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Section: Business and Support Operations Section Number: 3.23.3
Subject: Safety, Security and Health: Parking Ordinances Date of Present Issue: 09/16/14
  Date of Previous Issues:
07/85, 09/87, 01/00, 06/00


In accordance with 1978 Michigan Public Act 515, Section I, as amended, the following parking ordinances were enacted by the Board of Trustees of Lake Superior State University. These ordinances shall be enforced on the campus of Lake Superior State University and any violation thereof is deemed to be a civil infraction under Michigan Law.

It is unlawful to furnish the Vehicle Registration Department with fraudulent information which would restrict the proper issuance of a parking permit.

Pedestrians have the right away on campus at all times.

Operation and parking of vehicles on sidewalks is strictly prohibited.



Registration Policy: All vehicles possessed, owned, or operated on the campus must be registered by obtaining the appropriate parking decal or permit from the Cashier's Counter, which is located in the Fletcher Center.

      Motor vehicles must be operated according to the ordinances outlined.

      Vehicle registration payment is made at the Cashier’s Counter in the Fletcher         Building between the hours of 8 a.m. and 5 p.m. Monday through Friday, except        holidays.

      Motor vehicles brought on campus during the semester must be registered immediately.

Any visitor or operator of an unregistered vehicle on campus must report to Public Safety, for a temporary or visitor parking permit. Arrangements for temporary or visitor registration may be done 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

Any person who is in possession of a valid State or Provincial handicap tag may park in any designated handicap spot on campus once they have registered their vehicle with the University.

Persons requesting a permit that is designated “Special” must contact the Director of the Public Safety Department to apply. These permits are issued on a limited basis and allow the owner to park in any legal parking space

Types of Parking Permits or Decals: The types of parking permits or decals that are available on campus are defined below:

    1. Parking Permit/Decal: The parking permit is issued to faculty/staff in the form of a hang tag and must be hung from the rearview mirror with information facing out. The parking decal is issued to students. The decal must be attached permanently to the lower corner of the windshield on the passenger side of a vehicle or to the fender of a motorcycle. To obtain the decal/ permit go online to your MyLSSU account and click on Anchor Access and follow the steps required. If new license plates are obtained subsequent to registration, the new license number must be reported to the Cashier's Counter.

    1. Temporary Permit: This permit is issued to all other persons who will temporarily be possessing, owning or operating a motor vehicle on campus and shall include, but is not limited to, the following: adjunct faculty members; independent contractors; Norris Center members; continuing education program participants; temporarily disabled faculty, staff or students; visitors visiting campus or students having vehicles on campus for no more than two (2) weeks. Request for these permits must be made to the Public Safety Office. The temporary permit must be hung inside rear view mirror of a vehicle or to the rear fender of a motorcycle or moped.

Visitors may use any of the timed parking areas on campus without registration (see lot listing for availability). Arrangements for extended parking must be made by contacting Public Safety (Administration Building). Visitors will be assigned a designated lot.

      Day Pass- permits can be issued to visitors or students who do not a have a            registered vehicle to allow for one day of parking. These permits can be issued from the Public Safety Office located in the Administration Building.

      One-week temporary- permits can be issued to students who do not have a vehicle registered. If a vehicle is brought on campus more than the given days, it must be registered with a permanent registration. These permits can be issued from the Public Safety Office located in the Administration Building.

      Temporary medical parking- permits are available for students or employees who are registered for parking on campus. These permits are valid on campus for no more than 30 days a semester unless arrangements are made with Public Safety. A physician’s statement is required. Application for such permit can be made at the Public Safety Department.

    1. Special Permit: Those eligible for the special decal include but are not limited to, members of the Board of Trustees, the President, Vice Presidents and those who work in the Administration Building. Those with a special decal are permitted to park in any Lots designated for Faculty, Staff or Visitors. The Director of Public Safety will determine who receives special decals under this category.

Usage of Proper Parking Permit or Decal: No person shall display a parking permit or decal on any vehicle unless it was properly issued to that vehicle in accordance with these ordinances.

a.) Permit Location: Registration permits are to be displayed on the inside front windshield, lower right-hand corner (passenger side). Permits located other than in lower right-hand corner will not be considered valid. Employee permits and other permits from the Public Safety office hang from rearview mirror.

b.) Changes: Changes in license plate number and/or address must be reported to Vehicle Registration immediately.

c.)  Transferring of Permits: Transferring of permits from one person to another is prohibited. Transferring a permit from one vehicle to another is allowed as long as the owner removes the old permit to exchange for new one. The transfer is completed at the Cashier’s Counter.

e.) Lost Permits: If, for any reason, a registration permit is lost, it must be immediately reported to the Public Safety Department. If the permit is not reported missing, any citation issued to that permit will be the responsibility of the permit owner. In the event that a parking decal is lost or stolen, a new decal can only be obtained by payment of the annual fee of registration

Expiration of Parking Decals or Permits: A parking decal or permit expires:

      1. When indicated on the decal or permit;
      2. When ownership of the vehicle changes;
      3. When the status of the registrant changes; or
      4. When motor vehicle privileges are revoked.

Removal of Decal or Permits upon Expiration: All registration decals and parking permits become void upon expiration and must be removed from the vehicle promptly. If more than one LSSU permit is on a vehicle, none will be considered valid.

Registration Fees:

Annual Fee: The annual student vehicle registration fee is $85.00. A semester student vehicle registration is $45.00.

Refund: Students withdrawing from the University at the close of the fall semester may apply for a refund of the registration fee for the remaining semester. To obtain a refund, the applicant must present identifiable portions of decal to the Cashier's Counter prior to the second Friday of Spring semester.

Students dropping after pre-registering for parking may be reimbursed the full amount before the second Friday of the fall semester or half the original amount until the second Friday of the spring semester.

      Registration Fee Refund

    1. Students graduating in December will be reimbursed one-half of the amounts paid during the fall semester for motor vehicle registration. Permits must be returned to the Cashier Counter in Fletcher Center prior to the second Friday of spring semester for a refund. This applies only if the permit was a full year permit, does not apply to one semester permit.
    2. Students dropping after pre-registering for parking may be reimbursed the full amount before the second Friday of the fall semester or half the original amount until the second Friday of the spring semester.

Persons bringing a different vehicle on campus, other than the one they registered, may obtain a temporary parking permit for their lot from Public Safety.

New Registration Decal or Parking Permit upon Sale/Disposal of Motor Vehicle: In the event that a registered vehicle is sold or transferred during an academic year and prior to expiration of the decal or permit, a new decal or permit can be obtained without charge upon presenting identifiable portions of the decal or permit to the Cashier's Counter or Public Safety Office.

Prohibitions: The following actions are prohibited with regard to registration decals or permits:

Reproducing or defacing a permit or decal;

Transferring the permit or decal to a vehicle different from the vehicle originally registered;

Registering the vehicle fraudulently, this is when either an authorized student who registers a vehicle for an unauthorized student or an unauthorized student who permits an authorized student to register a vehicle.


Parking Lot Locations: The following is a list of parking lots and restrictions (information as to specific lot locations is available at the Cashier's Counter or Public Safety Office.):

  • Lot A Restricted 7 a.m.-5 p.m. (M-F): Designated commuter students and faculty/staff. Located adjacent to the Norris Center (north lot). Open parking 5 p.m.-midnight (M-F) and 7 a.m.-midnight (Sat.-Sun.). Overflow parking in for Lot N and Lot B. No overnight parking. Lot A/B/E permit required.
  • Lot B Restricted 7 a.m.-5 p.m. (M-F). Designated commuter students and faculty/staff. Located adjacent to the Norris Center (south lot). Open parking 5 p.m.-midnight (M-F) and 7 a.m.-midnight (Sat.-Sun). Overflow parking in Lot N. No overnight parking. Lot A/B/E permit required.
  • Lot C Restricted 24 hours: Designated for Osborn and Student Village dormitory residents. Located south of the tennis courts. Lot C/L permit required.
  • Lot D Restricted 7 a.m. – 5 p.m. Designated for visitors and those holding a Special Permit. Located adjacent to Administration Building. No overnight parking.
  • Lot E Restricted 7 a.m.-5 p.m. (M-F): Designated for senior commuter students and faculty/staff. Located behind CASET. Open parking 5pm-midnight (M-F) and 7am-midnight (Sat-Sun). No overnight parking. This also allows for parking in Lots A/B Lot E permit required.
  • Lot F Restricted 24 Hours: Designated for University Row resident students. Located behind University Row. Faculty/staff parking in designated spaces only. Overflow parking in Lot C/L. Lot F permit required.
  • Lot G Restricted 24 Hours: Designated for residents of Ryan and Easterday Houses. Overflow parking in Lot C/L. Lot G permit required.
  • Lot H Restricted 24 hours. Located south of Physical Plant. Designated for Brady Hall residents. Lot H permit required.
  • Lot J Restricted to faculty/staff 7 a.m.-5 p.m. (M-F). Open parking 5 p.m.-midnight (M-F), and 7 a.m.-midnight (Sat & Sun). No overnight parking. Special or F/S permit required.
  • Lot K Restricted 24 hours: located south of the Fine and Performing Arts Building. Designated for Faculty/Staff, visitors, and Barnes & Noble at Lake Superior State University's 30 minute parking spaces. Lot F/S permit required.
  • Lot L Restricted 24 hours: Designated for Osborn and Student Village dormitory residents. Located across Easterday Avenue from Crawford Hall. Lot C/L permit required.
  • Lot N Restricted 7 a.m.-midnight. Designated overflow parking for all commuter lots. No overnight parking.
  • Lot O Restricted for Osborn Hall and Student Village residents 7 a.m. to midnight. Lot closed midnight to 7 a.m. No overnight parking. Lot C/L permit required.
  • Lot S Restricted 24 Hours: Designated for residents of Moloney and Neveu  Halls. Located adjacent to said buildings. Overflow in Lot C/L. Lot S permit required.
  • Lot T Restricted 24 Hours: Designated for Townhouse residents. Located adjacent to the Townhouses. Overflow in Lot C/L. Lot T permit required.
  • Lot X Restricted 8 a.m.-5 p.m. (M-F). Open 5 p.m.-midnight (M-F) and 8 a.m.-midnight Saturday and Sunday. Parking in spaces with signs only. No overnight parking.

Parking Lot Violation: Failure of any person to park in the appropriate designated lot shall constitute a violation of this subsection.


Registration: All parked vehicles on campus must be registered in accordance with the terms as set forth in B above.

Parking Lots: All parked vehicles must be located in an appropriate parking lot in accordance with the classifications as set forth in C above.

Streets/roadways: Parking is prohibited on any street or roadway on campus.

Manner of Parking: All vehicles shall be parked at the angle or manner so indicated by marks or signs and no vehicle shall be parked in such a manner as to occupy more than one parking space as indicated with lines, signs or other markings.

Overnight Parking Restriction: There shall be no overnight parking in Lots A, B, D, E, J, K, M, N, and O. Parking between the hours of midnight and 7:00 a.m. shall be considered overnight parking.  

Employee Overnight Parking: Employees, whose job requires that they work on campus after commuter lots are closed for the evening, will be allowed to park in that lot closest to their assigned buildings (May 1 until November 1). After November 1 until May 1, employees assigned to the midnight shift may park in the loading dock area of the building in which they are assigned. It is up to the employee’s supervisor to inform Public Safety with all overnight employee vehicle information. All employees must be registered and have the current registration properly displayed. This provision does not apply to any student workers.

Snow Removal: From the first annual snowfall until May 1 of each year, parking is prohibited on campus from midnight to 7:00 a.m., with the exception of resident and student parking areas. Should it become necessary to remove snow from resident and student parking areas, written notices will be posted at least twenty-four (24) hours in advance designating the areas to be cleared and the times when clearing will take place. All vehicles must be removed pursuant to such written notices.

Semester Breaks/Vacation Periods: Students are prohibited from parking their vehicles on campus during winter breaks or vacation periods, with the exception of parking in Lot H.

Loading/Unloading Vehicles: All vehicles, with the exception of commercial vehicles, are prohibited from parking a vehicle in an area designated as a loading or unloading zone. Special permission for exceptions must be obtained from the Public Safety Office.

Specific Parking Restrictions: A person shall not stop, stand or park a vehicle in any of the following places, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or to comply with the law or the directions of a police officer or traffic-control device:

    1. On a sidewalk;
    2. In front of a public or private driveway;
    3. Within an intersection;
    4. Within 15 feet of a fire hydrant;
    5. On a crosswalk;
    6. Within 20 feet of a crosswalk, or if none, then within 15 feet of the intersection of property lines at an intersection of streets;
    7. Within 30 feet of any flashing beacon, stop sign, yield sign, or traffic-control signal located at the side of a street;
    8. Between a safety zone and the adjacent curb or within 30 feet of points on the curb immediately opposite the ends of a safety zone, unless a different length is indicated by signs or markings;
    9. Alongside or opposite any street excavation or obstruction when such stopping, standing, or parking would obstruct traffic;
    10. On the street side of any vehicles stopped or parked at the edge or curb of a street;
    11. On any bridge or other elevated structure on a street or within a street tunnel;
    12. Within 200 feet of an accident at which police officers are in attendance;
    13. In front of any theater;
    14. In any place or in any manner so as to block immediate egress from any emergency exit or exits which are conspicuously marked as building emergency exits;
    15. In any place or in any manner so as to block or hamper the immediate use of an immediate egress from any fire escape which is conspicuously marked as a fire escape and which provides an emergency means of egress from any building;
    16. At any place where official signs prohibit stopping, standing, or parking;
    17. In a parking space which is clearly identified by an official sign as being reserved for use by disabled individuals and which is on public property or private property that is available for public use, unless the person is disabled or unless the person is parking the vehicle for the benefit of a disabled individual. A certificate of identification issued under section 675(5) of the act to a disabled individual shall be displayed on the lower left corner of the front windshield. A special registration plate issued under section 803d of the act to a disabled individual shall be displayed on the vehicle;
    18. Within 500 feet of a fire at which fire apparatus are in attendance when the scene of the fire lies outside a city or village. However, volunteer fire fighters responding to the fire may park within 500 feet in a manner that does not interfere with fire apparatus at the scene. Vehicles legally parked before the fire shall be exempt from this subdivision.

Certain Purposes Prohibited: A person shall not park a vehicle on any street for the principal purpose of doing any of the following:

    1. Displaying such vehicle for sale;
    2. Washing, polishing, greasing, or repairing such vehicle, except for repairs necessitated by an emergency;
    3. Displaying advertising;
    4. Selling merchandise from such vehicle, except a duly established market place or when authorized by appropriate University authorities; or
    5. Storage for more than 48 continuous hours.

Abandoned Vehicle: No vehicle is to be abandoned on campus.

   E. Enforcement

1. The enforcement of these ordinances will be performed by officers of the LSSU Public Safety Department.

2. It is the responsibility of all individuals operating or parking a vehicle on campus to familiarize themselves with these ordinances. Tearing down or larceny of signs will not alter parking restrictions and violations will be enforced.

3. At times, traffic laws inconvenience individuals, but in such cases it should be remembered that these laws are for the general good, and all should willingly comply in the interest of the orderly functioning of the University.

4. Parking prohibited (no sign required), except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with law or direction of traffic-control devices.


Responsibility for Parking Violation:

1.) Registered Vehicles: A person who has registered a vehicle with the University shall be held responsible for any parking violation committed under these ordinances.

2.)Unregistered Vehicles: The legal owner of a vehicle will be held responsible for parking violations received on unregistered vehicles under these ordinances. Ownership of a vehicle will be determined by the record of the Michigan Secretary of State or other appropriate governmental agency or entity. The individual registering a vehicle with the University shall be held responsible for any parking violation committed.

      Vehicles left on campus during vacation breaks must request thru Public Safety     and be parked in a designated lot. Vehicles are not allowed to be left on campus    during summer semester.

3.) Abandoned Vehicles: All vehicles must have a current state vehicle registration, a valid LSSU permit and be in operating condition or they will be processed as abandoned vehicles.

The individual registering a vehicle with the University shall be held responsible for any parking violation committed.

Loss or Damage to Vehicle or Contents: The University assumes no responsibility for loss or damage to vehicles parked or operated on campus, or for the contents thereof.

Civil Infraction: All violations of the provisions of these Parking Ordinances constitute civil infractions.

Payment of Parking Fines within 10 Days: The parking fine amount noted on a citation or parking violation notice may be paid at the Cashier's Counter located in the Fletcher Center.

Admission of Responsibility and Parking Committee: A Parking Committee has been established as the exclusive agency to accept admissions or pleas of responsibility in cases of violations of the parking ordinances contained herein and to collect and retain the fines as described hereinafter.

Failure to Respond: In the event that a person fails to respond within ten (10) days to a citation or parking violation notice, such outstanding citation or notice may be sent to the 91st Judicial District Court for collection. Failure to respond to a citation or notice after it has been sent to Court may result in the suspension of one's driver’s license or other action within the Court's authority.

A schedule of fines is available at the Cashier’s Counter or Public Safety Office.

Payment of Fines

  1. All fines are payable in person at the Cashier’s Counter of Lake Superior State University within ten (10) days, or they may be paid by mail (check or money order). Payment of the fine, either in person or by mail, constitutes an admission of responsibility to the indicated offense and waiver of trial on the offense.
  2. Questions regarding specific parking tickets received should be directed to the Public Safety Department, Monday through Friday from 8 a.m.-4:30 p.m.
  3. Failure to pay fines will result in a “hold” on your academic records, placing the balance of fines on your student account, or being sent to State collections.


Any appeal of any violation received must be filed within 10 calendar days of the violation to be considered. If the Director of Public Safety finds that the violation issued was written in error, the Director could revoke the violation. All other appeals will be forwarded to the Parking Appeals Committee for their consideration. The Appeals Committee is comprised of students, staff and faculty members, who meet on a regular basis to consider written appeals. Decisions of the Appeals Committee can be taken to the Director of Public Safety for further consideration if an individual feels the decision was made in error. A decision at that meeting may result in an opportunity to appeal to the Parking Committee at their next scheduled meeting. Appeals which are seldom granted are those which involve lack of knowledge of the regulations, forgetfulness, failure to follow posted signs, inability to find a legally marked parking space, and parking in reserved or handicapped designated parking spaces without the proper permit.

      Visitors receiving tickets on campus can appeal the ticket in writing or in                            person by stopping by the Public Safety office. If the visitor receives a                                 ticket for parking in a handicap space without a permit, a fire lane or other                                restricted spot associated with safety or egress then they may pay for that                            ticket at the Fletcher Center Cashier Counter.

      Faculty/Staff/Students receiving tickets on campus can appeal the ticket on line at their     MyLssu account.

 Schedule of Fines




Failure to Register Vehicle/Display Permit

$ 25.00


Parking Other Than Assigned

$ 20.00


Improper Overnight Parking

$ 20.00


Parking in Handicap Zone



Reproducing/Defacing Permit

$ 25.00


Parking in Front of Dumpster

$ 25.00


Violation of 30-Minute Limit

$ 25.00


Violation of 20-Minute Limit

$ 25.00


Parking on Street/Roadway

$ 20.00


Improper Manner of Parking

$ 20.00


Failure to Remove for Snow Removal

$ 25.00


Failure to Remove for Break

$ 25.00


Parking in Loading Zone

$ 20.00


Prohibited Parking on Sidewalk

$ 20.00


Too Close to Driveway

$ 20.00


Too Close to Hydrant

$ 20.00


Too Close to Crosswalk

$ 20.00


Obstructing Sidewalk

$ 20.00


Within 30 Feet of Side Street Traffic Sign

$ 20.00


Double Parking

$ 20.00


In Prohibited Zones (signs posted)

$ 20.00


Parking on Grass

$ 20.00


Abandoned Vehicle

$ 25.00





Fraudulent Registration of Vehicle

Improper Display of Permit

Failure to Display Permit


$ 25.00

$ 20.00

$  25.00

$  0

Motorcycles/Motor Scooters/Motorbikes/Mopeds

Motorcycles, motor scooters, motorbikes and mopeds are considered motor vehicles and are governed by these Ordinances:

  1. They must be registered with Vehicle Registration and the permit properly displayed.
  2. They must have proper safety equipment as specified by the Michigan Vehicle Code.
  3. All riders must wear safety helmets as specified by the Michigan Vehicle Code.
  4. They may not be parked or stored in any campus building or entrance.


  1. You are encouraged to register with the Public Safety Department.
  2. Must use the roadway or sidewalk, when operated on campus, giving pedestrians the right of way.
  3. Persons riding bicycles must abide by all traffic laws.

Impounding of Vehicles: A vehicle may immediately be removed from public property or any other place open to travel by the public and impounded in any of the following circumstances:

    1. When a vehicle is parked upon the street/roadway in such a manner as to create an immediate public hazard or obstruction of traffic;
    2. When a vehicle is left continuously unattended on a street for more than 48 hours and may be presumed to be abandoned;
    3. When removal is necessary in the interests of public safety because of fire, flood, storm, snow, or other emergency reasons; or
    4. When a vehicle is found parked in a tow-away zone which is designated by the traffic engineer and which is properly signed.

If the removal of a vehicle is necessitated under the aforementioned circumstances, the owner is responsible for the costs of towing and storage in addition to any fines that may be imposed under this Chapter.

Vehicle Gasoline Leaks

A. No vehicle shall be brought on campus while leaking gas or other flammable liquids.

      B. If a vehicle is leaking gas, the owner will be ordered to have the vehicle             removed from campus until the necessary repairs are made.

C. If the owner cannot be located in a timely manner, the vehicle will be towed to a safe location until the owner claims the vehicle after paying all fines and/towing fees.

D. It is each person’s duty to notify the Public Safety Department if a vehicle is observed leaking gas or other flammable liquid.

E. Gas leaks create a fire hazard and pose a threat to our environmental well-being.

Faculty, staff and students are required to obtain special permission from the Public Safety Department for parking near buildings for the purpose of loading and unloading only.

Public Safety: 906-635-2100, or extension 2100



Act: means Act No. 300 of the Public Acts of 1949, as amended, being section 257.1 et seq. of the Michigan Compiled Laws

Campus: Includes all property owned and operated by Lake Superior State University

Civil Infraction: an act or omission which is prohibited by law, which is not a crime as defined in section 5 of Act No. 328 of the Public Acts of 1931, as amended, being section 750.5 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, and for which sanctions may be ordered

Civil Infraction Determination: a determination that a person is responsible for a civil infraction based on one of the following:

a.) An admission of responsibility for the civil infraction.

b.) An admission of responsibility for the civil infraction, "with explanation".

c.) A preponderance of the evidence at an informal hearing or formal hearing on the question under section 746 or 747 of the act.

d.) A default judgment for failing to appear as directed by a citation or other notice at a scheduled appearance under section 745(3) (b) or 745(4) of the act, at a scheduled informal hearing under section 746 of the act, or at a scheduled formal hearing under section 747 of the act.

Commercial Vehicle: motor vehicles that are used for the transportation of passengers for hire or which is constructed or used for the transportation of goods, wares, or merchandise. The term also means a motor vehicle which is designed and used for drawing other vehicles and which is not constructed to carry any load therein, either independently or as any part of the weight of a vehicle or load so drawn

Commuter: Includes all University students who drive from their off-campus residence to the University

Crosswalk: means either of the following:

a.) That part of a roadway at an intersection that is included within the connections of the lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway measured from the curbs or, in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the traversable highway.

b.) A portion of a highway, at an intersection or elsewhere, which is distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.

General Parking Areas: Valid parking for all University registered vehicles

Intersection: means either of the following:

a.) The area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curb lines, or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two highways, which join one another at, or approximately at, right angles or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different highways that join at any other angle might come in conflict.

b.) Where a highway included two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then every crossing of each roadway of such divided highway by an intersecting highway shall be regarded as a separate intersection. If such intersecting highway also included two roadways of the highways shall be regarded as a separate intersection.

Moped: is a two- or three-wheeled vehicle with operable pedals which are equipped with a motor that does not exceed 50 cubic centimeters piston displacement, which produced 1.5 brake horsepower or less, and which cannot propel the vehicle at a speed of more than 25 miles per hour on a level surface

Motorcycle: every motor vehicle which has a saddle or seat for the use of the rider and which is designed to travel on not more than 3 wheels in contact with the ground, but excludes a tractor

Motor Vehicle: every vehicle which is self-propelled

Parking: standing a vehicle, whether occupied or not, upon a highway when not loading or unloading, except when making necessary repairs

Parking Committee: a committee which has been established to accept civil infraction admissions in parking violation cases and to collect and retain civil fines there under

Private Driveway: a piece of privately owned and maintained property which is used for vehicular traffic, but which is not opened for, or normally used by, the public

Resident: Includes all University students living in a residence hall or University apartment

Restricted: Access limited to those who retain a permit or permission from Public Safety

Roadway: a portion of the highway which is improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel. If a highway includes two or more separate roadways, the term "roadway" shall refer to a roadway separately and not to all other roadways collectively

Safety Zone: the area of space which is officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and which is protected and so marked or indicated by adequate signs as to be plainly visible at all times while set apart as a safety zone

Sidewalk: the portion of a street which is between the curb lines or the lateral lines of a roadway and the adjacent property lines and which is intended for the use of pedestrians

Stand or Standing: the halting of a vehicle, other than for the purpose of, and while engaged in, receiving or discharging passengers

Stop or Stopping: when prohibited, means the halting, even momentarily, of a vehicle, whether occupied or not. The terms do not apply to the halting of a vehicle which is necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or which is in compliance with the directions of a police officer or traffic control sign or signal.

Street or Highway: means the entire width between boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel

Tow-away Zone: a zone where parking, stopping, or standing is not permitted, as indicated by proper signs, and where vehicles parked in violation of the signs are towed away to keep the roadway clear for traffic improvement

Traffic-control Devices: signs, signals, markings, and devices which are not inconsistent with this ordinance and which are placed or erected by authority of a public body or official who has jurisdiction for the purpose of regulating, warning, or guiding traffic

University-Registered Motor Vehicle: Describes self-propelled motor vehicles bearing a valid Lake Superior State University registration permit, properly displayed

University Year: That period of time beginning the first day of classes following fall semester registration through the last day of the current parking permit expiration

Vehicle: every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn on a highway, except devices which are moved exclusively by human power or which are used exclusively on stationary rails or tracks and except for a mobile home as defined in section 2 of Act No. 419 of the Public Acts of 1976, as amended, being section 125.1102 of the Michigan Compiled Laws. For purposes of this ordinance, the term vehicle shall include automobiles, trucks, mopeds and motorcycles.

Visitor: Any person who is not a student or employee of the University

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