorized innocence.



1 BELL, MAUREEN, GEORGE PARFITT, and SIMON SHEPHERD. eds. "Davys, Mary." A Biographical Dictionary of English Women Writers 1580-1720. Boston: G.K. Hall; London: Harvester Wheatsheaf, pp. 63-64, 78.

Gives biographical information and includes publications and dates. Refers in the appendix to Davys's circle of male friends and their responses to her writing.

2BLAIN, VIRGINIA, PATRICIA CLEMENTS, and ISOBEL GRUNDY. "Mary Davys." In The Feminist Companion to Literature in English: Women Writers from the Middle Ages to the Present. London and New Have: Yale University Press, pp. 271-72.

Relates the life to the works.

3HUNTER, J. PAUL. Before Novels: The Cultural Contexts of Eighteenth-Century English Fiction. New York: W.W. Norton, pp. 18, 43, 56.

Explores her relationship to the didacticism of the early novel. Acknowledges Davys as an innovative writer.

4McLAREN, JULIET. "Presumptuous Poetess, Pen-Feathered Muse: The Comedies of Mary Pix." In Gender at Work: Four Women Writers of the Eighteenth Century. Edited by Ann Messenger. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, pp. 77-113.

Compares Davys's moralistic comedy with Mary Pix's dramas. Suggests the influence of Pix on Davys as a writer.

5SCHOFIELD, MARY ANNE. "Mary Davys." In Masking and Unmasking the Female Mind: Disguising Romances in Feminine Fiction, 1713-1790. Newark: University of Delaware Press; London: Associated University Presses, pp. 11, 34, 79-90, 190.

Devotes a chapter to Davys and her contributions to the novel form. Examines the elements of masking in The Lady's Tale, The Fugitive, The Reform'd Coquet, and Familiar Letters Betwixt a Gentleman and a Lady. Follows the development of Davys's art from early feminism to later conservatism.

6WILLIAMSON, MARILYN. Raising Their Voices: British Women Writers 1650-1750. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, pp. 21, 210-11, 239, 242-44, 289.

Defines Davys's moral stance. Demonstrates the relative strength of her women characters in The Reform'd Coquet and Familiar Letters Betwixt a Gentleman and a Lady.



1 GREEN, KATHERINE SOBBA. The Courtship Novel 1740-1820: A Feminized Genre. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, pp. 25, 43, 44.

Sees Davys as feminist contemporary of Eliza Haywood and Penelope Aubin.

2O'DRISCOLL, SALLY. "Rethinking Realism: Early Women Novelists in England and France." Ph.D. dissertation, City University of New York, 339 pp.

Defines realism as it appears in early writing by women. Explores Davys's use of satire as social commentary. See Dissertation Abstracts International 52 (1991):3274A.

3STANTON, JUDITH PHILLIPS. "'This New-Found Path Attempting': Women Dramatists in England, 1660-1800." In Curtain Calls: British and American Women and the Theater 1660-1800. Edited by Mary Anne Schofield and Cecilia Macheski. Athens: Ohio University Press, pp. 325-54.

Lists Davys's plays chronologically. Provides production and publication information.



1 BALLASTER, ROS. Seductive Forms: Women's Amatory Fiction From 1684 to 1740. Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 13, 32.

Discusses briefly the effects of gender on Davys's fictional approach. Seeks to re-evaluate the writer as novelist.

2TURNER, CHERYL. Living by the Pen: Women Writers in the Eighteenth Century. London and New York: Routledge, pp. 82, 105, 110, 113-14, 143, 167-68, 232, 233.

Contrasts Davys's economic success as proprietor of a coffee-house with the small profits she earned by her writing. Incorporates the titles and publishers of Davys's novels as part of a list of women writers.











OPIE, Amelia Alderson


REEVE, Clara

ROBINSON, Mary Darby "Perdita

ROWSON, Susanna Haswell

SCOTT, Sarah Robinson

SHERIDAN, Frances Chamberlaine

SMITH, Charlotte Turner

TENNEY, Tabitha


WEST, Jane

WILLIAMS, Helen Maria


WOOD, Sally Barrell Keating

YEARSLEY, Ann Cromartie



Dorren Alvarez Saar

Deborah Rogers

Barbara Bardin

Dorren Alvarez Saar

Dorren Alvarez Saar

Mary Anne Schofield

K.J.H. Berland

Judith Stanton

Sally Hoople

Dorren Alvarez Saar

Barbara Bardin

Judith Stanton

Dorren Alvarez Saar

Dorren Alvarez Saar

Dorren Alvarez Saar






















About the Contributors

Barbara Bardin is an instructor at Tulsa Community College.

K.J.H. Berland is an associate professor of English and Comparative Literature and Director of the Honors program at Penn State-Shenango. His research interests include early Canadian literature, eighteenth-century Anglo-Irish poetry, and the reputation of Socrates in early modern letters.

Christine Blouch is an assistant professor at Bradley University in Peoria, Illinois.

Lissette Carpenter is the director of the Liberal Arts Division at McLennan Community College, where she has received awards for excellence in teaching. Professor Carpenter was a member of the national Executive Board of the Association of Departments of English and is a member of the accreditation and reaffirmation team for the Southern Association of Schools and Colleges.

Polly Stevens Fields is an assistant professro of English at Lake Superior State Univerisity, Michigan. Her areas of study include women's asylums, prosthetic devices, and the London Missionary Society in Canada. She has a chapter "'Manly Vigour and Woman's Wit,'" in Compendious Conversations.

Sally Hoople is a retired full professor of Humanities and Communications at Maine Maritime Academy. Her publications range in subject from Anglo-Saxon and medieval literature to architectural history.

Judith Moore is a full professor at the University of Alaska at Anchorage. Her latest book is The Appearance of Truth: The Story of Elizabeth Canning and Eighteenth-Century Narrative (University of Delaware Press).

Terry Nickely teaches at the University of Southern Maine.

Deborah Rogers is a professor of English at the University fo Maine. She is the author of Bookseller or Rogue: John Almon and the Politics of Eightteenth-Century Publishing and editor of The Critical Response to Ann Radcliffe.

Doreen Alvarez Saar is an associate professor of Humanities and Director of Women's Studies at Drexel University. Her essays on eighteenth-century American literature have appeared in Early American Literature and MELUS, among others.

Mary Anne Schofield is the author of many critical works on the eighteenth century.

Judith Stanton is an independent scholar and a Charlotte Smith specialist. She has completed two historical romances.