Lake Superior State University
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Section: Business and Support Operations Section Number: 3.23.3
Subject: Safety, Security and Health: Parking Ordinances Date of Present Issue: 06/20/00
  Date of Previous Issues:
07/85, 09/87, 01/00

POLICY:

In accordance with 1978 Michigan Public Act 515, Section I, as amended, the following parking ordinances were enacted by the Board of Trustees of Lake Superior State University. These ordinances shall be enforced on the campus of Lake Superior State University and any violation thereof is deemed to be a civil infraction under Michigan Law.

  1. GENERAL PROVISIONS

    Responsibility for Parking Violation:

    1. Registered Vehicles: A person who has registered a vehicle with the University shall be held responsible for any parking violation committed under these ordinances.

    2. Unregistered Vehicles: The legal owner of a vehicle will be held responsible for parking violations received on unregistered vehicles under these ordinances. Ownership of a vehicle will be determined by the record of the Michigan Secretary of State or other appropriate governmental agency or entity.

    Loss or Damage to Vehicle or Contents: The University assumes no responsibility for loss or damage to vehicles parked or operated on campus, or for the contents thereof.

  2. REGISTRATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF VEHICLES

    Registration Policy: All vehicles possessed, owned, or operated on the campus must be registered by obtaining the appropriate parking decal or permit from the Cashier's Office, which is located in the Fletcher Center.

    Types of Parking Permits or Decals: The types of parking permits or decals that are available on campus are defined below:

    1. Parking Decal: The parking decal is issued to students, faculty and staff members. The decal must be attached permanently to the lower right hand windshield of a vehicle or to the fender of a motorcycle. To obtain the decal, a drivers license, vehicle registration, and the name of an insurance company and policy number must be presented. If new license plates are obtained subsequent to registration, the new license number must be reported to the Cashier's or Security Office.

    2. Visitor's Permit: This permit is issued to all visitors on campus. The permit must be attached to or placed on the inside front mirror or dashboard of the vehicle.

    3. Temporary Permit: This permit is issued to all other persons who will temporarily be possessing, owning or operating a motor vehicle on campus and shall include, but is not limited to, the following: adjunct faculty members; independent contractors; Norris Center members; continuing education program participants; temporarily disabled faculty, staff or students; or students having vehicles on campus for no more than two (2) weeks. Application must be made to the Security Office. The temporary permit must be attached to the lower right hand of windshield of a vehicle or to the rear fender of a motorcycle or moped.

    4. Special Decal: Those eligible for the special decal include members of the Board of Trustees, the President, Vice Presidents of the University, Foundation Board, all retirees and two Residence Hall Area Coordinators. Those with a special decal are permitted to park in any Lots designated for Faculty, Staff or Visitors. The Vice President for Business and Financial Operations will determine who receives special decals under this category.

    Usage of Proper Parking Permit or Decal: No person shall display a parking permit or decal on any vehicle unless it was properly issued to that vehicle in accordance with these ordinances.

    Registration Fees:

    1. Annual Fee: The annual student vehicle registration fee is $50.00. A charge of $25 is assessed for spring semester only (after 12/01).

    2. Refund: Students withdrawing from the University at the close of the fall semester may apply for a refund of the registration fee for the remaining semester. To obtain a refund, the applicant must present identifiable portions of decal to the Cashier's Office prior to the second Friday of Spring semester.

    Students dropping after pre-registering for parking may be reimbursed the full amount before the second Friday of the fall semester or half the original amount until the second Friday of the spring semester.

    Expiration of Parking Decals or Permits:

    1. Expiration Date: A parking decal or permit expires:
      1. When indicated on the decal or permit;
      2. When ownership of the vehicle changes;
      3. When the status of the registrant changes; or
      4. When motor vehicle privileges are revoked.

    2. Removal of Decal or Permits Upon Expiration: All registration decals and parking permits become void upon expiration and must be removed from the vehicle promptly.

    New Registration Decal or Parking Permit upon Sale/Disposal of Motor Vehicle: In the event that a registered vehicle is sold or transferred during an academic year and prior to expiration of the decal or permit, a new decal or permit can be obtained without charge upon presenting identifiable portions of the decal or permit to the Cashier's or Security Office.

    Lost or Stolen Parking Decal: In the event that a parking decal is lost or stolen, a new decal can only be obtained by payment of the annual fee of registration.

    Prohibitions: The following actions are prohibited with regard to registration decals or permits:

  3. Reproducing or defacing a permit or decal;

  4. Transferring the permit or decal to a vehicle different from the vehicle originally registered;

  5. Registering the vehicle fraudulently which shall include either an authorized student who registers a vehicle for an unauthorized student or an unauthorized student who permits an authorized student to register a vehicle.

  6. PARKING LOT DESIGNATIONS

    Parking Lot Locations: The following is a list of parking lots and restrictions (information as to specific lot locations is available at the Cashier's or Security Office.):

    1. Lot A - Designated for underclass commuter students and faculty/staff. Located adjacent to the Norris Center.

    2. Lot B - Designated for underclass commuter students and faculty/staff. No parking between the hours of midnight and 6:00 a.m. Also for Osborn/Village residents in designated area. Located adjacent to the Norris Center.

    3. Lot C - Designated for Osborn/Village residents. Located adjacent to the Norris Center.

    4. Lot D - Designated for Visitors Only. Located between the Cisler Center and Administration Building.

    5. Lot E - Reserved for upperclass commuter students and faculty/staff. No parking between the hours of midnight and 7:00 a.m. Located near the CASET building.

    6. Lot F - Designated for University Row residents. Located behind the Row houses.

    7. Lot G - Designated for Easterday and Ryan House residents.

    8. Lot H - Designated for Brady Hall residents. Located near the Physical Plant.

    9. Lot J - Designated for faculty/staff and commuter students in designated areas. No parking between the hours of midnight and 7:00 a.m.

    10. Lot K - Designated for Visitor parking and apartment/townhouse residents with K-lot permits. Campus Shoppe customers in assigned 30-minute spaces.

    11. Lot L - Designated for upperclass commuter students and faculty/staff. No parking between the hours of midnight and 7:00 a.m.

    12. Lot O - Designated for Osborn/Village residents. No parking between the hours of midnight and 7:00 a.m.

    13. Lot S - Designated for Moloney, Neveu and Marquette Hall residents.

    14. Lot T - Designated for townhouse residents.

    Parking Lot Violation: Failure of any person to park in the appropriate designated lot shall constitute a violation of this subsection.

  7. PARKING REGULATIONS

    Registration: All parked vehicles on campus must be registered in accordance with the terms as set forth in B above.

    Parking Lots: All parked vehicles must be located in an appropriate parking lot in accordance with the classifications as set forth in C above.

    Streets/roadways: Parking is prohibited on any street or roadway on campus.

    Manner of Parking: All vehicles shall be parked at the angle or manner so indicated by marks or signs and no vehicle shall be parked in such a manner as to occupy more than one parking space as indicated with lines, signs or other markings.

    Overnight Parking Restriction: There shall be no overnight parking in Lots A, A-B, D, E, J, L, and O. Parking between the hours of midnight and 7:00 a.m. shall be considered overnight parking.

    Snow Removal: From the first annual snowfall until May 1 of each year, parking is prohibited on campus from midnight to 7:00 a.m., with the exception of resident and student parking areas. Should it become necessary to remove snow from resident and student parking areas, written notices will be posted at least twenty-four (24) hours in advance designating the areas to be cleared and the times when clearing will take place. All vehicles must be removed pursuant to such written notices.

    Semester Breaks/Vacation Periods: Students are prohibited from parking their vehicles on campus during winter breaks or vacation periods, with the exception of parking in Lot H.

    Loading/Unloading Vehicles: All vehicles, with the exception of commercial vehicles, are prohibited from parking a vehicle in an area designated as a loading or unloading zone. Special permission for exceptions must be obtained from the Security Office.

    Specific Parking Restrictions: A person shall not stop, stand or park a vehicle in any of the following places, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or to comply with the law or the directions of a police officer or traffic-control device:

    1. On a sidewalk;

    2. In front of a public or private driveway;

    3. Within an intersection;

    4. Within 15 feet of a fire hydrant;

    5. On a crosswalk;

    6. Within 20 feet of a crosswalk, or if none, then within 15 feet of the intersection of property lines at an intersection of streets;

    7. Within 30 feet of any flashing beacon, stop sign, yield sign, or traffic-control signal located at the side of a street;

    8. Between a safety zone and the adjacent curb or within 30 feet of points on the curb immediately opposite the ends of a safety zone, unless a different length is indicated by signs or markings;

    9. Alongside or opposite any street excavation or obstruction when such stopping, standing, or parking would obstruct traffic;

    10. On the street side of any vehicles stopped or parked at the edge or curb of a street;

    11. On any bridge or other elevated structure on a street or within a street tunnel;

    12. Within 200 feet of an accident at which police officers are in attendance;

    13. In front of any theater;

    14. In any place or in any manner so as to block immediate egress from any emergency exit or exits which are conspicuously marked as building emergency exits;

    15. In any place or in any manner so as to block or hamper the immediate use of an immediate egress from any fire escape which is conspicuously marked as a fire escape and which provides an emergency means of egress from any building;

    16. At any place where official signs prohibit stopping, standing, or parking;

    17. In a parking space which is clearly identified by an official sign as being reserved for use by disabled individuals and which is on public property or private property that is available for public use, unless the person is disabled or unless the person is parking the vehicle for the benefit of a disabled individual. A certificate of identification issued under section 675(5) of the act to a disabled individual shall be displayed on the lower left corner of the front windshield. A special registration plate issued under section 803d of the act to a disabled individual shall be displayed on the vehicle;

    18. Within 500 feet of a fire at which fire apparatus are in attendance when the scene of the fire lies outside a city or village. However, volunteer fire fighters responding to the fire may park within 500 feet in a manner that does not interfere with fire apparatus at the scene. Vehicles legally parked before the fire shall be exempt from this subdivision.

    Certain Purposes Prohibited: A person shall not park a vehicle on any street for the principal purpose of doing any of the following:

    1. Displaying such vehicle for sale;

    2. Washing, polishing, greasing, or repairing such vehicle, except for repairs necessitated by an emergency;

    3. Displaying advertising;

    4. Selling merchandise from such vehicle, except a duly established market place or when authorized by appropriate University authorities; or

    5. Storage for more than 48 continuous hours.

    Abandoned Vehicle: No vehicle is to be abandoned on campus.

  8. PENALTIES

    Civil Infraction: All violations of the provisions of these Parking Ordinances constitute civil infractions.

    Payment of Parking Fines within 10 Days: The parking fine amount noted on a citation or parking violation notice may be paid at the Cashier's Office located in the Fletcher Center.

    Payment of Parking Fines after 10 Calendar Days from Date Citation is Written: The parking fine amount shall be raised accordingly as stated on the citation or parking violation notice. Fines may be paid at the Cashiers Office located in the Fletcher Center.

    Admission of Responsibility and Parking Committee: Payment of the fine within 10 days, either in person or by mail, constitutes an admission or responsibility to the indicated offense and a waiver of hearing on that offense. A Parking Committee has been established as the exclusive agency to accept admissions or pleas of responsibility in cases of violations of the parking ordinances contained herein and to collect and retain the fines as described hereinafter.

    Failure to Respond: In the event that a person fails to respond within ten (10) days to a citation or parking violation notice, such outstanding citation or notice may be sent to the 91st Judicial District Court for collection. Failure to respond to a citation or notice after it has been sent to Court may result in the suspension of one's drivers license or other action within the Court's authority.

    A schedule of fines is available at the Cashiers or Security Office.

    Impounding of Vehicles: A vehicle may immediately be removed from public property or any other place open to travel by the public and impounded in any of the following circumstances:

    1. When a vehicle is parked upon the street/roadway in such a manner as to create an immediate public hazard or obstruction of traffic;

    2. When a vehicle is left continuously unattended on a street for more than 48 hours and may be presumed to be abandoned;

    3. When removal is necessary in the interests of public safety because of fire, flood, storm, snow, or other emergency reasons; or

    4. When a vehicle is found parked in a tow-away zone which is designated by the traffic engineer and which is properly signed.

    If the removal of a vehicle is necessitated under the aforementioned circumstances, the owner is responsible for the costs of towing and storage in addition to any fines that may be imposed under this Chapter.

  9. DEFINITIONS

    Act: "Act" means Act No. 300 of the Public Acts of 1949, as amended, being section 257.1 et seq. of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

    Campus: "Campus" means and includes all property owned or leased by Lake Superior State University.

    Civil Infraction: "Civil Infraction" means an act or omission which is prohibited by law, which is not a crime as defined in section 5 of Act No. 328 of the Public Acts of 1931, as amended, being section 750.5 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, and for which sanctions may be ordered.

    Civil Infraction Determination: "Civil Infraction Determination" means a determination that a person is responsible for a civil infraction based on one of the following:

    1. An admission of responsibility for the civil infraction.
    2. An admission of responsibility for the civil infraction, "with explanation".
    3. A preponderance of the evidence at an informal hearing or formal hearing on the question under section 746 or 747 of the act.
    4. A default judgment for failing to appear as directed by a citation or other notice at a scheduled appearance under section 745(3) (b) or 745(4) of the act, at a scheduled informal hearing under section 746 of the act, or at a scheduled formal hearing under section 747 of the act.

    University: "University" means Lake Superior State University.

    Commercial Vehicle: "Commercial Vehicle" means motor vehicles that are used for the transportation of passengers for hire or which is constructed or used for the transportation of goods, wares, or merchandise. The term also means a motor vehicle which is designed and used for drawing other vehicles and which is not constructed to carry any load therein, either independently or as any part of the weight of a vehicle or load so drawn.

    Commuter: "Commuter" means all University students who drive from their off campus residence to the University.

    Crosswalk: "Crosswalk" means either of the following:

    1. That part of a roadway at an intersection that is included within the connections of the lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway measured from the curbs or, in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the traversable highway.

    2. A portion of a highway, at an intersection or elsewhere, which is distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.

    Intersection: "Intersection" means either of the following:

    1. The area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curb lines, or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two highways, which join one another at, or approximately at, right angles, or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different highways that join at any other angle might come in conflict.

    2. Where a highway included two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then every crossing of each roadway of such divided highway by an intersecting highway shall be regarded as a separate intersection. If such intersecting highway also included two roadways of the highways shall be regarded as a separate intersection.

    Moped: "Moped" means a two- or three-wheeled vehicle with operable pedals which is equipped with a motor that does not exceed 50 cubic centimeters piston displacement, which produced 1.5 brake horsepower or less, and which cannot propel the vehicle at a speed of more than 25 miles per hour on a level surface.

    Motorcycle: "Motorcycle" means every motor vehicle which has a saddle or seat for the use of the rider and which is designed to travel on not more than 3 wheels in contact with the ground, but excludes a tractor.

    Motor Vehicle: "Motor Vehicle" means every vehicle which is self-propelled.

    Parking: "Parking" means standing a vehicle, whether occupied or not, upon a highway when not loading or unloading, except when making necessary repairs.

    Parking Committee: "Parking Committee" means a committee which has been established to accept civil infraction admissions in parking violation cases and to collect and retain civil fines thereunder.

    Private Driveway: "Private Driveway" means a piece of privately owned and maintained property which is used for vehicular traffic, but which is not opened for, or normally used by, the public.

    Roadway: "Roadway" means that portion of the highway which is improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel. If a highway includes two or more separate roadways, the term "roadway" shall refer to a roadway separately and not to all other roadways collectively.

    Safety Zone: "Safety Zone" means the area of space which is officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and which is protected and so marked or indicated by adequate signs as to be plainly visible at all times while set apart as a safety zone.

    Sidewalk: "Sidewalk" means that portion of a street which is between the curb lines or the lateral lines of a roadway and the adjacent property lines and which is intended for the use of pedestrians.

    Stand or Standing: "Stand or Standing" means the halting of a vehicle, other than for the purpose of, and while engaged in, receiving or discharging passengers.

    Stop or Stopping: "Stop or Stopping", when prohibited, means the halting, even momentarily, of a vehicle, whether occupied or not. The terms do not apply to the halting of a vehicle which is necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or which is in compliance with the directions of a police officer or traffic control sign or signal.

    Street or Highway: "Street or Highway" means the entire width between boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel.

    Tow-away Zone: "Tow-away Zone" means a zone where parking, stopping, or standing is not permitted, as indicated by proper signs, and where vehicles parked in violation of the signs are towed away to keep the roadway clear for traffic improvement.

    Traffic-control Devices: "Traffic-control Devices" means signs, signals, markings, and devices which are not inconsistent with this ordinance and which are placed or erected by authority of a public body or official who has jurisdiction for the purpose of regulating, warning, or guiding traffic.

    Vehicle: "Vehicle" means every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn on a highway, except devices which are moved exclusively by human power or which are used exclusively on stationary rails or tracks and except for a mobile home as defined in section 2 of Act No. 419 of the Public Acts of 1976, as amended, being section 125.1102 of the Michigan Compiled Laws. For purposes of this ordinance, the term vehicle shall include automobiles, trucks, mopeds and motorcycles.

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