Lake Superior State University
Lake Superior State University
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Alum Success

Keith M. Campbell

"The education that I received at Lake Superior State University has opened many doors for me. I have worked with Firefighters and Paramedics for over thirty years as a co-worker, educator, and student. I have been very blessed in my life to have these opportunities. I truly believe that education is the cornerstone of everyone’s career and LSSU provides the best.

My future goals are to become the Director of a Fire Science program and follow in the footsteps of the great educators that I have had the privilege of learning from. This will not be easy, but I believe that these Professors have prepared me to be successful. My achievements will be a direct result of the knowledge that they have bestowed upon me. It will then be my obligation to share this knowledge with others. ”

Keith M. Campbell '07


Fire and hazardous materials response coordinator for the U.S. Navy based in Bahrain

LSSU Institutional Research Board

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IRB Tutorials

APA Tutorial

Preparing Student Papers Using APA Format

At some point in your education you will start to be required to perform scholarly research, prepare a written report and present your findings to others. This document should help you prepare for these activities.

I recommend creating the format of the document as you start the research. Use Microsoft Word to:

  • add the cover page
  • add headings with the header text and page numbers per APA format
  • create an outline of your major topics
  • use headings so you can apply a table of contents which you can easily update with a click
  • add the reference page

In APA formatting this is a certain way the paper must be organized. Here is a list in order of how your paper should be constructed and organized. Below each is a link containing a example to better explain each tier.

~ Page Format - Here is a APA style paper. Look over this and read the paper to get an understanding of how the organization works.

~ Title Page - This page is a simple cover page. It is placed on top of your paper and consists of nothing more then paper title, authors name, date, and class or university.

~ Abstract - This portion of the paper is a brief outline of your whole paper. The trick here is to make it short and concise.

~ Introduction - The introduction is the beginning part of your paper. This is where you state your topic and give basic information on your research topic.

~ Discussion - This is the main portion of your paper. This part is the most important of the whole paper. Here you will discuss what your research was, how you did it, tools or methods used, present your data, explain your data, and come to a conclusion about the whole thing.

~ References - At the end of your paper you need to properly list and format your references. References are the forms of information you used to collect data on your research topic. This is a very crucial part of the paper as formatting is everything.

~ Appendices - This is the index of your research paper just stating the order your paper is in and giving a brief explanation on each tier of your research paper. A basic outline is a simple way of putting it.

Impact in the real world...

Rachel Claucherty-Arnold

Rachel Claucherty-Arnold
Environmental Health

What made Rachel's Lake Superior State experience so unique was the practical research she did with top-notch faculty.

"I really enjoyed working with environmental chemistry professor Judy Westrick and biologist Deb Stai," Rachel says. "For my senior project, we evaluated a lab method for cultivating a fungus that causes infections in humans."

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