Colleges and Schools

College of Criminal Justice and Emergency Responders

  • School of Criminal Justice, Fire Science and Emergency Services

College of Education and Liberal Arts

  • School of Arts and Letters
  • School of Education
  • School of General Studies

College of Health and Behavior

  • School of Kinesiology and Behavioral Sciences
  • School of Nursing

College of Innovation and Solutions

  • Lukenda School of Business
  • School of Computer Science and Mathematics
  • School of Engineering and Technology

College of Science and the Environment

  • School of Natural Resources & Environment
  • School of Science and Medicine

Degree Programs

  • Bachelor (four-year programs)
  • Associate (two-year programs)
  • Certificates
  • Minors

Bachelor (four-year programs)

Accounting: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

The discipline of accounting provides financial and other information essential to the efficient conduct and evaluation of the activities of any organization. Accounting includes the development and analysis of data, the testing of its validity and relevance, and the interpretation and communication of the resulting information to intended users. Students completing the degree will be eligible to sit for various professional certification examinations. The program complies with current educational requirements for the CPA certification.

150 Hour Concentration:

Students desiring to become Certified Public Accountants must complete 150 hours of coursework as required by the State of Michigan.  LSSU students on this path will work with an advisor to select 26 additional credits beyond the accounting degree’s required 124 credits.  LSSU’s accounting degree curriculum includes the courses required by the State of Michigan.  Thus, students are encouraged to complete courses in other business areas that align with their academic and career objectives and help prepare them for the CPA exam.  During their last semester, students will be required to complete ACTG450 CPA Exam Preparation (3 credits) as an independent study.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Accounting Theory and Practice – Apply accounting standards to information for financial accounting, managerial/cost accounting, governmental accounting, auditing, tax and accounting information systems purposes.

Effective Communication – Record, report and communicate accounting information relevant to internal and external users.

Business Ethics – Apply ethical accounting practices.

Global Business Awareness – Apply knowledge of international accounting issues.

Teamwork – Work productively as a member of a team.

Business Knowledge – Apply knowledge of business-core subjects.

Professional Skills – Apply skills in research, communications and critical thinking.

Degree Requirements

Common Professional Component (48 Credits)

  • ACTG132 Principles of Accounting I 4
  • ACTG133 Principles of Accounting II 4
  • BUSN121 Introduction to Business 3
  • BUSN211 Business Statistics 3
  • BUSN231 Business Communications 3
  • BUSN350 Business Law I 3
  • BUSN403 Business, Government and Society 3
  • BUSN466 Business Policy 3
  • ECON201 Principles of Macroeconomics 3
  • ECON202 Principles of Microeconomics 3
  • FINC341 Managerial Finance 4
  • MGMT280 Introduction Management Information Systems 3
  • MGMT360 Management Concepts and Apps 3
  • MGMT371 Operations/Business Analytics 3
  • MRKT281 Marketing Principles and Strategy 3

Major Requirements (41 Credits)

  • ACTG232 Intermediate Accounting I 4
  • ACTG233 Intermediate Accounting II 4
  • ACTG332 Cost Management I 4
  • ACTG333 Cost Management II 4
  • ACTG334 Accounting Information Systems 3
  • ACTG421 Federal Taxation Accounting I 3
  • ACTG422 Federal Taxation Accounting II 3
  • ACTG427 Auditing 4
  • ACTG432 Advanced Accounting I Consolidations 4
  • ACTG433 Advanced Accounting II Governmental 4
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • BUSN101 Freshman Seminar 1

Electives (8-10 Credits)

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Biochemistry Pre-Professional: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

The Bachelor of Science in Biochemistry Pre-professional equips graduates with the skills necessary to proceed to graduate or professional programs, and to gain employment in academic, government, and industry sectors. Biochemistry graduates earn over 600 hours of hands-on, laboratory experience to prepare them for a career as a biochemist.  Biochemists graduate trained on state-of-the-art instrumentation and in techniques that are industry standards.

The LSSU chemistry program has been approved by the American Chemical Society, and may provide certified degrees in Biochemistry Pre-Professional, Chemistry, Chemistry in Secondary Education, and Forensic Chemistry. Students pursuing the ACS certified degree will participate in an applied research project in close collaboration with faculty members to address meaningful chemical-based problems.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Demonstrate proficiency in the five Chemistry sub disciplines defined by the American Chemical Society, including analytical chemistry, biochemistry, inorganic chemistry, organic chemistry, and physical chemistry.

Demonstrate readiness for employment as a chemist, science technician, or chemical technician at the baccalaureate level or graduate and professional level study.

With the guidance of a faculty mentor, develop a well-designed, well-executed, and clearly communicated research project that contributes to scientific knowledge in the field of Biochemistry.

Degree Requirements

Chemistry Degree Requirements (48 credits minimum)

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • CHEM225 Organic Chemistry I 4
  • CHEM231 Quantitative Analysis 4
  • CHEM261 Inorganic Chemistry 4
  • CHEM326 Organic Chemistry II 4
  • CHEM332 Instrumental Analysis 4
  • CHEM351 Introductory Biochemistry 4
  • CHEM353 Introductory Toxicology 3
  • CHEM361 Physical Chemistry I 4
  • CHEM363 Physical Chemistry Lab 1
  • CHEM395 Junior Seminar 1
  • CHEM452 Biochemistry II 4
  • CHEM499 Senior Seminar 1

For American Chemical Society certified degree, additionally required (total lab hours must be at least 400 hours).  See Department Chair for special rules regarding ACS certification:

  • CHEM495 Senior Project 2 

Biology Courses (16 credits)

  • BIOL131 General Biology:  Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology:  Organisms 4
  • BIOL220 Genetics 4
  • Any BIOL 400 level course 4

Support Courses (20 credits)

  • USEM101 University Seminar: Foundation Success 1
  • BUSN211 Business Statistics 3
    or
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3
  • MATH151 Calculus I 4
  • MATH152 Calculus II 4
  • PHYS231 Applied Physics I 4
  • PHYS232 Applied Physics II 4

 General Electives (16 credits minimum)

 General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

 A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, and a gpa of a 2.00 or higher is required in your General Education Requirements.

Biology: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

The Bachelor of Science degree in biology combines theory and concepts of biology with intensive, hands-on experiences in our state-of-the-art laboratories and a wealth of close-by field sites. Students build on a core of biology classes by selecting the physiology and taxonomy classes and other electives that best fit their interests.

The program is an excellent preparation for biology or related careers. Our graduates are currently employed as doctors, dentists, veterinarians, biological researchers, laboratory technicians, consultants and teachers. Many careers in biology require education beyond the baccalaureate degree and LSSU’s biology program has a proven record of excellent preparation for professional and graduate school.

Animal Biology concentration – In this program, you will study the physiology, nutrition, behavior, and health of animals, with focus on species that are economic resources or beloved companions. Includes instruction in molecular and cell biology, microbiology, nutrition and physiology, ecology and behavior, genetics and evolutionary biology, disease prevention, and applications to specific species and phyla. As an animal biology major, you’ll have the chance to put your theoretical knowledge into practice by working with wild and domesticated animals in hands-on situations.  It will prepare you for employment in laboratories, zoos, farms, or animal shelters.

Food and Ecology concentration – prepares students for specific careers or graduate studies in particular aspects of the food system.  These careers range from technical, policy, outreach, and research work with federal, local and tribal government agencies; university research, food businesses; NGOs working to improve health and nutrition, advocacy groups, industry groups.  The skills required for these careers thus range across a number of disciplines.  This program provides the required basis in biological sciences and adds choices in other disciplines to let students tailor their program to their specific interests.  Students interested in pursuing graduate school in the sciences should consider adding additional chemistry classes, including organic chemistry, to their schedule.  The program requires that students complete an apprenticeship class with an organization working in an aspect of the food system and complete a senior project.

Pre-Medical concentration – prepares students for medical, dental, optometry, podiatry, chiropractic, and physician assistant graduate studies.  Biology students will work with a pre-professional advisor to select the electives best suited for the health professional program of their choice while also providing a well-rounded biology education.  This program has an embedded chemistry minor that meets the requirements of most U.S. medical schools.  The LSSU Biology department is recognized by all health professional schools in Michigan as a top rate biology program.

LSSU participates in the Michigan State University College of Human Medicine’s Early Assurance Program. During their junior year, students who excel in the LSSU biology pre-medical program may apply to the College of Human Medicine, and selected students will be assured of admission and begin a relationship with MSU College of Human Medicine during their senior year of college.

Pre-Veterinary concentration – with an embedded chemistry minor, prepares students to enter veterinary college after graduation from LSSU. It was designed to meet the specific requirements for the Michigan State University-College of Veterinary Medicine, but our students go to vet schools all over the country, for example North Carolina State, Oklahoma State and University of Illinois.  This program stresses not only academics, but also the animal care experience that is critical for gaining admission to a veterinary college.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Thoroughly research and synthesize the primary literature for information relevant to a current scientific investigation.

Design and conduct a scientific investigation of a testable hypothesis or methodology using appropriate tools and techniques.

Effectively communicate the results or outcomes of a scientific investigation in multiple formats.

Engage in professional activities related to the study of biological sciences and practice good professional ethics.

Available degrees (see specific requirements further down the page):

  • Bachelor of Science Biology
  • Bachelor of Science Biology, Animal Biology Concentration
  • Bachelor of Science Biology, Food and Ecology Concentration
  • Bachelor of Science Biology, Pre-Medical Concentration
  • Bachelor of Science Biology, Pre-Veterinary Concentration

Degree Requirements

Bachelor of Science Biology

Biology Courses (26 credits)

  • BIOL131 General Biology: Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology: Organisms 4
  • BIOL199 Freshman Seminar 1
  • BIOL204 General Microbiology 4
  • BIOL220 Genetics 4
  • BIOL280 Biostatistics 3
  • BIOL299 Sophomore Seminar 1
  • BIOL337 General Ecology 3
  • BIOL399 Planning Research Project 1
  • BIOL499 Senior Symposium 1

Focal Courses in Biology (7 – 8 credits)

Physiology Elective (1 course from)

  • BIOL315 Plant Physiology 4
  • BIOL330 Animal Physiology 4
  • BIOL421 Cell Biology 4

Taxonomy Elective (1 course from)

  • BIOL202 Field Botany 3
  • BIOL302 Invertebrate Zoology 3
  • BIOL303 General Entomology 4
  • BIOL306 Mycology 3
  • NRES310 Ichthyology 3
  • NRES311 Mammalogy 3
  • NRES312 Ornithology 3
  • BIOL422 Parasitology 3
  • BIOL425 Virology 3
  • NRES475 Aquatic Entomology 3

Biology Cognates (21 credits)

21 credits of any BIOL courses not used to satisfy one of the other requirements, or any NRES courses other than NRES199, NRES299, NRES250, NRES398, NRES399, NRES450, NRES490, NRES495, or NRES499.  A minimum of 17 credits must be from 300/400 level courses.   At least one elective must be a 400 level course.

Support Courses

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • CHEM225 Organic Chemistry I 4
    or
  • CHEM208 Survey of Organic Chemistry 4
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • MATH112 Calculus for Business & Life Science 4
  • Physical Science (CHEM, PHYS, GEOL) course with lab 4

Free Electives – 16 – 19 credits as needed to reach 124 total credits.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher. A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Science Biology, Animal Biology Concentration

Biology Courses (26 credits)

  • BIOL131 General Biology: Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology: Organisms 4
  • BIOL199 Freshman Seminar 1
  • BIOL204 General Microbiology 4
  • BIOL220 Genetics 4
  • BIOL280 Biostatistics 3
  • BIOL299 Sophomore Seminar 1
  • BIOL337 General Ecology 3
  • BIOL399 Planning Research Project 1
  • BIOL499 Senior Symposium 1

Focal Courses in Animal Biology (20 credits)

  • BIOL208 Principles of Animal Biology and Health 3
  • BIOL243 Vertebrae Anatomy 4
  • BIOL330 Animal Physiology 4
  • BIOL405 Animal Behavior 3
  • BIOL420 Evolutionary Analyses 3
  • BIOL335 Animal Nutrition 3
    or
  • BIOL426 Animal Disease and Zoonoses 3

Cognates (Choose 12 credits from)

Zoology:

  • NRES240 Natural History of Vertebrates 3
  • BIOL302 Invertebrate Zoology 3
  • BIOL303 General Entomology 4
  • NRES310 Ichthyology 3
  • NRES311 Mammalogy 3
  • NRES312 Ornithology 3
  • NRES475 Aquatic Entomology 3

or/and

Animal Health:

  • BIOL306 Mycology 3
  • BIOL423 Immunology* 4
  • BIOL422 Parasitology 3
  • BIOL425 Virology 3
  • CHEM353 Toxicology* 4

Support Courses (17 credits)

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • CHEM225 Organic Chemistry 4
    or
  • CHEM208 Survey of Organic Chemistry 4
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3

Free Electives – 21 – 24 credits as needed to reach 124 total credits

A minimum of 17 credits must be from BIOL/NRES 300/400 level courses.  At least one elective must be a BIOL/NRES 400 level course.

*Requires CHEM225 and CHEM351

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher. A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Science Biology, Food and Ecology Concentration

Biology Foundation and Research Courses (26 credits)

  • BIOL131 General Biology: Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology: Organisms 4
  • BIOL199 Freshman Seminar 1
  • BIOL204 General Microbiology 4
  • BIOL220 Genetics 4
  • BIOL280 Biostatistics 3
  • BIOL299 Sophomore Seminar 1
  • BIOL337 General Ecology 3
  • BIOL399 Planning Research Project 1
  • BIOL499 Senior Symposium 1

Focal Courses in Food Systems (12-13 credits)

  • BIOL307 US Food Systems 3
  • BIOL202 Plant Sciences: Identification and Diversity 3
  • BIOL235 Protected Horticulture 3
  • BIOL389 Apprenticeship in (Food Systems) 3-4

Specialty Cognates (6 – 11 credits)

Choose One Area:

Policy and Communications (select 3 classes – 9 credits)

  • POLI130 Intro to State and Local Government 3
  • POLI301 Policy Analysis and Evaluation 3
  • COMM302 Argumentation and Advocacy 3
    or
  • COMM320 Public Relations 3

Production (11 credits)

  • BIOL232 Introduction to Aquaponics 4
  • BIOL306 Mycology 3
  • BIOL315 Plant Sciences: Structure and Function 4

Marketing (select 2 classes – 6 credits)

  • MRKT281 Introduction to Marketing 3
  • MRKT384 Social Media Marketing 3
  • MRKT386 Mobile Marketing 3

Analytics (select 3 classes – 8-9 credits)

  • BIOL385 Public Health Statistics and Epidemiology 3
  • EVRN131 Introduction to GIS 3
  • EVRN225 Intermediate GIS 2
  • EVRN325 Geospatial Analysis 3

Support Courses (8 credits)*

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry 5
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3

Free Electives – credits as needed to reach 124 total credits.

A minimum of 17 credits must be from BIOL/NRES 300/400 level courses.  At least one elective must be a BIOL/NRES 400 level course.

*Students interested in science graduate programs should consult with their advisor regarding additional chemistry courses.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher. A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Science Biology, Pre-Medical Concentration

Biology Courses (34 credits)

  • BIOL121 Human Anatomy and Physiology I 4
  • BIOL122 Human Anatomy and Physiology II 4
  • BIOL131 General Biology: Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology: Organisms 4
  • BIOL199 Freshman Seminar 1
  • BIOL204 General Microbiology 4
  • BIOL220 Genetics 4
  • BIOL280 Biostatistics 3
  • BIOL299 Sophomore Seminar 1
  • BIOL337 General Ecology 3
  • BIOL399 Planning Research Project 1
  • BIOL499 Senior Symposium 1

Physiology Elective (1 course from)

  • BIOL330 Animal Physiology* 4
  • BIOL421 Adv Cell & Molecular Biology* 4

Advanced Study – Select 17 credits from the following list:

  • BIOL243 Vertebrate Anatomy 4
  • BIOL306 Mycology 3
  • BIOL332 Embryology 3
  • BIOL380 Hematology 4
  • BIOL385 Public Health Statistics and Epidemiology 3
  • BIOL406 Immunohematology 3
  • BIOL422 Parasitology 3
  • BIOL423 Immunology 3
  • BIOL425 Virology 3
  • BIOL426 Animal Disease and Zoonosis 3
  • BIOL433 Histology and Histopathology 4
  • BIOL455 Body Fluids Analysis 3
  • BIOL480 Advanced Clinical Microbiology 4

Support Courses

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • CHEM225 Organic Chemistry I 4
  • CHEM326 Organic Chemistry II 4
  • CHEM351 Biochemistry 4
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • PHYS221 Principles of Physics I 4
  • PHYS222 Principles of Physics II
  • HLTH328 Multicultural Approaches to Health Care 3
  • PSYC101 Introduction to Psychological Science 3
  • SOCY101 Introduction to Sociology 4

Free Electives – 12 – 14 credits as needed to reach 124 total credits.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.75 or higher. A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Science Biology, Pre-Veterinary Concentration

Biology Courses (26 credits)

  • BIOL131 General Biology: Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology: Organisms 4
  • BIOL199 Freshman Seminar 1
  • BIOL204 General Microbiology* 4
  • BIOL220 Genetics 4
  • BIOL280 Biostatistics 3
  • BIOL299 Sophomore Seminar 1
  • BIOL337 General Ecology 3
  • BIOL399 Planning Research Project 1
  • BIOL499 Senior Seminar 1

Physiology Elective (1 course from)

  • BIOL330 Animal Physiology 4
  • BIOL421 Adv Cell & Molecular Biology* 4

Taxonomy Elective (1 course from)

  • BIOL306 Mycology 3
  • BIOL422 Parasitology 3
  • BIOL425 Virology 3

Support Courses (37 credits)

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • CHEM225 Organic Chemistry I 4
  • CHEM326 Organic Chemistry II 4
  • CHEM351 Biochemistry 4
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • MATH112 Calculus for Business/Life Science 4
  • PHYS221 Principles of Physics I 4
  • PHYS222 Principles of Physics II 4

Advanced Study – Select 17 credits from the following list:

  • BIOL208 Principles of Animal Biology and Health 3
  • BIOL243 Vertebrate Anatomy 4
  • BIOL306 Mycology 3
  • BIOL332 Embryology 3
  • BIOL335 Animal Nutrition* 3
  • BIOL380 Hematology 4
  • BIOL405 Animal Behavior 3
  • BIOL423 Immunology 4
  • BIOL426 Animal Disease and Zoonoses 3
  • BIOL433 Histology and Histopathology 4
  • BIOL480 Advanced Microbiology 4

*These courses required by MSU-CVM.

Free Electives – 9 – 11 credits as needed to reach 124 total credits.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.75 or higher. A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Business Administration: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

The Business Administration degree provides students with a broad overview of business concepts, along with particular emphasis in one functional area as identified by the minor selected. The intent of this degree is to create a well-rounded graduate with a basic understanding of all aspects of a business organization, both in the office and on the workplace floor. This degree is designed specifically for individuals who acquired training at community colleges, technical institutes, industry-related schools, etc., or have several years of workplace experience, and want to continue their education in the area of business.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Business Core:  Apply knowledge of business core subjects.

Business Plan:  Apply skills in research, communication and critical thinking.

Degree Requirements

Common Professional Component (48 Credits)

  • ACTG132 Principles of Accounting I 4
  • ACTG133 Principles of Accounting II 4
  • BUSN121 Introduction to Business 3
  • BUSN211 Business Statistics 3
  • BUSN231 Business Communications 3
  • BUSN350 Business Law I 3
  • BUSN403 Business, Government & Society 3
  • BUSN466 Business Policy 3
  • ECON201 Principles of Macroeconomics 3
  • ECON202 Principles of Microeconomics 3
  • FINC341 Managerial Finance 4
  • MGMT280 Introduction Management Information Systems 3
  • MGMT360 Management Concepts and Applications 3
  • MGMT371 Operations/Business Analytics 3
  • MRKT281 Marketing Principles and Strategy 3

Major Requirements (4 Credits)

  • BUSN101 Freshman Seminar 1
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3

Disciplinary Requirement:  Pick one Minor from the following:

  • Accounting-Finance
  • Economics-Finance
  • Human Resource Management
  • International Business
  • Marketing
  • Public Relations
  • Sports Marketing
  • Cognate of 15 or more credits approved by the Dean

*Students can not double major in discipline in which minor is selected.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Business Administration - Entrepreneurship: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

The entrepreneurship major is designed to develop students’ skills so that they are both confident and competent in analyzing new business ideas; refining a vision of a new business into the kind of business plan lenders and investors are likely to approve; and, translating the business plan into the start-up, launch, daily management, and growth and exit strategies most relevant and feasible for a small business venture. The entrepreneurship major also prepares students for working within a small, entrepreneurial firm, as an employee with specific business skills tailored to the needs of the smaller firm. The study of entrepreneurship includes classes in marketing, accounting, management, and entrepreneurship, and requires an internship placement in a small firm or as an advisor to a small firm. These courses, along with the common professional business core courses, will provide students with the knowledge, training, and practical experience required to become successful small business owners, counselors, and employees.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Business Plan Development – Develop a sound and viable business plan for a new venture.

Human Resource Development – Explain tools to motivate and retain workers in a small firm.

Pitch Deck – Present a professional-level PowerPoint presentation to the class.

Pro Forma Financial Statements – Develop pro forma balance sheet and income statement.

Business Knowledge – Apply knowledge of business core subjects.

Professional Skills – Apply professional-level skills in research, communication, critical thinking, and business ethics.

Degree Requirements

Common Professional Component (48 Credits)

  • ACTG132 Principles of Accounting I 4
  • ACTG133 Principles of Accounting II 4
  • BUSN121 Introduction to Business 3
  • BUSN211 Business Statistics 3
  • BUSN231 Business Communications 3
  • BUSN350 Business Law I 3
  • BUSN403 Business, Government & Society 3
  • BUSN466 Business Policy 3
  • ECON201 Principles of Macroeconomics 3
  • ECON202 Principles of Microeconomics 3
  • FINC341 Managerial Finance 4
  • MGMT280 Introduction Management Information Systems 3
  • MGMT360 Management Concepts and Applications 3
  • MGMT371 Operations/Business Analytics 3
  • MRKT281 Marketing Principles and Strategy 3

Major Requirements (7 credits)

  • BUSN101 Freshman Seminar 1
  • BUSN399 Internship 3
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3

Minimum 21 Credits from 3 disciplines should be selected from the following list:

  • ACTG334 Accounting Information Systems 3
  • BUSN389 Entrepreneurship 3
  • INTB289 Competing in the Global Market Place 3
  • INTB486 International Marketing 3
  • MGMT365 Human Resource Management 3
  • MGMT380 Principles of Leadership 3
  • MGMT464 Organizational Behavior 3E
  • MGMT476 Employee Training and Development 3
  • MRKT283 Principles of Selling 3
  • MRKT385 Services Marketing
  • MRKT387 Advertising Theory and Practice 3
  • MRKT388 Retail Management 3

Free Electives to reach 124 credits

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Business Administration - International Business: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

A major in international business is intended to develop a student’s ability to meet the challenges of the global business environment. In addition to providing the fundamental foundations of all business functional areas, the major teaches the student to identify and develop appropriate solutions to situations that are unique to conducting business in the global environment. The international business major provides the student with an understanding of international business by providing upper-level courses in international economics, international marketing, cultural differences, politics and foreign languages. Students will also participate in an approved international experience which will involve either study abroad, work experiences, or internships.

Program Learning Outcomes:

International Business Knowledge – Apply international business knowledge in the areas of management, marketing, economics, and business law.

Cultural Systems – Analyze how cultural, economic, geographical and political paradigms impact ethical issues in various international business decision processes.

Synthesis – Evaluate nature, significance and context of managerial activities as undertaken by leadership in various organizations in international business contexts.

Critical Thinking – Work in teams, use critical thinking to analyze and solve problems and effectively communicate legal issues pertaining to international business law and international business operations.

International Marketing, Culture and Communication – Function effectively in situations characterized by cultural diversity. This includes awareness of own cultural intelligence and awareness of the cultural intelligence of others.

Business Knowledge – Apply knowledge of business core subjects.

Professional Skills – Apply skills in research, communications and critical thinking.

Degree Requirements

Common Professional Component (48 Credits)

  • ACTG132 Principles of Accounting I 4
  • ACTG133 Principles of Accounting II 4
  • BUSN121 Introduction to Business 3
  • BUSN211 Business Statistics 3
  • BUSN231 Business Communications 3
  • BUSN350 Business Law I 3
  • BUSN403 Business, Government & Society 3
  • BUSN466 Business Policy 3
  • ECON201 Principles of Macroeconomics 3
  • ECON202 Principles of Microeconomics 3
  • FINC341  Managerial Finance 4
  • MGMT280 Introduction Management Information Systems 3
  • MGMT360 Management concepts & Applications 3
  • MGMT371 Operations/Business Analytics 3
  • MRKT281 Marketing Principles and Strategy 3

Major Requirements (34 Credits)

  • BUSN101 Freshman Seminar 1
  • ECON408 International Economics 3
  • INTB289 Competing in the Global Marketplace 3
  • INTB375 International Business Law 3
  • INTB420 Comparative International Management 3
  • INTB486 International Marketing 3
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • International Experience (BUSN399 or INTD310 or INTD410) 3

Regional Electives (Minimum 3-4 Credits)

Language Electives (Minimum 8 Credits)

Free Electives to reach 124 credits

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Business Administration - Management: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

The management major is designed to provide students with a broad background in business by presenting courses covering the functional areas of business. This management degree program prepares students for human resource and leadership positions in business and non-profit organizations.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Leadership – Utilize exceptional interpersonal skills, inclusive practices and performance management strategies to engage and develop team and talent.

Management Practice – Develop goals, and design and implement control mechanisms toward the successful achievement of those goals, for themselves and others.

Communication of Ethical and Critical Thinking – Make ethical decisions, utilizing critical thinking skills, and clearly communicate the decisions made along with the rationale.

Technology – Describe the role and impact of technology on managers and the organization.

Data-Driven Decision-Making – Develop and implement data-driven management decision-making in business operations.

Business Law – Define and explain the basic principles of contract, personal property and sales, agency, partnerships, corporate law, commercial paper law that apply to business transactions, etc.

Labor Law – Define and explain labor law through case study method as it relates to Civil Rights Act, Age Discrimination Act, Family Medical Leave Act, OSHA, Unfair Labor Practices (union and employers), National Labor Relations Act, antitrust laws, representative elections procedures, and other legislations, etc.

HR Management – Define and explain all the functions of human resource management: recruiting, selecting, training and development, compensation, performance appraisals, labor relations, etc.

Business Knowledge – Apply knowledge of business core subjects. Professional Skills – Apply skills in research, communications and critical thinking.

Degree Requirements

Common Professional Component (48 Credits)

  • ACTG132 Principles of Accounting I 4
  • ACTG133 Principles of Accounting II 4
  • BUSN121 Introduction to Business 3
  • BUSN211 Business Statistics 3
  • BUSN231 Business Communications 3
  • BUSN350 Business Law I 3
  • BUSN403 Business, Government & Society 3
  • BUSN466 Business Policy 3
  • ECON201 Principles of Macroeconomics 3
  • ECON202 Principles of Microeconomics 3
  • FINC341 Managerial Finance 4
  • MGMT280 Introduction Management Information Systems 3
  • MGMT360 Management Concepts and Applications 3
  • MGMT371 Operations/Business Analytics 3
  • MRKT281 Marketing Principles and Strategy 3

Major Requirements (30 Credits)

  • BUSN101 Freshman Seminar 1
  • BUSN308 Managing Cultural Differences 3
  • BUSN355 Business Law II 3
  • MGMT365 Human Resource Management 3
  • MGMT380 Principles of Leadership 3
  • MGMT451 Labor Law 4
  • MGMT464 Organizational Behavior 3
  • MGMT469 Collective Bargaining 3
  • MGMT476 Employee Training Development 4
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Business Administration - Marketing: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

The marketing major is designed to prepare students for the many opportunities in the field of marketing. The study of marketing includes marketing principles, principles of selling, retail management, consumer behavior, advertising theory and practice, marketing management, sales force management, marketing research and international marketing. These courses, along with the common professional business core courses, are designed to provide our students with the appropriate knowledge and skills to understand the function of marketing in the firm and in society and to be effective decision makers.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Basic Marketing Knowledge – Apply knowledge of marketing and other functional areas of business and their relationship to each other.

Decision Making – Research, synthesize, analyze and accurately interpret quantitative and qualitative information to drive effective marketing decision making.

Communication in Marketing – Communicate effectively, orally and in writing, their marketing observations, findings, research, and recommendations to a large audience.

Employability Skills – Apply entry-level, marketable skills appropriate to a marketing-related position and team in industry, such as in sales, event planning, marketing communications, public relations, retailing, market analysis, or product management.

Use of Marketing Technology – Use technology to assist with the synthesis and analysis of data, oral and written communications, and group collaboration.

Business Knowledge – Apply knowledge of business core subjects.

Professional Skills – Apply skills in research, communications and critical thinking.

Degree Requirements

Common Professional Component (48 credits)

  • ACTG132 Principles of Accounting I 4
  • ACTG133 Principles of Accounting II 4
  • BUSN121 Introduction to Business 3
  • BUSN211 Business Statistics 3
  • BUSN231 Business Communications 3
  • BUSN350 Business Law I 3
  • BUSN403 Business, Government & Society 3
  • BUSN466 Business Policy 3
  • ECON201 Principles of Macroeconomics 3
  • ECON202 Principles of Microeconomics 3
  • FINC341 Managerial Finance 4
  • MGMT280 Introduction Management information systems 3
  • MGMT360 Management Concepts and Applications 3
  • MGMT371 Operations/Business Analytics 3
  • MRKT281 Marketing Principles and Strategy 3

Major Requirements (Minimum 31 Credits)

  • BUSN101 Freshman Seminar 1
  • MRKT381 Consumer Behavior 3
  • MRKT480 Marketing Research 3
  • MRKT481 Marketing Management 3
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • Four Marketing Electives* 12
  • Two Business Electives ** 6-8

*Electives in Marketing, INTB486, or COMM320

**Electives in 300/400 level courses in BUSN, MGMT, ECON, FINC, ACTG, INTB.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Cannabis Business: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

The bachelor of science in Cannabis Business provides students with the knowledge and skills necessary to launch a business in the rapidly expanding industry related to cannabis.  This program is designed for future managers, supervisors, and entrepreneurs in a cannabis enterprise.  The program has at its foundation the basics of business and business management and then applies those principles to specific cannabis businesses such as cultivation facilities and dispensaries.  This program is well rounded and is designed to lead to a wide range of employment opportunities.  The unique issues related to state, federal, provincial and international laws are evaluated and analyzed in order to plan, develop and launch a cannabis business within legal constraints.  These courses, along with the common professional business core courses, will provide students with the knowledge, training, and practical experience required to become successful small business owners, counselors, and employees.

Students are encouraged, but not required, to take elective courses in the associate program in Cannabis Science in order to augment their skills in safety and testing.

Program Learning Outcomes:

E-Marketing – Use digital, social, and mobile marketing to promote a business or product.

Cannabis Business – Identify, describe, analyze and synthesize businesses in the cannabis industry, including, but not limited to, medicinal, cultivation, dispensary, processing, materials, testing and safety.

Cannabis and Society – Explain, analyze and compare and contrast state, federal, provincial and international laws related to growing, distributing, selling and marketing cannabis products and describe the effects of cannabis on society.

Cannabis Economics – Think critically and analytically about the legalization of cannabis and its effects on employment, policy and the economy.

Cannabis Entrepreneurship – Prepare a business canvas, pitch deck and marketing plan for a startup cannabis business.

Horticulture – Apply foundational understanding of growing and harvesting that is needed to manage a cultivation operation.

Business Knowledge – Apply knowledge of business core subjects.

Professional Skills – Apply skills in research, communications and critical thinking.

Degree Requirements

Common Professional Core (45 Credits)

  • ACTG132 Principles of Accounting I 4
  • ACTG133 Principles of Accounting II 4
  • BUSN121 Introduction to Business 3
  • BUSN211 Business Statistics 3
  • BUSN231 Business Communications 3
  • BUSN350 Business Law I 3
  • BUSN403 Business, Government & Society 3
  • ECON201 Principles of Macroeconomics 3
  • ECON202 Principles of Microeconomics 3
  • FINC341 Managerial Finance 4
  • MGMT280 Introduction Management Information Systems 3
  • MGMT360 Management Concepts and Applications 3
  • MGMT371 Operations/Business Analytics 3
  • MRKT281 Marketing Principles and Strategy 3

Major Requirements (38 Credits)

  • BIOL104 Survey of General Biology 4
  • BIOL235 Intro to Protected Horticulture 3
  • BUSN101 Freshman Seminar 1
  • BUSN308 Managing Cultural Differences 3
  • CBUS122 Survey of Cannabis Business 2
  • CBUS203 Cannabis Economics 3
  • CBUS305 Business Cannabis Cultivation/Disp 3
  • CBUS360 Cannabis Law and Policy 1
  • CBUS389 Cannabis Entrepreneurship 3
  • CBUS466 Cannabis Business Policy 3
  • MRKT283 Principles of Selling 3
  • MRKT381 Consumer Behaviors 3
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • SOCY420 Sociology of Cannabis 3

E-Marketing Certification (9 credits)

  • MRKT383 Digital Marketing 3
  • MRKT384 Social Media Marketing 3
  • MRKT386 Mobile Marketing 3

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Cannabis Chemistry: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

The bachelor of science in Cannabis Chemistry equips graduates with the skills necessary to gain employment in the emerging cannabis markets in Michigan, the United States, and beyond.  Cannabis Chemistry graduates earn over 600 hours of hands-on, laboratory experience to prepare them for a career as chemist in the cannabis field.  Cannabis chemists leave trained on state of the art instrumentation and in techniques that are industry standards.  The chemistry program at Lake Superior State University is approved by the American Chemical Society.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Demonstrate proficiency in the following Chemistry sub disciplines: analytical chemistry, biochemistry, and organic chemistry.

The B.S. Cannabis Chemistry student will be well prepared for employment within the field or graduate-level study.

With the guidance of a faculty mentor, develop a well-designed, well-executed, and clearly communicated research project that contributes to scientific knowledge in the field of Cannabis Chemistry.

Degree Requirements

Chemistry Degree Requirements (51 credits minimum)

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • CCHM120 Cannabis Chemistry 1
  • CHEM225 Organic Chemistry I 4
  • CHEM231 Quantitative Analysis 4
  • CCHM240 Cannabis Plant Sample Prep 2
  • CCHM245 Cannabis Chemistry II 1
  • CHEM310 Applied Spectroscopy 4
  • CHEM326 Organic Chemistry II 4
  • CHEM332 Instrumental Analysis 4
  • CCHM350 Cannabis Chemistry III 1
  • CHEM351 Introductory Biochemistry 4
  • CHEM353 Introductory Toxicology 3
  • CHEM355 Medicinal Chemistry 3
  • CHEM395 Junior Seminar 1
  • CCHM440 Cannabis Separations Chemistry 4
  • CHEM499 Senior Seminar 1

Biology Courses (15 credits)

  • BIOL131 General Biology: Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology: Organisms 4
  • BIOL204 General Microbiology 4
  • BIOL235 Intro to Protected Horticulture 3

Support Courses (10 credits)

  • USEM101 University Seminar I: Foundations for Success 1
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • BUSN211 Business Statistics 3
    or
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3
  • ECON202 Principles of Microeconomics 3

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, and a gpa of 2.00 is required in your General Education Requirements.

Chemistry: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

The Bachelor of Science in Chemistry equips graduates with the skills necessary to proceed to graduate or professional programs, and to gain employment in academic, government, and industry sectors. Chemistry graduates earn over 600 hours of hands-on, laboratory experience to prepare them for a career as a chemist.  Chemists graduate having been trained on state-of-the-art instrumentation and in techniques that are industry standards.

The LSSU chemistry program has been approved by the American Chemical Society, and may provide certified degrees in Chemistry, Chemistry in Secondary Education, Biochemistry Pre-Professional, and Forensic Chemistry. Students pursuing the ACS certified degree will participate in an applied research project in close collaboration with faculty members to address meaningful chemical-based problems.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Demonstrate proficiency in the five Chemistry sub disciplines defined by the American Chemical Society, including analytical chemistry, biochemistry, inorganic chemistry, organic chemistry, and physical chemistry.

Demonstrate readiness for employment as a chemist, science technician, or chemical technician at the baccalaureate level or graduate and professional level study.

With the guidance of a faculty mentor, develop a well-designed, well-executed, and clearly communicated research project that contributes to scientific knowledge in the field of Chemistry.

Available degrees (see specific degree requirements further down the page):

  • Bachelor of Science Chemistry
  • Bachelor of Science Chemistry, Secondary Teaching

Degree Requirements

Bachelor of Science Chemistry

Chemistry Degree Requirements (57 credits minimum)

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • CHEM225 Organic Chemistry I 4
  • CHEM231 Quantitative Analysis 4
  • CHEM261 Inorganic Chemistry 4
  • CHEM310 Applied Spectroscopy 4
  • CHEM326 Organic Chemistry II 4
  • CHEM332 Instrumental Analysis 4
  • CHEM351 Introductory Biochemistry 4
  • CHEM361 Physical Chemistry I 4
  • CHEM362 Physical Chemistry II 3
  • CHEM363 Physical Chemistry Lab 1
  • CHEM395 Junior Seminar 1
  • CHEM461 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry 3
  • CHEM462 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry Lab 1
  • CHEM495 Senior Project 2
  • CHEM499 Senior Seminar 1
  • CHEM/CCHM Electives 300 level or higher (3 cr min)

Support Courses (20-21 credits)

  • USEM101 University Seminar I: Foundation Success 1
  • BUSN211 Business Statistics 3
    or
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3
  • MATH151 Calculus I 4
  • MATH152 Calculus II 4
    or
  • MATH112 Calculus for Business & Life Science I 4
  • EGNR140 Linear Algebra Num Meth Engineers 2
  • EGNR245 Calculus App for Technology 3
  • Two semesters of college physics with laboratory (8 cr min)

General Electives (24 credits)

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, and a gpa of 2.00 is required in your General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Science Chemistry, Secondary Teaching

Chemistry Requirements (44 credits)

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • CHEM225 Organic Chemistry I 4
  • CHEM231 Quantitative Analysis 4
  • CHEM261 Inorganic Chemistry 4
  • CHEM326 Organic Chemistry II 4
  • CHEM332 Instrumental Analysis 4
  • CHEM351 Introduction to Biochemistry 4
  • CHEM361 Physical Chemistry I 4
  • CHEM362 Physical Chemistry II 4
  • CHEM363 Physical Chemistry Lab 1
  • CHEM395 Junior Seminar 1
  • CHEM499 Senior Seminar 1

For American Chemical Society certified degree, additionally required (total lab hours must be at least 400 hours).  See Department Chair for special rules regarding ACS certification:

  • CHEM Elective 300 or higher (3 cr min)
  • CHEM495 Senior Project 2

Complete one methods course from the following:

  • EDUC443 Science Methods for Secondary Teachers 3 or
  • EDUC453 Directed Study in Science Methods 3

Support Courses (19 credits)

  • MATH151 Calculus I 4
  • MATH152 Calculus II 4
  • BUSN211 Business Statistics 3 or
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3
  • PHYS221 Principles of Physics I 4 or
  • PHYS231 Appl Phys Engineer/Scientist I 4
  • PHYS222 Principles of Physics II 4 or
  • PHYS232 Appl Phys Engineer/Scientist II 4

Professional Education Requirements and Education Cognates- see Secondary Education.

Approved Teaching Minor Recommended – see Secondary Education.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.70 or higher.  A gpa of 2.70 or higher is also required in your Major, and a gpa of 2.00 or higher is required in your General Education Requirements.

Computer Engineering: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

LSSU’s Computer Engineering program has been designed to put you in the high-demand computer market with the potential for good career growth. This accredited* program blends practical computer science courses in computer organization, databases, operating systems, and networks with traditionally hands-on electrical engineering courses in digital circuits, digital system, microcontrollers, computer programming, and digital signal processing. This combination gives you a broad-based education that ties software to hardware and theory to application. Some of the program highlights are:

  • The program provides an excellent mix of theory and practical laboratory experiences, preparing you to solve real-world problems.
  • For your senior year experience, choose from opportunities in cooperative education, industry-based projects or research projects.
  • Engineering courses begin in your freshman year.
  • Opportunities exist for you to work with faculty on current undergraduate research projects.
  • You will study assembly language programming, computer architecture, microcontroller hardware and software, databases, digital signals and systems, and networking.
  • Concentrations available in robotics and automation and sustainable Energy.

Cooperative Education

Opportunities are available as part of this program for students who are academically qualified. A certificate that documents this practical training is available.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Identify, formulate, and solve complex engineering problems by applying principles of engineering, science, and mathematics

Apply engineering design to produce solutions that meet specified needs with consideration of public health, safety, and welfare, as well as global, cultural, social, environmental, and economic factors

Communicate effectively with a range of audiences

Recognize ethical and professional responsibilities in engineering situations and make informed judgments, which must consider the impact of engineering solutions in global, economic, environmental, and societal contexts

Function effectively on a team whose members together provide leadership, create a collaborative and inclusive environment, establish goals, plan tasks, and meet objectives

Develop and conduct appropriate experimentation, analyze and interpret data, and use engineering judgment to draw conclusions

Acquire and apply new knowledge as needed, using appropriate learning strategies

Degree Requirements

Departmental Requirements:

Mathematics

  • MATH151 Calculus I 4
  • MATH152 Calculus II 4
  • MATH251 Calculus III 4
  • MATH308 Probability and Mathematical Statistics 3
  • MATH310 Differential Equations 3

Sciences

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • PHYS231 Applied Physics for Engineers and Scientists I 4
  • PHYS232 Applied Physics for Engineers and Scientists II 4

Computer Science

  • CSCI105 Intro. to Computer Programming 3
  • CSCI121 Principles of Programming 4
  • CSCI201 Data Structures and Algorithms 4
  • CSCI341 Discrete Structures for Computer Science 4
    or
  • EGEE425 Digital Signal Processing 3
  • CSCI434 Operating System Concepts 3

Engineering

  • EGEE125 Digital Fundamentals 4
  • EGEE210 Circuit Analysis 4
  • EGEE250 Microcontroller Fundamentals 4
  • EGEE280 Introduction to Signal Processing 5
  • EGEE320 Digital Design 4
  • EGEE355 Microcontroller Systems 4
  • EGEE370 Electronic Devices 4
  • EGNR101 Introduction to Engineering 2
  • EGNR140 Linear Algebra and Numerical Methods for Engineers 2
  • EGNR340 Advanced Numerical Methods for Engineers 1
  • EGNR346 Probability and Statistics Lab for Engineers 1

Technical Electives (Minimum 13 Credits):

For students obtaining a concentration, the concentration electives must meet the requirements listed below.  Otherwise, all 13 technical elective credits may be selected from the list of technical electives.

  • CSCI281 Intro to UNIX and Networking (or higher level CSCI) 3
  • EGEE310 Network Analysis (or higher level EGEE) 3
  • EGEM220 Statics 3
  • EGME275 Engineering Materials (or higher level EGME) 3
  • EGET310 Electronic Manufacturing Processes 4
  • EGNR261 Energy Systems/Sustainability 3
  • EGRS365 Programmable Logic Controllers 3
  • EGRS372 Mobile Robotics 4
  • EGRS460 Control Systems (or higher level EGRS) 3-4
  • MATH215 Fund Concepts of Mathematics (or higher-level MATH) 3
  • or any course from the listed concentration

Robotics and Automation Concentration (C or better grade required for all courses)

  • EGRS385 Robotics Engineering 4
  • EGRS430 Systems Integration and Machine Vision 4
  • EGRS435 Automated Manufacturing Systems 3

Senior Sequence (Complete one of the following sequences):

Industrial Project

  • EGNR491 Engineering Design Project I 3
  • EGNR495 Engineering Design Project II 3

Cooperative Project

  • EGNR250 Cooperative Education 2
  • EGNR450 Cooperative Education Project I 4
  • EGNR451 Cooperative Education Project II 3
  • EGNR491 Engineering Design Project I 3

Research Project

  • EGNR260 Engineering Research Methods 2
  • EGNR460 Engineering Research Project I 4
  • EGNR461 Engineering Research Project II 2

32 credits from Mathematics (including EGNR340) and Natural Sciences is required.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Computer Networking: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

This degree gives students the knowledge and tools necessary to be successful in the field of computer networking. Courses cover a range of networking topics, including network operating systems, hardware, web page design, and system administration.

Students will have hands-on experience with Linux, Novell and Windows platforms, as well as networking hardware and operating system installation.

Some of the highlights of the program are:

  • Students get hands-on training in networking hardware and software, and receive the necessary concepts of hardware, software and network operating systems.
  • Students are prepared to take industry-standard examinations, such as those established by Cisco, Novell and Microsoft.
  • Students can choose software design, research, or co-operative education as their senior capstone experience.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Analyze the needs of a user, design a computer network to satisfy those needs, and install, modify and maintain the network environment relative to both hardware and software. (Analyze Needs)

Design, install, and implement appropriate security, intrusion detection, and troubleshooting techniques and methodologies in a communication network. (Design)

Evaluate changes in technology, security, and user needs based on accepted and updated best practices in the field. (Security and Best Practices)

Communicate technical information relative to problems and solutions to both other professionals in the field as well as involved non-technical persons. (Communications)

Degree Requirements

Departmental Requirements (56 credits)

Departmental GPA must be 2.50 or higher

  • CSCI103 Survey of Computer Science 3
  • CSCI105 Intro. to Computer Programming 3
  • CSCI106 Web Page Design and Development 3
  • CSCI121 Principles of Programming 4
  • CSCI163 Troubleshooting & Repair of Personal Computers 3
  • CSCI211 Database Applications 3
  • CSCI221 Computer Networks 3
  • CSCI248 Network Operating Systems I 3
  • CSCI263 Managing Computer Security 3
  • CSCI281 Intro. to UNIX and Networking 3
  • CSCI292 Computer Networking Project 4
  • CSCI323 Routers and switches 3
  • CSCI348 Network Operating Systems II 3
  • CSCI351 Application Interface Development 3
    or
  • CSCI371 Multi-Platform Application Development 3
  • CSCI412 UNIX System Administration 3
  • CSCI418 Senior Project I 3
  • CSCI419 Senior Project II 3
  • CSCI422 Network and Computer Security 3

Support Courses (15 credits)

  • BUSN121 Introduction to Business 3
  • BUSN231 Business Communications 3
  • ENGL306 Technical Writing 3
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • MATH207 Prin of Statistical Methods 3

Free Electives (17 -20)

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.50 or higher is required in your Major, and a gpa of 2.00 or higher is required in your General Education Requirements.

Computer Science: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

This degree provides a solid background in computer science with supporting coursework in applied mathematics and business. Adding an appropriate minor field of study can complement the program, as well as give the graduate a competitive edge in the work force.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Analyze the needs of a user, design a computer software system to satisfy those needs, and write and debug computer programs needed for that system. (Analyze Needs)

Evaluate and implement solutions to programming problems using appropriate algorithms, programming languages, user interfaces, and utilities. (Implement)

Evaluate changes in technology, software, and user needs based on accepted and updated best practices in the field. (Best Practices)

Communicate technical information relative to problems and solutions to both other professionals in the field as well as involved non-technical persons. (Communication)

Degree Requirements

Departmental Requirements (62 credits). Departmental GPA minimum of 2.50 or higher.

  • CSCI103 Survey of Computer Science 3
  • CSCI105 Intro. to Computer Programming 3
  • CSCI121 Principles of Programming 4
  • CSCI201 Data Structures and Algorithms 4
  • CSCI211 Database Applications 3
  • CSCI221 Computer Networks 3
  • CSCI263 Managing Computer Security 3
  • CSCI291 Computer Science Project 4
  • CSCI321 Computer Graphics 3
  • CSCI325 Web Applications w PHP & Javascript 3
    or
  • CSCI326 Web Applications w ASP.NET 3
  • CSCI341 Discrete Structures for Computer Science 4
  • CSCI342 Advanced Programming Techniques 4
  • CSCI351 Application Interface Development 3
  • CSCI371 Multi-Platform Application Development 3
  • CSCI411 Adv Database & Project Management 3
  • CSCI415 Computer Organization & Architecture 3
  • CSCI434 Operating Systems Concepts 3
  • CSCI418 Senior Project I 3
  • CSCI419 Senior Project II 3

Mathematics Requirements (10 credits)

  • MATH131 College Trigonometry 3
  • MATH112 Calculus for Business & Life Science 4
    or
  • MATH151 Calculus I 4
  • MATH207 Prin. of Statistical Methods 3

Other Requirements (6 credits)

  • BUSN121 Introduction to Business 3
  • ENGL306 Technical Writing 3

Free Electives (13-16 credits)

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.50 or higher is required in your Major, and a gpa of 2.00 or higher is required in your General Education Requirements.

Conservation Biology: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

The BS in Conservation Biology prepares students for careers whose goal is to solve a wide range of environmental challenges such as invasive species, altered landscapes, species extinctions, or the restoration of degraded aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems.  Our selection of rigorous field based courses in watersheds, soils, forestry, ecology (general, fish, wildlife or plant), and organisms (mammalogy, ornithology, ichthyology, or entomology) offers a strong set of foundational courses in the natural sciences.  Combining this coursework with interdisciplinary courses and GIS technology adds the breadth needed to formulate sustainable solutions to local, regional and global conservation challenges.  Electives allow students to tailor the program to their interests and career goals.  Students may choose as a capstone experience, a summer semester internship working in a professional capacity in conservation biology or a senior thesis research project.  Students will be prepared for careers or for graduate work in conservation biology or a broad range of related areas.

The Human Dimensions Concentration prepares students for careers in global, national and community conservation advocacy programs including environmental outreach and policy development and communication.  This multi-disciplinary program combines a strong core in the biological sciences with classes in geographic information science, communications, business and economics, and political science.  The program is flexible, allowing students to select classes that best match their educational and career goals.  Students conclude their program by completing a conservation related service learning project for a conservation organization, unit of government, or business (e.g., land conservancies, Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, watershed organizations, zoos and aquariums).

Program Learning Outcomes:

Foundation: Students in the Conservation Biology program will thoroughly research and synthesize the primary literature for information relevant to a current scientific investigation or experiential learning project. 

Capstone Project – Capstone project: Students in the Conservation Biology program will design and conduct a scientific investigation or experiential learning project (ELP) using appropriate tools and techniques in order to demonstrate skill in the practice of conservation biology.

Communication and outreach – Students in the Conservation Biology program will effectively communicate the results or outcomes of their independent project in multiple formats.

Professionalism – Students in the Conservation Biology program will engage in professional activities related to the study, conservation, or management of natural resources.

Post-graduation – careers and further education – Graduates of the Conservation Biology program will go on to careers in conservation biology or proceed to graduate school to further their education.

Available degrees (see specific degree requirements further down on page):

  • Bachelor of Science Conservation Biology
  • Bachelor of Science Conservation Biology, Human Dimensions Concentration

Degree Requirements

Bachelor of Science Conservation Biology

Departmental Requirements

  • BIOL131 General Biology: Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology: Organisms 4
  • NRES199 Freshman Seminar 1
  • NRES203 Fundamentals of Natural Resources 3
  • BIOL220 Genetics 4
  • NRES230 Introduction to Soil Science 4
  • NRES250 Quantitative Biology 3
  • BIOL280 Biostatistics 3
  • NRES284 Principles of Forest Conservation 4
  • NRES286 Principles of Watersheds 3
  • NRES287 Conservation Biology 3
  • NRES299 Sophomore Seminar 1
  • NRES304 The Human Environment 3
  • BIOL337 General Ecology 3
  • BIOL420 Evolutionary Analysis 3
  • NRES470 Restoration Ecology 3
  • NRES499 Senior Capstone 1

Support Courses

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • EVRN131 Introduction to GIS and GPS 3
  • EVRN225 Intermediate GIS 3
  • EVRN311 Environmental Law 3
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • MATH112 Calculus for Business & Life Science 4

Global Perspective – Select 1 course from:

  • ECON307 Environmental Economics 3
  • SOCY227 Population and Ecology 3
  • POLI342 International Environmental Policy 3
  • Study Abroad 3+

Experiential Learning Project Option

  • NRES398 Planning Experiential Learning Project 1
  • NRES497 Experiential Learning Project 3

or

Research Option

  • NRES399 Research Project Design 1
  • NRES495 Senior Project 2

Free Electives to total 124 credits.   At least 6 elective credits must be from courses at the 300 level or higher.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Science Conservation Biology, Human Dimensions Concentration

Departmental Requirements

  • BIOL131 General Biology I 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology II 4
  • NRES199 Freshman Seminar 1
  • NRES203 Fundamentals of Natural Resources 3
  • BIOL220 Genetics 4
  • NRES230 Introduction to Soil Science 4
  • NRES250 Quantitative Biology 3
  • BIOL280 Biometrics 3
  • NRES284 Principles of Forest Conservation 4
  • NRES286 Principles of Watersheds 3
  • NRES287 Conservation Biology 3
  • NRES299 Sophomore Seminar 1
  • NRES304 The Human Environment 3
  • BIOL337 General Ecology 3
  • BIOL420 Evolutionary Analysis 3
  • NRES470 Restoration Ecology 3
  • NRES499 Senior Capstone 1

Support Courses

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • EVRN131 Introduction to GIS and GPS 3
  • EVRN225 Intermediate GIS 3
  • EVRN311 Environmental Law 3
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3

Marketing & Management* – 1 course from:

  • MGMT360 Management Concepts & Applications 3
  • MRKT281 Marketing Principles & Strategies 3
  • MRKT385 Services Marketing 3

Political Science* – 1 course from:

  • POLI130 Introduction State & local Government 4
  • POLI201 Public Administration 3

Communication* – 1 course from:

  • COMM280 Understanding Mass Media 3
  • COMM302 Argumentation & Advocacy 3
  • COMM320 Public Relations 4
  • COMM416 Communication in Leadership 3

Global Perspective* – 1 course from:

  • ECON307 Environmental Economics 3
  • SOCY227 Population and Ecology 3
  • POLI342 International Environmental Policy 3
  • Study Abroad 3+

*At least 2 of the designated electives must be 300 or 400 level

Internship Option

  • NRES398 Planning Experiential Learning Project 1
  • NRES497 Internship in Conservation Biology 3

or

Research Option

  • NRES399 Research Project Design 1
  • NRES495 Senior Project 2

Free Electives to total 124 credits.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Creative Writing: Bachelor of Arts

Program Description

Featuring small workshop classes and instruction by faculty who are published authors, the Creative Writing program of the School of English and Language Studies emphasizes the art and craft of imaginative writing in a range of genres, including poetry, fiction, non-fiction, and performance writing.

Every year the Creative Writing program holds the Osborn Poetry Contest and Short Story contest.  Opportunities for publishing and editing are available through work on the literary journal, the student-edited journal or the monthly magazine.  Guest writers, public readings and other events are also featured.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Creation – Students will use the elements of craft and the writing process to (1) develop, (2) plan, (3) create, and (4) complete book-length works of literary merit in a genre of their choice.

Critique – The ability to evaluate and articulate how the aspects of craft, such as image, voice, character, sound, story, and setting, contribute to a text’s literary, aesthetic, or emotional effects, using the vocabulary of the discipline.

Revision – The ability to judge and reflect thoughtfully on reader feedback and to isolate and manipulate craft elements in revising poetry, prose, and drama.

Publishing/Pathways – Students will (1) analyze the process by which creative work is evaluated for publication and (2) identify significant trends in publishing.

Pathways – Consider the concept of and determine how to create a sustainable writing life consistent with the University’s mission to lead students on “paths to rewarding careers and productive, satisfying lives.”

Literature – Students illustrate the ability to (1) read literature closely and (2) borrow craft techniques from professional authors.

Critical Response – Students (1) reflect critically on multiple genres and (2) express constructive feedback to others (a) orally and (b) in writing.

Meta-cognition/Process – Students illustrate the ability to (1) reflect meta-cognitively about process, (a) using feedback from others as well as (b) self-reflection to.

Degree Requirements

Required Courses (48 credits)

  • ENGL180 Introduction to Literary Studies 3
  • ENGL221 Introduction to Creative Writing 3
  • ENGL223 Creative Writing II 3
  • ENGL301 Creative Prose Writing 3
  • ENGL302 Poetry Writing 3
  • ENGL303 Performance Writing 3
  • ENGL409 Advanced Writing Workshop 3
  • ENGL480 Creative Writing Portfolio I 3
  • ENGL482 Creative Writing Portfolio II 3

Select one sequence from:

  • ENGL231 American Literature I 3
  • ENGL232 American Literature II 3
    or
  • ENGL233 English Literature I 3
  • ENGL234 English Literature II 3

Select two additional literature courses at the 300/400 level

Select two additional professional writing skills courses from:

  • ENGL222 English Grammar and Language in Context 3
  • ENGL306 Technical Writing 3
  • ENGL398 Community Workshop Internship 3
  • ENGL399 Publishing Internship 3
  • JOUR211 Newswriting 3
  • CSCI106 Web Page Design and Development 3

Select one theatre course from:

  • THEA251 History of Drama and Theatre I 3
  • THEA252 History of Drama and Theatre II 3
  • THEA333 Studies in the Drama: The Genre and Theater in Context 3
  • THEA309 Theatre Studies: (Topic) 3

English Cognate

  • USEM101 University Seminar I:  Foundation Success 1

Minor (minimum 20 credits)

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Arts degree (8 credits): One year of a modern language other than English.  If taken at LSSU, this would be CHIN151-CHIN152 or CHIN251-CHIN252; FREN151-FREN152 or FREN251-FREN252 or SPAN161-SPAN162. One-half year of two different languages will not meet this requirement.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Criminal Justice: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

Our program has been in place for over forty years and we have an outstanding reputation for producing well-educated and well-trained criminal justice practitioners. Most or many of your classes will be taught by former and active police officers, corrections officers, and lawyers.  The program combines academic and hands-on training.  Courses in criminal investigation, firearms training, and agency internships will help you acquire the necessary skills to excel in your future careers.

The Criminal Justice program has been providing students with an opportunity to achieve self-actualization in a number of broad areas.  These include, but are not limited to:

A strong focus on critical thinking.  The emphasis on abstract thinking using concepts and a focus on critical thinking begins with the CJUS 101 Introduction to Criminal Justice and carries forward to advanced courses.  This regiment introduces and acclimates students into a more advanced mindset to help attain academic excellence throughout their four years at LSSU.

A multi-faceted approach.  The Department exposes students to varied approaches within tracks in Criminal Justice.  This involves understanding the different disciplines and examining how they inter-relate on particular issues. The program also focuses on both macro and micro level of analyses in helping to gain a more comprehensive understanding of issues under study.

A strong emphasis on Practical Application and Skill Development. The program prides itself on emphasizing and implementing application as a central component in many of its courses. Students are expected to refine and build on their knowledge from prior course work in the application of concepts in real life scenarios. The scenario structure allows students to apply the knowledge in independent and group work to identify, pre-plan, problem solve, and create solutions. Our students further have the opportunity to apply concepts during Senior Internships while placed at agencies across the state and nation.

A strong emphasis on Life Long Learning Skills. The program takes pride in being part of an elite academic community that offers undergraduate students the opportunity to undertake actual research. The program believes that all courses taught in the curriculum enhance the student’s ability to be Life Long Learners and provides students the necessary tools to conduct a research project. It is identified that our students will be better prepared for graduate school, law school, or other areas of life where these skills can be applied.

Program Learning Outcomes:

FORMAL COMMUNICATION (FC): Graduates of the Criminal Justice and Emergency Responders Programs will be able to communicate effectively at a professional level, both orally and in writing.

USE OF EVIDENCE (UE): Graduates of the Criminal Justice and Emergency Responders Programs will complete a Senior research project that demonstrates professional level inquiry, analysis, and presentation of a relevant issue in the field of criminal justice.

ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS (AS): Graduates of the Criminal Justice and Emergency Responders programs will demonstrate professional level critical thinking and problem-solving skills.

PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY (PR): Graduates of the Criminal Justice and Emergency Responders programs will demonstrate professional responsibility in teamwork, civic engagement, intercultural knowledge and competence, ethical reasoning, and practical applications of those responsibilities while interning in a professional setting, student projects, and group work.

Degree Requirements

Major Requirements (36 credits)

  • USEM101 University Seminar I: Foundation Success 1
  • CJUS101 Introduction to Criminal Justice 3
  • CJUS102 Police Process 3
  • CJUS243 Investigation 3
  • CJUS319 Substantive Criminal Law 3
  • CJUS321 Ethical Issues in Public Safety 3
  • CJUS345 Statistics and Design for Public Safety 4
  • CJUS401 Senior Seminar 3
  • CJUS402 Criminal Justice Internship 3-9
  • CJUS409 Procedural Criminal Law 3
  • CJUS 300/400 Level Electives 4

Select one of the following:

  • CJUS140 Criminological Theory and Correctional Client Growth 3
    or
  • SOCY214 Criminology 3

Support Courses (16-17 credits)

  • POLI120 Introduction to Legal Processes 3
  • PSYC101 Introduction to Psychology 4
  • PSYC259 Abnormal Psychology 3
  • Approved Diversity Course 3

Select one of the following:

  • POLI110 Introduction American Government and Politics 4
    or
  • POLI160 Introduction Canadian Government Politics 3

Complete at least one Concentration other than MCOLES:

Generalist

  • CJUS110 Introduction to Corrections 3
  • CJUS212 Loss Control 3
  • CJUS200/300/400 Level Electives 9
  • CJUS300/400 Level Electives 6

Select one of the following:

  • CJUS313 Crisis Intervention Deviant Behavior 3
    or
  • CJUS411 Police Operations 5

Select one of the following:

  • CJUS325 Homeland Security/Emergency Service 3
    or
  • CJUS355 Juvenile Justice 3

(Generalist can only be paired with MCOLES Concentration)

Conservation Officer

  • BIOL132 General Biology:  Organisms 4
  • NRES203 Fund of Natural Resources 3
  • CJUS444 Criminalistics 4
  • EMED189 Medical First Responder 3
  • EVRN131 Introduction to GIS and GPS 3
  • FIRE101 Introduction to Fire Science 3
  • FIRE102 Wildland and Rural Fire 3
  • NSCI103 Environmental Science 3
  • NSCI104 Environmental Science Lab 1

Select two of the following:

  • BIOL202 Field Botany 3
  • NRES240 Natural History of the Vertebrate 3
  • NRES310 Ichthyology 3
  • NRES312 Ornithology 3

Public Safety

  • CJUS203 Cyberterrorism 3
  • CJUS206 Law Enforcement/Loss Control Internship 3
  • CJUS302 Hate Crimes 3
  • CJUS444 Criminalistics 4
  • FIRE101 Introduction to Fire Science 3
  • FIRE204 Fire Protection Hydraulics and Pumps 3
  • FIRE206 Fire Protection Systems, Equipment, Indust Fire Protection 3
  • FIRE211 Tactics and Strategy 3
  • FIRE219 Firefighter Essentials 3
  • FIRE220 Fire Science Certification 4
  • EMED189 Medical First Responder 3

Select one of the following:

  • CJUS313 Crisis Intervention Deviant Behavior 3
    or
  • CJUS411 Police Operations 5

Law Enforcement

  • CJUS110 Introduction to Corrections 3
  • CJUS201 Firearms Training 1
  • CJUS203 Cyberterrorism 3
  • CJUS206 Law Enforcement/Loss Control Internship 3
  • CJUS212 Loss Control 3
  • CJUS302 Hate Crimes 3
  • CJUS444 Criminalistics 4
  • FIRE101 Introduction to Fire Science 3

    Select one of the following:
  • CJUS313 Crisis Intervention Deviant Behavior 3
    or
  • CJUS411 Police Operations 5

Homeland Security

  • CJUS103 Introduction to Terrorism/Homeland Security 3
  • CJUS203 Cyberterrorism 3
  • CJUS204 Domestic and International Terrorism 3
  • CJUS302 Hate Crimes 3
  • CJUS303 Critical Infrastructure Protection 3
  • CJUS325 Homeland Security/Emergency Service 3
  • CJUS444 Criminalistics 4
  • FIRE101 Introduction to Fire Science 3
  • FIRE111 Hazardous Materials 3
  • POLI130 Introduction State/Local Government 4

Select one of the following:

  • CJUS313 Crisis Intervention Deviant Behavior 3
    or
  • CJUS411 Police Operations 5

Select one of the following:

  • POLI201 Introduction to Public Administration 3
    or
  • POLI241 Introduction to International Relations 4
    or
  • POLI334 Middle East Politics 3

Criminalistics

  • CJUS444 Criminalistics 4
  • BIOL131 General Biology: Cells 4
  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • CHEM225 Organic Chemistry I 4
  • CHEM231 Quantitative Analysis 4
  • CHEM332 Instrumental Analysis 4
  • CHEM351 Introductory Biochemistry 4
  • MATH112 Calculus Business/Life Science 4
  • PHYS221 Principles of Physics I 4

Select one of the following:

  • CJUS313 Crisis Intervention Deviant Behavior 3
    or
  • CJUS411 Police Operations 5

MCOLES

  • CJUS197 Physical Fitness Public Safety 1
  • CJUS197 Physical Fitness Public Safety 1
  • CJUS201 Firearms Training 1
  • CJUS301 Advanced Firearms 1
  • CJUS411 Police Operations 5
  • CJUS444 Criminalistics 4
  • CJUS450 Skills Academy 2
  • EMED189 Medical First Responder 3

A minimum of 24 credits of 300/400 level CJUS Coursework is required for graduation.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Early Childhood Education: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

The bachelor in early childhood education prepares professionals to provide high quality education and care for children birth through age eight in a wide variety of settings.  Graduates are qualified to work as teachers and directors in private early childhood programs; state-funded preschool programs, such as Great Start Readiness Preschool; and federally-funded HeadStart programs.  Students develop their understanding of typically and atypically developing children through integrated coursework and field experience, as well as two semester-long practicums.  The required minor provides the opportunity for students to explore a related field, adding to their knowledge and skills for working with young children and their parents, or expanding their expertise for employment opportunities.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Candidates demonstrate their content area knowledge in the design, implementation, and evaluation of experiences that result in developmental and learning outcomes for each child.

Candidates apply their knowledge and understanding of young children’s typical and atypical developmental needs to create healthy, respectful, supportive, and challenging learning environments for each child.

Candidates demonstrate in-depth knowledge of systematic observations, documentation, and assessment strategies through the effective use of these techniques to promote positive outcomes for each child.

Candidates demonstrate understanding and value of the important and complex characteristics of children’s families and communities in their development of respectful, reciprocal relationships and partnerships.

Candidates demonstrate professional dispositions throughout coursework, field experience, and practicums.

Candidates demonstrate professional identification with and leadership skills in the early childhood field through articulating and advocating for sound professional practices and public policies.

Degree Requirements

Departmental Requirements (54 credits)

  • CHLD101 Introduction to Early Child Education 4
  • CHLD103 Learning Environments for the Young Child 4
  • CHLD150 Observation and Assessment 4
  • CHLD210 Infants and Toddlers 4
  • CHLD225 Emergent Literacy 3
  • CHLD241 STEM Foundations for the Young Child 4
  • CHLD242 Creativity & Humanities for the Young Child 4
  • CHLD245 Early Childhood Curriculum 3
  • CHLD260 Practicum I 4
  • CHLD270 Administration of Early Childhood Programs 2
  • CHLD310 Inclusion of Young Children with Special Needs in Early Childhood Settings 3
  • CHLD330 Philosophical Foundations of Early Childhood Education 2
  • CHLD350 Early Childhood Facilities Management 2
  • CHLD410 Practicum II 4
  • CHLD440 Family and Community Partnerships 3
  • CHLD495 Senior Project 4

Cognate Requirements (12 credits)

  • EDUC101 Self as Learner 1
  • BIOL105 Function of the Human Body 4
  • EMED181 First Aid 1
  • HLTH104 Nutrition for Early Childhood 3
  • SOCY103 Cultural Diversity 3

Approved Minor (minimum 20 credits)

Free Electives (minimum 9 credits)

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Electrical Engineering: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

The electrical engineering program, which is accredited by EAC of ABET, combines topics from science, math and engineering in order to study and develop solutions to electrical and computer problems. The program contains a strong laboratory emphasis with plenty of opportunities to work on real electrical systems. Some of the program highlights are:

  • The teaching emphasis is on preparing you to solve real-world problems.
  • You have three choices for fulfillment of your senior year experience. You may pursue opportunities in cooperative education, industry-based projects or research projects.
  • You will study assembly language, circuit design, microcontroller hardware and software, digital electronics, and networks.
  • Engineering courses begin in your freshman year.
  • The program provides an excellent mix of theory and practical laboratory experiences.

Your Degree Options — You may choose to follow one of the following degree concentrations while studying electrical engineering at LSSU. They are: Robotics and Automation Concentration, Digital Systems Concentration and Sustainable Energy Concentration.  The Robotics and Automation Concentration provides you with a strong background in robotics, machine vision, sensors, communications and automation. The Digital Systems Concentration will give you additional knowledge in digital design, digital signal processing and microcontroller systems.  The Sustainable Energy Concentration provides increased employment opportunities as demand for engineers with knowledge of the power industry and sustainable/renewable energies grows.

Cooperative Education: Opportunities are available as part of this program for students who are qualified. A certificate that documents this practical training is available.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Identify, formulate, and solve complex engineering problems by applying principles of engineering, science, and mathematics

Apply engineering design to produce solutions that meet specified needs with consideration of public health, safety, and welfare, as well as global, cultural, social, environmental, and economic factors

Communicate effectively with a range of audiences

Recognize ethical and professional responsibilities in engineering situations and make informed judgments, which must consider the impact of engineering solutions in global, economic, environmental, and societal contexts

Function effectively on a team whose members together provide leadership, create a collaborative and inclusive environment, establish goals, plan tasks, and meet objectives

Develop and conduct appropriate experimentation, analyze and interpret data, and use engineering judgment to draw conclusions

Acquire and apply new knowledge as needed, using appropriate learning strategies

Degree Requirements

Departmental Requirements:

Mathematics

  • MATH151 Calculus I 4
  • MATH152 Calculus II 4
  • MATH251 Calculus III 4
  • MATH308 Probability and Mathematical Statistics 3
  • MATH310 Differential Equations 3

Sciences

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • PHYS231 Applied Physics for Engineers and Scientists I 4
  • PHYS232 Applied Physics for Engineers and Scientists II 4

Engineering

  • EGEE125 Digital Fundamentals 4
  • EGEE210 Circuit Analysis 4
  • EGEE250 Microcontroller Fundamentals 4
  • EGEE280 Introductory Signal Processing 4
  • EGEE310 Network Analysis 4
  • EGEE330 Electro-Mechanical Systems 4
  • EGEE345 Fundamentals of Engineering Electromagnetics 3
  • EGEE370 Electronic Devices 4
  • EGEE475 Power Electronics 4
  • EGNR101 Introduction to Engineering 2
  • EGNR140 Linear Algebra and Numerical Methods for Engineers 2
  • EGNR265 “C” Programming 3
  • EGNR340 Advanced Numerical Methods for Engineers 1
  • EGNR346 Probability and Statistics Lab for Engineers 1
  • EGEM220 Statics 3
  • EGRS460 Control Systems 4

Technical Electives (Minimum of 13 credits):

For students obtaining a concentration, the concentration electives must meet the requirements listed below.  Otherwise, all 13 technical elective credits may be selected from the Technical Electives List.

  • EGEE320 Digital Design (or higher level EGEE) 3
  • EGEM320 Dynamics 3
  • EGET310 Electronic Manufacturing Processes 4
  • EGME225 Mechanics of Materials (or higher level EGME) 3
  • EGNR261 Energy Systems/Sustainability 3
  • EGRS365 Programmable Logic Controllers 3
  • EGRS372 Mobile Robotics 4
  • EGRS461 Design of Control Systems 4
  • MATH215 Fund Concepts of Mathematics (or higher MATH) 3
  • or any course from the listed concentrations

Robotics and Automation Concentration (C or better grade required in all courses)

  • EGRS385 Robotics Engineering 4
  • EGRS430 Systems Integration & Machine Vision 4
  • EGRS435 Automated Manufacturing Systems 3

Digital Systems (C or better grade required in all courses)

  • EGEE320 Digital Design 4
  • EGEE355 Microcontroller Systems 4
  • EGEE425 Digital Signal Processing 3

Senior Sequence (Complete one of the following sequences):

Industrial Project

  • EGNR491 Engineering Design Project I 3
  • EGNR495 Engineering Design Project II 3

Cooperative Project

  • EGNR250 Cooperative Education 2
  • EGNR450 Cooperative Education Project I 4
  • EGNR451 Cooperative Education Project II 3
  • EGNR491 Engineering Design Project I 3

Research Project

  • EGNR260 Engineering Research Methods 2
  • EGNR460 Engineering Research Project I 4
  • EGNR461 Engineering Research Project II 2

32 credits from Mathematics (including EGNR340) and Natural Sciences is required.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Electrical Engineering Technology: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

LSSU’s Electrical Engineering Technology (EET) program integrates knowledge from areas of study such as science, math, computers, electrical engineering, management and economics in order to prepare you for an engineering technology career with the potential for growth into management. The EET program includes topics such as C programming, robotics, programmable logic controllers (PLCs), digital system design, embedded microprocessor systems, and circuit board layout and population. Most technical classes in the curriculum include a laboratory along with the lecture.

Students pursuing the BS degree in EET have the option to minor in Robotics Technology. LSSU is one of a few universities in the U.S. to offer an extensive Robotics Technology minor as part of the BS degree in EET and is home to one of the best robotics educational facilities in North America. The minor in Robotics Technology will be indicated on your transcripts.

Some of the program highlights are:

  • The program provides an excellent mix of theory and practical laboratory experiences, preparing you to solve real-world problems.
  • Engineering courses begin in the freshman year.
  • Technical electives may be selected to obtain a minor in Robotics Technology.
  • Less mathematics than the Electrical Engineering program.

Cooperative Education: Opportunities are available as part of this program for students who are academically qualified. A certificate that documents this practical training is available.

Additional Degree Information

  • Option in: General
  • Minor: Robotics Technology

Program Learning Outcomes:

Apply knowledge, techniques, skills and modern tools of mathematics, science, engineering, and technology to solve broadly defined engineering problems appropriate to the discipline

Design systems, components, or processes meeting specified needs for broadly defined engineering problems appropriate to the discipline

Apply written, oral, and graphical communication in broadly defined technical and non-technical environments; and an ability to identify and use appropriate technical literature

Conduct standard tests, measurements, and experiments and to analyze and interpret the results to improve processes

Function effectively as a member as well as a leader on technical teams

Degree Requirements

Departmental Requirements

  • CHEM108 Applied Chemistry 3
  • CHEM109 Applied Chemistry Lab 1
  • ECON302 Managerial Economics 4
  • EGEE125 Digital Fundamentals (C or better required) 4
  • EGEE250 Microcontroller Fundamentals 4
  • EGEE320 Digital Design 4
  • EGEE355 Microcontroller Systems 4
  • EGET110 Applied Electricity (C or better required) 4
  • EGET175 Applied Electronics (C or better required) 4
  • EGET310 Electronic Manufacturing Processes 4
  • EGME141 Solid Modeling 3
  • EGNR101 Introduction to Engineering 2
  • EGNR140 Linear Algebra & Numerical Methods for Engineers 2
  • EGNR245 Calculus Applications for Technology 3
  • EGNR265 C Programming 3
  • EGNR310 Advanced Quality Engineering 3
  • EGRS365 Programmable Logic Controllers 3
  • EGRS380 Robotics Technology 2
  • EGRS381 Robotics Technology Lab 1
  • MATH111 College Algebra (C or better required) 3
  • MATH112 Calculus for Business and Life Science 4
  • MATH131 College Trigonometry 3
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3
  • MGMT375 Introduction to Supply Chain Management 3
  • PHYS221 Elements of Physics I (C or better required) 4
  • PHYS222 Elements of Physics II 4
  • Technical Elective 2

Select one of the following Senior Sequence options to complete the Electrical Engineering Technology Degree:

Industrial Project

  • EGNR491 Engineering Design Project I 3
  • EGNR495 Engineering Design Project II 3

or

Cooperative Project

  • EGNR250 Cooperative Education 2
  • EGNR450 Cooperative Education Project I 2
  • EGNR451 Cooperative Education Project II 2
  • EGNR491 Engineering Design Project I 3

Technical Electives 10

  • CSCI163 Troubleshooting and Repair of Personal Computers 3
  • EGEE305 Analog & Digital Electronics 3
  • EGEE365 Vehicle Instrumentation 4
  • EGME141 Solid Modeling 3
  • EGME240 Assembly Modeling and GD&T 3
  • EGME275 Engineering Materials 3
  • EGME276 Strength of Materials Lab 1
  • EGME338 Fluid Mechanics 2
  • EGME310 Vehicle Development and Testing 2
  • EGMT225 Statics and Strength of Materials 4
  • EGMT310 CNC Manufacturing Processes 4
  • EGMT332 Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer for Technologists 4
  • EGRS215 Robotics Technology 2
  • EGRS430 Systems Integration and Machine Vision 4
  • EGRS480 Control Systems & Automation 3
  • EGRS481 Control Systems & Automation Lab 1
  • MATH215 Fundamental Concepts of Math or higher 3

Students wishing to complete the Robotics Technology minor should take the following as technical or free electives:

  • EGRS430 Systems Integration and Machine Vision 4
  • EGRS480 Control Systems & Automation 3
  • EGRS481 Control Systems & Automation Lab 1

Free Electives 3

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 125 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Elementary Education: Bachelor of Arts/Science

Program Description

The Elementary Education program is highlighted by in-depth study in a subject major, subject concentration, or student-focused concentration, extended field experience in elementary school settings; and focused development of the knowledge and skills critical for effective teachers.

Elementary-level teacher certification in Michigan permits individuals to teach in self-contained classrooms at grade K – 8, and in all subjects at grades K – 5. Individuals may also qualify to teach the subjects of their academic major or minors in grades 6 – 8.

Students begin their studies with a focus on general education requirements, and an academic major or specific concentration. They complete the initial professional education coursework in their sophomore year, and apply for formal admission to the program at the end of that year. By that time, they will have also passed the Michigan Test for Teacher Certification Professional Readiness Examination.

Upper-level professional education coursework, along with the completion of the major or concentration, is the focus for the junior and senior years. Student teaching, a semester-long culminating experience, may be completed in the spring of the fourth year or fall of the fifth year, depending on the individual student’s progress through the program. Generally, this student teaching experience will be in the Eastern Upper Peninsula or in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario. The Michigan Test for Teacher Certification Elementary Education tests must be passed prior to beginning student teaching.

Note: Candidates who pass the Michigan Test for Teacher Certification in their major or concentration meet the requirements of the No Child Left Behind Act and are considered “highly qualified” for the subject areas of the endorsements shown on their Michigan teaching certificates.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Content Knowledge:  Candidates apply appropriate depth of knowledge to engage learners in mastering content.

Learner-centeredness: Candidates value the uniqueness of each individual through their commitment to learners and learner-centered processes.

Pedagogical Knowledge:  Candidates engage learners using a variety of instructional strategies and perspectives.

Professional dispositions: Candidates demonstrate professional dispositions, assuming the full role of the teacher.

Reflection: Candidates self-evaluate and reflect on feedback from others, including students, to continually improve their pedagogical practices.

Degree Requirements

The components of the Elementary Education Bachelor of Arts/Sciences are:

Teaching Concentration  – Students may complete one of the following options:

  • Academic Concentration: Major in either Language Arts or Mathematics (see requirements in this catalog for these teaching majors)

or

  • Language Arts and Mathematics Concentration (see requirements listed below)

or

  • Early Childhood Education Concentration (see requirements listed below)

Language Arts and Mathematics Concentration (25 credits)

  • ENGL221 Introduction to Creative Writing 3
  • ENGL231 American Literature I 3
  • ENGL232 American Literature II 3
  • ENGL320 Responding to Writing 3
  • THEA112 Acting for Beginners 3
  • MATH215 Fundamental Concepts of Mathematics 3
  • MATH321 History of Mathematics 3
  • MATH112 Calculus for Business & Life Sciences 4
    or
  • MATH151 Calculus I 4

Early Childhood Education Concentration (28 credits)

  • CHLD150 Observation and Assessment 4
  • CHLD210 Infants and Toddlers 4
  • CHLD225 Emergent Literacy 3
  • CHLD245 Early Childhood Curriculum 3
  • CHLD270 Administration of Early Childhood Programs 2
  • CHLD310 Inclusion of Young Children with Special Needs in Early Childhood Settings 3
  • CHLD440 Family and Community Partnerships 3
  • CHLD480 Directed Teaching Seminar 1
  • CHLD492 Directed Teaching: Early Childhood 5

Elementary Planned Program (49 credits)

  • MATH103 Number Systems & Problem Solving 4
  • MATH104 Geometry & Measurement 4
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3
  • BIOL104 Survey of General Biology 4
  • NSCI101 Great Lakes Region: Chem, Phy, and other Laws of Nature 4
  • NSCI102 Great Lakes Region: Geology and Resources 4
  • POLI110 American Government 4
  • GEOG201 World Regional Geography 4
  • HIST131 United States History I 4
  • HIST321 History of Michigan 2
  • ENGL180 Introduction to Literary Studies 3
  • ENGL222 English Grammar & Language in Context 3
  • ENGL335 Children’s Literature in the Classroom 3
  • CHLD225 Emergent Literacy 3

Professional Education Sequence (48 credits)

  • EDUC101 Self as Learner 1
  • EDUC250 Student Diversity & Schools 4
  • EDUC301 Learning Theory and Teaching Practice 3
  • EDUC330 Reading in the Elementary Classroom 3
  • EDUC350 Integrating Technology into 21st Learning Environments 3
  • EDSE301 Introduction to Special Education 3
  • EDUC410 Corrective Reading in the Classroom 3
  • EDUC411 Elementary Language Arts and Methods Across the Curriculum 2
  • EDUC415 General Instructional Methods 2
  • EDUC420 Math Methods for Elementary Teachers 2
  • EDUC421 Science Methods for Elementary Teachers 2
  • EDUC422 Social Studies Methods for Elementary Teachers 2
  • EDUC423 Arts Methods for Classroom Teachers 2
  • EDUC424 Health/Physical Education Methods for Classroom Teachers 2
  • EDUC460 Classroom Management 2
  • EDUC480 Directed Teaching Seminar 2
  • EDUC492 Directed Teaching 10

Formal admission to the Elementary Education program, qualification for student teaching, and successful completion of the program requires:

  • Completion of the Professional Education Sequence courses with a grade of B- (2.70) or higher.
  • Completion of all required courses in the teaching major or concentration with a GPA of 2.70 or higher and no grade below a C (2.00).
  • Completion of the elementary planned program with a GPA of 2.70 or higher and no grade below a C (2.00).
  • Completion of the General Education Core Requirements with a GPA of 2.00 or higher.
  • Passing scores on all required Michigan Test for Teacher Certification tests.

The Elementary Education program undergoes periodic review, evaluation, and alignment with the Michigan Department of Education standards. Since program approval and renewal cycles vary, individuals should contact the School of Education regularly to confirm the current requirements of each program component. Graduates must meet the standards that are in place at the time of completion of their programs, in order to be recommended to the Department of Education for teacher certification.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Arts degree (8 credits): One year of a modern language other than English.  If taken at LSSU, this would be CHIN151-CHIN152 or CHIN251-CHIN252; FREN151-FREN152 or FREN251-FREN252 or SPAN161-SPAN162. One-half year of two different languages will not meet this requirement.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.70 or higher.  A gpa of 2.70 or higher is also required in your Major, and a gpa of 2.00 or higher is required in your General Education Requirements.

Elementary Education: Special Education - Learning Disabilities: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

The Special Education – Learning Disabilities program expands the basic elementary education program to prepare teachers to work with students with learning disabilities from kindergarten through grade 12. Program features include extended field experience in regular and special education settings, and focused development of the knowledge and skills critical for effective teachers.

Graduates are prepared for elementary-level teacher certification in Michigan, which permits individuals to teach in self-contained classrooms at grades K-8, and in all subjects at grade K-5, as well as a Learning Disabilities endorsement for grades K-12.  Individuals may also qualify to teach the subject of an optional academic minor in grades 6-8.

Students begin their studies with a focus on general education requirements and elementary planned program coursework.  If they opt for an academic minor this coursework also begins in year one.  They complete the initial professional education coursework in their sophomore year, and apply for formal admission to the program at the end of that year. By that time, they will have also passed the Michigan Test for Teacher Certification Professional Readiness Examination.

Special education and upper-level professional education coursework, along with the completion of the elementary planned program and optional minor, are the focuses for the junior and senior years. Students in the special education program complete two semesters of student teaching, one in a regular elementary education setting and one in a special education setting. These experiences are normally in the fifth year of the program, depending on the individual student’s progress through the program. Generally, student teaching will be in the Eastern Upper Peninsula or in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario. The Michigan Test for Teacher Certification Elementary Education and Learning Disabilities tests must be passed prior to beginning student teaching.

Note: Candidates who complete an optional minor and pass the Michigan Test for Teacher Certification subject test for that minor meet the requirements of the No Child Left Behind Act and are considered “highly qualified” for the subject area of the endorsement shown on their Michigan teaching certificates.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Content Knowledge:  Candidates apply appropriate depth of knowledge to engage learners in mastering content.

Learner-centeredness: Candidates value the uniqueness of each individual through their commitment to learners and learner-centered processes.

Pedagogical Knowledge:  Candidates engage learners using a variety of instructional strategies and perspectives.

Professional dispositions: Candidates demonstrate professional dispositions, assuming the full role of the teacher.

Reflection: Candidates self-evaluate and reflect on feedback from others, including students, to continually improve their pedagogical practices.

Degree Requirements

The components of the Elementary Education: Special Education – Learning Disabilities:  Bachelor of Science program are:

Special Education (32 credits)

  • EDSE301 Introduction to Special Education 3
  • EDSE302 Communication and Community 3
  • EDSE320 Introduction to Learning Disabilities 4
  • EDSE401 Issues and Trends Impacting Learning Disabilities & Special Ed 3
  • EDSE403 Assessment and Diagnosis 3
  • EDSE404 Instruction and Technology for Learning Disabilities-Preschool to Empl 4
  • EDSE480 Student Teaching Seminar: Special Education 1
  • EDSE492 Internship/Supervised Student Teaching: Learning Disabilities 8
  • PSYC301 Exceptional Child and Adolescent 3

Elementary Planned Program (49 credits)

  • MATH103 Number Systems & Problem Solving 4
  • MATH104 Geometry & Measurement 4
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3
  • BIOL104 Survey of General Biology 4
  • NSCI101 Great Lakes Region: Chem, Phy, and other Laws of Nature 4
  • NSCI102 Great Lakes Region: Geology and Resources 4
  • POLI110 Introduction to American Government and Politics 4
  • GEOG201 World Regional Geography 4
  • HIST131 United States History I 4
  • HIST321 History of Michigan 2
  • ENGL180 Introduction Literary Studies 3
  • ENGL222 English Grammer & Language in Context 3
  • ENGL335 Children’s Literature 3
  • CHLD225 Emergent Literacy 3

Academic Minor (Optional): Students may complete a teaching minor in either Language Arts or Mathematics (see the requirements in this catalog for these teaching minors).

Professional Education Sequence (45 credits)

  • EDUC101 Self as Learner 1
  • EDUC250 Student Diversity & Schools 4
  • EDUC301 Learning Theory and Teaching Practice 3
  • EDUC330 Reading in the Elementary Classroom 3
  • EDUC350 Integrating Technology 3
  • EDUC410 Corrective Reading in the Classroom 3
  • EDUC411 Elementary Language Arts and Methods Across the Curriculum 2
  • EDUC415 General Instructional Methods 2
  • EDUC420 Math Methods for Elementary Teachers 2
  • EDUC421 Science Methods for Elementary Teachers 2
  • EDUC422 Social Studies Methods for Elementary Teachers 2
  • EDUC423 Arts Methods for Classroom Teachers 2
  • EDUC424 Health/Physical Education Methods for Classroom Teachers 2
  • EDUC460 Classroom Management 2
  • EDUC480 Directed Teaching Seminar 2
  • EDUC492 Directed Teaching 10

Formal admission to the program, qualification for student teaching, and successful completion of the program requires:

  • Completion of the Professional Education Sequence courses with a grade of B- (2.70) or higher.
  • Completion of all required courses in the education cognates and teaching minor with a GPA of 2.70 or higher and no grade below a C (2.00).
  • Completion of the elementary planned program with a GPA of 2.70 or higher and no grade below a C (2.00).
  • Completion of the General Education Core Requirements with a gpa of 2.00 or higher.
  • Passing scores on all required Michigan Test for Teacher Certification tests.

The Elementary Education program undergoes periodic review, evaluation, and alignment with the Michigan Department of Education standards. Since program approval and renewal cycles vary, individuals should contact the School of Education regularly to confirm the current requirements of each program component. Graduates must meet the standards that are in place at the time of completion of their programs, in order to be recommended to the Department of Education for teacher certification.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.70 or higher.  A gpa of 2.70 or higher is also required in your Major, and a gpa of 2.00 or higher is required in your General Education Requirements.

Emergency Management: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

The Bachelor of Science in Emergency Management degree provides students with state-of-the-art knowledge and skills through an all-hazards curriculum emphasizing emergency management principles that apply across disciplines, industries and types of emergencies.  The degree focuses on the knowledge and skills for public safety personnel to mitigate, prepare, respond to, and recover effectively from the effects of disasters in their community.

The design of the program spans multiple disciplines including Fire, EMS, criminal justice, and public administration.  In addition, the program will expose the students to scenario based learning to enhance their core competencies to adapt to the ever changing world of emergency management.  Preparing the individual for leadership positions within the public safety sector, the program also includes leadership and management skill development.  This program is available to augment associates degrees or concentrations in any of the Fire, EMS, or Criminal justice programs into a bachelor’s degree.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Upon completion of the program, the students will be able to:

Describe and apply the laws governing emergency management at the Local, State and Federal levels.

List and describe the emergency management disaster phases and how risk analysis is used and fits into the process.

Analyze and apply resource management techniques including response and recovery phases in disasters and communication needs during disaster events.

Create and administer preparedness, mitigation, response, and recovery plans for natural disasters and man-made emergency events.

Analyze potential emergency situations and compute risk analysis from the administrative perspective required to direct emergency services agencies including, budgeting, policy creation, human resource management, and incident command functions.

Degree Requirements

Complete an approved associate degree.  No more than two (2) courses may be counted in common to meet the minimum requirements for concentrations, associate degree, or major.

Approved Associate degrees:

  • Criminal Justice
  • Fire Science
  • Paramedic

Specific electives for anyone who doesn’t have an approved associate degree:

  • CJUS101 Introduction Criminal Justice 3
  • FIRE101 Introduction to Fire Science 3
  • EMED189 Medical First Responder (or EMT/MFR Certification) 3

Major Requirements (53 credits)

  • CJUS103 Intro to Terrorism/Homeland Sec 3
  • CJUS303 Critical Infrastructure Protection 3
  • CJUS313 Crisis Interv Deviant Behavior 3
  • CJUS321 Ethical Issues Public Safety 3
  • CJUS345 Stats & Design Public Safety 4
  • CJUS401/FIRE401 Senior Project 4
  • EMGT225 Emergency Mgmt Principles 3
  • EMGT260 Disaster Mitigation Emer Mgmt 3
  • EMGT261 Disaster Preparation Emer Mgmt 3
  • EMGT315 Leadership/Mgmt Public Safety 3
  • EMGT360 Emer Disaster Response & Recovery 3
  • EMGT402 Emergency Management Internship 3
  • EMGT420 Comp Plan/Legal Found of EM 3
  • FIRE111 Hazardous Materials 3
  • FIRE309 Fire-Related Human Behavior 3
  • POLI130 Intro State/Local Government 4
  • POLI201 Intro to Public Administration 3

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher. A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, and a gpa of 2.00 or higher is required in your General Education Requirements.

English Language and Literature: Bachelor of Arts

Program Description

The English Language and Literature – Secondary Teaching program prepares graduates for secondary-level teacher certification in Michigan, which permits individuals to teach English in grades 6-12.  See Secondary Education for additional information.  The major is housed in the Department of English.

Featuring small classes, close reading of great works of literature, many opportunities for writing and research, and supervision by faculty who know their students, LSSU English programs emphasize the human letters and language study, and give students many opportunities to excel at what they love.

English Education students have ample opportunities to help coordinate local literary events and festivals as part of their coursework.  They are also encouraged to join the English Club, work as editors on student and professional journals, and enter the Stellanova Osborn Poetry Contest and the LSSU Short Story Contest.

In this program, students will complete a teaching major in English Language and Literature and additional professional education requirements that will prepare them for a career in teaching at the secondary level.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Instructional Choices – Candidates will make instructional choices that consider the integrated nature of the English language arts, the relationship between culture and language, and the principles of rhetoric and communication.

Grammar and Language – Candidates will value both prescriptive and descriptive grammars and conventions of English and appreciate the dynamic nature of English as a language shaped by historical, social, and cultural influences.

Context – Candidates will consider the broad progression of literary history and critical movements across time and space – including North American literature, classic and world literature, YA literature, visual texts, and critical theory – and place texts in context.

Text Analysis – Candidates will synthesize knowledge of genre, craft, literary history, and criticism to analyze texts.

Literacy and Scholarship Practices – Candidates will value, apply, and recommend effective literacy and scholarship practices.

Degree Requirements

English Requirements (34 credits)

  • ENGL180 Introduction to Literary Studies 3
  • ENGL221 Introduction to Creative Writing 3
  • ENGL222 English Grammar and Language in Context 3
  • ENGL231 American Literature I 3
  • ENGL232 American Literature II 3
  • ENGL320 Responding to Writing 3
  • ENGL336 Young Adult Literature and Culture 3
  • ENGL345 Studies in Classic Texts 3
  • ENGL435 Studies in Visual Texts 3
  • ENGL380 History of Literary Criticism 3
  • ENGL490 Senior Thesis 2
  • ENGL499 Senior Thesis 2

English and Literacy Education Methods (6 credits):

  • EDUC440 Reading in the Content Area 3
  • EDUC441 Secondary English Methods 3
    or
  • EDUC451 Ind Study English Methods 3

Professional Education Sequence and Education Cognates- see Secondary Education.

Approved Teaching Minor Recommended – see Secondary Education.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Arts degree (8 credits): One year of a modern language other than English.  If taken at LSSU, this would be CHIN151-CHIN152 or CHIN251-CHIN252; or FREN151-FREN152 or FREN251-FREN252 or SPAN161-SPAN162.  One-half year of two different languages will not meet this requirement.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.70 or higher.  A gpa of 2.70 or higher is required in your Major, and a gpa of 2.00 or higher is required in your General Education Requirements.

Environmental Science: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

Environmental Science is the study of human interaction with the environment by seeking sustainable solutions for environmental problems such as water pollution, energy and climate, and ecosystem integrity, environmental scientists help ensure a safe, healthful environment for all living things.

Graduates with a bachelor of science in Environmental Science work in many disciplines, government agencies, and industries.  Environmental Science graduates have a wide range of career opportunities including areas such as sustainability, field sampling, hydrology, environmental health, pollution control, environmental toxicology, climate science, ecology, and water quality analysis.  while many graduates enter the workforce with a bachelors degree, some students proceed on to graduate school in natural sciences, policy, law, or sustainability studies.  Internships in Environmental Science are encouraged where students can gain valuable real-world experience while gaining college credit – a faculty advisor can assist students in identifying internship opportunities locally, regionally, and internationally.  In addition to their course work, all students participate in an applied research project in close collaboration with a faculty member to address a meaningful environmental-based problem.  These projects, through the excellent preparation they provide our students, are often cited as important factors in successful job searches and entry into graduate programs.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Knowledge & Skills – The Environmental Science graduate will demonstrate 1. Factual and theoretical knowledge of chemistry, biology, earth, and environmental science 2. Cross-disciplinary Field & laboratory knowledge and skills 3. Applied Analytical Skills 4. Communication skills 5. Information retrieval skills 6. safe laboratory practices.

Employability – The Environmental Science graduate will demonstrate readiness for employment in business or industry as an environmental scientist, biological technician, GIS Analyst, physical science technician, pollution control specialist, laboratory chemist environmental specialist or environmental field technician.

Readiness for Graduate Study – The Environmental Science graduate will demonstrate readiness for graduate study in environmental science, environmental chemistry, environmental toxicology, Environmental management, environmental policy, biochemistry, or other related fields.

Technical Skills – The Environmental Science graduate will demonstrate proficiency and familiarity with combination of chemical instrumentation and modern computer software for environmental and chemical analysis and for environmental research.

Degree Requirements

Bachelor of Science Environmental Science

Environmental Science Core Requirements (87-89 credits)

  • NSCI103 Environmental Science 3
  • EVRN131 Introduction to GIS/GPS 3
  • EVRN211 Field Data Methods 1
  • EVRN225 Intermediate GIS 3
  • EVRN311 Environmental Law 3
  • EVRN315 Human Impacts on Environment 4
  • EVRN317 Environmental Health Apps 4
  • EVRN325 Geospatial Analysis 3
  • EVRN341 Fate & Transport in the Environment 4
  • EVRN389 Environmental Research Methods 3
  • EVRN435 Environmental Systems 3
  • BIOL131 General Biology: Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology:  Organisms 4
  • BIOL337 General Ecology 3
  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • GEOL121 Physical Geology 4
  • GEOL122 Historical Geology 4
  • NRES199 Freshman Seminar 1
  • NRES230 Introduction to Soil Science 4
  • NRES299 Sophomore Seminar 1
  • NRES399 Research Project Design 1
  • NRES499 Senior Capstone 1

Complete one course from the following two:

  • EVRN395 Senior Project 2
  • NRES497 Experiential Learning Project 3

Complete one course from the following two:

  • NSCI116 Introduction to Oceanography 4
  • GEOG108 Physical Geography: Meteorology & Climatology 4

Complete one course from the following two:

  • MATH112 Calculus for Business and Life Sciences 4
  • MATH151 Calculus I 4

Complete one course from the following three:

  • BUSN211 Business Statistics 3
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3
  • BIOL280 Biostatistics 3

Complete one course from the following three:

  • GEOL334 Hydrologic Systems: Surface and Groundwater 4
  • NRES286 Principles of Watersheds 3
  • NRES345 Limnology

Complete requirements for at least one of the following approved Minors (other minors may be substituted with advisor approval).  Note:  Courses taken toward completion of the program/general education requirements can be applied toward this requirement:

  • Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Chemistry
  • Environmental Policy
  • Geographic Information Science (GIS)
  • Geology
  • International Studies
  • Marine Freshwater Sciences
  • Mathematics
  • Natural Resources
  • Outdoor Leadership
  • Political Science
  • Pre-Law
  • Public Health
  • Sociology
  • Society & Environment
  • Sustainability

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher. A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, and a gpa of 2.00 or higher is required in your General Education Requirements.

Finance and Economics: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

This degree requires successful completion of a minimum of 124-semester credits as prescribed on the following page. The study of finance and economics develops the capacity for analytical reasoning and critical thinking, the most important decision-making tools in business, government, education, and in your personal life.

Organizations need planners and problem-solvers, people who are logical thinkers. Economists and financiers learn to develop accurate information upon which to make decisions from the vast quantities of complex and often conflicting data generated in today’s global economy. Employers hire these professionals because of their abilities for careful analysis, planning and decision making.

Graduate, Professional and Continuing Education

This degree program is an excellent preparation for graduate and professional education in such fields as finance, economics, accounting, business administration and law. Graduates may seek professional certification in related professions such as Certified Financial Planner (CFP), Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA), Chartered Financial Consultant (ChFC), Chartered Life Underwriter (CLU) and Certified Management Accountant (CMA).

Program Learning Outcomes:

Analytical Skills – Apply analytical skills.

Financial Statement Analysis – Memorize and apply key financial ratios.

Terminal Value – List two methods used to estimate Terminal Value and explain why it’s important.

Derivatives – Explain how to use options to reduce or increase risk.

Advanced Understanding of Macroeconomics and Microeconomics – Apply advanced concepts from macroeconomics and microeconomics to answer complex problems and draw conclusions.

Best Practices – Calculate the Weighted Average Cost of Capital using best practices.

Business Knowledge – Apply knowledge of business core subjects.

Professional Skills – Apply skills in research, communications and critical thinking.

Degree Requirements

Common Professional Component (48 credits)

  • ACTG132 Principles of Accounting I 4
  • ACTG133 Principles of Accounting II 4
  • BUSN121 Introduction to Business 3
  • BUSN211 Business Statistics 3
  • BUSN231 Business Communications 3
  • BUSN350 Business Law I 3
  • BUSN403 Business, Government & Society 3
  • BUSN466 Business Policy 3
  • ECON201 Principles of Macroeconomics 3
  • ECON202 Principles of Microeconomics 3
  • FINC341 Managerial Finance 4
  • MGMT280 Intro Management Information Systems 3
  • MGMT360 Management Concepts & Apps 3
  • MGMT371 Operations/Business Analytics 3
  • MRKT281 Marketing Principles & Strategy 3

Major Requirements (Minimum 34 credits)

  • BUSN101 Freshman Seminar 1
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • MATH112 Calculus Business/Life Science 4

FINC 400-Level Courses. Choose two from the following:

  • FINC443 Insurance 4
  • FINC446 Financial Analysis and Policy 4
  • FINC448 Investment Strategy 4

Economics Option (18 credits)

  • ECON407 Introductory Econometrics 3
  • ECON300-400 Level Electives (3 Courses) 9
  • Economics, Finance or Mathematics Electives 6

Finance Option (18 credits)

  • FINC** 400-level Elective 4
  • Finance, Economics or Accounting Electives 14

**FINC 400-level courses include FINC446, Financial Analysis & Policy; FINC448, Investment Strategy; and FINC443, Insurance. Two courses from this group must be completed for all options; all three courses must be completed for the finance option.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Fire Science - Generalist: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

This emphasis is designed for students preparing for professional fire service positions in public and private sectors.  The emphasis is designed to provide the student with a working knowledge of the many different areas of the fire service, giving the students the ability to function in fire departments and participate in fire prevention and investigation divisions.  Students in this emphasis will complete the requirements for Firefighter I and II state certifications established by the Michigan Firefighters Training Council.

Program Learning Outcomes:

USE OF EVIDENCE (UE) – Graduates of the Fire Science programs will complete a Senior research project that demonstrates professional level inquiry, analysis, and presentation of a relevant issue in the field of criminal justice.

ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS (AS) – Graduates of the Fire Science programs will demonstrate professional level critical thinking and problem solving skills.

PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY (PR) – Graduates of the Fire Science programs will demonstrate professional responsibility in teamwork, civic engagement, intercultural knowledge and competence, ethical reasoning, and practical applications of those responsibilities while interning in a professional setting, student projects, and group work.

Degree Requirements

Major Requirements (54-55 credits)

  • CJUS341 Fire Cause & Arson Investigation 3
  • FIRE101 Introduction to Fire Science 3
  • FIRE111 Hazardous Materials 3
  • FIRE197 Physical Fitness for Public Safety 1
  • FIRE201 Fire Protection Construction Concepts 3
  • FIRE204 Fire Protection Hydraulics & Pumps 3
  • FIRE206 Fire Protection Systems Equipment and Industrial Fire Protection 3
  • FIRE211 Tactics & Strategy 3
  • FIRE219 Firefighter Essentials 3
  • FIRE220 Fire Science Certification 4
  • FIRE301 Code Enforcement Inspection and Fire Prevention 3
  • FIRE309 Fire-Related Human Behavior 3
  • FIRE312 Hazardous Materials Management 4
  • FIRE315 Company Level Supervision and Management 3
  • FIRE401 Senior Seminar 3
  • FIRE402 Fire Service and the Law 3
  • FIRE403 Fire Science Internship 3

Statistics: Choose one of the following:

  • CJUS345 Statistics and Design for Public Safety 4
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3
  • PSYC210 Statistics 3
  • SOCY302 Statistics for Social Science 4

Minor or Paramedic License (20 credits) Students may complete an approved minor. The minor must be an approved minor other than Fire Science.

Electives (9 – 14 credits)

Note:  A minimum of 24 credits of 300/400 level coursework is required for graduation.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Fire Science - Generalist Non-Certification: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

This emphasis is designed for long-distance students who currently possess firefighting certifications; it also serves those students who do not desire, or have the physical ability, to enter the fire service as active firefighters.  This emphasis is designed for students who seek promotions or desire a professional position in the private fire service sector and provides students a wide knowledge base of the fire service.  Students in this emphasis will have the education necessary to work in preventive, investigative, and educational areas of the fire service.

Program Learning Outcomes:

USE OF EVIDENCE (UE) – Graduates of the Fire Science programs will complete a Senior research project that demonstrates professional-level inquiry, analysis, and presentation of a relevant issue in the field of criminal justice.

ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS (AS) – Graduates of the Fire Science programs will demonstrate professional-level critical thinking and problem-solving skills.

PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY (PR) – Graduates of the Fire Science programs will demonstrate professional responsibility in teamwork, civic engagement, intercultural knowledge and competence, ethical reasoning, and practical applications of those responsibilities while interning in a professional setting, student projects, and group work.

Degree Requirements

Major Requirements (45-46 credits)

  • FIRE101 Introduction to Fire Science 3
  • FIRE204 Fire Protection Hydraulics and Pumps 3
  • FIRE206 Fire Protection Systems Equipment and Industrial Fire Prevention 3
  • FIRE301 Code Enforcement, Inspection and Fire Prevention 3
  • FIRE315 Company Level Supervision and Management 3
  • FIRE401 Senior Seminar 3

Statistics: Choose one of the following:

  • CJUS345 Statistics and Design for Public Safety 4
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3
  • PSYC210 Statistics 3
  • SOCY302 Statistics for Social Science 4

Electives – Select at least 30 additional credits of Fire Science and Criminal Justice Electives from:

  • CJUS103 Introduction to Terrorism and Homeland Security 3
  • CJUS203 Cyberterrorism 3
  • CJUS204 Domestic and International Terrorism 3
  • CJUS303 Critical Infrastructure Protection 3
  • CJUS321 Ethical Issues in Public Safety 3
  • CJUS325 / FIRE325 Homeland Security and Emergency Services 3
  • CJUS341 Fire Cause and Arson Investigation 3
  • FIRE111 Hazardous Materials 3
  • FIRE201 Fire Protection Construction Concepts 3
  • FIRE211 Tactics and Strategy 3
  • FIRE300 Special Topics 3-6
  • FIRE309 Fire-Related Human Behavior 3
  • FIRE312 Hazardous Materials Management 4
  • FIRE400 Special Topics 3-6
  • FIRE402 Fire Service and the Law 3
  • FIRE403 Fire Science Internship 3

Electives to reach 124 credits.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Fisheries and Wildlife Management: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

Fisheries and Wildlife Management programs place a strong emphasis on understanding the relationship between organisms and their habitats by blending a conceptual understanding of fish and wildlife ecology and population dynamics with practical skills obtained during laboratory and field exercises. Students graduating from this rigorous, applied curriculum can meet the qualifications of state and federal natural resource management agencies as technicians and biologists.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Scientific Literature – Students in the Fisheries and Wildlife Management program will thoroughly research and synthesize the primary literature for information relevant to a current scientific investigation.

Scientific Investigation – Students in the Fisheries and Wildlife Management program will design and conduct a scientific investigation of a testable hypothesis or methodology using appropriate tools and techniques.

Communication – Students in the Fisheries and Wildlife Management program will effectively communicate the results or outcomes of their scientific investigation in multiple formats.

External Validity – Graduates of the Fisheries and Wildlife Management concentrations will be prepared to meet certification requirements of the American Fisheries Society or The Wildlife Society.

Professionalism – Graduates of the Fisheries and Wildlife Management program will have developed and demonstrate a sense of professionalism/work ethic.

Available degrees (see specific degree requirements further down the page):

  • Bachelor of Science Fisheries and Wildlife Management
  • Bachelor of Science Fisheries and Wildlife Management, Conservation Officer Concentration
  • Bachelor of Science Fisheries and Wildlife Management, Fisheries Management Concentration
  • Bachelor of Science Fisheries and Wildlife Management, Wildlife Management Concentration

Degree Requirements

Bachelor of Science Fisheries and Wildlife Management

Departmental Requirements

  • BIOL131 General Biology I: Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology II: Organisms 4
  • NRES199 Freshman Seminar 1
  • BIOL202 Plant Sciences I: Identification and Diversity 3
    or
  • NRES284 Forestry 4
  • NRES203 Fundamentals of Natural Resources 3
  • BIOL220 Genetics 4
  • BIOL243 Vertebrate Anatomy 4
    or
  • BIOL330 Animal Physiology 4
  • NRES250 Quantitative Biology 3
  • BIOL280 Biostatistics 3
  • NRES299 Sophomore Seminar 1
  • NRES310 Ichthyology 3
  • NRES311 Mammology 3
  • NRES312 Ornithology 3
  • NRES333 Fish Ecology 3
  • BIOL337 General Ecology 3
  • NRES339 Wildlife Ecology 3
  • NRES345 Limnology 3
  • NRES399 Research Project Design 1
  • NRES432 Fisheries Management 3
  • NRES439 Wildlife Management 3
  • NRES495 Senior Project 2
  • NRES499 Senior Capstone 1
  • NRES or BIOL Electives 3

Support Courses

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • CHEM208 Survey of Organic Chemistry with Biological Apps 4
    or
  • PHYS221 Principles of Physics I 4
  • EVRN131 Introduction to GIS and GPS 2
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • MATH112 Calculus for Business & Life Sciences 4

Free Electives – 10-11 credits

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 125 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Science Fisheries and Wildlife Management, Conservation Officer Concentration

Departmental Requirements

  • BIOL131 General Biology I: Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology II: Organisms 4
  • NRES199 Freshman Seminar 1
  • BIOL202 Plant Sciences I: Identification and Diversity 3
    or
  • NRES284 Principles of Forestry 4
  • NRES203 Fundamentals of Natural Resources 3
  • BIOL220 Genetics 4
  • NRES250 Quantitative Biology 3
  • BIOL280 Biometrics 3
  • NRES299 Sophomore Seminar 1
  • NRES310 Ichthyology 3
  • NRES311 Mammalogy 3
    or
  • NRES312 Ornithology 3
  • NRES333 Fish Ecology 3
  • BIOL337 General Ecology 3
  • NRES339 Wildlife Ecology 3
  • NRES345 Limnology 3
  • NRES399 Research Project Design 1
  • NRES432 Fisheries Management 3
  • NRES439 Wildlife Management 3
  • NRES495 Senior Project 2
  • NRES499 Senior Capstone 1

Support Courses

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • EVRN131 Introduction to GIS and GPS 2
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • MATH112 Calculus for Business & Life Sciences 4

Conservation Officer Concentration Requirements (18 – 21 credits)

  • CJUS101 Introduction Criminal Justice 3
  • CJUS102 Police Process 3
  • CJUS197 Physical Fitness for Public Safety 1
  • CJUS201 Firearms Training 1
  • CJUS313 Crisis Intervention 3
    or
  • CJUS321 Ethical Issues 3
  • PSYC101 Introduction to Psychology 4
  • SOCY101 Introduction to Sociology 4
    or
  • SOCY102 Social Problems 4
  • COMM225 Interpersonal Communication 3

Free Electives to total 125 credits

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 125 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Science Fisheries and Wildlife Management, Fisheries Management Concentration

Departmental Requirements

  • BIOL131 General Biology I: Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology II: Organisms 4
  • NRES199 Freshman Seminar 1
  • NRES203 Fundamentals of Natural Resources 3
  • BIOL220 Genetics 4
  • BIOL243 Vertebrate Anatomy 4
    or
  • BIOL330 Animal Physiology 4
  • NRES250 Quantitative Biology 3
  • BIOL280 Biometrics 3
  • NRES299 Sophomore Seminar 1
  • NRES310 Ichthyology 3
  • NRES333 Fish Ecology 3
  • BIOL337 General Ecology 3
  • NRES345 Limnology 3
  • NRES372 Freshwater Fish Culture 3
  • NRES399 Research Project Design 1
  • NRES432 Fisheries Management 3
  • NRES475 Aquatic Entomology 3
  • NRES495 Senior Project 2
  • NRES499 Senior Capstone 1
  • NRES or BIOL Electives 8

Support Courses

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • CHEM208 Survey of Organic Chemistry with Biological Apps 4
    or
  • PHYS221 Principles of Physics I 4
  • EVRN131 Introduction to GIS and GPS 2
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • MATH112 Calculus for Business & Life Sciences 4

Human Dimensions – 3 credits from:

  • ECON307 Environmental Economics 3
  • EVRN311 Environmental Law 3
  • NRES304 The Human Environment 3
  • POLI342 International Environmental Policy 3

Free Electives – 12 credits

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 125 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Science Fisheries and Wildlife Management, Wildlife Management Concentration

Departmental Requirements

  • BIOL131 General Biology I: Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology II: Organisms 4
  • NRES199 Freshman Seminar 1
  • BIOL202 Plant Sciences I: Identification and Diversity 3
  • NRES203 Fundamentals of Natural Resources 3
  • BIOL220 Genetics 4
  • BIOL243 Vertebrate Anatomy 4
  • or
  • BIOL330 Animal Physiology 4
  • NRES250 Quantitative Biology 3
  • BIOL280 Biometrics 3
  • NRES284 Principles of Forestry 4
  • NRES299 Sophomore Seminar 1
  • NRES311 Mammology 3
  • NRES312 Ornithology 3
  • BIOL337 General Ecology 3
  • NRES339 Wildlife Ecology 3
  • NRES399 Research Project Design 1
  • NRES439 Wildlife Management 3
  • NRES495 Senior Project 2
  • NRES499 Senior Capstone 1
  • NRES or BIOL Electives 3

Support Courses

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • EVRN131 Introduction to GIS and GPS 2
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • MATH112 Calculus for Business & Life Sciences 4

Physical Science* – 3-4 credits from:

  • NRES230 Introduction to Soil Science 4
  • NRES286 Principles of Watersheds 3
  • PHYS221 Principles of Physics I 4

Policy/Admin/Law – 9 credits from:

  • NRES287 Conservation Biology 3
  • ECON307 Environmental Economics 3
  • EVRN311 Environmental Law 3
  • NRES304 The Human Environment 3
  • POLI342 International Environmental Policy 3

Free Electives – 10 credits

*Students considering graduate school should select PHYS221

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 125 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Forensic Chemistry: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

The B.S. in Forensic Chemistry combines elements of criminal justice and biology with a strong chemistry program. The forensic chemist analyzes and interprets materials collected at crime scenes, accidents, and at sites of terrorist activities. Graduates with a Bachelor of Science in forensic chemistry work in forensic laboratories for federal, state, or local government agencies or in some cases, work for private investigative laboratories. Some graduates may also go on to pursue a graduate degree. Forensic chemists graduate having been trained on state-of-the-art instrumentation and in techniques that are industry standards.

The LSSU chemistry program has been approved by the American Chemical Society and may provide certified degrees in Chemistry, Chemistry in Secondary Education, Biochemistry Pre-Professional, and Forensic Chemistry. Students pursuing the ACS-certified degree will participate in an applied research project in close collaboration with faculty members to address meaningful chemical-based problems.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Demonstrate proficiency in the following chemistry sub-disciplines: analytical chemistry, biochemistry, organic chemistry, and physical chemistry.

Demonstrate readiness for employment as a laboratory forensic chemist, crime scene investigator or law enforcement laboratory chemist OR graduate or professional study.

With the guidance of a faculty mentor, develop a well-designed, well-executed, and clearly communicated research project that contributes to scientific knowledge in the field of Forensic Chemistry.

Degree Requirements

Major Requirements (55 credits)

Chemistry (39 credits)

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • CHEM225 Organic Chemistry I 4
  • CHEM231 Quantitative Analysis 4
  • CHEM332 Instrumental Analysis 4
  • CHEM351 Introductory Biochemistry 4
  • CHEM353 Introductory Toxicology 3
  • CHEM361 Physical Chemistry I 4
  • CHEM363 Physical Chemistry Lab 1
  • CHEM395 Junior Seminar 1
  • CHEM445 / CJUS445 Forensic Science 4
  • CHEM452 Biochemistry II 4
    or
  • CHEM310 Applied Spectroscopy 4
  • CHEM499 Senior Seminar 1

For American Chemical Society certified degree, additionally required (total lab hours must be at least 400 hrs).  See Department Chair for special rules regarding ACS certification:

  • CHEM261 Inorganic Chemistry 4
  • CHEM326 Organic Chemistry II 4
  • CHEM495 Senior Project 2
  • MATH152 Calculus II 4
    or
  • EGNR140 Linear Algebra and Numeral Apps Engineers 2
  • EGNR245 Calculus Applications for Technology 3

Criminal Justice (16 credits)

  • CJUS101 Introduction to Criminal Justice 3
  • CJUS243 Investigation 3
  • CJUS319 Substantive Law 3
  • CJUS409 Procedural Law 3
  • CJUS444 Criminalistics 4

Support Courses (47 credits)

  • USEM101 University Seminar I:  Foundation Success 1
  • BIOL131 General Biology: Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology: Organisms 4
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • MATH112 Calculus for Business & Life Sciences 4
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3
    or
  • BUSN211 Business Statistics 3
  • NSCI110 Introduction to Forensics 4
  • Two semesters of College Physics with laboratory (8 cr min)
  • POLI110 Introduction to American Government and Politics 4
  • PSYC101 Introduction to Psychology 4
  • PSYC259 Abnormal Psychology 3
  • SOCY103 Cultural Diversity 3
  • SOCY214 Criminology 3

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is required in your Major, and a gpa of 2.00 or higher is required in your General Education Requirements.

General Studies: Bachelor of Arts/Science

Program Description

Through the General Studies BA/BS, students choose two minors, two concentrations or one minor and one concentration from separate areas of interest. Working closely with the general studies coordinator and advisors in both areas of study, the student designs a unique degree, which emphasizes their individual strengths in diverse fields of study. This synthesis of knowledge from more than one area of study enables the student to become an effective contributor in their community and a world in which careers are increasingly complex and varied in their requirements. The value of this interdisciplinary model can be seen most concretely in the student’s capstone project (INTD 490) in which the student must merge what he or she has learned in both areas of study into a practical and academically valuable research project.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Formal Communication: Students will develop and clearly express complex ideas relevant to their chosen studies in written and oral presentations.

Use of Evidence: Students will identify the need for, gather, and accurately process the appropriate type, quality, and quantity of evidence to answer a complex question or solve a complex problem within the content of their chosen studies.

Analysis and Synthesis: Students will organize and synthesize evidence, ideas, or works of imagination to answer an open-ended question, draw a conclusion, achieve a goal, or create a substantial work of art as appropriate to their chosen studies.

Professional Responsibility: Students will demonstrate the ability to apply professional ethics and intercultural competence when answering a question, solving a problem, or achieving a goal related to their chosen studies.

Degree Requirements

Major Requirements (60 credits)

Complete two academic minors, or two academic concentrations, or one of each.  No more than two (2) courses may be counted in common to meet the minimum requirements for minors, concentrations, or between minor and concentration.

Minors: Successfully complete academic minor(s) totaling at least 30 credits each.  At least 10 credits in each minor must be LSSU credits.  Complete additional courses in the same course prefixes used in the minor in cases where the minor does not meet the minimum of 30 credits.

Concentrations: Complete at least 30 credits in defined academic concentrations.  Concentrations must include at least 10 credits in LSSU credits, and at least 12 credits must be at the 300/400 level.

Academic Concentrations:

  • Behavioral Sciences – Courses with SOCY, PSYC and SOWK prefixes
  • Business – Courses with ACTG, BUSN, ECON, FINC, INTB, MGMT and MRKT prefixes
  • Communication – Courses with COMM prefixes
  • Computational Sciences – Courses with MATH and CSCI prefixes
  • Education – Courses with CHLD, EDUC and EDSE prefixes
  • Emergency Services – Courses with CJUS, FIRE and EMED prefixes
  • Engineering – Courses with EGEE, EGET, EGME, EGEM, EGMT, EGNR and EGRS prefixes
  • Fine Art – Courses with ARTS, DANC, FINE, MUSC and THEA prefixes
  • Health Bach – Courses with EMED, HLTH, KINS, NURS and PNUR prefixes
  • Humanities and Philosophy – Courses with HUMN and PHIL prefixes
  • Modern Language and Literature – Courses with ENGL, FREN and SPAN prefixes
  • Natural Science – Courses with BIOL, CHEM, EVRN, GEOL, NSCI and PHYS prefixes
  • Social Sciences – Courses with ECON, GEOG, HIST and POLI prefixes

Additional Major Requirements:

  • PHIL Elective (excluding PHIL205) 3
  • INTD490 Senior Directed Study 3-4

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Arts degree (8 credits): One year of a modern language other than English.  If taken at LSSU, this would be CHIN151-CHIN152 or CHIN251-CHIN252; FREN151-FREN152 or FREN251-FREN252 or SPAN161-SPAN162. One-half year of two different languages will not meet this requirement.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Geology: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

Geology examines the dynamic Earth and its physical, chemical and biologic history. It involves the study of changes that are taking and have taken place and the forces that cause these changes. For example, geologists interpret the movements of the continents over geologic time and the formation of mountains, volcanoes and other features of the Earth’s surface. Geologists attempt to understand our physical environment from which we derive most of the natural resources essential to civilization. They investigate the processes that led to the formation of mineral deposits, and oil, gas and coal. They also study environmental change throughout the history of the Earth and how those changes and the development of life are related. Geologists attempt to predict natural disasters such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and landslides, and they are very active in modeling groundwater flow to develop water reserves for municipalities and to protect groundwater from contamination. Geologists study the natural world and apply their knowledge to achieve harmony between the human race and its environment.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Knowledge & Professional Skills: The Geology graduate will demonstrate 1. theoretical and practical knowledge of geologic principles; 2. Teamwork, 3. Professional behavior, 4. communication skills

Readiness for Graduate Study and/or Employment: The Geology graduate will demonstrate readiness graduate school or for geoscience employment such as: an environmental geologist, public sector geoscientist, mud logger, geophysicist, mine geologist, exploration geologist, science technician, etc.

Scholarship: The university supports scholarship where undergraduate students have the opportunity to engage in geoscience research, often publishable, working with faculty mentors.

Technical Skills: The Geology graduate will solve geologic problems by demonstrating competence conducting field and laboratory studies; 2. creating and interpreting geoscience maps and cross-sections, 3. analyzing geologic data sets and software and/or technology.

Available degrees (see specific degree requirements further down the page):

  • Bachelor of Science Geology
  • Bachelor of Science Geology, Environmental Geology Concentration
  • Bachelor of Science Geology, Water and Climate Concentration

Degree Requirements

Bachelor of Science Geology

Geology Course Requirements (51 credits)

  • GEOL121 Physical Geology 4
  • GEOL122 Historical Geology 4
  • GEOL223 Earth Materials 4
  • GEOL308 Structural Geology Systems 5
  • GEOL315 Geoenvironmental Systems 5
  • GEOL322 Geochemical Systems 4
  • GEOL334 Hydrologic Systems Surface & Ground Water 4
  • GEOL355 Stratigraphy and Sedimentation 4
  • GEOL380 Introduction to Field Geology 3
  • GEOL431 Geophysical Systems 5
  • GEOL440 Technology in Geology 2
  • GEOL450 Geology Seminar I 2
  • GEOL451 Geology Seminar II 2
  • GEOL468 Tectonic Systems 5
  • GEOL480 Advanced Field Geology 3

Support Courses (27-28 credits)

  • NRES199 Freshman Seminar 1
  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • PHYS221 Principles of Physics I* 4
  • or
  • PHYS231 Applied Physics Engineer/Scientist I 4
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
    or
  • PHYS222 Principles of Physics II* 4
    or
  • PHYS232 Applied Physics Engineer/Scientist II 4
  • EVRN131 Introduction to GIS/GPS 3
  • MATH111 College Algebra* 3
  • MATH112 Calculus for Business and Life Sciences* 4
    or
  • MATH151 Calculus I 4
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3
    or
  • MATH308 Probability and Mathematical Statistics 3
    or
  • BUSN211 Business Statistics 3
    or
  • BIOL280 Biostatistics 3

*Students with adequate preparation in mathematics or are considering graduate school are advised to take MATH151 and MATH152 and PHYS231 and PHYS232 and CHEM115 and CHEM116.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Science Geology, Environmental Geology Concentration

Geology Course Requirements (42 credits)

  • GEOL121 Physical Geology 4
  • GEOL122 Historical Geology 4
  • GEOL223 Earth Materials 4
  • GEOL308 Structural Geology Systems 5
  • GEOL315 Geoenvironmental Systems 4
  • GEOL322 Geochemical Systems 4
  • GEOL334 Hydrologic Systems 4
  • GEOL380 Introduction to Field Geology 3
  • GEOL431 Geophysical Systems 4
  • GEOL440 Technology in Geology 2
  • GEOL450 Geology Seminar I 2
  • GEOL451 Geology Seminar II 2
  • GEOL480 Advanced Field Geology 3

Support Courses (42 credits)

  • NRES199 Freshman Seminar 1
  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • PHYS221 Principles of Physics I* 4
    or
  • PHYS231 Applied Physics Engineer/Scientist I 4
  • EVRN131 Introduction to GIS/GPS 3
  • EVRN311 Environmental Law 3
  • EVRN341 Fate & Transport Environment 4
  • NSCI103 Environmental Science 3
  • NRES230 Introduction to Soil Science 4
  • MATH111 College Algebra* 3
  • MATH112 Calculus for Business and Life Sciences* 4
    or
  • MATH151 Calculus I 4
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3
    or
  • MATH308 Probability and Mathematical Statistics 3
    or
  • BUSN211 Business Statistics 3
    or
  • BIOL280 Biostatistics 3

Distributed Electives (16 credits minimum)

  • CHEM208 Survey Organic Chemistry/Biol Apps 4
  • CHEM225 Organic Chemistry I 4
  • CHEM231 Quantitative Analysis 4
  • CHEM326 Organic Chemistry II 4
  • CHEM332 Instrumental Analysis 4
  • ECON307 Environmental Economics 3
  • EVRN211 Field Data Methods 1
  • EVRN225 Intermediate GIS 3
  • EVRN315 Human Impacts on Environment 4
  • EVRN317 Environmental Health Apps 4
  • EVRN325 Geospatial Analysis 3
  • EVRN365 Applied Geospatial Technologies 4
  • EVRN389 Environmental Research Methods 3
  • NRES399 Research Project Design 1
  • EVRN435 Environmental Systems 3
  • EVRN495 Senior Project 2
  • NRES499 Senior Capstone 1
  • FIRE312 Hazardous Material Management 4
  • GEOG108 Meteorology & Climatology 4
  • GEOL355 Stratigraphy and Sedimentation 4
  • GEOL490 Research Topics in Geology 1-4
  • GEOL495 Senior Project 2
  • POLI342 International Environmental Policy 3

*Students with adequate preparation in mathematics and/or interested in graduate school are advised to take MATH151 and MATH152 and PHYS231 and PHYS232.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Science Geology, Water and Climate Concentration

Geology Course Requirements (39 credits)

  • GEOL121 Physical Geology  4
  • GEOL122 Historical Geology 4
  • GEOL223 Earth Materials 4
  • GEOL308 Structural Geology Systems 5
  • GEOL315 Geoenvironmental Systems 4
  • GEOL322 Geochemical Systems 4
  • GEOL334 Hydrologic Systems 4
  • GEOL380 Introduction to Field Geology 3
  • GEOL431 Geophysical Systems 4
  • GEOL440 Technology in Geology 2
  • GEOL450 Geology Seminar I 2
  • GEOL451 Geology Seminar II 2

Support Courses (38-39 credits)

  • NRES199 Freshman Seminar 1
  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • PHYS221 Principles of Physics I* 4
  • or
  • PHYS231 Applied Physics Engineer/Scientist I 4
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
    or
  • PHYS222 Principles of Physics II* 4
    or
  • PHYS232 Applied Physics Engineer/Scientist II 4
  • EVRN131 Introduction to GIS/GPS 3
  • EVRN389 Environmental Research Methods 3
  • GEOG108 Meteorology & Climatology 4
  • NSCI116 Introduction to Oceanography 4
  • NRES286 Principles of Watersheds 3
  • MATH111 College Algebra* 3
  • MATH112 Calculus for Business and Life Sciences* 4
    or
  • MATH151 Calculus I 4
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3
    or
  • MATH308 Probability and Mathematical Statistics 3
    or
  • BUSN211 Business Statistics 3
    or
  • BIOL280 Biostatistics 3

Distributed Electives (10 credits minimum)

  • EVRN211 Field Data Methods 1
  • EVRN225 Intermediate GIS 3
  • EVRN325 Geospatial Analysis 3
  • EVRN311 Environmental Law 3
  • EVRN315 Human Impacts on Environment 4
  • EVRN365 Applied Geospatial Technologies 4
  • EVRN341 Fate and Transport Environment 4
  • EVRN495 Senior Project 2
  • GEOL355 Stratigraphy and Sedimentation 4
  • GEOL480 Advanced Field Geology 3
  • GEOL495 Senior Research 2
  • GEOL490 Research Topics in Geology 1-4
  • NSCI103 Environmental Science 3
  • NRES230 Introduction to Soil Science 4
  • NRES284 Principles of Forest Conservation 4
  • NRES345 Limnology 4
  • NRES399 Research Project Design 1
  • NRES499 Senior Capstone 1

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Individualized Studies: Bachelor of Arts/Science

Program Description

The individual studies degree may be appropriate if you desire an unusually specialized program. The purpose of the degree is to provide you an opportunity to specialize in two or more academic areas. You will meet with an academic advisor to plan an individualized studies academic program that reflects your professional and personal goals.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Formal Communication: Students will develop and clearly express complex ideas relevant to their chosen studies in written and oral presentations.

Use of Evidence: Students will identify the need for, gather, and accurately process the appropriate type, quality, and quantity of evidence to answer a complex question or solve a complex problem within the content of their chosen studies.

Analysis and Synthesis: Students will organize and synthesize evidence, ideas, or works of imagination to answer an open-ended question, draw a conclusion, achieve a goal, or create a substantial work of art as appropriate to their chosen studies.

Professional Responsibility: Students will demonstrate the ability to apply professional ethics and intercultural competence when answering a question, solving a problem, or achieving a goal related to their chosen studies.

Degree Requirements

Guidelines for an individualized studies degree are:

  1. Contact a department chair or regional site director with a preliminary plan for degree development.
  2. The department chair or regional site director will identify possible faculty advisors or another department chair to counsel you in degree planning.
  3. The advisors will assist you in the development of the proposal. The proposal must include justification for specialization and a list of courses which meet the individualized studies degree requirement including:
    1. general education requirements.
    2. minimum of 124 credits and a minimum of 30 credits on campus or a minimum of 30 credits of LSSU classes offered at a regional center. Fifty percent of the 300-400 level credits used in the concentration areas must be completed with LSSU classes.
    3. 24 credits at 300/400 level in addition to general education requirements and a 2.00 cumulative GPA. At least one three-credit course at the 400 level is required.
    4. BA or BS degree requirement.
  4. You need to contact the chairperson of the Individualized Studies Committee to schedule a committee meeting.
  5. You will present the degree proposal to the committee for review. It is recommended that your advisor attend this meeting.
  6. The committee will approve your original proposal, approve your proposal with recommended changes, or not approve your degree proposal.
  7. You and your advisor will submit an approved Degree Audit Sheet to the chairperson to be distributed to the committee.
  8. You will process a Major Change Form.
  9. Any course changes from the approved program must be submitted to the committee for approval.

Integrated Science: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

The Secondary Education program for Integrated Science prepares educators to teach in grades 6-12 all courses in science, life science, physical science, biology, chemistry and physics. The degree program prepares individuals to qualify for Michigan Teacher certification in Integrated Science (program code DI).

Contact the School of Education for more information.

In addition to classroom teaching, graduates can pursue careers as science educators, curriculum specialists or enter graduate study in science, science education or related fields.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Candidates will make instructional choices that emphasize the hands-on, minds-on, real-world, phenomenon-based approach to science learning.

Candidates will accurately describe the principals and procedures of scientific investigation and the safe use of investigation processes.

Candidates will describe and give examples of the role of science in fostering and satisfying curiosity, in solving human problems, and in informing human decision-making.

Candidates will synthesize knowledge of the interrelationships among the life, earth/space, and physical sciences and the cross-cutting themes that connect the sciences to technology, math, and engineering.

Candidates will apply scientific research understanding and critical analysis skills to lead students in discussions of global and local aspects of issues such as the environment and human health.

With the guidance of a faculty mentor, candidates will develop a well-designed, well-executed, and clearly communicated research project that contributes to scientific knowledge.

Degree Requirements

Science Core (69 credits)

  • BIOL105 Function of the Human Body 4
  • BIOL131 General Biology:  Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology:  Organisms 4
  • BIOL220 Genetics 4
  • BIOL337 General Ecology 3
  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • CHEM208 Survey Organic Chemistry/Biol Apps 4
  • CHEM231 Quantitative Analysis 4
  • CHEM395 Junior Seminar 1
  • CHEM499 Senior Seminar 1
  • GEOL121 Physical Geology 4
  • GEOL122 Historical Geology 4
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3
  • NSCI119 Astronomy 4
  • PHYS221 Principles of Physics I 4
  • PHYS222 Principles of Physics II 4
  • GEOG108 Phy Geography: Meteorology and Climatology 4
    or
  • NSCI116 Oceanography 4

Professional Education Sequence and Education Cognates- see Secondary Education.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.70 or higher.  A gpa of 2.70 or higher is required in your Major, and a gpa of 2.00 or higher is required in your General Education Requirements.

Kinesiology: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

A Bachelor of Science degree in Kinesiology prepares you to work in a variety of professional settings, ranging from clinical rehabilitation to health and fitness facilities to careers opportunities in the administration and management of sport and entertainment. Employers include physical rehabilitation clinics, hospitals, biomedical firms, the health and fitness industry, educational institutions, sports management, YMCA’s and other not-for-profit agencies, and municipal recreation among others.

The BS in Kinesiology prepares students for placement in graduate programs such as physical therapy, occupational therapy, cardiac rehabilitation, kinesiology and exercise science, sport psychology, chiropractic medicine and other allied health fields.

Upon graduation, students are also prepared to sit for the American College of Sports Medicine (Clinical Exercise Physiologist), National Strength and Conditioning Association (Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist), and multiple National Academy of Sports Medicine certifications.

Program learning Outcomes:

Physical Activity in Health, Wellness, and Quality of Life – Graduates will design individual and group level programs that promote physical activity, health, and improve quality of life.

Scientific Foundations of Kinesiology – Graduates will critically evaluate scholarly material and design an evidence based solution to a current research question in Kinesiology utilizing the scientific method of inquiry.

Cultural, Historical, Philosophical Dimensions of Kinesiology – Graduates will critically evaluate and organize scholarly material to present an evidence-based point of view specific to cultural, historical, and philosophical dimensions of physical activity.

The Practice of Physical Activity Across the Lifespan – Graduates will analyze mechanisms for the delivery of physical activity at the individual and group level across various health, social and inter-generational stratification.

Professional Development in Kinesiology – Graduates will to analyze and communicate personal assets and deficiencies in the creation of professional career goals and objectives.

Technical Competency in Kinesiology – Graduates evaluate, analyze, and demonstrate technical competency in the application of interventions at the individual and group level.

Degree Requirements

Major Core Requirements (32 credits)

  • USEM101 University Seminar I: Foundation Success 1
  • KINS101 Foundations in Kinesiology 3
  • KINS140 Health and Fitness 3
  • KINS141 Introduction to Movement 3
  • KINS265 Personal Fitness Training 3
  • KINS275 Nutrition for Sport and Exercise Performance 3
  • KINS295 Facility and Program Operations 3
  • KINS358 Research Methods in Kinesiology 3
  • KINS401 Internship I 2
  • KINS402 Internship II 2
  • KINS428 Psychology of Exercise and Rehabilitation 3
  • KINS444 Exercise Prescription 3
  • KINS481 Professional Development Seminar 1

Complete at least one concentration:

Human Performance (45 credits)

  • KINS105 Program Development and Leadership 3
  • KINS262 Exercise Physiology 3
  • KINS268 Fitness Eval I: Functional Assessment 3
  • KINS332 Health Promotions 3
  • KINS344 Kinesiology 3
  • KINS346 Therapeutic Exercise Rehabilitation 3
  • KINS348 Fitness Evaluation II Lab Procedures 3
  • KINS434 Neurological Basics of Motor Learning 3
  • KINS452 Allied Health Administration 3
  • BIOL121 Anatomy and Physiology I 4
  • BIOL122 Anatomy and Physiology II 4
  • CHEM108 and CHEM109 Applied Chemistry and Lab (or higher level) 4
  • MATH110 Explorations in Mathematics (or higher level) 3

Select one statistics course from the following:

  • BUSN211 Business Statistics 3
  • BIOL280 Biostatistics 3
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3
  • PSYC210 Statistics 3

Rehabilitation Sciences (45 credits)

  • KINS262 Exercise Physiology 3
  • KINS268 Fitness Eval I: Functional Assessment 3
  • KINS344 Kinesiology 3
  • KINS346 Therapeutic Exercise Rehabilitation 3
  • KINS348 Fitness Evaluation II Lab Procedures 3
  • KINS434 Neurological Basics of Motor Learning 3
  • KINS452 Allied Health Administration 3
  • BIOL121 Anatomy and Physiology I 4
  • BIOL122 Anatomy and Physiology II 4
  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • MATH111 College Algebra (or higher level) 3

Select one statistics course from the following:

  • BUSN211 Business Statistics 3
  • BIOL280 Biostatistics 3
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3
  • PSYC210 Statistics 3

Sport and Fitness Management (31 credits)

  • KINS105 Program Development and Leadership 3
  • KINS270 Sports Management 3
  • KINS332 Health Promotions 3
  • KINS375 Commercial Recreation 3
  • KINS482 Administration of Recreation Services 3
  • Diversity Elective 3
  • MATH110 Explorations in Mathematics (or higher level) 3
  • POLI130 Introduction to State and Local Government 4
  • SOWK480 Grant Writing 3

Select one statistics course from the following:

  • BUSN211 Business Statistics 3
  • BIOL280 Biostatistics 3
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3
  • PSYC210 Statistics 3

Electives to reach 124 credits

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Language Arts: Bachelor of Arts

Program Description

Featuring small classes, lots of reading, many opportunities for writing and research, and supervision by faculty who know their students, the English programs emphasize the human letters and language study.

The goal of this program is to prepare future teachers to instill a lifelong love of reading and writing in their students. To this end, Language Arts candidates sponsor an annual children’s writing festival and publish an anthology with stories written by area elementary school students. Language Arts candidates have the opportunity to practice their teaching before they graduate in a variety of local classrooms, as part of their professional education coursework.

The Language Arts program prepares graduates for elementary-level teacher certification in Michigan, which permits individuals to teach in self-contained classrooms at grades K-8, in all subjects at grades K-5, and in language arts at grades 6-8.  See Elementary Teaching for additional information regarding this program.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Instructional Choices Candidates will make instructional choices that consider the integrated nature of the language arts, the socio-cultural and dynamic nature of language, and the principles of rhetoric and communication.

Grammar and Language Candidates will value both prescriptive and descriptive grammars and conventions of English and appreciate the dynamic nature of English as a language shaped by historical, social, and cultural influences.

Lifelong Reading and Writing Candidates will consider and recommend research-proven language arts teaching practices that foster lifelong reading and writing in children.

Analyze Texts Candidates will synthesize knowledge of genre, craft, and criticism to analyze texts.

Literacy and Scholarship Practices Candidates will value, apply, and recommend effective literacy and scholarship practices.

Degree Requirements

Bachelor of Arts Language Arts –  Elementary Teaching

In this program, students will complete a teaching major in Language Arts, and a planned program in the other three academic areas essential to elementary school teaching:  mathematics, natural science and social science.  The planned program is explained in the Elementary Education section of this catalog.

The program also includes general education requirements and a professional education sequence.  Students complete their initial professional education course in their sophomore year, and then apply for formal admission to the Teacher Education Program.

English Requirements (36 credits)

  • ENGL180 Introduction to Literary Studies 3
  • ENGL221 Introduction to Creative Writing 3
  • ENGL222 English Grammar 3
  • ENGL231 American Literature I 3
  • ENGL232 American Literature II 3
  • ENGL236 Literature and Culture 3
  • ENGL320 Responding to Writing 3
  • ENGL335 Children’s Literature 3
  • ENGL470 Language Arts Senior Thesis 3
  • COMM308 Communication Theory 3
  • THEA112 Acting for Beginners 3
  • CHLD225 Emergent Literacy 3

English Departmental Requirements (8 credits)

  • One year of a modern language other than English

For information regarding the Professional Educational Sequence and Elementary Planned Program, – see Elementary Education.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Arts degree (8 credits): One year of a modern language other than English.  If taken at LSSU, this would be CHIN151-CHIN152 or CHIN251-CHIN252; FREN151-FREN152 or FREN251-FREN252 or SPAN161-SPAN162. One-half year of two different languages will not meet this requirement.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.70 or higher.  A gpa of 2.70 or higher is required in your Major, and a gpa of 2.00 or higher is required in your General Education Requirements.

Manufacturing Engineering Technology: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

Manufacturing engineering technology (MfgET) is a multi-disciplinary field that integrates knowledge from areas of study such as science, math, computers, mechanical engineering, electronics engineering, management and economics. MfgET is a profession that gives you the expertise to develop tools, processes, machines and equipment to make quality products at a reasonable cost. The profession also involves working with and coordinating people from several other fields.

In addition to providing a strong background in the fundamentals of manufacturing engineering technology, the program places an emphasis on the application of computer systems to modern manufacturing technologies. This includes topics such as robotics, computer-aided design (CAD), programmable logic controllers (PLC), computer-aided manufacturing (CAM),and simulation of manufacturing systems. The classes and labs in the curriculum average about 12 students and are taught by faculty who are dedicated to undergraduate teaching excellence.

Students pursuing the B.S. degree in manufacturing at LSSU have the option to minor in robotics technology. LSSU is one of a few universities in the U.S. to offer the robotics minor in the TAC of ABET-accredited* manufacturing engineering technology B.S. degree. LSSU is home to one of the best robotics educational facilities in North America. Graduates with this emphasis have had nearly 100 percent job placement with high and competitive starting salaries. Your minor in robotics will be identified on your transcripts.

A scientific “high technology” basis in the field of manufacturing engineering technology is evolving. The MfgET program is designed to place LSSU graduates at the leading edge of this evolution.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Apply knowledge, techniques, skills and modern tools of mathematics, science, engineering, and technology to solve broadly defined engineering problems appropriate to the discipline

Design systems, components, or processes meeting specified needs for broadly defined engineering problems appropriate to the discipline

Apply written, oral, and graphical communication in broadly defined technical and non-technical environments; and an ability to identify and use appropriate technical literature

Conduct standard tests, measurements, and experiments and to analyze and interpret the results to improve processes

Function effectively as a member as well as a leader on technical teams

Degree Requirements

Departmental Requirements: (102 credits)

Mathematics (12 credits)

  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • MATH112 Calculus for Business and Life Science 4
  • MATH131 College Trigonometry 3
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3

Science (9 credits)

  • CHEM108 Applied Chemistry I 3
  • CHEM109 Applied Chemistry Lab 1
  • PHYS221 Principles of Physics I 4

Engineering Technology (62 credits)

  • EGNR101 Introduction to Engineering 2
  • EGNR140 Linear Algebra and Numerical Methods for Engineers 2
  • EGNR245 Calculus Applications for Technology 3
  • EGNR265 “C” Programming 3
  • EGNR310 Advanced Quality Engineering 3
  • EGNR491 Engineering Design Project I 3
  • EGNR495 Engineering Design Project II 3
  • EGET110 Applied Electricity 4
  • EGET175 Applied Electronics 4
  • EGME110 Manufacturing Processes I 3
  • EGME141 Solid Modeling 3
  • EGME240 Assembly Modeling and GD&T 3
  • EGME275 Engineering Materials 3
  • EGME276 Strength of Materials Lab 1
  • EGMT216 CAM with CNC Applications 3
  • EGMT225 Statics and Strength of Materials 4
  • EGRS365 Programmable Logic Controllers 3
  • EGRS380 Robotics Technology 2
  • EGRS381 Robotics Technology Lab 1
  • EGRS480 Manufacturing Automation 3
  • EGRS481 Manufacturing Automation Lab 1

Support Courses (22 credits)

  • ECON302 Managerial Economics 4
  • MGMT360 Management Concepts and Applications 3
  • Cooperative Education* 2
  • Technical Electives 10
  • Free Electives 3

Select a Senior Engineering Project Sequence: (0-8 credits)

Industrial Project (0 addt’l credits-see above)

  • EGNR491 Engineering Design Project I 3
  • EGNR495 Engineering Design Project II 3

Co-op Project (addt’l 6 credits)

  • EGNR250 Cooperative Education I 2
  • EGNR450 Cooperative Education Project I 2
  • EGNR451 Cooperative Education Project II 2
  • EGNR491 Engineering Design Project I 3

Research Project (addt’l 8 credits)

  • EGNR260 Engineering Research Methods 2
  • EGNR460 Engineering Research Project I 4
  • EGNR461 Engineering Research Project II 2

Your degree options:

You may choose to follow one of the following degree options while studying manufacturing engineering technology at LSSU. They are the general option or the minor in robotics technology.

In the general option, you will have the ability to choose the specific course of study for the course(s) noted as technical electives in the curriculum.

For the robotics technology minor, you will complete a specified advanced course in robotics in place of the technical electives credits. The advanced course will provide you with a strong background in systems integration, machine vision, sensors and automation. LSSU is one of a few universities in the USA that offer you this option to specialize in robotics in the manufacturing program. LSSU is home to one of the best robotics educational facilities in North America. Graduates with this emphasis have had nearly 100-percent job placement with high and competitive starting salaries. Your completion of study in the robotics minor will be identified on your transcript.

Additional Credits for the Robotics Technology minor (4 credits)

  • EGRS430 Systems Integration and Machine Vision 4

General Option Select ten credits from the following courses:

Technical Electives

  • EGRS215 Introduction to Robotics 2
  • EGEE250 Microcontroller Fundamentals 4
  • EGME310 Vehicle Development & Testing 2
  • EGMT332 Thermodynamics & Heat Transfer for Technologists 4
  • MGMT375 Introduction to Supply Chain Management 3
  • MGMT471 Production/Operations Management 3
  • EGME338 Fluid Mechanics 2
  • EGET310 Electronic Manufacturing Processes 4
  • EGNR250 Cooperative Education I 2

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Mathematics: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

Mathematics:

Many who major in the field of mathematics combine those studies with education courses and obtain employment as teachers. People with mathematics degrees are found in a broad range of occupations where quantitative skills are needed; one of the largest employers of mathematics is the National Security Agency. Often a minor field of study (such as computer science) provides the supporting credential for entry-level jobs.

Actuarial and Business Applications:

The actuarial and business applications concentration combines mathematical knowledge with quantitative business applications. The result is a very marketable degree that provides many exciting career opportunities for graduates. A student should be prepared to take the first actuarial examination in the spring of his/her junior year and the second examination the following spring. A student choosing this emphasis will complete a minor in accounting-finance.

Teaching Certification:

A completion of professional education coursework, including a semester of student teaching, prepares students for elementary or secondary teacher certification in Michigan and Ontario.

Graduate School:

An undergraduate mathematics major with emphasis on abstraction, together with an analytical approach to problem solving, continues to provide strong preparation for graduate work in diverse fields — especially when combined with a minor in the related field.

Program Learning Outcomes (BS Mathematics):

Develop and clearly express mathematical concepts in written and oral communication. (Communication)

Use computing, gather evidence, discover patterns, create models, experiment with data, and solve theoretical or applied problems. (Problem Solving)

Use symbolic, analytical and quantitative skills and formal mathematical tools and techniques to analyze problems, synthesize solutions, and write proofs. (Analysis)

Apply mathematical methodologies and adhere to ethical and professional standards in their senior capstone project. (Professional Responsibility)

Program Learning Outcomes (BS Mathematics, Elementary Teaching):

Use mathematical processes, axiomatic systems, computing, algorithms, and logical reasoning to solve problems and communicate mathematical ideas. (Mathematical Processes and Number Concepts)

Describe, analyze and generalize patterns, algebraic relationships and functions using the tools of algebra and calculus. (Patterns, Algebraic Relationships and Functions)

Apply geometric principles in Euclidean, analytic, transformational and vector geometry to analyze geometric objects, form conjectures, solve problems and prove theorems. (Measurement and Geometry)

Organize, analyze and interpret data, sets and relations using the tools of statistics, probability and discrete mathematics. (Data Analysis, Statistics, Probability, and Discrete Mathematics)

Make instructional choices that reflect the integrated nature of mathematical concepts and mathematical practices within and among the mathematical domains. (Instructional Choices)

Program Learning Outcomes (BS Mathematics, Secondary Teaching):

Use mathematical processes, axiomatic systems, computing, algorithms, and logical reasoning to solve problems and communicate mathematical ideas. (Mathematical Processes and Number Concepts)

Describe, analyze, and generalize patterns, algebraic relationships and functions using the tools of algebra and calculus. (Patterns, Algebraic Relationships, and Functions)

Apply geometric principles in Euclidean, analytic, transformational and vector geometry to analyze geometric objects, form conjectures, solve problems and prove theorems. (Measurement and Geometry)

Organize, analyze and interpret data, sets and relations using the tools of statistics, probability and discrete mathematics. (Data Analysis, Statistics, Probability, and Discrete Mathematics)

Available degrees (see specific degree requirements further down the page):

  • Bachelor of Science Mathematics
  • Bachelor of Science Mathematics, Elementary Teaching
  • Bachelor of Science Mathematics, Secondary Teaching
  • Bachelor of Science Mathematics, Actuarial and Business Applications Concentration

Degree Requirements

Bachelor of Science Mathematics

Departmental Requirements: (49-50 credits)

  • MATH151 Calculus I 4
  • MATH152 Calculus II 4
  • MATH215 Fundamental Concepts of Mathematics 3
  • MATH251 Calculus III 4
  • MATH305 Linear Algebra 3
  • MATH308 Probability and Mathematical Statistics 3
  • MATH309 Applied Statistics 4
  • MATH310 Differential Equations 3
  • MATH341 Abstract Algebra I 3
  • MATH351 Graph Theory 3
  • MATH401 Mathematical Modeling 3
  • MATH411 Advanced Calculus 3
  • MATH421 Real Analysis 3
  • MATH490 Research Topics in Mathematics 3
  • Additional MATH course numbered above MATH215 3-4

Other Requirements (14 credits)

  • CSCI103 Survey of Computer Science 3
  • CSCI105 Intro to Computer Programming 3
  • CSCI121 Principles of Programming 4
  • PHYS231 Applied Physics for Engineers and Scientists I 4

Free Electives or Academic Minor (32-36 credits)

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Science Mathematics, Elementary Teaching

In this program, students will complete a teaching major in mathematics and a planned program in the other three academic areas essential to elementary school teaching: language arts, natural science and social science. The planned program is explained in the Elementary Education section of this catalog.

The program also includes general education requirements and a professional education sequence. Students complete their initial teacher education courses in their sophomore year, and then apply for formal admission to the Teacher Education Program.

Degree Requirements:

Mathematics Requirements (37 credits)

  • CSCI105 Intro. to Computer Programming 3
  • CSCI106 Web Page Design and Development 3
  • MATH103 Number Systems and Problem Solving 4
  • MATH104 Geometry & Measurement 4
  • MATH151 Calculus I 4
  • MATH152 Calculus II 4
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3
  • MATH215 Fundamental Concepts of Math 3
  • MATH305 Linear Algebra 3
  • MATH321 History of Mathematics 3
  • MATH325 College Geometry 3

For information regarding the Professional Education Sequence and Elementary Planned Program, see Elementary Education.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.70 or higher.  A gpa of 2.70 or higher is required in your Major, and a gpa of 2.00 or higher is required in your General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Science Mathematics, Secondary Teaching

In this program, students will complete a major in mathematics tailored to the needs of a secondary teacher.  Computer science courses are included, and students work extensively with computer and calculator technology as it applies to classroom teaching.

This program also includes general education requirements and a professional education sequence. Students complete their initial teacher education courses in their sophomore year and then apply for formal admission to the Teacher Education Program.

Graduates earn a bachelor’s degree, which includes a semester of student teaching, in order to become certified to teach.

Degree Requirements:

Mathematics Requirements (39 credits)

  • MATH151 Calculus I 4
  • MATH152 Calculus II 4
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3
  • MATH215 Fundamental Concepts of Math 3
  • MATH251 Calculus III 4
  • MATH305 Linear Algebra 3
  • MATH310 Differential Equations 3
  • MATH321 History of Mathematics 3
  • MATH325 College Geometry 3
  • MATH341 Abstract Algebra I 3
  • MATH401 Mathematical Modeling 3
  • MATH421 Real Analysis 3

Complete one methods course from the following:

  • EDUC442 Math Methods Secondary Teacher 3
  • EDUC452 Directed Study Math Methods Secondary Teacher3

Cognate

  • CSCI105 Intro. to Computer Programming 3
    or
  • CSCI121 Prin. of Computer Programming 4

Professional Education Sequence and Education Cognates- see Secondary Education.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.70 or higher.  A gpa of 2.70 or higher is required in your Major, and a gpa of 2.00 or higher is required in your General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Science Mathematics, Actuarial and Business Applications Concentration

Departmental Requirements: (46 credits)

  • MATH151 Calculus I 4
  • MATH152 Calculus II 4
  • MATH215 Fundamental Concepts of Mathematics 3
  • MATH251 Calculus III 4
  • MATH305 Linear Algebra 3
  • MATH308 Probability and Mathematical Statistics 3
  • MATH309 Applied Statistics 4
  • MATH310 Differential Equations 3
  • MATH341 Abstract Algebra I 3
  • MATH351 Graph Theory 3
  • MATH401 Mathematical Modeling 3
  • MATH411 Advanced Calculus 3
  • MATH421 Real Analysis 3
  • MATH490 Research Topics in Mathematics 3

Cognates (17 credits)

  • CSCI103 Survey of Computer Science 3
  • CSCI105 Intro. to Computer Programming 3
  • CSCI121 Principles of Programming 4
  • ECON201 Principles of Macroeconomics 3
  • FINC341 Managerial Finance 4

A student choosing this emphasis will complete a minor in accounting finance (24 credits).

Free Electives (11-15 credits)

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Mechanical Engineering: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

Mechanical engineering is a broad-based program that prepares you for a rewarding career in mechanical and related engineering fields. Course work for this EAC of ABET-accredited* program includes 72 credits in Engineering subjects, 32 credits in math and sciences and 25 credits in general education for a total of 129-131 credits in the bachelor of science degree. You will work with mechanical systems in the laboratories and receive an excellent mix of theory and application.

Program Highlights:

  • Emphasis is on preparing you to solve real-world engineering problems.
  • You will participate in multidisciplinary, industrial or research-based senior engineering design projects which emphasize teamwork, communications, project management, customer relations and ethics.
  • You will learn numerous software packages for CAD, CAM, fluid dynamics, finite element analysis, and other applications.
  • Cooperative education opportunities are available.
  • Degree Concentrations — You must choose from among three concentrations: robotics and automation, vehicle systems, or general mechanical while studying mechanical engineering.
  • Emphasis on fundamentals of engineering, applications of theory, traceability to first principles, and generous laboratory content to complement and reinforce theoretical understanding.

The robotics and automation concentration will give you skills through courses in machine vision, system integration, automated manufacturing, robotics, and programmable logic controllers.

The vehicle systems concentration addresses the performance of surface vehicles of all types (automotive, rail, terrain, watercraft, etc.) through a series of courses in vehicle dynamics, geometric dimensioning and tolerancing, vehicle testing, and vibration and noise control.  The emphasis is on projecting performance through analytical skills and computer simulation, and testing using modern instrumentation.

The general concentration enables students to select courses from the concentrations described above as well as other Engineering subjects.

Cooperative Education:

Opportunities are available as part of this program for students who are academically qualified. A certificate that documents this practical training is available.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Identify, formulate, and solve complex engineering problems by applying principles of engineering, science, and mathematics

Apply engineering design to produce solutions that meet specified needs with consideration of public health, safety, and welfare, as well as global, cultural, social, environmental, and economic factors

Communicate effectively with a range of audiences

Recognize ethical and professional responsibilities in engineering situations and make informed judgments, which must consider the impact of engineering solutions in global, economic, environmental, and societal contexts

Function effectively on a team whose members together provide leadership, create a collaborative and inclusive environment, establish goals, plan tasks, and meet objectives

Develop and conduct appropriate experimentation, analyze and interpret data, and use engineering judgment to draw conclusions

Acquire and apply new knowledge as needed, using appropriate learning strategies

Degree Requirements

Departmental Requirements:

Mathematics

  • EGNR340 Advanced Numerical Methods for Engineers 1
  • MATH151 Calculus I 4
  • MATH152 Calculus II 4
  • MATH251 Calculus III 4
  • MATH308 Probability & Mathematical Statistics 3
  • MATH310 Differential Equations 3

Sciences

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • PHYS231 Applied Physics for Engineers and Scientists I 4
  • PHYS232 Applied Physics for Engineers and Scientists II 4

Engineering

  • EGEE210 Circuit Analysis 4
  • EGEM220 Statics 3
  • EGEM320 Dynamics 3
  • EGME110 Manufacturing Processes I 3
  • EGME141 Solid Modeling 3
  • EGME225 Mechanics of Materials I 3
  • EGME275 Engineering Materials I 3
  • EGME276 Strength of Materials Lab 1
  • EGME337 Thermodynamics 4
  • EGME338 Fluid Mechanics 3
  • EGME350 Machine Design 4
  • EGME431 Heat Transfer 3
  • EGME432 Thermal and Fluids Lab 2
  • EGNR101 Introduction to Engineering 2
  • EGNR140 Linear Algebra & Numerical Methods for Engineers 2
  • EGNR265 “C” Programming 3
  • EGNR340 Adv Numerical Methods for Engineers 2
  • EGRS460 Control Systems 4

Senior Sequence (Complete one of the following sequences):

Industrial Project

  • EGNR491 Engineering Design Project I 3
  • EGNR495 Engineering Design Project II 3

Co-op Project

  • EGNR450 Cooperative Education Project I 4
  • EGNR451 Cooperative Education Project II 3
  • EGNR491 Engineering Design Project I 3

Research Project

  • EGNR260 Engineering Research Methods 2
  • EGNR460 Engineering Research Project I 4
  • EGNR461 Engineering Research Project II 2

Technical Electives (Complete one of the following concentrations):

Vehicle Systems Concentration (C or better grade required for all classes)

  • EGEE280 Introduction to Signal Processing 4
  • EGME240 Assembly Modeling and GD&T 3
  • EGME310 Vehicle Development & Testing 2
  • EGME415 Vehicle Dynamics 2
  • EGME425 Vibrations and Noise Control 4

Select one of the following:

  • EGME442 Finite Element Analysis 3
  • EGRS461 Design of Control Systems 4

Robotics and Automation Concentration (C or better grade required for all classes)

  • EGRS365 Programmable Logic Controllers 3
  • EGRS385 Robotics Engineering 3
  • EGRS430 Systems Integration and Machine Vision 4
  • EGRS435 Automated Manufacturing Systems 4

Select one of the following:

  • EGME240 Assembly Modeling and GD&T 3
  • EGMT216 CAM with CNC Applications 3
  • EGNR310 Advanced Quality Engineering
  • EGEE280 Introduction to Signal Processing 4

General Concentration

  • EGME240 Assembly Modeling and GD&T 3

Select 14 credits from the list below with at least 5 credits at the 400 level.

  • EGEE280 Introduction of Signal Processing 4
  • EGME310 Vehicle Development & Testing 2
  • EGME415 Vehicle Dynamics 2
  • EGME425 Vibrations and Noise Control 4
  • EGMT216 CAM with CNC Applications 3
  • EGNR261 Energy Systems and Sustainability 3
  • EGNR361 Energy Systems and Sustainability Lab 1
  • EGNR362 Vehicle Energy Systems 3
  • EGNR310 Advanced Quality Engineering 3
  • EGRS365 Programmable Logic Controllers 3  (if not used above)
  • EGRS385 Robotics Engineering 3
  • EGRS430 Systems Integration and Machine Vision 4
  • EGRS435 Automated Manufacturing Systems 4

32 credits from Mathematics (including EGNR340) and Natural Sciences is required.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Medical Laboratory Science: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

***Program is not accepting new students***

Medical laboratory scientists (clinical laboratory scientists, medical technologists) perform most of the clinical tests conducted in hospital, veterinary, state, and health laboratories.  Most institutions employing medical laboratory scientists require them to be board-certificated by the American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP).  The Medical Laboratory Science, Clinical Concentration and the Medical Laboratory Science, Academic Concentration degrees are two routes to obtaining ASCP certification.  The Academic Concentration is also excellent preparation for graduate school in many biomedical-related fields.

The Academic Concentration is designed to be completed in four years.  When you finish the Academic Concentration you will receive a Bachelor of Science in Medical Laboratory Science, but you will not be eligible to take the ASCP Board of Certification exam.  In order to become eligible to take the certification exam, you must first be accepted into, and complete, a six- to twelve-month clinical experience at an independent hospital-based MLS program that is accredited by the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences (NAACLS).  LSSU cannot guarantee acceptance into any of the hospital-based programs.

The Clinical Concentration is designed to be completed in four and a half years.  When you finish the Clinical Concentration you will receive a Bachelor of Science in Medical Laboratory Science and you will be eligible to take the ASCP Board of Certification exam.  The last six months of the Clinical Concentration consist of a clinical experience at one of our partner hospital labs (our Clinical Affiliates). Because our Clinical Affiliates can accommodate a limited number of students each year, admission into the Clinical Concentration is by competitive application in the spring of your junior year.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Recall fundamental principles of each discipline used in the medical laboratory.

Given the necessary data, draw accurate conclusions about the quality of a clinical laboratory test and suggest appropriate action.

Given a set of clinical laboratory data, draw accurate conclusions about the health of the patient and suggest a correct course of action.

Safely and accurately perform basic medical laboratory test procedures.

Use the scientific method to formulate and test hypotheses.

Communicate clearly in writing.

Exhibit professional behavior and attitudes.

After completing a clinical internship at an appropriate medical institution, obtain a passing score on the Board of Certification exam for Medical Laboratory Scientists.

Available degrees (See specific degree requirements further down the page):

  • Medical Laboratory Science, Academic Concentration
  • Medical Laboratory Science, Clinical Concentration

Degree Requirements

Medical Laboratory Science, Academic Concentration

Departmental Requirements

  • BIOL131 General Biology: Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology: Organisms 4
  • BIOL199 Freshmen Seminar 1
  • BIOL204 General Microbiology 4
  • BIOL206 Medical Laboratory Practices 2
  • BIOL220 Genetics 4
  • BIOL280 Biostatistics 3
  • BIOL299 Sophomore Seminar 1
  • BIOL306 Mycology 3
  • BIOL330 Animal Physiology 4
  • BIOL337 General Ecology 3
  • BIOL380 Hematology 4
  • BIOL399 Planning Research Project 1
  • BIOL406 Immunohematology 3
  • BIOL422 Parasitology 3
  • BIOL423 Immunology 4
  • BIOL455 Clinical Chemistry and Body Fluid Analysis 4
  • BIOL480 Advanced Clinical Microbiology 4
  • BIOL499 Senior Symposium 1

Directed Elective: Choose one of:

  • BIOL425 Virology 3
  • BIOL433 Histology 3
  • CHEM326 Organic Chemistry II 4

Support Courses

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • CHEM225 Organic Chemistry I 4
  • CHEM231 Quantitative Analysis 4
  • CHEM332 Instrumental Analysis 4
  • CHEM351 Introductory Biochemistry 4
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Medical Laboratory Science, Clinical Concentration

The degree in Medical laboratory science includes the following courses in order to qualify to take the national registry examinations.

Departmental Requirements

  • BIOL131 General Biology: Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology: Organisms 4
  • BIOL199 Freshmen Seminar 1
  • BIOL204 General Microbiology 4
  • BIOL206 Medical Laboratory Practices 2
  • BIOL220 Genetics 4
  • BIOL280 Biostatistics 3
  • BIOL299 Sophomore Seminar 1
  • BIOL306 Mycology 3
  • BIOL330 Animal Physiology 4
  • BIOL380 Hematology 4
  • BIOL399 Planning Research Project 1
  • BIOL406 Immunohematology 3
  • BIOL422 Parasitology 3
  • BIOL423 Immunology 4
  • BIOL455 Clinical Chemistry and Body Fluid Analysis 4
  • BIOL460 Clinical Internship 12*
  • BIOL480 Advanced Clinical Microbiology 4
  • BIOL499 Senior Symposium 1

Directed Elective: Choose one of:

  • BIOL425 Virology 3
  • BIOL433 Histology 3
  • CHEM326 Organic Chemistry II 4

Support Courses

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • CHEM225 Organic Chemistry I 4
  • CHEM231 Quantitative Analysis 4
  • CHEM332 Instrumental Analysis 4
  • CHEM351 Introductory Biochemistry 4
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3

*The clinical internship will add an additional six months to the time required to earn this degree.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 135 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Nursing: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

Professional nursing blends a unique body of knowledge from the sciences, social sciences and humanities with a compassionate heart and a sensitive spirit to provide holistic care to those in need.

The School of Nursing offers two curricular tracks to the bachelor of science degree in nursing; the four-year, pre-licensure program and the two-year, completion program for the registered nurse. The programs provide you with the opportunity to acquire knowledge, values and skills necessary for the practice of professional nursing.

Course requirements provide liberal backgrounds in physical science, social science and humanities. This curriculum provides a solid basis for the variety of roles in nursing practice. The nursing curriculum provides an interdisciplinary major and, therefore, does not require a minor to meet graduation requirements. These nursing programs are approved by the Michigan Board of Nursing and the BSN program is accredited by the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education.

Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE)
655 K Street NW, Suite 750
Washington, DC  20001
Telephone: (202) 887-6791
Fax: (202) 887-8476

Mission Statement:

To graduate competent students who are able to safely provide compassionate nursing care utilizing theory and evidence based practice.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Liberal Education for Baccalaureate Generalist Nursing Practice: Appraises a solid base in liberal education for nursing practice.

Basic Organizational and System Leadership for Quality Care and Patient Safety: Synthesizes knowledge and skills in leadership, quality Improvement, and patient safety to provide quality health care.

Scholarship for Evidence-Based Practice: Evaluates research for potential application for evidence-based practice.

Information Management and Application of Patient Care Technology: Designs knowledge and skills in information management and patient care technology in the delivery of quality patient care.

Health Care Policy, Finance, and Regulatory Environments: Analyzes health care policies, including financial and regulatory, directly and indirectly influencing the nature and functioning of the healthcare system.

Inter-professional Communication and Collaboration for Improving Patient Health Outcomes: Appraises communication and collaboration among health care professionals and patients to deliver high quality and safe patient care.

Clinical Prevention and Population Health: Determines health promotion and disease prevention at the individual and population health levels.

Professionalism and Professional Values: Emulates professionalism and inherent values of altruism, autonomy, human dignity, integrity, and social justice.

Baccalaureate Generalist Nursing Practice: Synthesizes nursing practice with patients, individuals, families, groups, communities, and populations across the lifespan and across the continuum of healthcare environments and the variations of care, the increased complexity, and the increased use of health care resources inherent in caring for patients.

Available degrees (see specific degree requirements further down the page):

  • Bachelor of Science Nursing
  • Bachelor of Science Nursing, Post-Licensure Completion Program, Completion Program for RN Students

Degree Requirements

Bachelor of Science Nursing, Pre-Licensure Program

Pre-Nursing Entrance Requirements:

To qualify as a pre-nursing major, applicants must satisfy University admission requirements described in the admission section of the Catalog.

High school academic subjects include a minimum of one unit of biology, one of chemistry, three of English and two of algebra. Additional science and mathematics courses are highly recommended.

Students complete one year in pre-nursing before making application to the School of Nursing for admission to the nursing major. Admission is based upon 1) completing a current application in its entirety by the deadline of each semester, 2) successful completion of selected pre-nursing courses, 3) academic achievement, 4) a negative criminal background report, 5) ability to meet physical demands of program with or without accommodation 6) completion of TEAS test with passing score, and 7) verification of CPR training.

It is recommended that students be able to demonstrate computer literacy — basic word processing, library and Internet searches. Mathematics competency is required prior to the sophomore year. Entrance into nursing requires a grade point average of 2.7 or above in core pre-nursing and nursing courses. A maximum of 28 students will be accepted for each fall and spring semester.  Canadian Immigration Service may deny a visa for clinical in Ontario on the basis of a conviction for a crime or for substance abuse.

Required academic courses are separated into three groups:

  1. Nursing support courses – anatomy and physiology, microbiology, applied chemistry, mathematics, psychology, sociology, nutrition, pharmacology, pathophysiology, informatics in the health sciences, multicultural approach to health care and statistics).
  2. General education requirements (English, humanities and speech).
  3. Nursing courses

Progression Requirements in Nursing:

A grade of C or above is required in all courses. A grade of D in other general education or elective courses is accepted.

Transfer credit will be granted on an individual basis. Only those courses with a grade of C or better are transferable. Credits for Anatomy & Physiology courses and pharmacology are transferable for five years.

Time requirement for program completion is four academic years; however, completion may require more than four years for students who cannot maintain the high credit load each semester.  Progression and readmission policies are detailed in the Nursing Student Handbook.

Students are responsible for transportation to and from clinical agencies, as well as all additional costs incurred by enrollment in the nursing program. Costs, academic and general information are listed in the Nursing Student Handbook and viewable on-line.

Licensure:

Graduates of this program are eligible to write the NCLEX-RN examination administered by the Michigan Board of Nursing for licensure as a registered nurse (R.N.).  There may be differences in testing in other states and provincial jurisdictions.  The Michigan Board of Nursing may deny a graduate the opportunity to take the licensure examination on the basis of conviction for a crime or substance abuse. The Immigration Service may deny a visa for entry to Ontario on the basis of a conviction for a crime or for substance abuse. Applicants with a history of a conviction or substance abuse should consult with the School of Nursing dean and direct questions to the Michigan Board of Nursing and the Immigration Service prior to considering entry in the program.

Nursing (61 credits)

  • NURS211 Intro. to Professional Nursing 3
  • NURS212 Health Appraisal 4
  • NURS213 Fundamentals of Nursing 6
  • NURS325 Nursing of Childbearing Families 5
  • NURS326 Nursing of Children & Families 5
  • NURS327 Adult Nursing I 8
  • HLTH328 Multicultural Approaches to Health Care 3
  • NURS431 Adult Nursing II 8
  • NURS432 Nursing of Populations 5
  • NURS433 Community Mental Health Nursing 5
  • NURS434 Nursing Research 3
  • NURS435 Management in Nursing 4
  • NURS436 Nursing Issues 2

Support Courses (44 credits)

  • BIOL121 Human Anatomy & Physiology I* 4
  • BIOL122 Human Anatomy & Physiology II* 4
  • BIOL223 Clinical Microbiology 3
  • CHEM108 Applied Chemistry * 3
  • CHEM110 Applied Organic & Biochemistry 4
  • HLTH208 Principles of Human Nutrition 3
  • HLTH209 Pharmacology 3
  • HLTH232 Pathophysiology 3
  • HLTH235 Healthcare Informatics 2
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3
  • PSYC101 Introduction to Psychology* 4
  • PSYC155 Lifespan Development* 3
  • SOCY101 Introduction to Sociology* 4
  • USEM101 University Seminar I: Foundation Success 1

*Prerequisite courses for entrance to the program.

General Electives (5 – 6 credits)

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 125 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Science Nursing, Post-Licensure Completion Program, Completion Program for RN Students (Online)

Entrance Requirements:

To qualify for admission to the RN completion program, applicants must satisfy University admission requirements as described in the admission section of the Catalog. (This information is also included in the View book).

For students with college-level achievement, the opportunity will be offered, by means of examination, to obtain course credit or placement into an advanced course.

Applicants must be graduates of state- or provincial-approved associate’s degree or diploma nursing programs with a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.7 in all nursing, nursing support and English courses. Nursing support courses include: chemistry, mathematics, anatomy and physiology, microbiology, statistics, nutrition, pharmacology, pathophysiology, computer applications in health sciences, psychology and sociology courses. Credit may be granted for nutrition and pharmacology upon writing the required NLN tests and achieving scores at the 50th percentile or above. NLN tests may be repeated once; students must enroll in the course if not successful on second writing. Credit by departmental exam is also available to students upon request.

Required Admission Credentials:

Submit to Admissions Office: standard LSSU Application for Admission; transcripts from previous nursing school(s) and college(s). Submit to School of Nursing: copy of current Michigan or Ontario professional nursing license and immunization records. All credentials must be on file preceding semester of entry.

Transfer Credits:

Transfer credits may be granted on an individual basis for equivalent general education and support courses. Only those courses with a grade of C or better may be transferred. A maximum of 31 semester hours credit in basic nursing courses may be transferred. Credit for pharmacology courses is acceptable for five years.

The expectation is that completion of this program will take no more than two years.

Progression and readmission policies are detailed in the Nursing Student Handbook.

Students are responsible for transportation to clinical agencies and all additional costs incurred by enrollment in the nursing program. Costs, academic and general information are listed in the Nursing Student Handbook.

The RN completion program is offered on a full or part-time basis online.  For further course information contact the main campus School of Nursing at 906-635-2288.

Nursing (61 credits)

  • NURS325 Nursing of Childbearing Families 5
  • NURS326 Nursing of Children & Families 5
  • NURS327 Adult Nursing I 8
  • NURS328 Multicultural Approach to Health Care 3
  • NURS360 Professional Nursing Concepts 4
  • NURS363 Individual/Family Assessment 5
  • NURS3xx Nursing 300 Level Elective 3
  • NURS431 Adult Nursing II 8
  • NURS432 Nursing of Populations 5
  • NURS433 Community Mental Health Nursing 5
  • NURS434 Nursing Research 3
  • NURS435 Management in Nursing 4
  • NURS437 Nursing Leadership and Issues 3

Health Sciences (11 credits)

  • HLTH208 Principles of Human Nutrition* 3
  • HLTH209 Pharmacology* 3
  • HLTH232 Pathophysiology 3
  • HLTH235 Healthcare Informatics 2

Other Disciplines (31 credits)

  • BIOL121 Human Anatomy & Physiology I* 4
  • BIOL122 Human Anatomy & Physiology* 4
  • BIOL223 Clinical Microbiology* 3
  • CHEM108 Applied Chemistry* 3
  • CHEM110 Applied Organic & Biochemistry 4
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3
  • PSYC101 Introduction to Psychology* 3
  • PSYC155 Lifespan Development* 3
  • SOCY101 Introduction to Sociology* 4

*Prerequisite courses for entrance to the program.

General Electives

*Credit by departmental exam (or NLN examination, passing at a 50 percentile or higher) is also available to students upon request. For further information, contact the main campus School of Nursing at 906-635-2288.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 125 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Parks and Recreation: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

The bachelor of science degree in parks and recreation combines an associates degree in natural resources technology with additional course work relative to human resource management in the outdoor environment. Many jobs can be found in the public, private and commercial settings.

A one-semester internship is required for this degree.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Land Management Policy – The student will be able to discuss and explain the history and derivation of the policies, practice and protocols specific to recreation, of the federal agencies which manage landmasses for recreation either as a primary or secondary function.

Research – Graduates demonstrate professional competence and expertise through completion of an original research study, including a written a senior research thesis and poster presentation.

Statistics – The graduate will be able to apply statistical procedures and analysis to concepts and issues in the field of Park and Recreation Management.

Recreation Planning – The graduate will demonstrate proficiency and competence in planning recreational activities in a variety of settings.

Facility Management and Outdoor/Adventure Education Leadership – The graduate will demonstrate leadership qualities, skills and competencies through the development of outdoor educational activities and programming.

Degree Requirements

Program Requirements (29 credits)

  • RECS101 Introduction to Recreation 3
  • RECS262 Outdoor Recreation 3
  • RECS295 Recreation Practicum 1
  • RECS360 Facilitation and Interpretation 3
  • RECS362 Land Management for Recreation Purposes 3
  • RECS365 Expedition Management 3
  • RECS390 Recreation Leader Apprenticeship 1
  • RECS397 Recreation Studies Junior Research Seminar 1
  • RECS435 Research in Recreation and Leisure Sciences 3
  • RECS437 Recreation Studies Senior Research Seminar 1
  • RECS492 Recreation Internship 6

Cognate Requirements (67 – 69 credits)

  • ACTG132 Principles of Accounting 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology:  Organisms 4
  • BUSN231 Business Communications 3
  • EVRN131 Introduction to GIS and GPS 3
  • EVRN225 Intermediate GIS 3
  • FIRE102 Wildland and Rural Fire Control 3
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • MGMT365 Human Resource Management 3
  • NRES107 Field Biology: Fish & Wildlife Identification 3
  • NRES203 Fundamentals of Natural Resources 3
  • NRES230 Introduction to Soil Science 4
  • NRES284 Principles Forest Conservation 4
  • NRES286 Principles of Watersheds 3
  • NSCI103 Environmental Science 3
  • NSCI104 Environmental Science Lab 1
  • PSYC101 Introduction to Psychology 4
  • PSYC210 Statistics 3
  • SOWK480 Grantwriting 3

Complete one course from the following two:

  • GEOL121 Physical Geology 4
  • NSCI102 Great Lakes Region: Geology & Resources 4

Complete one course from the following two:

  • CHEM108 Applied Chemistry 3
    and
  • CHEM109 Applied Chemistry Lab 1
    or
  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5

Complete one course from the following two:

  • EMED188 Wilderness First Responder 2
  • EMED189 Medical First Responder 3

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 125 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Political Science: Bachelor of Arts/Science

Program Description

Political science is the systematic study of government, politics and public policy. It is one of a number of liberal arts majors that prepare students for a broad range of career opportunities.

Political science majors choose one of four tracks or concentrations: general political science, pre-law, public administration or historical and comparative politics. Each concentration provides a combination of knowledge and skills especially appropriate for those with particular career goals. However, choosing one concentration over the others does not limit you to a particular career path — each of the tracks provides a solid grounding in political science and a broad liberal arts background.

General education requirements and sufficient elective credits must be completed so that at least 124 semester credits have been earned.

Other Qualifications — Graduate degrees are required for some positions; thus, a law degree is required for work as an attorney and a Ph.D. is required for appointment to permanent teaching and research positions in colleges and universities.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Critical Thinking: Students will demonstrate the ability to think critically and analytically about politics.

Communication: Students will communicate effectively, both orally and in writing, about political issues and theories.

World View: Students will discuss and analyze the world and contemporary political issues from perspectives other than their own.

Think Globally: Students will demonstrate the ability to think globally.

Analysis: Students will analyze domestic and international political events and behaviors through the use of political theories and concepts.

Available degrees (see specific degree requirements further down the page):

Bachelor of Arts/Science Political Science-General
Bachelor of Arts/Science Political Science-Pre-Law
Bachelor of Science Political Science-Public Administration
Bachelor of Arts/Science Political Science-Historical and Comparative Politics

Degree Requirements

Bachelor of Arts/Science Political Science–General

The general political science concentration is designed to provide a broad education in political science. It is most appropriate for students who plan to attend graduate school in political science and for those with an interest in government and politics who wish to get a broad, liberal education. Students who continue their education in graduate school most often pursue careers as professors, researchers, consultants or government officials. Students who do not pursue graduate study choose from a wide variety of career options in government, politics, teaching, journalism and business.

Political Science Courses

  • POLI101 Freshman Seminar 2
  • POLI110 Introduction to American Government and Politics 4
    or
  • POLI160 Introduction to Canadian Government and Politics 3
  • POLI202 Sophomore Seminar Political Research & Statistics 3
  • POLI303 Junior Seminar 4
  • POLI351 Political Philosophy 4
  • POLI404 Senior Seminar I 2
  • POLI405 Senior Seminar II 2

A minimum of one course in each of three political science fields, and two courses in one of the fields:

  • American Politics (POLI301, POLI325, POLI367, POLI467) 3-4
  • Comparative Politics (POLI234, POLI331, POLI334) 3-4
  • International Relations (POLI241, POLI245, POLI342, POLI411, POLI413, POLI420) 3-4

Additional political science electives to reach 40 credits.

A minimum of 21 credits must be at the 300/400 level, with at least nine of these at the 400 level.

General Political Science Cognates

  • COMM302 Argumentation and Advocacy 3
    or
  • COMM320 Public Relations 4
  • ECON201 Principles of Macroeconomics 3
  • ENGL306 Technical Writing 3
    or
    ENGL221 Creative Writing 3
  • HIST Full-year history sequence (HIST101-HIST102 or HIST131-HIST132) 8
  • PHIL205 Logic 3

Bachelor of Arts Cognates (8 credits)

One year of a modern language other than English.  If taken at LSSU, this would be CHIN151-CHIN152 or CHIN251-CHIN252; FREN151-FREN152 or FREN251-FREN252 or SPAN161-SPAN162. One-half year of two different languages will not meet this requirement.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Arts/Science Political Science–Pre-Law

The pre-law concentration is designed to provide students interested in legal careers with a planned curriculum that prepares them especially well for law school and for careers in law. Students who choose this option are often interested in careers as attorneys, prosecutors or judges. It should be noted that this is not a mandatory pre-law curriculum; it is a curriculum for pre-law students who have a special interest in government and politics.

Political Science Courses

  • POLI101 Freshman Seminar 2
  • POLI110 Introduction to American Government and Politics 4
    or
  • POLI160 Introduction to Canadian Government and Politics 3
  • POLI120 Introduction to Legal Processes 3
  • POLI130 Introduction to State and Local Government 4
  • POLI202 Sophomore Seminar Political Research & Statistics 3
  • POLI222 Introduction to the Legal Profession 3
  • POLI303 Junior Seminar 4
  • POLI351 Political Philosophy 4
  • POLI404 Senior Seminar I 2
  • POLI405 Senior Seminar II 2
  • POLI467 Constitutional Law and Civil Liberties 4

A minimum of one course in each of two political science fields:

  • Comparative Politics (POLI234, POLI331, POLI334) 3-4
  • International Relations (POLI241, POLI245, POLI342, POLI411, POLI413, POLI420) 3-4

Additional political science electives to reach 42 credits

A minimum of 21 credits must be at the 300/400 level. (At least nine of these credits must be at the 400 level.)

Pre-Law Cognates

  • ACTG132 Principles of Accounting I 4
  • COMM302 Argumentation and Advocacy 3
  • ENGL306 Technical Writing 3
    or
  • ENGL221 Creative Writing 3
  • HIST Full-year history sequence (HIST101-HIST102 or HIST131-HIST132) 8
  • LAWS102 Legal Research and Case Analysis 3
  • LAWS202 Legal Writing and Analysis 3
  • PHIL205 Logic 3

Two law courses in different disciplines from the following:

  • BUSN350 Business Law I 3
  • BUSN355 Business Law II 3
  • CJUS250 Correctional Law 3
  • CJUS319 Substantive Criminal Law 3
  • CJUS409 Procedural Criminal Law 3
  • EVRN311 Environmental Law 3
  • INTB375 International Business Law 3
  • MGMT451 Labor Law 4
  • POLI301 Policy Analysis and Evaluation 3
  • POLI342 International Environmental Policy 3
  • POLI499 Political Science/Public Administration Internship 3

Bachelor of Arts Cognates (8 credits)

One year of a modern language other than English.  If taken at LSSU, this would be CHIN151-CHIN152 or CHIN251-CHIN252; FREN151-FREN152 or FREN251-FREN252 or SPAN161-SPAN162. One-half year of two different languages will not meet this requirement.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Science Political Science–Public Administration

The public administration concentration is most appropriate for students who plan to work in an administrative capacity in public agencies or nonprofit organizations with public missions.  Students who choose this option are preparing for careers of public service.  Such careers may be pursued through positions in government agencies at the local, state or provincial, and national levels.  Other positions may be found in nonprofit organizations involved in public concerns, such as Common Cause, the Environmental Defense Fund, and the Michigan Health Council.  Some of these careers of public service may be pursued with only a bachelor’s degree.  Others may require completion of a master’s degree in public administration or a related field.

Political Science Courses

  • POLI101 Freshman Seminar 2
  • POLI110 Introduction to American Government and Politics 4
    or
  • POLI160 Introduction to Canadian Government and Politics 3
  • POLI130 Introduction to State and Local Government 4
  • POLI201 Introduction to Public Administration 3
  • POLI202 Sophomore Seminar Political Research & Statistics 3
  • POLI301 Policy Analysis and Evaluation 3
  • POLI303 Junior Seminar 4
  • POLI351 Political Philosophy 4
  • POLI401 Principles of Public Administration 3
  • POLI404 Senior Seminar I 2
  • POLI405 Senior Seminar II 2
  • POLI499 Public Administration Internship 3

A minimum of one course in each of two political science fields:

  • Comparative Politics (POLI234, POLI331, POLI334) 3-4
  • International Relations (POLI241, POLI245, POLI342, POLI411, POLI413, POLI420) 3-4

Public Administration Cognates

  • ACTG132 Principles of Accounting I 4
  • COMM302 Argumentation and Advocacy 3
    or
  • COMM320 Public Relations 4
  • ECON201 Principles of Macroeconomics 3
  • ECON305 Public Finance 3
  • ENGL306 Technical Writing 3
    or
  • ENGL221 Creative Writing 3
  • HIST Full-year history sequence (HIST101-HIST102 or HIST131-HIST132) 8
  • MGMT360 Management Concepts & Applications 3
  • MGMT365 Human Resource Management 3

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Arts/Science Political Science–Historical and Comparative Politics

The historical and comparative politics concentration is designed to provide a broad education in these areas of political science.  It is most appropriate for students who plan to attend graduate school in political science or history and for those with an interest in working in the international community.  Students who continue their education in graduate school most often pursue careers as professors, researchers, consultants or government officials.  Students who do not pursue graduate study choose from a wide variety of career options in government, politics, teaching, journalism and business.

Political Science and History Courses

  • POLI101 Freshman Seminar 2
  • POLI110 Introduction to American Government and Politics 4
    or
  • POLI160 Introduction to Canadian Government and Politics 3
  • POLI202 Sophomore Seminar Political Research & Statistics 3
  • POLI303 Junior Seminar 4
  • POLI351 Political Philosophy 4
  • POLI404 Senior Seminar I 2
  • POLI405 Senior Seminar II 2
  • HIST101 History of World Civilization I 4
  • HIST102 History of World Civilization II 4

Area Studies-Europe:

  • HIST315 Europe Napoleon World War I 4
    or
  • HIST316 Europe in the 20th Century 4
  • POLI331 Comparative Politics of Europe 4

Issue Studies-International Relations:

  • HIST250 The Atlantic World 3
  • POLI241 Introduction to International Relations 4

Issue Studies-US Foreign Policy:

  • HIST441 History American Foreign Policy 1776-1950 3
  • POLI411 U.S. Foreign Policy 3

Additional political science or history electives to reach 40 credits.  A minimum of 21 credits must be at the 300/400 level, with at least nine of these at the 400 level.

General Political Science Cognates

  • COMM302 Argumentation and Advocacy 3
    or
  • COMM320 Public Relations 4
  • ECON201 Principles of Macroeconomics 3
  • ENGL306 Technical Writing 3
    or
  • ENGL221 Creative Writing 3
  • PHIL205 Logic 3

Bachelor of Arts Cognates (8 credits)

One year of a modern language other than English.  If taken at LSSU, this would be CHIN151-CHIN152 or CHIN251-CHIN252; FREN151-FREN152 or FREN251-FREN252 or SPAN161-SPAN162. One-half year of two different languages will not meet this requirement.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Prelaw (non-degree)

Program Description

There is essentially a three-step process in becoming a licensed attorney. First, an individual must complete an undergraduate degree at a college or university. Second, one must then go on to law school to obtain a juris doctorate degree. Finally, successful completion of the state bar exam is required for licensure. In being admitted into law school, the two most important factors that are evaluated by most law schools are undergraduate grades and Law School Admission Test (LSAT) scores — an entrance exam required of nearly all law schools in the United States and some in Canada.

The American Bar Association and most law schools do not recommend any particular undergraduate major before going on to law school. Consequently, a student should choose a major in which he/she has both interest and aptitude. Yet, there are important skills, values, and certain knowledge that can be acquired prior to law school which will assist a student in being successful at law school. Such values and knowledge include: analytical and problem-solving skills, critical reading abilities, writing skills, oral communication and listening abilities, research skills, task organization and management skills, ethical values, and, of course, knowledge of the law. In fact, a prelaw minor is available at LSSU which consists of courses that will assist a prelaw student in further developing these skills, values and knowledge.

Since there is no required prelaw major, the American Bar Association and law schools strongly recommend that law school bound students contact the Prelaw Advisor at their university as early in the educational process as possible. At LSSU, our approach to advising prelaw students is very individualized. We want to help each student fulfill their goals and to be successful at law school and beyond.

The Prelaw Advisor at LSSU can provide individualized guidance with regard to selecting an undergraduate curriculum (both a major and a minor); recommending particular courses that will enhance necessary skills, values and knowledge; assisting in the law school admission process; and providing relevant career and professional trend information.

Degree Requirements

Although there is no recommended or required prelaw curriculum, there are some excellent options that students may want to consider at LSSU. The following LSSU programs include key components with regard to legal knowledge as well as writing, analytical and research skills:

  • Political Science—Prelaw Concentration (major)
  • Prelaw (minor)

Students should seek guidance from LSSU’s Prelaw Advisor as early as possible to ensure they are individually counseled with regards to their respective interests, undergraduate curriculum choice, as well as personal and professional goals.

Pre-Medical: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

The Bachelor of Science degree in biology combines theory and concepts of biology with intensive, hands-on experiences in our state-of-the-art laboratories and a wealth of close-by field sites. Students build on a core of biology classes by selecting the physiology and taxonomy classes and other electives that best fit their interests.

The program is an excellent preparation for biology or related careers. Our graduates are currently employed as doctors, dentists, veterinarians, biological researchers, laboratory technicians, consultants and teachers. Many careers in biology require education beyond the baccalaureate degree and LSSU’s biology program has a proven record of excellent preparation for professional and graduate school.

Animal Biology concentration – In this program, you will study the physiology, nutrition, behavior, and health of animals, with focus on species that are economic resources or beloved companions. Includes instruction in molecular and cell biology, microbiology, nutrition and physiology, ecology and behavior, genetics and evolutionary biology, disease prevention, and applications to specific species and phyla. As an animal biology major, you’ll have the chance to put your theoretical knowledge into practice by working with wild and domesticated animals in hands-on situations.  It will prepare you for employment in laboratories, zoos, farms, or animal shelters.

Food and Ecology concentration – prepares students for specific careers or graduate studies in particular aspects of the food system.  These careers range from technical, policy, outreach, and research work with federal, local and tribal government agencies; university research, food businesses; NGOs working to improve health and nutrition, advocacy groups, industry groups.  The skills required for these careers thus range across a number of disciplines.  This program provides the required basis in biological sciences and adds choices in other disciplines to let students tailor their program to their specific interests.  Students interested in pursuing graduate school in the sciences should consider adding additional chemistry classes, including organic chemistry, to their schedule.  The program requires that students complete an apprenticeship class with an organization working in an aspect of the food system and complete a senior project.

Pre-Medical concentration – prepares students for medical, dental, optometry, podiatry, chiropractic, and physician assistant graduate studies.  Biology students will work with a pre-professional advisor to select the electives best suited for the health professional program of their choice while also providing a well-rounded biology education.  This program has an embedded chemistry minor that meets the requirements of most U.S. medical schools.  The LSSU Biology department is recognized by all health professional schools in Michigan as a top rate biology program.

LSSU participates in the Michigan State University College of Human Medicine’s Early Assurance Program. During their junior year, students who excel in the LSSU biology pre-medical program may apply to the College of Human Medicine, and selected students will be assured of admission and begin a relationship with MSU College of Human Medicine during their senior year of college.

Pre-Veterinary concentration – with an embedded chemistry minor, prepares students to enter veterinary college after graduation from LSSU. It was designed to meet the specific requirements for the Michigan State University-College of Veterinary Medicine, but our students go to vet schools all over the country, for example North Carolina State, Oklahoma State and University of Illinois.  This program stresses not only academics, but also the animal care experience that is critical for gaining admission to a veterinary college.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Thoroughly research and synthesize the primary literature for information relevant to a current scientific investigation.

Design and conduct a scientific investigation of a testable hypothesis or methodology using appropriate tools and techniques.

Effectively communicate the results or outcomes of a scientific investigation in multiple formats.

Engage in professional activities related to the study of biological sciences and practice good professional ethics.

Available degrees (see specific requirements further down the page):

  • Bachelor of Science Biology
  • Bachelor of Science Biology, Animal Biology Concentration
  • Bachelor of Science Biology, Food and Ecology Concentration
  • Bachelor of Science Biology, Pre-Medical Concentration
  • Bachelor of Science Biology, Pre-Veterinary Concentration

Degree Requirements

Bachelor of Science Biology

Biology Courses (26 credits)

  • BIOL131 General Biology: Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology: Organisms 4
  • BIOL199 Freshman Seminar 1
  • BIOL204 General Microbiology 4
  • BIOL220 Genetics 4
  • BIOL280 Biostatistics 3
  • BIOL299 Sophomore Seminar 1
  • BIOL337 General Ecology 3
  • BIOL399 Planning Research Project 1
  • BIOL499 Senior Symposium 1

Focal Courses in Biology (7 – 8 credits)

Physiology Elective (1 course from)

  • BIOL315 Plant Physiology 4
  • BIOL330 Animal Physiology 4
  • BIOL421 Cell Biology 4

Taxonomy Elective (1 course from)

  • BIOL202 Field Botany 3
  • BIOL302 Invertebrate Zoology 3
  • BIOL303 General Entomology 4
  • BIOL306 Mycology 3
  • NRES310 Ichthyology 3
  • NRES311 Mammalogy 3
  • NRES312 Ornithology 3
  • BIOL422 Parasitology 3
  • BIOL425 Virology 3
  • NRES475 Aquatic Entomology 3

Biology Cognates (21 credits)

21 credits of any BIOL courses not used to satisfy one of the other requirements, or any NRES courses other than NRES199, NRES299, NRES250, NRES398, NRES399, NRES450, NRES490, NRES495, or NRES499.  A minimum of 17 credits must be from 300/400 level courses.   At least one elective must be a 400 level course.

Support Courses

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • CHEM225 Organic Chemistry I 4
    or
  • CHEM208 Survey of Organic Chemistry 4
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • MATH112 Calculus for Business & Life Science 4
  • Physical Science (CHEM, PHYS, GEOL) course with lab 4

Free Electives – 16 – 19 credits as needed to reach 124 total credits.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher. A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Science Biology, Animal Biology Concentration

Biology Courses (26 credits)

  • BIOL131 General Biology: Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology: Organisms 4
  • BIOL199 Freshman Seminar 1
  • BIOL204 General Microbiology 4
  • BIOL220 Genetics 4
  • BIOL280 Biostatistics 3
  • BIOL299 Sophomore Seminar 1
  • BIOL337 General Ecology 3
  • BIOL399 Planning Research Project 1
  • BIOL499 Senior Symposium 1

Focal Courses in Animal Biology (20 credits)

  • BIOL208 Principles of Animal Biology and Health 3
  • BIOL243 Vertebrae Anatomy 4
  • BIOL330 Animal Physiology 4
  • BIOL405 Animal Behavior 3
  • BIOL420 Evolutionary Analyses 3
  • BIOL335 Animal Nutrition 3
    or
  • BIOL426 Animal Disease and Zoonoses 3

Cognates (Choose 12 credits from)

Zoology:

  • NRES240 Natural History of Vertebrates 3
  • BIOL302 Invertebrate Zoology 3
  • BIOL303 General Entomology 4
  • NRES310 Ichthyology 3
  • NRES311 Mammalogy 3
  • NRES312 Ornithology 3
  • NRES475 Aquatic Entomology 3

or/and

Animal Health:

  • BIOL306 Mycology 3
  • BIOL423 Immunology* 4
  • BIOL422 Parasitology 3
  • BIOL425 Virology 3
  • CHEM353 Toxicology* 4

Support Courses (17 credits)

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • CHEM225 Organic Chemistry 4
    or
  • CHEM208 Survey of Organic Chemistry 4
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3

Free Electives – 21 – 24 credits as needed to reach 124 total credits

A minimum of 17 credits must be from BIOL/NRES 300/400 level courses.  At least one elective must be a BIOL/NRES 400 level course.

*Requires CHEM225 and CHEM351

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher. A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Science Biology, Food and Ecology Concentration

Biology Foundation and Research Courses (26 credits)

  • BIOL131 General Biology: Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology: Organisms 4
  • BIOL199 Freshman Seminar 1
  • BIOL204 General Microbiology 4
  • BIOL220 Genetics 4
  • BIOL280 Biostatistics 3
  • BIOL299 Sophomore Seminar 1
  • BIOL337 General Ecology 3
  • BIOL399 Planning Research Project 1
  • BIOL499 Senior Symposium 1

Focal Courses in Food Systems (12-13 credits)

  • BIOL307 US Food Systems 3
  • BIOL202 Plant Sciences: Identification and Diversity 3
  • BIOL235 Protected Horticulture 3
  • BIOL389 Apprenticeship in (Food Systems) 3-4

Specialty Cognates (6 – 11 credits)

Choose One Area:

Policy and Communications (select 3 classes – 9 credits)

  • POLI130 Intro to State and Local Government 3
  • POLI301 Policy Analysis and Evaluation 3
  • COMM302 Argumentation and Advocacy 3
    or
  • COMM320 Public Relations 3

Production (11 credits)

  • BIOL232 Introduction to Aquaponics 4
  • BIOL306 Mycology 3
  • BIOL315 Plant Sciences: Structure and Function 4

Marketing (select 2 classes – 6 credits)

  • MRKT281 Introduction to Marketing 3
  • MRKT384 Social Media Marketing 3
  • MRKT386 Mobile Marketing 3

Analytics (select 3 classes – 8-9 credits)

  • BIOL385 Public Health Statistics and Epidemiology 3
  • EVRN131 Introduction to GIS 3
  • EVRN225 Intermediate GIS 2
  • EVRN325 Geospatial Analysis 3

Support Courses (8 credits)*

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry 5
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3

Free Electives – credits as needed to reach 124 total credits.

A minimum of 17 credits must be from BIOL/NRES 300/400 level courses.  At least one elective must be a BIOL/NRES 400 level course.

*Students interested in science graduate programs should consult with their advisor regarding additional chemistry courses.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher. A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Science Biology, Pre-Medical Concentration

Biology Courses (34 credits)

  • BIOL121 Human Anatomy and Physiology I 4
  • BIOL122 Human Anatomy and Physiology II 4
  • BIOL131 General Biology: Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology: Organisms 4
  • BIOL199 Freshman Seminar 1
  • BIOL204 General Microbiology 4
  • BIOL220 Genetics 4
  • BIOL280 Biometrics 3
  • BIOL299 Sophomore Seminar 1
  • BIOL337 General Ecology 3
  • BIOL399 Planning Research Project 1
  • BIOL499 Senior Symposium 1

Physiology Elective (1 course from)

  • BIOL330 Animal Physiology* 4
  • BIOL421 Adv Cell & Molecular Biology* 4

Advanced Study – Select 17 credits from the following list:

  • BIOL243 Vertebrate Anatomy 4
  • BIOL306 Mycology 3
  • BIOL332 Embryology 3
  • BIOL380 Hematology 4
  • BIOL385 Public Health Statistics and Epidemiology 3
  • BIOL406 Immunohematology 3
  • BIOL422 Parasitology 3
  • BIOL423 Immunology 3
  • BIOL425 Virology 3
  • BIOL426 Animal Disease and Zoonosis 3
  • BIOL433 Histology and Histopathology 4
  • BIOL455 Body Fluids Analysis 3
  • BIOL480 Advanced Clinical Microbiology 4

Support Courses

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • CHEM225 Organic Chemistry I 4
  • CHEM326 Organic Chemistry II 4
  • CHEM351 Biochemistry 4
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • PHYS221 Principles of Physics I 4
  • PHYS222 Principles of Physics II
  • HLTH328 Multicultural Approaches to Health Care 3
  • PSYC101 Introduction to Psychological Science 3
  • SOCY101 Introduction to Sociology 4

Free Electives – 12 – 14 credits as needed to reach 124 total credits.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.75 or higher. A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Science Biology, Pre-Veterinary Concentration

Biology Courses (26 credits)

  • BIOL131 General Biology: Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology: Organisms 4
  • BIOL199 Freshman Seminar 1
  • BIOL204 General Microbiology* 4
  • BIOL220 Genetics 4
  • BIOL280 Biometrics 3
  • BIOL299 Sophomore Seminar 1
  • BIOL337 General Ecology 3
  • BIOL399 Planning Research Project 1
  • BIOL499 Senior Seminar 1

Physiology Elective (1 course from)

  • BIOL330 Animal Physiology 4
  • BIOL421 Adv Cell & Molecular Biology* 4

Taxonomy Elective (1 course from)

  • BIOL306 Mycology 3
  • BIOL422 Parasitology 3
  • BIOL425 Virology 3

Support Courses (37 credits)

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • CHEM225 Organic Chemistry I 4
  • CHEM326 Organic Chemistry II 4
  • CHEM351 Biochemistry 4
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • MATH112 Calculus for Business/Life Science 4
  • PHYS221 Principles of Physics I 4
  • PHYS222 Principles of Physics II 4

Advanced Study – Select 17 credits from the following list:

  • BIOL208 Principles of Animal Biology and Health 3
  • BIOL243 Vertebrate Anatomy 4
  • BIOL306 Mycology 3
  • BIOL332 Embryology 3
  • BIOL335 Animal Nutrition* 3
  • BIOL380 Hematology 4
  • BIOL405 Animal Behavior 3
  • BIOL423 Immunology 4
  • BIOL426 Animal Disease and Zoonoses 3
  • BIOL433 Histology and Histopathology 4
  • BIOL480 Advanced Microbiology 4

*These courses required by MSU-CVM.

Free Electives – 9 – 11 credits as needed to reach 124 total credits.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.75 or higher. A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Pre-Pharmacy (transfer program)

Program Description

Most pharmacy schools require students to take two years of pre-pharmacy preparation prior to being admitted to their four-year professional program. Admission into the professional pharmacy programs is very competitive and is based, to a large extent, on grades in specific required courses. Many pharmacy colleges also require applicants to take the Pharmacy College Admission Test (P.C.A.T.). This exam is generally taken mid-way through your second pre-pharmacy year.

Pre-pharmacy requirements vary greatly between different colleges that offer professional programs in pharmacy. In general, most require a pre-pharmacy program that emphasizes math and science as well as strong communication skills. Recently, a majority of the nation’s schools began to move toward awarding the doctor of pharmacy (Pharm.D.) as the only professional degree in pharmacy. Because many pharmacy curricula are currently being modified, pre-pharmacy requirements are also subject to change.

The modifications in professional pharmacy curricula, combined with the variability in pre-pharmacy requirements, make it imperative for a pre-pharmacy student to determine the requirements for admission at the schools he or she desires to attend. A pre-pharmacy curriculum at Lake Superior State University can then be designed to help you obtain your goals. It is your responsibility to contact the directors of admissions at the pharmacy schools to which you are planning to apply so you can remain informed of their most recent requirements for admission.

Degree Requirements

Following is an example of typical minimum requirements for admission to many pharmacy programs:

  • Biology (with lab) 1 year
  • General Chemistry (with lab) 1 year
  • Organic Chemistry (with lab) 1 year
  • Physics (with lab) 1 year
  • Economics 1 course
  • Calculus at least 1 course
  • English Composition 1 year
  • Speech 1 course
  • Social Science 1 year

In addition, several schools have specific pre-pharmacy requirements that are not on this list.

Pre-Veterinary: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

The Bachelor of Science degree in biology combines theory and concepts of biology with intensive, hands-on experiences in our state-of-the-art laboratories and a wealth of close-by field sites. Students build on a core of biology classes by selecting the physiology and taxonomy classes and other electives that best fit their interests.

The program is an excellent preparation for biology or related careers. Our graduates are currently employed as doctors, dentists, veterinarians, biological researchers, laboratory technicians, consultants and teachers. Many careers in biology require education beyond the baccalaureate degree and LSSU’s biology program has a proven record of excellent preparation for professional and graduate school.

Animal Biology concentration – In this program, you will study the physiology, nutrition, behavior, and health of animals, with focus on species that are economic resources or beloved companions. Includes instruction in molecular and cell biology, microbiology, nutrition and physiology, ecology and behavior, genetics and evolutionary biology, disease prevention, and applications to specific species and phyla. As an animal biology major, you’ll have the chance to put your theoretical knowledge into practice by working with wild and domesticated animals in hands-on situations.  It will prepare you for employment in laboratories, zoos, farms, or animal shelters.

Food and Ecology concentration – prepares students for specific careers or graduate studies in particular aspects of the food system.  These careers range from technical, policy, outreach, and research work with federal, local and tribal government agencies; university research, food businesses; NGOs working to improve health and nutrition, advocacy groups, industry groups.  The skills required for these careers thus range across a number of disciplines.  This program provides the required basis in biological sciences and adds choices in other disciplines to let students tailor their program to their specific interests.  Students interested in pursuing graduate school in the sciences should consider adding additional chemistry classes, including organic chemistry, to their schedule.  The program requires that students complete an apprenticeship class with an organization working in an aspect of the food system and complete a senior project.

Pre-Medical concentration – prepares students for medical, dental, optometry, podiatry, chiropractic, and physician assistant graduate studies.  Biology students will work with a pre-professional advisor to select the electives best suited for the health professional program of their choice while also providing a well-rounded biology education.  This program has an embedded chemistry minor that meets the requirements of most U.S. medical schools.  The LSSU Biology department is recognized by all health professional schools in Michigan as a top rate biology program.

LSSU participates in the Michigan State University College of Human Medicine’s Early Assurance Program. During their junior year, students who excel in the LSSU biology pre-medical program may apply to the College of Human Medicine, and selected students will be assured of admission and begin a relationship with MSU College of Human Medicine during their senior year of college.

Pre-Veterinary concentration – with an embedded chemistry minor, prepares students to enter veterinary college after graduation from LSSU. It was designed to meet the specific requirements for the Michigan State University-College of Veterinary Medicine, but our students go to vet schools all over the country, for example North Carolina State, Oklahoma State and University of Illinois.  This program stresses not only academics, but also the animal care experience that is critical for gaining admission to a veterinary college.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Thoroughly research and synthesize the primary literature for information relevant to a current scientific investigation.

Design and conduct a scientific investigation of a testable hypothesis or methodology using appropriate tools and techniques.

Effectively communicate the results or outcomes of a scientific investigation in multiple formats.

Engage in professional activities related to the study of biological sciences and practice good professional ethics.

Available degrees (see specific requirements further down the page):

  • Bachelor of Science Biology
  • Bachelor of Science Biology, Animal Biology Concentration
  • Bachelor of Science Biology, Food and Ecology Concentration
  • Bachelor of Science Biology, Pre-Medical Concentration
  • Bachelor of Science Biology, Pre-Veterinary Concentration

Degree Requirements

Bachelor of Science Biology

Biology Courses (26 credits)

  • BIOL131 General Biology: Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology: Organisms 4
  • BIOL199 Freshman Seminar 1
  • BIOL204 General Microbiology 4
  • BIOL220 Genetics 4
  • BIOL280 Biostatistics 3
  • BIOL299 Sophomore Seminar 1
  • BIOL337 General Ecology 3
  • BIOL399 Planning Research Project 1
  • BIOL499 Senior Symposium 1

Focal Courses in Biology (7 – 8 credits)

Physiology Elective (1 course from)

  • BIOL315 Plant Physiology 4
  • BIOL330 Animal Physiology 4
  • BIOL421 Cell Biology 4

Taxonomy Elective (1 course from)

  • BIOL202 Field Botany 3
  • BIOL302 Invertebrate Zoology 3
  • BIOL303 General Entomology 4
  • BIOL306 Mycology 3
  • NRES310 Ichthyology 3
  • NRES311 Mammalogy 3
  • NRES312 Ornithology 3
  • BIOL422 Parasitology 3
  • BIOL425 Virology 3
  • NRES475 Aquatic Entomology 3

Biology Cognates (21 credits)

21 credits of any BIOL courses not used to satisfy one of the other requirements, or any NRES courses other than NRES199, NRES299, NRES250, NRES398, NRES399, NRES450, NRES490, NRES495, or NRES499.  A minimum of 17 credits must be from 300/400 level courses.   At least one elective must be a 400 level course.

Support Courses

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • CHEM225 Organic Chemistry I 4
    or
  • CHEM208 Survey of Organic Chemistry 4
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • MATH112 Calculus for Business & Life Science 4
  • Physical Science (CHEM, PHYS, GEOL) course with lab 4

Free Electives – 16 – 19 credits as needed to reach 124 total credits.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher. A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Science Biology, Animal Biology Concentration

Biology Courses (26 credits)

  • BIOL131 General Biology: Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology: Organisms 4
  • BIOL199 Freshman Seminar 1
  • BIOL204 General Microbiology 4
  • BIOL220 Genetics 4
  • BIOL280 Biostatistics 3
  • BIOL299 Sophomore Seminar 1
  • BIOL337 General Ecology 3
  • BIOL399 Planning Research Project 1
  • BIOL499 Senior Symposium 1

Focal Courses in Animal Biology (20 credits)

  • BIOL208 Principles of Animal Biology and Health 3
  • BIOL243 Vertebrae Anatomy 4
  • BIOL330 Animal Physiology 4
  • BIOL405 Animal Behavior 3
  • BIOL420 Evolutionary Analyses 3
  • BIOL335 Animal Nutrition 3
    or
  • BIOL426 Animal Disease and Zoonoses 3

Cognates (Choose 12 credits from)

 Zoology:

  • NRES240 Natural History of Vertebrates 3
  • BIOL302 Invertebrate Zoology 3
  • BIOL303 General Entomology 4
  • NRES310 Ichthyology 3
  • NRES311 Mammalogy 3
  • NRES312 Ornithology 3
  • NRES475 Aquatic Entomology 3

or/and

 Animal Health:

  • BIOL306 Mycology 3
  • BIOL423 Immunology* 4
  • BIOL422 Parasitology 3
  • BIOL425 Virology 3
  • CHEM353 Toxicology* 4

 Support Courses (17 credits)

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • CHEM225 Organic Chemistry 4
    or
  • CHEM208 Survey of Organic Chemistry 4
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3

 Free Electives – 21 – 24 credits as needed to reach 124 total credits

A minimum of 17 credits must be from BIOL/NRES 300/400 level courses.  At least one elective must be a BIOL/NRES 400 level course.

*Requires CHEM225 and CHEM351

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher. A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Science Biology, Food and Ecology Concentration

Biology Foundation and Research Courses (26 credits)

  • BIOL131 General Biology: Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology: Organisms 4
  • BIOL199 Freshman Seminar 1
  • BIOL204 General Microbiology 4
  • BIOL220 Genetics 4
  • BIOL280 Biostatistics 3
  • BIOL299 Sophomore Seminar 1
  • BIOL337 General Ecology 3
  • BIOL399 Planning Research Project 1
  • BIOL499 Senior Symposium 1

Focal Courses in Food Systems (12-13 credits)

  • BIOL307 US Food Systems 3
  • BIOL202 Plant Sciences: Identification and Diversity 3
  • BIOL235 Protected Horticulture 3
  • BIOL389 Apprenticeship in (Food Systems) 3-4

Specialty Cognates (6 – 11 credits)

Choose One Area:

Policy and Communications (select 3 classes – 9 credits)

  • POLI130 Intro to State and Local Government 3
  • POLI301 Policy Analysis and Evaluation 3
  • COMM302 Argumentation and Advocacy 3
    or
  • COMM320 Public Relations 3

Production (11 credits)

  • BIOL232 Introduction to Aquaponics 4
  • BIOL306 Mycology 3
  • BIOL315 Plant Sciences: Structure and Function 4

Marketing (select 2 classes – 6 credits)

  • MRKT281 Introduction to Marketing 3
  • MRKT384 Social Media Marketing 3
  • MRKT386 Mobile Marketing 3

Analytics (select 3 classes – 8-9 credits)

  • BIOL385 Public Health Statistics and Epidemiology 3
  • EVRN131 Introduction to GIS 3
  • EVRN225 Intermediate GIS 2
  • EVRN325 Geospatial Analysis 3

Support Courses (8 credits)*

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry 5
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3

Free Electives – credits as needed to reach 124 total credits.

A minimum of 17 credits must be from BIOL/NRES 300/400 level courses.  At least one elective must be a BIOL/NRES 400 level course.

*Students interested in science graduate programs should consult with their advisor regarding additional chemistry courses.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher. A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Science Biology, Pre-Medical Concentration

Biology Courses (34 credits)

  • BIOL121 Human Anatomy and Physiology I 4
  • BIOL122 Human Anatomy and Physiology II 4
  • BIOL131 General Biology: Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology: Organisms 4
  • BIOL199 Freshman Seminar 1
  • BIOL204 General Microbiology 4
  • BIOL220 Genetics 4
  • BIOL280 Biometrics 3
  • BIOL299 Sophomore Seminar 1
  • BIOL337 General Ecology 3
  • BIOL399 Planning Research Project 1
  • BIOL499 Senior Symposium 1

Physiology Elective (1 course from)

  • BIOL330 Animal Physiology* 4
  • BIOL421 Adv Cell & Molecular Biology* 4

Advanced Study – Select 17 credits from the following list:

  • BIOL243 Vertebrate Anatomy 4
  • BIOL306 Mycology 3
  • BIOL332 Embryology 3
  • BIOL380 Hematology 4
  • BIOL385 Public Health Statistics and Epidemiology 3
  • BIOL406 Immunohematology 3
  • BIOL422 Parasitology 3
  • BIOL423 Immunology 3
  • BIOL425 Virology 3
  • BIOL426 Animal Disease and Zoonosis 3
  • BIOL433 Histology and Histopathology 4
  • BIOL455 Body Fluids Analysis 3
  • BIOL480 Advanced Clinical Microbiology 4

Support Courses

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • CHEM225 Organic Chemistry I 4
  • CHEM326 Organic Chemistry II 4
  • CHEM351 Biochemistry 4
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • PHYS221 Principles of Physics I 4
  • PHYS222 Principles of Physics II
  • HLTH328 Multicultural Approaches to Health Care 3
  • PSYC101 Introduction to Psychological Science 3
  • SOCY101 Introduction to Sociology 4

Free Electives – 12 – 14 credits as needed to reach 124 total credits.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.75 or higher. A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Science Biology, Pre-Veterinary Concentration

Biology Courses (26 credits)

  • BIOL131 General Biology: Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology: Organisms 4
  • BIOL199 Freshman Seminar 1
  • BIOL204 General Microbiology* 4
  • BIOL220 Genetics 4
  • BIOL280 Biometrics 3
  • BIOL299 Sophomore Seminar 1
  • BIOL337 General Ecology 3
  • BIOL399 Planning Research Project 1
  • BIOL499 Senior Seminar 1

Physiology Elective (1 course from)

  • BIOL330 Animal Physiology 4
  • BIOL421 Adv Cell & Molecular Biology* 4

Taxonomy Elective (1 course from)

  • BIOL306 Mycology 3
  • BIOL422 Parasitology 3
  • BIOL425 Virology 3

Support Courses (37 credits)

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • CHEM225 Organic Chemistry I 4
  • CHEM326 Organic Chemistry II 4
  • CHEM351 Biochemistry 4
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • MATH112 Calculus for Business/Life Science 4
  • PHYS221 Principles of Physics I 4
  • PHYS222 Principles of Physics II 4

Advanced Study – Select 17 credits from the following list:

  • BIOL208 Principles of Animal Biology and Health 3
  • BIOL243 Vertebrate Anatomy 4
  • BIOL306 Mycology 3
  • BIOL332 Embryology 3
  • BIOL335 Animal Nutrition* 3
  • BIOL380 Hematology 4
  • BIOL405 Animal Behavior 3
  • BIOL423 Immunology 4
  • BIOL426 Animal Disease and Zoonoses 3
  • BIOL433 Histology and Histopathology 4
  • BIOL480 Advanced Microbiology 4

*These courses required by MSU-CVM.

Free Electives – 9 – 11 credits as needed to reach 124 total credits.

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.75 or higher. A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Psychology: Bachelor of Arts/Science

Program Description

Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes in humans and animals.  This degree provides students with the knowledge and skills for a wide variety of careers.

Grounded in the American Psychological Association’s Guidelines for the Undergraduate Major: Version 2.0, this comprehensive four-year program emphasizing research, experimentation, computer applications and a senior-research sequence is excellent preparation for graduate work at the master’s or Ph.D. level in a wide variety of psychology disciplines.

Upon successful completion of the Junior Seminar in Psychological Science (PSYC399), psychology majors may elect to continue in the Psychology – Psychological Science concentration or switch to the Psychology – General Psychology concentration.

Other Qualifications — A master’s degree in psychology is usually the minimum requirement for careers in school psychology, I/O psychology, mental health counseling, marriage and family counseling, forensic psychology, and data collection/analysis.  The Ph.D. is essential for most senior-level positions and is required for appointment to permanent teaching and research positions in colleges and universities.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Goal 1: Knowledge Base in Psychology – Students should demonstrate fundamental knowledge and comprehension of the major concepts, theoretical perspectives, historical trends, and empirical findings to discuss how psychological principles apply to behavioral problems.

Goal 2: Scientific Inquiry and Critical Thinking – The skills in this domain involve the development of scientific reasoning and problem solving, including effective research methods.

Goal 3: Ethical and Social Responsibility in a Diverse World – The skills in this domain involve the development of ethically and socially responsible behaviors for professional and personal settings in a landscape that involves increasing diversity.

Goal 4: Communication – Students should demonstrate competence in writing and in oral and interpersonal communication skills.

Goal 5: Professional Development – The emphasis of this goal is on application of psychology-specific content and skills, effective self-reflection, project-management skills, teamwork skills, and career preparation.

Bachelor of Arts/Science Psychology, Psychological Science Concentration
Bachelor of Arts/Science Psychology, General Psychology Concentration

Degree Requirements

Bachelor of Arts/Science Psychology, Psychological Science Concentration

Required Psychology Core Courses (27 credits)

  • PSYC101 Introduction to Psychological Science 3
  • PSYC199 Freshman Seminar in Behavioral Science 2
  • PSYC210 Statistics 3
  • PSYC212 Experimental Psychology 4
  • PSYC396 Tests and Measurements 3
  • PSYC399 Junior Seminar in Psychological Science 3
  • PSYC456 History & Systems of Psychology 3
  • PSYC494 Senior Research Practicum I 2
  • PSYC495 Senior Research Practicum II 3
  • PSYC499 Senior Seminar in Psychological Science 1

Elective Psychology Courses (18 credits)

Select One Course from each Content Area:

Biological

  • PSYC459 Behavioral Neuroscience 4

Cognitive

  • PSYC311 Learning and Motivation 4
  • PSYC457 Cognition 4

Personality/Social

  • PSYC217 Social Psychology 3
  • PSYC357 Personality Theory 3

Developmental/Applied

  • PSYC155 Lifespan Development 3
  • PSYC240 Behavior Management 3
  • PSYC259 Abnormal Psychology 3
  • PSYC301 Exceptional Child and Adolescent 3
  • PSYC385 Health Psychology 3

Practicum Experience

  • PSYC305 Psychology Research Practicum 3
  • PSYC306 Applied Psychology Practicum 3

PSYC Elective 300+ Level (3 credits)

Psychology Cognate

Select One Course From:

  • BIOL105 Function of the Human Body 4
  • BIOL122 Human Anatomy & Physiology II 4
  • BIOL131 General Biology: Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology: Organisms 4

Breadth Area Requirement

Psychology majors may select one of the following options:

Option 1: Complete an approved Minor (minimum of 20 credits) and does not include Minor: Psychology.

Option 2: Complete a Cognate of at least 20 credits in courses approved by the advisor.

Option 3: Complete an Associate degree that does not include a Psychology Minor or Behavioral Sciences Concentration.

Option 4: Complete a second BA/BS degree or major.

(For any of the above options, nine credits must be at the 300-400 Level.)

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Arts degree: One year of a modern language other than English (if taken at LSSU, this would be CHIN151-CHIN152 or CHIN251-CHIN252; FREN151-FREN152 or FREN251-FREN252 or SPAN161-SPAN162. One-half year of two different languages will not meet this requirement.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Arts/Science Psychology, General Psychology Concentration

Required Psychology Core Courses (27 credits)

  • PSYC101 Introduction to Psychological Science 3
  • PSYC155 Lifespan Development 3
  • PSYC199 Freshman Seminar in Behavioral Science 2
  • PSYC210 Statistics 3
  • PSYC212 Experimental Psychology 4
  • PSYC396 Tests and Measurements 3
  • PSYC399 Junior Seminar in Psychological Science 3
  • PSYC456 History & Systems of Psychology 3
  • PSYC490 Research Topics in Psychology 3

Elective Psychology Courses (18 credits)

Select One Course from each Content Area:

Biological

  • PSYC459 Behavioral Neuroscience 4

Cognitive

  • PSYC311 Learning and Motivation 4
  • PSYC457 Cognition 4

Personality/Social

  • PSYC217 Social Psychology 3
  • PSYC357 Personality Theory 3

Developmental/Applied

  • PSYC240 Behavior Management 3
  • PSYC259 Abnormal Psychology 3
  • PSYC301 Exceptional Child and Adolescent 3
  • PSYC385 Health Psychology 3

Practicum Experience

  • PSYC305 Psychology Research Practicum 3
  • PSYC306 Applied Psychology Practicum 3

PSYC Elective 300+ Level (3 credits)

Psychology Cognate

Select One Course From:

  • BIOL105 Function of the Human Body 4
  • BIOL122 Human Anatomy & Physiology II 4
  • BIOL131 General Biology: Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology: Organisms 4

Breadth Area Requirement

Psychology majors may select one of the following options:

Option 1: Complete an approved Minor (minimum of 20 credits) and does not include Minor: Psychology.

Option 2: Complete a Cognate of at least 20 credits in courses approved by the advisor.

Option 3: Complete an Associate degree that does not include a Psychology Minor or Behavioral Sciences Concentration. 

Option 4: Complete a second BA/BS degree or major.

(For any of the above options, nine credits must be at the 300-400 Level.)

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Arts degree: One year of a modern language other than English (if taken at LSSU, this would be CHIN151-CHIN152 or CHIN251-CHIN252; FREN151-FREN152 or FREN251-FREN252 or SPAN161-SPAN162. One-half year of two different languages will not meet this requirement.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Robotics Engineering: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

LSSU was the first university in the nation to institute an accredited B.S. degree program in Robotics Engineering Technology in 1985.  Since the 1990s, robotics has been offered as a concentration or minor within LSSU’s engineering and engineering technology degree programs.  With the maturing of robotics technology, the B.S. degree program in Robotics Engineering was developed at LSSU to meet the demand for engineers to design and implement robotics systems for industrial automation.  Students in the program will also be introduced to mobile robotics technology and its application in warehousing, military, health care, and human assistance.

Similar to other engineering programs, this Robotics Engineering program will build upon a solid foundation of courses in mathematics, sciences, English, humanities and the social sciences.  In addition to the theoretical background presented in the program’s courses by full-time faculty members in small class settings, the students will also have numerous opportunities to work hands-on in lab courses.  They will have many opportunities to work with millions of dollars’ worth of industry standard equipment including various types of industrial robots, PLCs vision systems, conveying systems, simulation software, end-of-arm tools, and sensors.  This facility was recognized by the Technology Accreditation Commission of ABET as one of the most complete and advanced facilities of its kind in the country.

For several decades LSSU has been preparing graduates for industries involved in the design and implementation of automated systems for manufacturing.  The demand for LSSU graduates with specialization in robotics has been well established over multiple decades.  Industrial robotics and systems integration companies specifically seek out robotics engineering talent from LSSU.  Over the years, this has resulted in substantially more job offers for the graduates (with nationally competitive salaries) than the number of graduates.  Robotics Engineering graduates are employed in several types of industries involving manufacturing, autonomous vehicles, prosthetics design and build, or service robotics (hospitals, military, healthcare, rehabilitation, etc.).

There is an explosive growth in the application of robotics in the manufacturing industries and in the human service areas.  LSSU will continue to successfully prepare graduates to meet the growing demand for technical talent in robotics.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Identify, formulate, and solve complex engineering problems by applying principles of engineering, science, and mathematics

Apply engineering design to produce solutions that meet specified needs with consideration of public health, safety, and welfare, as well as global, cultural, social, environmental, and economic factors

Communicate effectively with a range of audiences

Recognize ethical and professional responsibilities in engineering situations and make informed judgments, which must consider the impact of engineering solutions in global, economic, environmental, and societal contexts

Function effectively on a team whose members together provide leadership, create a collaborative and inclusive environment, establish goals, plan tasks, and meet objectives

Develop and conduct appropriate experimentation, analyze and interpret data, and use engineering judgment to draw conclusions

Acquire and apply new knowledge as needed, using appropriate learning strategies

Degree Requirements

Robotics Engineering Core (81 credits):

  • EGEE125 Digital Fundamentals 4
  • EGEE210 Circuit Analysis 4
  • EGEM220 Statics 3
  • EGME141 Solid Modeling 3
  • EGNR101 Introduction to Engineering 2
  • EGNR140 Linear Algebra and Numerical Methods for Engineers 2
  • EGNR265 “C” Programming 3
  • EGNR340 Numerical Methods for Engineers 1
  • EGNR490 Special Topics in Engineering 4
  • EGRS215 Introduction to Robotics 2
  • EGRS365 Programmable Logic Controllers 3
  • EGRS372 Mobile Robotics 4
  • EGRS385 Robotics Engineering 4
  • EGRS430 System Integration and Machine Vision 4
  • EGRS435 Automated Manufacturing System 3
  • EGRS460 Control Systems 4
  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • MATH151 Calculus I 4
  • MATH152 Calculus II 4
  • MATH251 Calculus III 4
  • MATH308 Probability and Mathematical Statistics 3
  • MATH310 Differential Equations 3
  • PHYS231 Applied Physics for Engineers and Scientists I 4
  • PHYS232 Applied Physics for Engineers and Scientists II 4

Senior Year Experience (Complete one of the following sequences (6-13 credits):

Industrial Project

  • EGNR491 Engineering Design Project I 3
  • EGNR495 Engineering Design Project II 3

Cooperative Project

  • EGNR250 Cooperative Education 2
  • EGNR450 Cooperative Education Project I 4
  • EGNR451 Cooperative Education Project II 3
  • EGNR491 Engineering Design Project I 3

Research Project

  • EGNR260 Engineering Research Methods 2
  • EGNR460 Engineering Research Project I 4
  • EGNR461 Engineering Research Project II 2

Technical Electives (6 credits minimum required):

  • CSCI281 Intro to UNIX and Networking (or higher level CSCI) 3
  • EGEE250 Microcontroller Fundamentals (or higher level EGEE) 4
  • EGEM320 Dynamics 3
  • EGET310 Electronic Manufacturing Processes 4
  • EGME225 Mechanics of Materials (or higher level EGME) 3
  • EGMT216 CAM with CNC Applications 3
  • EGNR261 Energy Systems/Sustainability (or higher level EGNR) 3
  • EGRS461 Design of Control Systems 4

Support Elective (3 credits minimum required):

  • BUSN231 Business Communications (or higher level BUSN) 3
  • CSCI201 Data Structures and Algorithms (or higher level CSCI) 4
  • ECON302 Managerial Economics (or higher level ECON) 4
  • EGME110 Manufacturing Processes 3
  • MATH215 Fundamental Concepts of Mathematics (or higher level MATH) 3
  • MGMT280 Introduction Management Information Systems 3 (or higher level MGMT) 3
  • or coursework from the Technical Electives

Free Electives (4 credits minimum required)

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Secondary Education: Bachelor of Arts/Science

Program Description

The Secondary Education program is highlighted by in-depth study in a subject major and a subject minor, extended field experience in secondary school settings, and focused development of the knowledge and skills critical for effective teachers. The program leads to a bachelor of arts or a bachelor of science degree in the student’s major area.

Secondary-level teacher certification in Michigan permits individuals to teach the subject areas, in which they hold endorsements, at grades 6-12.  The subject majors and minors provide the required coursework for the related endorsements. Completing the coursework and passing the corresponding Michigan Test for Teacher Certification subject test enable graduates to meet the requirements of No Child Left Behind and to be highly qualified in their subject areas.

Subject major and minor options are listed below. Specific requirements for these are found in the appropriate sections of this catalog.

Majors Minors
Chemistry Chemistry
English Language and Literature English Language and Literature
Integrated Science Mathematics
Mathematics
Social Science

Students begin their studies in the secondary education program with a focus on general education requirements, an academic major and an academic minor. They complete the initial professional education coursework in their sophomore year and apply for formal admission to the program at the end of that year. By that time, they will have also passed the Michigan Test for Teacher Certification Professional Readiness Examination.

Upper-level professional education coursework, along with the completion of the major and minor, is the focus for the junior and senior years. Student teaching, a semester-long culminating experience, may be completed in the spring of the fourth year or the fall of the fifth year, depending on the individual student’s progress through the program. Generally, this student teaching experience will be in the Eastern Upper Peninsula or in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario. The Michigan Test for Teacher Certification subject test in the major must be passed prior to beginning student teaching.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Content Knowledge:  Candidates apply appropriate depth of knowledge to engage learners in mastering content.

Learner-centeredness: Candidates value the uniqueness of each individual through their commitment to learners and learner-centered processes.

Pedagogical Knowledge:  Candidates engage learners using a variety of instructional strategies and perspectives.

Professional dispositions: Candidates demonstrate professional dispositions, assuming the full role of the teacher.

Reflection: Candidates self-evaluate and reflect on feedback from others, including students, to continually improve their pedagogical practices.

Degree Requirements

The components of the Secondary Education:  Bachelor of Arts/Sciences programs are:

Academic Major: Choose one from the above (see requirements under the subject area in this catalog)

Optional Academic Minor: Choose one from list above (see requirements in the Minors section of this catalog)

Professional Education Sequence (35 credits)

  • EDUC250 Student Diversity & Schools 4
  • EDUC301 Learning Theory and Teaching Practice 3
  • EDSE301 Introduction to Special Education 3
  • EDUC350 Integrating Technology into 21st Century Learning Environments 3
  • EDUC415 General Instructional Methods 2
  • EDUC440 Reading in the Content Area 3
  • EDUC44X or EDUC45X Methods in major and in minor (minimum credits) 3
  • EDUC460 Classroom Management 2
  • EDUC480 Directed Teaching: Seminar 2
  • EDUC492 Directed Teaching 10

Education Cognates (4 credits)

  • EDUC101 Self as Learner 1
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3

Formal admission to the program, qualification for student teaching, and successful completion of the program requires the following:

  • Completion of the Professional Education Sequence courses with a grade of B- (2.70) or higher
  • Completion of all required courses in the education cognates, teaching major and teaching minor with a GPA of 2.70 or higher and no grade below a C (2.00).
  • Completion of the General Education Core Requirements with a GPA of 2.00 or higher.
  • Passing scores on all required Michigan Test for Teacher Certification tests.

The Secondary Education program undergoes periodic review, evaluation, and alignment with the Michigan Department of Education standards. Since program approval and renewal cycles vary, individuals should contact the School of Education regularly to confirm the current requirements of each program component. Graduates must meet the standards that are in place at the time of completion of their programs, in order to be recommended to the Department of Education for teacher certification.

General Education: All bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Arts degree (8 credits): One year of a modern language other than English.  If taken at LSSU, this would be CHIN151-CHIN152 or CHIN251-CHIN252; FREN151-FREN152 or FREN251-FREN252; or SPAN161-SPAN162. One-half year of two different languages will not meet this requirement.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.70 or higher.  A gpa of 2.70 or higher is also required in your Major, and a gpa of 2.00 or higher is required in your General Education Requirements.

Social Science: Bachelor of Arts/Science

Program Description

The social science degree equips students with the knowledge and skills necessary to be effective citizens and to have rewarding careers in a wide range of employment settings, in both the public and private sectors.

The Academic Minor option provides students with the opportunity to complete an additional set of courses within a discipline of interest and relevance to their career goals.

The Secondary Teaching Concentration leads to a Michigan secondary (grades 6 – 12) teaching certificate with a Social Studies endorsement.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Historical Movements – Students will be able to synthesize major historical movements and their impact on democratic thought and participation.

Environment – Students will discuss the impact of humans on our environment and how our environment impacts our choices and behaviors.

Political System – Students will be able to communicate the complexities of the American political system through a discussion of how it is affected by the world political system and how it in turn affects the global political system.

Global Economy – Students will apply knowledge about global and persona economic decisions to encourage students to understand the interconnected nature of a global economy.

Civic Responsibility – Students demonstrate democratic values and civic responsibility through an understanding of social science research methods and the ability to see current issues as developments from our shared history.

Instructional Choices (for Sec. Teaching Conc.) – Students will make instructional choices that consider historical perspectives and developments that highlight the interconnected nature of economics, geography, and political science.

Degree Requirements

Economics:

  • ECON201 Principles of Macroeconomics 3
  • ECON202 Principles of Microeconomics 3

Geography:

  • GEOG201 World Regional Geography 4
  • GEOG306 Cultural Geography 4

History:

  • HIST101 History of World Civilization I 4
  • HIST102 History of World Civilization II 4
  • HIST131 United States History I 4
  • HIST132 United States History II 4
  • HIST250 The Atlantic World 3
  • HIST316 Europe in 20th Century 4
  • HIST321 Michigan History 2

Political Science:

  • POLI110 Introduction to American Government and Politics 4
  • POLI241 Introduction to International Relations 4
  • POLI367 Congress and the Presidency 4

Methods and Research:

  • POLI202 Soph Seminar Political Research and Statistics 3
  • HIST296 Historical Methods 2
  • HIST497 Senior Seminar in History 2

Minor or Concentration – Complete one of the following:

Academic Minor: Select an approved minor, to be completed with a minimum of 20 credits as listed in the catalog.  The Academic Minor may not be History or Political Science.  Complete Social Science Cognates.

Secondary Teaching Concentration: 
Complete Professional Education Sequence and Education Cognates – See Secondary Education.

General Education: 
All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Arts degree (8 credits): One year of a modern language other than English.  If taken at LSSU, this would be CHIN151-CHIN152 or CHIN251-CHIN252; FREN151-FREN152 or FREN251-FREN252 or SPAN161-SPAN162. One-half year of two different languages will not meet this requirement.

Academic Minor Option:  A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major and Minor as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Secondary Teaching Concentration option:   A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.70 or higher.  A gpa of 2.70 or higher is also required in your Major, and a gpa of 2.00 or higher is required in your General Education Requirements.

Teacher Education: Bachelor of Science

Program Description

The Elementary Teacher Preparation program is highlighted by the interaction of content knowledge and pedagogical skills in effective teaching.  Students will engage in clinical experiences throughout the program as they plan, deliver, and reflect on learning activities with children at the PK-3 and 3-6 levels.

In the first year of the program, students will complete their initial professional coursework and start their general education requirements.  In the second and third years, students will take content-specific courses in Literacy, Mathematics, Science, and Social Studies that focus on effective teaching in each of these subjects.  Students will practice those skills in a PK-3 or 3-6 setting.  In the fourth year,  students will complete integrated subject methods courses where they combine skills from previous courses to develop unit plans and teach lessons.

Student teaching, a semester-long culminating experience, is completed in the fall of the fifth year.  Generally, this student teaching experience will be in the Eastern Upper Peninsula or in Sault Ste Marie, Ontario.  The Michigan Test for Teacher Certification in the appropriate grade band must be passed prior to beginning student teaching.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Content Knowledge:  Candidates apply appropriate depth of knowledge to engage learners in mastering content.

Learner-Centeredness:  Candidates value the uniqueness of each individual through their commitment to learners and learner-centered processes.

Pedagogical Knowledge:  Candidates engage learners using a variety of instructional strategies and perspectives.

Professional Dispositions:  Candidates demonstrate professional dispositions, assuming the full role of the teacher.

Reflection:  Candidates self-evaluate and reflect on feedback from others, including students, to continually improve their pedagogical practices.

Degree Requirements

Bachelor of Science Teacher Education, Grade Band BK Concentration

Major Requirements (68 credits)

  • TEAC101 Becoming a Teacher 2
  • TEAC120 Diversity 4
  • TEAC110 Infant/Toddler Intentional Teaching 3
  • TEAC210 Infant and Toddler Development 3
  • TEAC211 Infant/Toddler with Special Needs 3
  • TEAC215 Infant/Toddler Communication Development 3
  • TEAC220 Development 3
  • TEAC230 Emerging Literacy 3
  • TEAC231 Developing Literacy 3
  • TEAC240 PK-3 Math Attributes 3
  • TEAC241 PK-3 Counting 3
  • TEAC270 Admin Early Childhood Programs 2
  • TEAC332 Engaging Literacy 3
  • TEAC342 PK-3 Operations & Fractions 3
  • TEAC458 Infant/Toddler Sci Soc St Methods 3
  • TEAC480 Directed Teaching Seminar 2
  • TEAC492 Directed Teaching 10
  • SPED480 Directed Teaching Sem: Special Ed 2
  • SPED492 Directed Teaching Special Education 10

Cognate Requirements (14 credits)

  • THEA112 Acting for Beginners 3
  • ENGL222 English Grammar & Lang in Context 3
  • PSYC155 Lifespan Development 3
  • PSYC265 Child/Adolescent Development 3
  • HIST321 History of Michigan 2

Electives (4-7 credits)

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.70 or higher.  A gpa of 2.70 or higher is also required in your Major, and a gpa of 2.00 or higher is required in your General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Science Teacher Education, Grade Band BK-3 Concentration

Major Requirements (60 credits)

  • TEAC101 Becoming a Teacher 2
  • TEAC120 Diversity 4
  • TEAC220 Development 3
  • TEAC221 Special Education/Partnerships 3
  • TEAC230 Emerging Literacy 3
  • TEAC231 Developing Literacy 3
  • TEAC240 PK-3 Math Attributes 3
  • TEAC241 PK-3 Counting 3
  • TEAC250 PK-3 Design Lesson Science Learn 3
  • TEAC251 PK-3 Science Pedagogy 3
  • TEAC332 Engaging Literacy 3
  • TEAC333 Mastering Literacy
  • TEAC342 PK-3 Operations & Fractions 3
  • TEAC363 The Arc of Inquiry 3
  • TEAC423 Partnerships & Classroom Management 3
  • TEAC450 PK-3 Eng Lang Art Soc St Int Methods 4
  • TEAC451 PK-3 Math/Sci Integrated Method 4
  • TEAC480 Directed Teaching Seminar 2
  • TEAC492 Directed Teaching 10

Cognate Requirements (11 credits)

  • THEA112 Acting for Beginners 3
  • ENGL222 English Grammar & Lang in Context 3
  • ENGL335 Children’s Lit in Classroom 3
  • HIST321 History of Michigan 2

Electives (9-19 credits)

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.70 or higher.  A gpa of 2.70 or higher is also required in your Major, and a gpa of 2.00 or higher is required in your General Education Requirements.

Bachelor of Science Teacher Education, Grade Band 3-6 Concentration

Major Requirements (56 credits)

  • TEAC101 Becoming a Teacher 2
  • TEAC120 Diversity 4
  • TEAC220 Development 3
  • TEAC221 Special Education/Partnerships 3
  • TEAC231 Developing Literacy 3
  • TEAC332 Engaging with Literacy 3
  • TEAC333 Mastering Literacy 3
  • TEAC343 3-6 Operations
  • TEAC352 3-6  3-6 Design Lesson Sci Learning 3
  • TEAC353 3-6 Science Pedagogy 3
  • TEAC363 The Arc of Inquiry 3
  • TEAC423 Partnerships & Classroom Management 3
  • TEAC444 3–6 Fraction Decimal Operation 3
  • TEAC452 3-6 Eng Lang Art Soc St Int Method 3
  • TEAC453 3-6 Math/Science Integrated Method 3
  • TEAC480 Directed Teaching Seminar 2
  • TEAC492 Directed Teaching 10

Cognate Requirements (15 credits)

  • THEA112 Acting for Beginners 3
  • ENGL222 English Grammar & Lang in Context 3
  • ENGL335 Children’s Lit in Classroom 3
  • HIST321 History of Michigan 2
  • NSCI101 Gr Lks Reg:  Laws of Nature 4

Electives (11-17 credits)

General Education: All LSSU bachelor’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 124 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.70 or higher.  A gpa of 2.70 or higher is also required in your Major, and a gpa of 2.00 or higher is required in your General Education Requirements.

Associate (two-year programs)

Aquaponics Entrepreneurship: Associate of Applied Science

Program Description

The associate of applied science degree in Aquaponics Entrepreneurship covers content in aquaponics, engineering/automation and business; three essential needs areas for the aquaponics industry.  Aquaponics includes an understanding of how to keep plants and aquatic organisms alive, including basic biology, water quality, nutrition, and an introduction to system designs.  The engineering component addresses system automation, as well as an independent study to understand aquaponics systems, pumps, power tools, etc.  The business component includes accounting and marketing skills, as well as an independent study/internship in entrepreneurship, skills that are essential to a successful aquaponics business.

Program Learning Outcomes:

At the end of the program, students will be able to recall and apply principles of:

The basic biology and water quality (chemistry and microbiology) of aquaponics especially as applied to the production of healthy plants.

Operation and maintenance of the equipment, and sustainable energy design components of aquaponics systems.

Operating an economically sustainable aquaponics business through an understanding of business planning, marketing, and accounting.

Degree Requirements

Degree Requirements (57 credits):

  • ACTG132 Principles of Accounting I 4
  • BIOL104 Survey of General Biology 4
    or
  • BIOL132 General Biology II:  Organisms 4
  • BIOL232 Introduction to Aquaponics 4
  • BIOL235 Introduction to Protected Horticulture 3
  • BIOL290 Independent Study in Aquaponics 4
  • BUSN121 Introduction to Business 3
  • BUSN299 Internship in Entrepreneurship (SAS) 2
  • BUSN389 Entrepreneurship 3
  • BUSN Business Elective 3
  • CHEM108 Applied Chemistry 3
  • CHEM109 Applied Chemistry Lab 1
  • CSCI105 Introduction to Computer Programming 3
  • CSCI163 Troubleshooting and Repair of Personal Computers 3
  • EGRS215 Introduction to Robotics 2
  • EGNR261 Energy Systems/Sustainability 3
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • MRKT281 Marketing Principles and Strategy 3

Free Electives to total 62 credits

General Education: All LSSU Associate’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 62 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Cannabis Science: Associate

Program Description

The associate in Cannabis Science equips graduates with the skills necessary to gain employment in the emerging cannabis markets in Michigan, the United States, and beyond.  Cannabis Science graduates earn over 400 hours of hands-on laboratory experience to prepare them for a career as technician in the cannabis field.  Cannabis science technicians perform laboratory extractions, preparations and analytical testing.  This degree may also lead to a BS in Cannabis Chemistry.  The chemistry program at Lake Superior State University is approved by the American Chemical Society

Program Learning Outcomes:

  • Interpret and discuss basic cannabis chemistry.
  • Demonstrate lab knowledge and skills.
  • Employ chemical instrumentation skills.
  • Practice communication skills.
  • Apply information retrieval skills.
  • Embrace and use safe chemical practices.

Degree Requirements

Chemistry (26 credits)

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • CCHM120 Cannabis Chemistry I 1
  • CHEM208 Survey Organic Chemistry 4
  • CHEM231 Quantitative Analysis 4
  • CCHM240 Cannabis Plant Sample Prep 2
  • CCHM245 Cannabis Chemistry II 1
  • CHEM332 Instrumental Analysis 4

Support Courses (7 credits)

  • USEM101 University Seminar Foundation Success 1
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • BUSN211 Business Statistics 3
    or
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3

Biology Courses (15 credits)

  • BIOL131 General Biology: Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology: Organisms 4
  • BIOL204 General Microbiology 4
  • BIOL235 Intro to Protected Horticulture 3

Free Electives (5 credits)

General Education: All LSSU Associate’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 62 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is required in your Major, and a gpa of 2.00 or higher is required in your General Education Requirements.

Chemistry: Associate

Program Description

Graduates of the two-year associate’s degree in chemistry may find employment as chemical laboratory technicians or proceed on to complete bachelor’s degrees in an area of chemistry. This program transfers directly into the bachelor’s degree in chemistry.

This degree program may also lead to a BS in Chemistry, Forensic Chemistry, Biochemistry Pre-Professional, or Environmental Science that may be certified by the American Chemical Society.

Program Learning Outcomes:

The Chemistry Associate Degree Graduate will demonstrate proficiency in their discipline.

The Chemistry Associate Degree Graduate will demonstrate readiness for advanced coursework in chemistry.

The Chemistry Associate Degree Graduate will demonstrate an operational knowledge of basic chemical instrumentation as used in chemical analysis.

Degree Requirements

Chemistry (26 credits)

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • CHEM225 Organic Chemistry I 4
  • CHEM231 Quantitative Analysis 4
  • CHEM326 Organic Chemistry II 4
  • CHEM332 Instrumental Analysis 4

Other Departments (19 credits)

  • BUSN211 Business Statistics 3
    or
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3
  • MATH151 Calculus I 4
  • MATH152 Calculus II 4
  • Two semesters of College Physics (8 cr min)

Free Electives (8 credits)

General Education: All LSSU Associate’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 62 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is required in your Major, and a gpa of 2.00 or higher is required in your General Education Requirements.

Computer Networking: Associate

Program Description

This degree provides you with knowledge in the use of computer networks as they apply to commercial and industrial enterprises. You will be prepared to analyze the needs of a user, to design a computer network system to satisfy those needs, and to modify and maintain the network environment relative to both hardware and software

Most organizations make use of the Internet and the World Wide Web. You will use state-of-the art software tools to prepare you to meet the growing needs of the business world.

One of the main objectives in this program is to develop an understanding of the business world so that you can effectively communicate with all levels of management.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Assist in the analysis of security monitoring, intrusion detection, and troubleshooting techniques and methodologies in a networked operating environment. (Security and Monitoring)

Use current hardware and OS technologies and accepted best practices in network design to help solve business and industrial problems. (Best Practices)

Communicate technical information relative to problems and solutions to professionals in the field. (Communication)

Degree Requirements

Departmental Courses (31 credits)

  • CSCI103 Survey of Computer Science 3
  • CSCI105 Intro. to Computer Programming 3
  • CSCI106 Web Page Design and Development 3
  • CSCI163 Troubleshooting and Repair of Personal Computers 3
  • CSCI211 Database Applications 3
  • CSCI221 Computer Networks 3
  • CSCI248 Network Operating Systems I 3
  • CSCI263 Managing Computer Security 3
  • CSCI281 Intro. to UNIX and Network Programming 3
  • CSCI292 Computer Networking Project 4

Support Courses (6 credits)

  • BUSN121 Introduction to Business 3
  • BUSN231 Business Communications 3

Free Electives (7 credits)

General Education: All LSSU Associate’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 62 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Computer Science: Associate

Program Description

This degree provides an initial framework in computer science which allows you to branch into many career paths. Students complete a capstone real-world project in their sophomore year. You will often choose a project that relates to your specific interests, such as Web page design, database administration, and applications or systems programming.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Design and develop computer programs to meet specifications given to them. (Design)

Assist in analyzing, implementing, and integrating appropriate solutions for networking, database, and coding to applications and systems frameworks. (Implementation)

Use current software technologies and accepted best practices in software and systems design to help solve business and industrial problems. (Best Practices)

Communicate technical information relative to problems and solutions to professionals in the field. (Communication)

Degree Requirements

Departmental Courses (33 credits)

  • CSCI103 Survey of Computer Science 3
  • CSCI105 Intro. to Computer Programming 3
  • CSCI121 Principles of Programming 4
  • CSCI163 Troubleshooting/Repair of Personal PCs 3
    or
  • CSCI415 Computer Organization and Architecture 3
  • CSCI201 Data Structures and Algorithms 4
  • CSCI211 Database Applications 3
  • CSCI221 Computer Networks 3
  • CSCI291 Computer Science Project 4
  • MATH111* College Algebra 3
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3

Support Courses (3 credits)

  • BUSN121 Introduction to Business 3

Free Electives (8 credits)

General Education: All LSSU Associate’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 62 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your General Education Requirements.  A gpa of 2.50 or higher is required in the Major.

 

*May be used for general education credit.

Criminal Justice-Corrections: Associate

Program Description

The associate degree in corrections will prepare you to work in correctional facilities as corrections officers. Students who have 15 credits in Corrections, Criminal Justice, Psychology, Sociology, Educational Psychology, Family Relations, Guidance and Counseling, Pastoral Counseling, Social Work or Law Enforcement meet the education requirements for a corrections officer with the Michigan Department of Corrections.

Associate degree graduates may also find paraprofessional jobs in other areas of corrections. This degree is compatible with the bachelor of science degree in criminal justice/corrections.

Program Learning Outcomes:

FORMAL COMMUNICATION (FC): Graduates of the Criminal Justice and Emergency Responders Programs will be able to communicate effectively at a professional level, both orally and in writing.

USE OF EVIDENCE (UE): Graduates of the Criminal Justice and Emergency Responders Programs will complete a Senior research project that demonstrates professional level inquiry, analysis, and presentation of a relevant issue in the field of criminal justice.

ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS (AS): Graduates of the Criminal Justice and Emergency Responders programs will demonstrate professional level critical thinking and problem solving skills.

PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY (PR): Graduates of the Criminal Justice and Emergency Responders programs will demonstrate professional responsibility in teamwork, civic engagement, intercultural knowledge and competence, ethical reasoning, and practical applications of those responsibilities while interning in a professional setting, student projects, and group work.

Degree Requirements

Major Requirements (27 credits)

  • CJUS101 Intro. to Criminal Justice 3
  • CJUS110 Introduction to Corrections 3
  • CJUS220 Institutional Corrections 3
  • CJUS240 Community Based Corrections 3
  • CJUS319 Substantive Criminal Law 3
    CJUS321 Ethical Issues in Public Safety 3
  • POLI120 Introduction to Legal Process 3
  • PSYC240 Behavior Management 3

Select one of the following two:

  • CJUS140 Criminological Theory and Correctional Client Growth 3
    or
  • SOCY214 Criminology 3

General Education: All LSSU Associate’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 62 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Criminal Justice-Homeland Security: Associate

Program Description

This emphasis provides students with the knowledge and information related to careers in law enforcement and investigation with agencies such as Customs and Border Protection (CBP), Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), municipal, county and/or state emergency management, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Internal Revenue Service, Transportation Security Administration (TSA), US Secret Service and numerous other agencies.  Students are strongly encouraged to continue their studies to complete a Bachelor’s degree to be successful in today’s competitive labor market.

Program Learning Outcomes:

FORMAL COMMUNICATION (FC): Graduates of the Criminal Justice and Emergency Responders Programs will be able to communicate effectively at a professional level, both orally and in writing.

USE OF EVIDENCE (UE): Graduates of the Criminal Justice and Emergency Responders Programs will complete a Senior research project that demonstrates professional level inquiry, analysis, and presentation of a relevant issue in the field of criminal justice.

ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS (AS): Graduates of the Criminal Justice and Emergency Responders programs will demonstrate professional level critical thinking and problem solving skills.

PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY (PR): Graduates of the Criminal Justice and Emergency Responders programs will demonstrate professional responsibility in teamwork, civic engagement, intercultural knowledge and competence, ethical reasoning, and practical applications of those responsibilities while interning in a professional setting, student projects, and group work.

Degree Requirements

Departmental Requirements (18 credits)

  • CJUS101 Introduction to Criminal Justice 3
  • CJUS103 Introduction to Terrorism and Homeland Security 3
  • CJUS203 Cyberterrorism 3
  • CJUS204 Domestic and International Terrorism 3
  • CJUS243 Investigation 3
  • FIRE101 Introduction to Fire Science 3

Complete one of the following two options:

Generalist Concentration (21 Credits) chosen from list.  Must include at least 6 credits in Criminal Justice:

  • CJUS302 Hate Crimes 3
  • CJUS303 Critical Infrastructure Protection 3
  • CJUS313 Crisis Intervention and Deviant Behavior 3
  • CJUS319 Substantive Criminal Law 3
  • CJUS321 Ethical Issues in Public Safety 3
  • CJUS325 Homeland Security and Emergency Services 3
  • CJUS384 International and Comparative Criminal Justice Systems 3
  • CJUS484 Futures Research 4
  • EVRN131 Introduction to GIS & GPS 3
  • FIRE102 Wildlife and Rural Fire Control 3
  • FIRE111 Hazardous Materials 3
  • FIRE312 Hazardous Materials Management 4
  • FIRE315 Company Level Supervision and Management 3
  • NSCI102 Introduction to Geology 4
  • NSCI103/104 Environmental Science and Lab 4
  • POLI120 Introduction to Legal Processes 3
  • POLI130 Introduction to State and Local Government 4
  • POLI201 Introduction to Public Administration 3
  • POLI241 Introduction to International Relations 4
  • PSYC259 Abnormal Psychology 3

Certification Concentration (19 Credits) Note:  Requires Admission to MCOLES academy – courses are taken in final spring and summer:

  • CJUS197 Physical Fitness for Public Safety 1 (Fall)
  • CJUS197 Physical Fitness for Public Safety 1 (Spring)
  • CJUS201 Firearms Training 1
  • CJUS301 Advanced Firearms 1
  • CJUS409 Procedural Criminal Law 3
  • CJUS411 Police Operations 5
  • CJUS444 Criminalistics 4
  • CJUS450 Skills Academy 2
  • EMED189 Medical First Responder 3

MCOLES Academy Admissions Requirements:

  • Age 21 minimum
  • U.S. Citizen
  • Resident of Michigan
  • Valid MI Drivers Licenses
  • Complete and pass Reading and Writing test as prescribed by MCOLES (National Standardized screening test)
  • Meet MCOLES physical fitness entrance standards within 120 prior to start
  • Meet MCOLES health and vision minimum standards
  • Successfully pass the entrance interview and background screen
  • No Felony convictions
  • Honorable discharge from Military with 2 years full-time duty service as a military police officer within 2 years of discharge with a minimum placement at the B-Band on the MCOLES reading and writing pre-screening test or meet the MCOLES minimum education standard of Associates degree (62 semester credits minimum)

Students apply for admission in the fall for the academy sequence that runs from January-June.

General Education: All LSSU Associate’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 62 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Criminal Justice-Law Enforcement: Associate

Program Description

The associate degree in law enforcement will prepare you for work in local law enforcement agencies provided you attend a police academy after graduation. This associate degree is also compatible with the bachelor of science degree in criminal justice/law enforcement. Graduates may also find positions with private security agencies.

Program Learning Outcomes:

FORMAL COMMUNICATION (FC): Graduates of the Criminal Justice and Emergency Responders Programs will be able to communicate effectively at a professional level, both orally and in writing.

USE OF EVIDENCE (UE): Graduates of the Criminal Justice and Emergency Responders Programs will complete a Senior research project that demonstrates professional level inquiry, analysis, and presentation of a relevant issue in the field of criminal justice.

ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS (AS): Graduates of the Criminal Justice and Emergency Responders programs will demonstrate professional level critical thinking and problem solving skills.

PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY (PR): Graduates of the Criminal Justice and Emergency Responders programs will demonstrate professional responsibility in teamwork, civic engagement, intercultural knowledge and competence, ethical reasoning, and practical applications of those responsibilities while interning in a professional setting, student projects, and group work.

Degree Requirements

Major Requirements (13 credits)

  • CJUS101 Intro. to Criminal Justice 3
  • CJUS102 Police Process 3
  • CJUS201 Firearms Training 1
  • CJUS206 Law Enforcement/Loss Control Internship 3
  • CJUS243 Investigation 3

Complete one of the following two options:

Generalist Concentration (21 Credits):

  • CJUS203 Cyberterrorism 3
  • CJUS212 Loss Control 3
  • CJUS313 Crisis Intervention Deviant Behavior 3
  • CJUS Electives 6
  • POLI120 Introduction to Legal Process 3
  • CJUS140 Criminological Theory and Correctional Client Growth 3
    or
  • SOCY214 Criminology 3

Certification Concentration (19 Credits) Note:  Requires Admission to MCOLES academy – courses are taken in final spring and summer:

  • CJUS197 Physical Fitness for Public Safety 1 (Fall)
  • CJUS197 Physical Fitness for Public Safety 1 (Spring)
  • CJUS201 Firearms Training 1
  • CJUS301 Advanced Firearms 1
  • CJUS409 Procedural Criminal Law 3
  • CJUS411 Police Operations 5
  • CJUS444 Criminalistics 4
  • CJUS450 Skills Academy 2
  • EMED189 Medical First Responder 3

MCOLES Academy Admissions Requirements:

  • Age 21 minimum
  • U.S. Citizen
  • Resident of Michigan
  • Valid MI Drivers Licenses
  • Complete and pass Reading and Writing test as prescribed by MCOLES (National Standardized screening test)
  • Meet MCOLES physical fitness entrance standards within 120 prior to start
  • Meet MCOLES health and vision minimum standards
  • Successfully pass the entrance interview and background screen
  • No Felony convictions
  • Honorable discharge from Military with 2 years full-time duty service as a military police officer within 2 years of discharge with a minimum placement at the B-Band on the MCOLES reading and writing pre-screening test or meet the MCOLES minimum education standard of Associates degree (62 semester credits minimum)

Students apply for admission in the fall for the academy sequence that runs from January-June.

General Education: All LSSU Associate’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 62 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Early Childhood Education: Associate

Program Description

Lake Superior State University offers an associate degree in early childhood education for students wishing to meet the state standards for highly qualified paraprofessionals for public schools, assistant teachers for state-funded preschools and federally-funded HeadStart programs, and for caregivers in infant-toddler Early HeadStart. Field experience integrated with coursework provide opportunities for more in-depth learning and understanding of developmentally appropriate practices and effective interactions with young children. Students earning an associate degree in early childhood education can easily transition to the bachelor degree program when they are interested in expanding their qualifications.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Candidates demonstrate their content area knowledge in the design, implementation, and evaluation of experiences that result in developmental and learning outcomes for each child.

Candidates apply their knowledge and understanding of young children’s developmental needs to create healthy, respectful, supportive, and challenging learning environments for each child.

Candidates demonstrate knowledge of systematic observations, documentation, and assessment strategies through the effective use of these techniques to promote positive outcomes for each child.

Candidates value the important and complex characteristics of children’s families in their development of respectful, reciprocal relationships and the involvement of families in their children’s development and learning.

Candidates demonstrate professional dispositions throughout coursework, field experience, and practicums.

Candidates integrate knowledge of ethical standards and other early childhood professional guidelines in advocating for sound educational practices and policies.

Degree Requirements

Degree Requirements (36 credits)

  • CHLD101 Foundation of Early Childhood Education 4
  • CHLD103 Learning Environments for the Young Child 4
  • CHLD150 Observation and Assessment 4
  • CHLD210 Infants and Toddlers 4
  • CHLD225 Emergent Literacy 3
  • CHLD241 STEM Foundations for the Young Child 4
  • CHLD242 Creativity & Humanities 4
  • CHLD245 Early Childhood Curriculum 3
  • CHLD260 Practicum I 4
  • CHLD270 Administration of Early Childhood Programs 2

Cognate Requirements (12 credits):

  • EDUC101 Self as Learner 1
  • BIOL105 Function of the Human Body 4
  • EMED181 First Aid 1
  • HLTH104 Nutrition for Early Childhood 3
  • SOCY103 Cultural Diversity 3

Free Electives (minimum 3 credits)

General Education: All LSSU Associate’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 62 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Electrical Engineering Technology: Associate

Program Description

LSSU’s Electrical Engineering Technology (EET) Associate’s program integrates knowledge from areas of study such as science, math, computers, and electrical engineering to prepare you for an engineering technology career.

The EET program includes topics such as C programming, robotics, digital and microcontroller fundamentals. Most technical classes in the curriculum include a laboratory along with the lecture.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Apply written communication in technical environments

Describe and analyze circuits and other electrical systems and explain their use

Use computers, electronic instrumentation and coding to analyze, synthesize and solve problems in engineering

Degree Requirements

Engineering and Engineering Technology Courses (26 credits)

  • EGEE125 Digital Fundamentals (C or better required) 4
  • EGEE250 Microcontroller Fundamentals 4
  • EGET110 Applied Electricity (C or better required) 4
  • EGET175 Applied Electronics (C or better required) 4
  • EGME141 Solid Modeling 3
  • EGNR101 Introduction to Engineering 2
  • EGNR140 Linear Algebra and Numerical Methods for Engineers 2
  • EGNR265 C Programming 3

Mathematics and Science Courses (22 credits)

  • CHEM108 Applied Chemistry 3
  • CHEM109 Applied Chemistry Lab 1
  • MATH111 College Algebra (C or better required) 3
  • MATH112 Calculus for Business and Life Science 4
  • MATH131 College Trigonometry 3
  • PHYS221 Elements of Physics I (C or better required) 4
  • PHYS222 Elements of Physics II 4

Free Elective * (5 credits)

General Education: All LSSU Associate’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 62 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

* General Education approved Humanities, Social Science, or Cultural Diversity elective is recommended for those students intending to pursue a BS-EET degree.

Fire Science: Associate

Program Description

The associate degree in fire science prepares you for entry-level positions with fire departments and some government agencies. You may also be eligible for Michigan Firefighter Certification through the Michigan Firefighters Training Council (MFFTC). Students in this program will have the opportunity to experience a “hands-on” approach by practicing with up-to-date equipment and experiencing live fire training in the burn training center located adjacent to campus. This degree is also compatible with the bachelor of science degrees in fire science and public safety.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Students successfully completing this program will be able to:

Demonstrate professional-level knowledge, skills and abilities needed to perform as an emergency response practitioner.

Identify and employ appropriate professional ethical standards in the field.

Use professional-level critical thinking, technical writing, and verbal communication skills associated with public and private fire service interactions.

Degree Requirements

Major Requirements (24 credits)

  • CJUS341 Fire Cause & Arson Investigation 3
  • FIRE101 Introduction to Fire Science 3
  • FIRE111 Hazardous Materials 3
  • FIRE201 Fire Protection Construction Concepts 3
  • FIRE204 Fire Protection Hydraulics & Pumps 3
  • FIRE206 Fire Protection Systems Equipment and Industrial Fire Protection 3
  • FIRE211 Tactics & Strategy 3
  • FIRE315 Company Level Supervision and Management 3

Support Courses (8 credits)

  • EMED190 Prehospital Emergency Care & Crisis Intervention I 4
  • EMED191 Prehospital Emergency Care & Crisis Intervention II 4

Electives to total 62 credits

(FIRE197, FIRE219 and FIRE220 required for MFFTC certification)

General Education: All LSSU Associate’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 62 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

General Engineering: Associate

Program Description

You should enroll in this program if you want to major in engineering but have not yet selected a specific field. You also should enroll in this program if you plan to transfer to an engineering program at another university after two years at Lake Superior State University.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Communicate in a technical environment

Analyze electrical and/or mechanical systems by applying math, science, and/or engineering equations and techniques

Use technical tools to solve engineering problems

Degree Requirements

Departmental Requirements

Engineering Courses (21 credits)

  • EGEE210 Circuit Analysis 4
  • EGEM220 Statics 3
  • EGNR101 Intro. to Engineering 2
  • EGNR140 Linear Algebra and Numerical Methods for Engineers 2
  • EGNR265 “C” Programming 3
  • EGNR340 Advanced Numerical Methods for Engineers 1
  • Approved Technical Electives (see advisor for details) 6

Mathematics and Science Courses (28 credits)

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • MATH151 Calculus I 4
  • MATH152 Calculus II 4
  • MATH251 Calculus III 4
  • MATH310 Differential Equations 3
  • PHYS231 Applied Physics for Engineers and Scientists I 4
  • PHYS232 Applied Physics for Engineers and Scientists II 4

General Education: All LSSU Associate’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 64 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

*Engineering course qualifies as General Education course

General Engineering Technology: Associate

Program Description

You should select this program if you are interested in engineering technology but have not decided upon a specific program. You will receive extra advising and schedule courses in different areas to assist in determining career interests. As soon as you choose an engineering technology major, you will transfer to that program.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Communicate in a technical environment

Analyze electrical and/or mechanical systems by applying math, science, and/or engineering equations and techniques

Use technical tools to solve engineering problems

Degree Requirements

Departmental Requirements

Engineering and Engineering Technology Courses (25 credits)

  • EGME141 Solid Modeling 3
  • EGNR101 Introduction to Engineering 2
  • EGET110 Applied Electricity 4
  • Technical Electives 16

Choose at least nine credits of additional EGxx Courses. Choose seven additional Technical Electives from PHYS222 Elements of Physics II, any MATH course, MATH151 or higher.

Mathematics and Science Courses (21 credits)

  • CHEM108 Applied Chemistry 3
  • CHEM109 Applied Chemistry Lab 1
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • MATH112 Calculus for Business and Life Science 4
  • MATH131 Trigonometry 3
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3
  • PHYS221 Elements of Physics I 4

Support Course

  • CSCI101 Intro. to Microcomputer Applications 3

Electives (4 credits)

General Education: All LSSU Associate’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

(General Education Electives met by CHEM108, CHEM109, and PHYS221 listed above)

A minimum of 62 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

General Studies: Associate

Program Description

The Associate of General Studies degree  (AGS) is a progressive and innovative degree program designed as the foundation to many bachelor’s degree programs at the University.  Attainment of the degree indicates proficiency in the broad range of knowledge and skills which are foundational to continued postsecondary education.  Graduates of this degree will have developed broad competencies through a series of foundation courses comprising the University general education curriculum which is the basis of this degree, as well as the basis of the bachelor’s degree.

Graduates will have satisfied the requirements for the Michigan Transfer Agreement (MTA) to facilitate transfer students who begin their program at LSSU, but wish to complete academic programs at other Michigan Universities in disciplines not available at LSSU.  Finally, graduates will also demonstrate appropriate depth of knowledge through additional courses in a selected academic concentration suitable for continued study leading to a bachelor’s degree.

Completion of educational milestones is known to correlate strongly to student success and achievement of long-term educational goals.  Examples of milestones include completion of one year of college-level credits, completing the general education requirements and earning a certificate or degree.  The Associate of General Studies is confirmation of the graduate’s achievements in the first two years of university, preparing the individual for immediate employment through broad exposure to the liberal arts and sciences, and building toward the bachelor’s degree for those who seek to continue their education.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Formal Communication: Students will be able to clearly express ideas relevant to their chosen studies in written and oral presentations.

Use of Evidence: Students will be able to gather and process evidence to answer questions or solve problems within the content of their chosen studies.

Analysis and Synthesis: Students will be able to synthesize evidence, ideas, or works of imagination to answer questions or create an appropriate end-product within their chosen studies.

Professional Responsibility: Students will be able to apply ethical concepts and intercultural awareness when answering questions, solving problems, or completing assigned tasks related to their chosen studies.

Degree Requirements

General Education Requirements. Complete the Bachelors degree General Education Requirements.

Concentration: Complete at least 20 credits in a defined academic concentration.  Concentrations must include at least 10 credits in LSSU courses.  A minimum of a C or higher is required in each course.

Academic Concentrations:

  • Behavioral Sciences – Courses with SOCY, PSYC and SOWK prefixes
  • Business – Courses with ACTG, BUSN, ECON, FINC, INTB, MGMT and MRKT prefixes
  • Communication – Courses with COMM prefixes
  • Computational Sciences – Courses with MATH and CSCI prefixes
  • Education – Courses with CHLD, EDUC and EDSE prefixes
  • Emergency Services – Courses with CJUS, FIRE and EMED prefixes
  • Engineering – Courses with EGEE, EGET, EGME, EGEM, EGMT, EGNR and EGRS prefixes
  • Fine Art – Courses with ARTS, DANC, FINE, MUSC and THEA prefixes
  • Health Assoc – Courses with EMED, HLTH, KINS, NURS, PNUR and RECS prefixes
  • Humanities and Philosophy – Courses with HUMN and PHIL prefixes
  • Modern Language and Literature – Courses with ENGL, FREN and SPAN prefixes
  • Natural Science – Courses with BIOL, CHEM, EVRN, GEOL, NSCI and PHYS prefixes
  • Social Sciences – Courses with ECON, GEOG, HIST and POLI prefixes

General Education: All LSSU Associate’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 62 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Geospatial Technology: Associate

Program Description

Completion of this program will provide students with a credential that is in high demand in many different disciplines/industries.  The program provides a well-rounded suite of skills including:  field-based primary data collection using a variety of survey and global positioning devices; hands-on experience with a variety of geographic information systems including ESRI’s suite of tools; the basics of geospatial analysis; and advanced skill development in interpretation of remote sensing data and aerial photographs, spatial statistics, and geospatial programming.  Students may pursue this program in the context of their major by completing discipline specific projects in the GIS courses and a required minor.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Students completing Associates Degree in Geospatial Technology will be able to:

Collect primary data in the field using ground-based and remote sensing methods, and compile and integrate secondary data for spatial analysis.

Manage spatial data from various sources utilizing tools, models, and programming code to develop spatial analysis workflows in the investigation of real-world problems.

Utilize state of the art geospatial tools to perform spatial analyses and visualizations that effectively, concisely, and ethically represent geospatial data.

Map natural and human-induced spatial processes and interpret statistically driven cause-and-effect relationships to complete individual and collaborative geospatial projects.

Effectively communicate methodologies and outcomes of data and literature-based geospatial projects through oral, written, and graphic media.

Degree Requirements

Geospatial Technology Core Requirements (28-32 credits):

  • EVRN131 Introduction to GIS and GPS 2
  • EVRN225 Intermediate GIS 3
  • EVRN325 Geospatial Analysis 3
  • EVRN355 GIS Programming and Applications 4
  • EVRN365 Applied Geospatial Technologies 4
  • EVRN445 Remote Sensing and Spatial Statistics 4
  • CSCI105 Introduction to Computer Programming 3

Complete one course from the following four:

  • NRES284 Principles of Forest Conservation 4
  • EVRN211 Field Data Methods 1
  • GEOL308 Structural Geology Systems 4
  • RECS365 Expedition Management 3

Complete one course from the following four:

  • BIOL280 Biostatistics 3
  • BUSN211 Business Statistics 3
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3
  • PSYC210 Statistics 3

Complete one of the following Minors:

  • Biology
  • Computer Science
  • Environmental Policy
  • Environmental Science
  • General Business
  • Geography
  • Geology
  • Homeland Security
  • International Business
  • Marketing
  • Marine & Freshwater Science
  • Political Science
  • Public Administration
  • Sociology

Other minors approved by student’s Geospatial Technology advisor.

Free Electives to total 62 credits

General Education: All LSSU Associate’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 62 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Health/Fitness Specialist: Associate

Program Description

This degree prepares you for entry-level positions in the health and fitness industry. Specific course work and experiences prepare you to be certified by the American College of Sports Medicine as an Exercise LeaderSM or Health/Fitness Instructor. Students develop fitness assessment skills with current technologies employed for anthropometric, cardiovascular and metabolic functioning.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Physical Activity in Health, Wellness, and Quality of Life: Graduates will design individual level programs that promote physical activity, health, and improve quality of life.

Scientific Foundations of Kinesiology: Graduates will critically utilize scholarly material and apply an evidence based solution to a current problem in Kinesiology.

Cultural, Historical, Philosophical Dimensions of Kinesiology: Graduates will critically evaluate and organize scholarly material to present philosophical dimensions of physical activity.

Professional Development in Kinesiology: Graduates will analyze the discipline and sub-disciplines of Kinesiology selecting and describing an area of concentration.

Technical Competency in Kinesiology: Graduates will be able to demonstrate technical competency in the evaluation of exercise and physical activity.

Degree Requirements

Program Requirements (27 Credits)

  • KINS101 Foundations in Kinesiology 3
  • KINS105 Program Development and Leadership 3
  • KINS140 Health and Fitness 3
  • KINS141 Introduction to Movement 3
  • KINS262 Exercise Physiology 3
  • KINS265 Personal Fitness Training 3
  • KINS268 Fitness Evaluation I: Func Assessment 3
  • KINS275 Nutrition for Sport and Exercise Performance 3
  • KINS295 Facility & Program Operations 3

Cognate Requirements (15 Credits)

  • BIOL121 Human Anatomy & Physiology I 4
  • BIOL122 Human Anatomy & Physiology II 4
  • CHEM108 Applied Chemistry 3
  • CHEM109 Applied Chemistry Lab 1
  • PSYC101 Introduction to Psychology 3

General Electives (10 Credits)

General Education: All LSSU Associate’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 64 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Core Requirements.

Liberal Arts: Associate

Program Description

This degree is offered to students who complete the general education requirements, any minor presently offered by the University, and free electives for a total of 62 credit hours (minimum). Consult departmental offerings for requirements of a minor and electives.

 

Program Learning Outcomes:

Formal Communication: Students will be able to clearly express ideas relevant to their chosen studies in written and oral presentations.

 

Use of Evidence: Students will be able to gather and process evidence to answer questions or solve problems within the content of their chosen studies.

 

Analysis and Synthesis: Students will be able to synthesize evidence, ideas, or works of imagination to answer questions or create an appropriate end-product within their chosen studies.

 

Professional Responsibility: Students will be able to apply ethical concepts and intercultural awareness when answering questions, solving problems, or completing assigned tasks related to their chosen studies.

 

Degree Requirements

General Education Requirements: Complete the Bachelor’s degree General Education Requirements.

 

Minor: Complete minor chosen from approved LSSU minors.  The department offering your minor will both advise you and conduct your degree audit before graduation.

 

General Education: All LSSU Associate’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

 

A minimum of 62 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Manufacturing Engineering Technology: Associate

Program Description

The manufacturing engineering technology associate’s degree program prepares you to work with traditional and modern manufacturing equipment and methods in today’s high-tech manufacturing environment. Graduates will have theoretical and practical knowledge in traditional manufacturing processes such as turning, milling, foundry and welding along with newer technologies such as robotics, CAD (computer-aided drafting), and CAM (computer-aided manufacturing).

Throughout the program, students acquire cross-disciplinary skills in manufacturing, computer applications, electronics and mechanical technology that are in high demand in industry.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Communicate in a technical environment

Analyze mechanical systems by applying math, science, and/or engineering equations and techniques

Use technical tools to solve engineering problems

Degree Requirements

Departmental Requirements (52 Credits)

Engineering and Engineering Technology Courses (35 credits)

  • EGEE125 Digital Fundamentals 4
  • EGNR101 Introduction to Engineering 2
  • EGNR265 “C” Programming 3
  • EGET110 Applied Electricity 4
  • EGET175 Applied Electronics 4
  • EGME110 Manufacturing Processes I 3
  • EGME141 Solid Modeling 3
  • EGME240 Assembly Modeling and GD&T 3
  • EGMT225 Statics and Strength of Materials 4
  • Technical Elective 2
  • Electives 3

Mathematics and Science Courses (17 credits)

  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • MATH131 College Trigonometry 3
  • CHEM108 Applied Chemistry 3
  • CHEM109 Applied Chemistry Lab 1
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods* 3
  • PHYS221 Elements of Physics I* 4

Electives** (3 credits)

Technical Electives:

  • EGEE250 Microcontroller Fundamentals 4
  • EGME310 Vehicle Development and Testing 2
  • EGNR250 Cooperative Education 2
  • EGRS215 Introduction to Robotics 2

*The math, chemistry and physics courses satisfy the general education and departmental requirements.

**A social science course is recommended for those students intending to continue for the B.S. degree in Manufacturing Engineering Technology.

General Education: All LSSU Associate’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 64 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Natural Resources Technology: Associate

Program Description

The natural resources technology program stresses the acquisition of field skills necessary for success in a natural resources agency or organization, as well as the theoretical foundations for these skills. This practical knowledge is enriched by course materials which emphasize communication skills along with the links between society, economics, policy and the natural resource base. This program can be taken as a stand alone two-year program, can constitute the first half of the bachelor of science in parks and recreation management, or it can be used in conjunction with a three-year criminal justice program to prepare a student for a career in conservation law.

All natural resource technology students are strongly encouraged to participate in at least one summer of work or volunteer experience in the natural resource field to gain the professional experience and contacts they will need to begin their careers.

Continuing education to bachelor’s degree program — The high degree of competition in the natural resource field makes the pursuit of a bachelor’s degree highly desirable. Programs which join well with the NRT degree are the parks and recreation management degree, the fisheries & wildlife degree and the 2+3 criminal justice degree programs or the conservation biology major. These programs lead to careers such as conservation officer, park naturalist, expedition leader, guide or recreation specialist.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Knowledge – NRT Graduates have working knowledge of basic tenets of natural resource management.

Skills – NRT Graduates are able to demonstrate competency in skills necessary to collect natural resource information.

Degree Requirements

Core Requirements:

  • BIOL132 General Biology:  Organisms 4
  • NRES203 Fund of Natural Resources 3
  • EVRN131 Introduction to GIS and GPS 2
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • NSCI103 Environmental Science 3
  • NSCI104 Environmental Science Lab 1
  • RECS101 Introduction to Recreation & Leisure Service 3

Complete one course from the following two:

  • GEOL121 Physical Geology 4
  • NSCI102 Great Lakes Region:  Geology & Resources 4

Complete one course from the following two:

  • CHEM108 Applied Chemistry 3 and CHEM109 Applied Chemistry Lab 4
  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5

Resource Management – 9 Credits from the following:

  • NRES230 Introduction to Soil Science 4
  • NRES284 Principles Forest Conservation 4
  • NRES286 Principles of Watersheds 3
  • NRES287 Conservation Biology 3
  • NRES345 Limnology 4
  • EVRN311 Environmental Law 3
  • EVRN315 Geoenvironmental Systems 4
  • GEOL122 Historical Geology 4
  • GEOL223 Earth Materials 4
  • GEOL322 Geochemical Systems 4
  • GEOL411 Hydrologic Systems 4
  • RECS362 Land Management Recreation Purposes 3

Skills/Certification – 9 credits from the following:

  • NRES107 Field Biology: Fish & Wildlife Ecology & ID 3
  • BIOL202 Plant Science: Identification & Diversity 3
  • BIOL280 Biostatistics 3
  • NRES310 Icthyology 3
  • NRES311 Mammalogy 3
  • NRES312 Ornithology 3
  • EVRN225 Intermediate GIS 3
  • EVRN317 Environmental Health Applications 3
  • EVRN389 Environmental Research Methods 3
  • FIRE102 Wildland/Rural Fire Control 3
  • GEOL308 Structural Geology Systems 4
  • GEOL315 Geoenvironmental Systems 5
  • GEOL380 Introduction to Field Geology 3
  • GEOL431 Geophysical Systems 5

Complete one course from the following two:

  • EMED188 Wilderness First Responder 2
  • EMED189 Medical First Responder 3

Free Electives to total 62 credits

General Education: All LSSU Associate’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 62 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Paramedic Technology: Associate of Applied Science

Program Description

Paramedics are trained to aggressively manage all types of emergency situations by providing scene control, emergency medical care and patient transport to a medical facility or trauma center. The paramedic is an integral part of the health care team, serving as an extension of the hospital emergency department. Paramedics provide a variety of skilled functions in the pre-hospital phase of patient care, often the most critical period of care. The professional paramedic is highly motivated and qualified by education and certification to provide pre-hospital care under the supervision of a physician director of the Emergency Medical Service System.

This associate of applied science degree is designed to allow current fire science and public safety students to earn a minor and obtain their paramedic certification; it also allows students to obtain paramedic certification without committing to a four-year degree. Students can be certified as an Emergency Medical Technician-Basic after the first year with little or no previous training; and as a Paramedic at the end of the second year. Graduates will be eligible to challenge state and/or national licensure examination for both EMT-Basic and paramedic license.

Program Learning Outcomes:

FORMAL COMMUNICATION (FC): Graduates of the Criminal Justice and Emergency Responders Programs will be able to communicate effectively at a professional level, both orally and in writing.

USE OF EVIDENCE (UE): Graduates of the Criminal Justice and Emergency Responders Programs will complete a Senior research project that demonstrates professional level inquiry, analysis, and presentation of a relevant issue in the field of criminal justice.

ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS (AS): Graduates of the Criminal Justice and Emergency Responders programs will demonstrate professional level critical thinking and problem solving skills.

PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY (PR): Graduates of the Criminal Justice and Emergency Responders programs will demonstrate professional responsibility in teamwork, civic engagement, intercultural knowledge and competence, ethical reasoning, and practical applications of those responsibilities while interning in a professional setting, student projects, and group work.

Degree Requirements

Paramedic Technology (44 credits)

  • EMED190 Prehospital Emergency Care I 4
  • EMED191 Prehospital Emergency Care II 4
  • EMED211 Emergency Pharmacology I 2
  • EMED212 Emergency Pharmacology II 2
  • EMED251 Advanced Emergency Care I 4
  • EMED252 Advanced Emergency Care II 4
  • EMED261 Emergency Cardiology I 2
  • EMED262 Emergency Cardiology II 2
  • EMED271 Care of Special Populations 2
  • EMED284 Advanced Skills and Situations I 3
  • EMED285 Advanced Skills and Situations II 3
  • EMED286 Paramedic Operations 2
  • EMED297 Paramedic Clinical I 2
  • EMED298 Paramedic Clinical II 2
  • EMED301 National Registry Certification Prep 2
  • EMED302 Paramedic Field Internship 4

Paramedic Support Courses (13 credits)

  • BIOL121 Human Anatomy & Physiology I 4
  • BIOL122 Human Anatomy & Physiology II 4
  • HLTH101 Introduction to Medical Terminology 2
  • HLTH328 Multicultural Approach Health Care 3

General Education: All LSSU Associate’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 67 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Pre-Professional Sciences: Associate

Program Description

The associate degree in Pre-Professional Sciences prepares students for working in a health-related field such as medical, dental, optometry, podiatry, chiropractic, veterinary, pharmacy, and physician assistant.  The degree combines theory and science concepts building on a core of biology and chemistry classes, along with hands-on experiences in our state-of-the-art laboratories.  The program is an excellent preparation for students who wish to seek employment as a laboratory technician, consultant, or a science researcher.  It is also excellent preparation for students who intend on applying to professional and graduate school and includes coursework that is required and/or highly desired by those programs.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Have practical and theoretical knowledge of biology and chemistry.

Have lab experience and competence in use of basic instrumentation and safe practices.

Research and synthesize the scientific literature for information relevant to a current scientific investigation.

Design and conduct a scientific investigation of a testable hypothesis or methodology using appropriate tools and techniques.

Degree Requirements

Biology & Chemistry (38 credits)

  • BIOL121 Human Anatomy & Physiology I 4
  • BIOL122 Human Anatomy & Physiology II 4
  • BIOL131 General Biology: Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology: General Biology: Organisms 4
  • BIOL204 General Microbiology 4
  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • CHEM225 Organic Chemistry I 4
  • CHEM326 Organic Chemistry II 4

Support Courses (27 credits)

  • ENGL110 First-Year Composition I 3
  • ENGL111 First-Year Composition II 3
  • COMM101 Fund/Speech Communication 3
  • MATH111 College Algebra 3
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3
  • PHYS221 Principles of Physics I 4
    And
  • PHYS222 Principles of Physics II 4
    Or
  • PHYS231 Applied Phys Engineer/Scientist I 4
    And
  • PHYS232 Applied Phys Engineer/Scientist II 4

Select one Social Science Elective (4 credits)

  • PSYC101 Introduction to Psychology 4
  • SOCY101 Introduction to Sociology 4

General Education: All LSSU Associate’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 62 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is required in your Major, and a gpa of 2.00 or higher is required in your General Education Requirements.

Small Business Administration: Associate

Program Description

This program prepares you for entry-level positions in industry and government requiring two years of college-level business preparation. The program is oriented toward marketing and should be of special interest to individuals seeking careers in marketing or as management trainees in retail organizations. The degree program is transferable into a four-year program in business administration.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Management Functions – Describe the functions of management and apply them appropriately in the workplace.

Communication – Apply oral and written communication skills appropriate for a business environment.

Technology – Effectively utilize technology within the functional areas of business.

Degree Requirements

Departmental Requirements (35 credits)

  • ACTG132 Principles of Accounting I 4
  • BUSN101 Freshman Seminar 1
  • BUSN121 Introduction to Business 3
  • BUSN231 Business Communications 3
  • BUSN350 Business Law I 3
    or
  • BUSN355 Business Law II 3
  • BUSN389 Entrepreneurship 3
  • ECON202 Principles of Microeconomics 3
  • FINC245 Principles of Finance 3
  • MGMT280 Intro Management Information Systems 3
  • MGMT360 Management Concepts & Applications 3
  • MGMT365 Human Resource Management 3
  • MRKT281 Marketing Principles and Strategy 3

Free Electives to reach 62 credits

General Education: All LSSU Associate’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

62 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Social Work: Associate

Program Description

Workers in this field help people improve their lives, work to alleviate human suffering and promote social justice. In direct service delivery programs you will be working with people who are caught in the grips of social problems and/or struggling with personal adjustment issues. This program provides beginning level skills and knowledge to enable you to help people in these circumstances.

You will learn about the field of social work, current issues in social work, introductory level clinical diagnosis and practice and will acquire skills in one-on-one counseling. Behavioral and social science perspectives on human behavior as well as basic human biology are included in this program. An extensive internship experience in one or more agency settings will provide you with an opportunity to apply, in a supervised setting, knowledge and skills gained in the classroom. The internship may be completed in the local area or outside the local area.

If you are seeking the Associate Degree in Social Work you are strongly encouraged to continue your studies to complete a Bachelor’s degree to be successful in today’s competitive labor market. You may find the expanded understanding of human behavior provided by the Sociology major or Psychology major to be particularly useful for work in social work programs. Both of these majors also help you develop critical thinking ability, improve writing skills and learn about research through first-hand experience developing and conducting a research project. These abilities are valued by employers in social work and human service agencies.

Although most students combine the Associate Degree in Social Work with a bachelor degree in Psychology or Sociology, some choose other bachelor programs to best prepare them to achieve their particular career goals. Advisors will help you make these decisions.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Students will be able to discuss the field of social work, current issues in social work and basic human biology.

Students will demonstrate skills in one-on-one counseling.

Students will demonstrate mastery of skills necessary to work in social services agencies.

Degree Requirements

Required Courses (21 credits)

  • SOWK110 Introduction to Social Work 3
  • PSYC201 Communication Skills in Counseling 3
  • SOWK250 Social Work Practicum 9
  • SOWK310 Clinical Diagnosis and Treatment 3
  • SOWK344 Social Welfare Systems 3

Cognates- Required (3 credits)

Select one additional social work course, not taken above, from the following:

  • SOCY301 Social Research Methods 3
  • PSYC291 Group Counseling 3
  • SOCY338 Deviance 3
  • SOWK341 Addiction 3
  • PSYC391 Family Therapy 3

Other Departments (12-13 credits)

  • BIOL105 Function of the Human Body 4
  • PSYC101 Introduction to Psychology 4
    or
  • SOCY101 Introduction to Sociology 4
  • SOCY102 Social Problems 4
    or
  • PSYC155 Lifespan Development 3

Electives (8 credits)

General Education: All LSSU Associate’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 64 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment: Associate

Program Description

This program provides the basic knowledge and skills for entry level substance abuse work. Included are social, psychological and biological bases of substance abuse, with special attention to alcoholism, and skills training in counseling. You will also improve your communication skills and expand your knowledge about cultural diversity and psychological and social foundations of human behavior. You will apply knowledge and skills acquired in an extensive internship working under close supervision in a substance abuse program. Placements include residential and out-patient rehabilitation settings, detoxification programs, and prevention programs. You may complete your internship locally or outside the local area.

If you are seeking the Associate Degree in Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment you are strongly encouraged to continue your studies to complete a Bachelor’s degree to be successful in today’s competitive labor market. You may find the expanded understanding of human behavior provided by the Psychology major or Sociology major to be particularly useful for work in social work programs. Both of these majors also help you develop critical thinking ability, improve writing skills and learn about research through first-hand experience developing and conducting a research project. These abilities are valued by employers in this field.

Although most students combine the Associate Degree in Social Work with a bachelor degree in Sociology or Psychology, some choose other bachelor programs to best prepare them to achieve their particular career goals. Advisors will help you make these decisions.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Students will demonstrate clear and concise written and oral communication skills in an internship setting.

Students will demonstrate problem solving and critical thinking in substance abuse coursework and counseling settings.

Students will apply job-specific technical skills in their capstone internship.

Degree Requirements

Required Courses (39 credits)

  • BIOL105 Function of the Human Body 4
  • HMSV204 Fundamentals of Drug Abuse 3
  • HMSV250 Human Services Practicum 9
  • HMSV292 Alcohol Abuse Prevention & Treatment 3
  • PSYC101 Introduction to Psychology 4
  • PSYC201 Communication Skills in Counseling 3
  • PSYC259 Abnormal Psychology 3
  • SOCY102 Social Problems 4
  • SOWK341 Addiction 3
  • SOWK344 Social Welfare Systems 3

Cognates- Required (6 credits)

  • PSYC291 Group Counseling 3
    or
  • PSYC391 Family Therapy 3
  • SOCY225 Native Cultures of North America 3
    or
  • SOCY103 Cultural Diversity 3

Electives (7 credits)

General Education: All LSSU Associate’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 64 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Technical Accounting: Associate

Program Description

This program is designed for those who do not plan to go to college for four years but desire a working knowledge in the field of accounting. The program provides students with knowledge in the accounting techniques used in business as well as knowledge of economics, business law, data processing and business communication. After completing this program, you may transfer to the four-year program without loss of credits.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Accounting Principles – Apply generally accepted accounting principles to record and report accounting information relevant to internal and external users.

Communication – Apply oral and written communication skills appropriate for a business environment.

Taxation – Apply the individual income tax laws of the Internal Revenue Code.

Degree Requirements

Departmental Requirements (39-40 credits)

  • ACTG132 Principles of Accounting I 4
  • ACTG133 Principles of Accounting II 4
  • ACTG232 Intermediate Accounting I 4
  • ACTG233 Intermediate Accounting II 4
  • ACTG332 Cost Accounting I 4
  • ACTG334 Accounting Information Systems 3
  • ACTG421 Federal Taxation Accounting I 3
  • BUSN101 Freshman Seminar 1
  • BUSN231 Business Communication 3
  • BUSN350 Business Law I 3
  • ECON201 Principles of Macroeconomics 3
    or
  • ECON202 Principles of Microeconomics 3
  • FINC245 Principles of Finance 3-4
    or
  • FINC341 Managerial Finance 3-4

General Education: All LSSU Associate’s degree candidates must complete the LSSU General Education Requirements.

A minimum of 64 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.  A gpa of 2.00 or higher is also required in your Major, as well as in your General Education Requirements.

Certificates

Cannabis Production: Certificate

Program Description

The Cannabis Production certificate provides graduates with a foundational skillset necessary to promote employment in the cannabis markets in Michigan, the United States, and beyond.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Graduates will be able to:

  • Interpret and discuss basic cannabis chemistry.
  • Explore lab knowledge and skills.
  • Practice communication skills.
  • Apply information retrieval skills.
  • Embrace safe chemical practices.
  • Explore Cannabis legal and business status.

Degree Requirements

Chemistry Requirements

  • CHEM108 Applied Chemistry 3
  • CHEM109 Applied Chemistry Lab 1
  • CCHM120 Cannabis Chemistry I 1
  • CCHM240 Cannabis Plant Sample Prep Chem Analysis 2
  • CCHM245 Cannabis Chemistry II 1
  • CCHM250 Cannabis Production 1

Business Requirements

  • CBUS122 Survey of Cannabis Business 2
  • CBUS360 Cannabis Law and Policy 1

A minimum of 12 credits must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.

Culinary Arts Chef: Certificate

Program Description

The Culinary Arts Chef Certificate prepares individuals to work as professional chefs, sous chefs, and culinary experts in a variety of settings, including restaurants, boutique eateries, and specialty restaurants.  With a focus on farm-to-table practices, good nutrition, and quality preparation and presentation, the program provides an exceptional basis for the practicing chef.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Demonstrate a repertoire of the basic principles behind the methods and techniques of preparing food for a commercial food and beverage operation.

Meet the expectations of patrons and regulatory agencies regarding sanitation and safety in a food and beverage operation.

Implement a service plan to ensure assigned goals and expectations are met.

Explain and apply basic management principles of the food and beverage industry.

Demonstrate a repertoire of advanced culinary techniques in the food and beverage industry. This includes yeast breads, desserts, charcuterie, ethnic cuisines, salt water fish and shellfish.

Apply basic front of house concepts and common practices to varying styles of service.

Describe basic bartending techniques and recipes.

Explain the basic requirements of what it takes to give quality hospitality and service.

Explain the principles behind what a nutritionally balanced diet is.

Explain how to apply nutritionally balanced principles to the implementation of any food and beverage menu.

List the common dietary concerns of which chefs and restauranteurs need to be aware.

Apply the skill and knowledge learned in the chef trade to the real time and fast paced environment of the restaurant industry.

Note:  Financial Aid Student Disclosure

Degree Requirements

Department Requirements

  • CULN111 Beginning Culinary Skills 8
  • CULN113 Kitchen Safety and Sanitation 2
  • CULN115 Food and Beverage Management 2
  • CULN121 Advanced Culinary Skills 8
  • CULN123 Service Operations 2
  • CULN125 Nutrition for Chefs 2
  • CULN130 Food Service Internship 6

A minimum of 30 credits must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.

E-Marketing: Certificate

Program Description

The E-Marketing Certificate is designed to master the essential disciplines in digital, social, and mobile marketing, including search engine optimization (SEO), social media, pay-per-click (PPC), conversion optimization, web analytics, content marketing, email and mobile marketing.  E-marketing is one of the world’s fastest growing disciplines, and this certification will raise students value in the marketplace and prepare students for a career in e-marketing.

The E-Marketing Certificate is a 9 credit program that encompasses a mix of courses relating to Digital, Social, and Mobile marketing.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Decision Making – Research, synthesize, analyze and accurately interpret quantitative and qualitative information to drive effective marketing decision making.

Marketing Technology – Use technology to assist with the synthesis and analysis of data, oral and written communications, and group collaboration.

Communication – Communicate effectively, orally and in writing, marketing observations, findings, research, and recommendations to a large audience.

Degree Requirements

Department Requirements

  • MRKT383 Digital Marketing 3
  • MRKT384 Social Marketing 3
  • MRKT386 Mobile Marketing 3

A minimum of 9 credits must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.

Geographic Information Systems: Certificate

Program Description

This certificate program will provide students with a credential that is in high demand in many different disciplines/industries.  The program provides a well-rounded suite of skills including:  primary data collection using a variety of global positioning devices; hands-on experience with a variety of geographic information systems including ESRI’s suite of tools; the basics of geospatial analysis; and a choice of advanced skill development.  Students may pursue the certificate in the context of their major by completing discipline specific projects in the GIS courses.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Students earning the GIS certificate will be able to:

Collect and process primary geospatial data.

Compile, integrate, and manage spatial data from various sources and develop workflows to complete individual and collaborative geospatial projects.

Utilize state of the art geospatial tools to perform spatial analysis and visualization that effectively, concisely, and ethically represents geospatial data.

Effectively communicate methodologies and outcomes of data and literature-based geospatial projects through oral, written, and graphic media.

Degree Requirements

Department Requirements

  • EVRN131 Introduction to GIS and GPS 3
  • EVRN225 Intermediate GIS 3
  • EVRN325 Geospatial Analysis 3

Complete one course from the following three:

  • EVRN355 GIS Programming & Applications 4
  • EVRN365 Applied Geospatial Technologies 4
  • EVRN445 Remote Sensing and Spatial Statistics 4

A grade of C or better is required in each EVRN course.  A minimum of 13 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.

International Business: Certificate

Program Description

The International Business Certificate is intended to benefit those students seeking to broaden their understanding of international business and foster the development of their global mindset.  The certificate program is open to all undergraduate students from any major and/or adult learners with the approval of the program directors.

The International Business Certificate is a 12 credit program that encompasses a mix of courses relating to international business and management, courses designed to broaden a student’s functional knowledge and cultural competencies.

Certificate programs can help you gain knowledge in key areas and demonstrate dedication and professional commitment.  They can also provide a competitive edge and help you stay current on changes in your industry.  This lets you refresh your current skills, deepen your understanding or branch out and discover new areas.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Apply international business knowledge in the areas of management, marketing, economics, and business law.

Analyze how cultural, economic, geographical and political paradigms impact ethical issues in various international business decision processes

Function effectively in situations characterized by cultural diversity. This includes awareness of own cultural intelligence and awareness of the cultural intelligence of others.

Degree Requirements

Department Requirements

  • INTB289 Competing in the Global Marketplace 3
  • INTB375 International Business Law 3
  • ECON408 International Economics 3

Elective:  Choose one of the following courses:

  • INTB420 International Comparative Management 3
  • INTB486 International Marketing 3

A minimum of 12 credits must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.

International Studies: Certificate

Program Description

This program can be completed in three ways:

  • Concurrently with a B.S. or B.A. degree program
  • Post-baccalaureate program
  • Minor

The purpose of the certificate program is to better prepare a person to work with a more diverse work force. The program is designed to begin preparing students for potential foreign work assignments and improved multicultural relations.

The international studies certificate/minor is an interdisciplinary program. Course substitutions to meet your objectives in international studies may be approved by your academic advisor. As an example, Canadian or American courses might be approved as a substitute for students from countries other than Canada or the U.S. Also, special topics courses listed in the certificate curriculum may change with future development and additional international courses.

The listed courses may be taken throughout a student’s baccalaureate program or as a one-year, post graduate certificate. This program features opportunities for students to study in foreign countries and in classes at Lake Superior State University with international faculty.

Program Learning Outcomes:

Students will present and defend international perspectives when discussing concepts in business, economics, politics, history, humanity, sociology, and geography.

Students will explore a world language and demonstrate knowledge of basic vocabulary in that language and basic use of that language.

Degree Requirements

Choose at least one course from six of the following categories to total a minimum of 32 credits.

Category 7, Foreign Language is required.

1. Cultural Diversity

  • SOCY103 Cultural Diversity 3
  • BUSN308 Managing Cultural Differences 3

2. Business and Economics

  • ECON408 International Economics 3
  • INTB486 International Marketing 3
  • BUSN400 Special Topics:

3. Geography

  • GEOG302 Economics Geography 4
  • GEOG306 Cultural Geography 3

4. Political Science

  • POLI411 U.S. Foreign Policy 3
  • POLI420 Politics of the World Economy 4
  • POLI331 Comparative Politics of Western Europe and Russia 4
  • POLI334 Middle East Politics 3

5. History

  • HIST310 Russia 4
  • HIST316 Europe in the 20th Century 4
  • HIST361 Latin America 4
  • HIST371 Far East Civilization 4
  • HIST442 Diplomatic History of the U.S. 4

6. Humanities

  • HUMN261 World Literature I 3
  • HUMN262 World Literature II 3
  • FREN353 Business French I 3
  • FREN354 Business French II 3
  • FREN360 French Cultural Perspectives 3-4
  • JAPN105 Intensive Introductory Japanese Language I 10
  • JAPN106 Intensive Introductory Japanese Language II 10
  • JAPN201 Culture and Society of Japan I 3
  • JAPN202 Culture and Society of Japan II 3
  • JAPN301 Japanese Art and Culture I 4
  • JAPN302 Japanese Art and Culture II 4

7. Foreign Language

  • A minimum of two semesters of a modern foreign language 8

Special Topics: Study in a foreign country may be used for up to eight credits of the Humanities and/or Foreign Language credits.

A minimum of 32 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.

MCOLES: Certificate

Program Description

A certificate program addressing the skills and competencies needed for certification through the Michigan Commission on Law Enforcement Standards (MCOLES).  Prerequisite:  Admission to MCOLES academy, an earned associate degree or higher in any field or honorable discharge from any branch of U. S. Military Service, Michigan Residency.

MCOLES Academy Admissions Requirements:

  • Age 21 minimum
  • U.S. Citizen
  • Resident of Michigan
  • Valid MI Drivers Licenses
  • Complete and pass Reading and Writing test as prescribed by MCOLES (National Standardized screening test)
  • Meet MCOLES physical fitness entrance standards within 120 prior to start
  • Meet MCOLES health and vision minimum standards
  • Successfully pass the entrance interview and background screen
  • No Felony convictions
  • Honorable discharge from Military with 2 years full-time duty service as a military police officer within 2 years of discharge with a minimum placement at the B-Band on the MCOLES reading and writing pre-screening test or meet the MCOLES minimum education standard of Associates degree (62 semester credits minimum)

Students apply for admission in the fall for the academy sequence that runs from January-June.

Program Learning Outcomes:

FORMAL COMMUNICATION (FC): Graduates of the Criminal Justice and Emergency Responders Programs will be able to communicate effectively at a professional level, both orally and in writing.

USE OF EVIDENCE (UE): Graduates of the Criminal Justice and Emergency Responders Programs will complete a Senior research project that demonstrates professional level inquiry, analysis, and presentation of a relevant issue in the field of criminal justice.

ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS (AS): Graduates of the Criminal Justice and Emergency Responders programs will demonstrate professional level critical thinking and problem solving skills.

PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY (PR): Graduates of the Criminal Justice and Emergency Responders programs will demonstrate professional responsibility in teamwork, civic engagement, intercultural knowledge and competence, ethical reasoning, and practical applications of those responsibilities while interning in a professional setting, student projects, and group work.

Degree Requirements

Department Requirements:

  • CJUS197 Physical Fitness Public Safety 1
  • CJUS201 Firearms Training 1
  • CJUS409 Procedural Criminal Law 3
  • CJUS411 Police Operations 5
  • CJUS444 Criminalistics 4
  • CJUS450 Skills Academy 2
  • EMED189 Medical First Responder 3

A minimum of 19 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.

Paramedic Training: Certificate

Program Description

This program provides advanced life support skills to assess and treat the sick and injured. It will allow graduates to qualify to write the state licensing examination for paramedic and possess advanced life support skills to assess and treat the sick and injured.

Admission requirements are:

  • 18 years of age by September of year entering program.
  • evidence of high school diploma or equivalent.
  • evidence of valid, current Michigan driver’s license.
  • evidence of valid, current Michigan EMT-basic certification or National Registry EMT certification.
  • evidence of current CPR or CPR instructor certification.
  • evidence of completion of ENGL110 First-Year Composition I, three credits.

Program Learning Outcomes:

FORMAL COMMUNICATION (FC): Graduates of the Criminal Justice and Emergency Responders Programs will be able to communicate effectively at a professional level, both orally and in writing.

USE OF EVIDENCE (UE): Graduates of the Criminal Justice and Emergency Responders Programs will complete a Senior research project that demonstrates professional level inquiry, analysis, and presentation of a relevant issue in the field of criminal justice.

ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS (AS): Graduates of the Criminal Justice and Emergency Responders programs will demonstrate professional level critical thinking and problem solving skills.

PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY (PR): Graduates of the Criminal Justice and Emergency Responders programs will demonstrate professional responsibility in teamwork, civic engagement, intercultural knowledge and competence, ethical reasoning, and practical applications of those responsibilities while interning in a professional setting, student projects, and group work.

Note: Financial Aid Student Disclosure

Degree Requirements

Department Requirements

  • EMED211 Emergency Pharmacology I 2
  • EMED212 Emergency Pharmacology II 2
  • EMED251 Advanced Emergency Care I 4
  • EMED252 Advanced Emergency Care II 4
  • EMED261 Advanced Cardiology I 2
  • EMED262 Advanced Cardiology II 2
  • EMED271 Prehospital Emergency Pediatrics 2
  • EMED284 Advanced Skills and Situations I 3
  • EMED285 Advanced Skills and Situations II 3
  • EMED286 Paramedic Operations 2
  • EMED297 Paramedic Clinical I 2
  • EMED298 Paramedic Clinical II 2
  • EMED301 National Registry Certification Prep 2
  • EMED302 Paramedic Field Internship 4

Support Courses

  • BIOL121 Anatomy and Physiology I 4
  • BIOL122 Anatomy and Physiology II 4

A minimum of 44 credits (at the 100 level or higher) must be earned for graduation with a cumulative gpa of 2.00 or higher.

Minors

Minor: Accounting — Finance

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 24

  • ACTG132 Principles of Accounting I 4
  • ACTG133 Principles of Accounting II 4
  • ACTG232 Intermediate Accounting I 4
  • FINC341 Managerial Finance 4

Choose One From:

  • FINC443 Insurance 4
  • FINC446 Financial Analysis and Policy 4
  • FINC448 Investment Strategy 4

ACTG or FINC Electives 4

Minor: Aquaculture

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 20

Required Courses:

  • MRKT281 Marketing Principles and Strategy 3
  • NRES310 Ichthyology 3
  • NRES345 Limnology 4
  • NRES372 Freshwater Fish Culture 3
  • NRES389 Internship in (Aquaculture) 3

Select one of following:

  • ACTG132 Principles of Accounting I 4
  • ECON202 Principles of Microeconomics 3

Select one of following:

  • BIOL389 Internship in (Fish Health) 3
  • NRES450 Apprenticeship in (Fish Culture) 1

Minor: Aquaponic Production

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 34

  • BIOL131 General Biology: Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology: Organisms 4
  • BIOL204 General Microbiology 4
  • BIOL232 Introduction to Aquaponics 4
  • BIOL235 Introduction to Protected Horticulture 3
  • BIOL315 Plant Sciences:  Structure and Function 4
  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • NSCI103 Environmental Science 3

Complete one course from the following two:

  • BIOL389 Internship in Aquaponics 3
  • BIOL490 Independent Study in Aquaponics 3

Minor: Biology

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 21

  • BIOL131 General Biology: Cells 4
  • BIOL132 General Biology: Organisms 4
  • BIOL204 General Microbiology 4
  • BIOL337 General Ecology 3
  • BIOL Electives  6  (3 credits at least 200 level or higher and 3 credits at least 300 level or higher)

Minor: Biochemistry

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 25

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • CHEM225 Organic Chemistry I 4
  • CHEM326 Organic Chemistry II 4
  • CHEM351 Introductory Biochemistry 4

And complete one of the following:

  • BIOL421 Advanced Cell & Molecular Biology 4
  • CHEM353 Introductory Toxicology 3
  • CHEM452 Advanced Biochemical & Molecular Tech 4

Minor: Chemistry

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 24

  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • CHEM225 Organic Chemistry I 4
  • CHEM231 Quantitative Analysis 4

At least 6 credits from the following choices:

  • CHEM310 Applied Spectroscopy 4
  • CHEM326 Organic Chemistry II 4
  • CHEM332 Instrumental Analysis 4
  • CHEM341 Environmental Chemistry 4
  • CHEM351 Introductory Biochemistry 4
  • CHEM361 Physical Chemistry 4
  • CHEM362 Physical Chemistry II 3
  • CHEM445 Forensic Science 4
  • CHEM461 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry 3

Minor: Chemistry-Secondary Teaching

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 25

  • CHEM110 Applied Organic & Biochemistry 4
  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • CHEM116 General Chemistry II 5
  • CHEM231 Quantitative Analysis 4
  • CHEM332 Instrumental Analysis 4
  • EDUC443 Science Methods-Secondary 3
    or
  • EDUC453 Directed Study: Science Methods 3

Students must earn a grade of C or better in each course.   A minimum gpa of 2.70 or higher is required for this minor.

Minor: Coaching

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 24

  • KINS105 Program Development and Leadership 3
  • KINS262 Exercise Physiology 3
  • KINS270 Sports Management 3
  • KINS275 Nutrition Sport Exercise Performance 3
  • KINS344 Kinesiology 3
  • KINS428 Psychology Exercise/Rehabilitation 3
  • KINS450 Philosophy Human Performance/Leisure 3
  • KINS482 Administration of Recreation Services 3

Minor: Communication

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 21

  • COMM201 Small Group Communication 3

or

  • COMM225 Interpersonal Communication 3
  • COMM211 Advanced Public Speaking 3

or

  • COMM210 Business & Professional Speaking 3
  • COMM302 Argumentation & Advocacy 3
  • COMM307 Classical/Contemporary Rhetoric 3

or

  • ENGL321 Rhetoric & Composition Theory 3
  • COMM308 Communication Theory 3
  • COMM325 Organizational Communication 3
  • COMM416 Communication in Leadership 3

Students must complete 21 semester hours of credit in addition to basic requirements of composition and speech (COMM101).

Minor: Computer Science

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 23-24

  • CSCI105 Intro. to Computer Programming 3
  • CSCI121 Principles of Programming 4
  • CSCI201 Data Structures and Algorithms 4
  • CSCI211 Database Applications 3
  • CSCI221 Computer Networks 3
  • CSCI415 Computer Organization and Architecture 3
  • Plus 3 or 4 additional CSCI credits at the 300- or 400-level 3-4

Minor: Corrections

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 21

  • CJUS110 Introduction to Corrections 3
  • CJUS140 Criminological Theory and Correctional Client Growth 3
  • CJUS220 Institutional Corrections 3
  • CJUS240 Community Based Corrections 3
  • CJUS319 Substantive Criminal Law 3
  • CJUS321 Ethical Issues in Public Safety
  • CJUS355 Juvenile Justice 3

The Corrections minor cannot be applied to the Associate degree in Criminal Justice Corrections.

Minor: Counseling

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 21

  • PSYC155 Lifespan Development 3
  • PSYC201 Communication Skills in Counseling 3
  • PSYC396 Tests and Measurements* 3
  • SOWK344 Social Welfare Systems 3
  • SOWK250 Human Services Practicum 3
  • BIOL105 Function of the Human Body** 4
  • PSYC259 Abnormal Psychology*** 3
    or
  • SOCY338 Deviance*** 3
  • PSYC291 Group Counseling 3
    or
  • PSYC391 Family Therapy 3
  • PSYC240 Behavioral Management 3
    or
  • PSYC385 Health Psychology 3

*Note: PSYC396 has a prerequisite of one of these statistics courses: MATH207, PSYC210 or SOCY302.

**May count toward general education.

***May count toward SOCY/PSYC minor.

Minor: Creative Writing

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 24

  • ENGL180 Introduction to Literary Studies 3
  • ENGL221 Introduction to Creative Writing 3
  • ENGL223 Creative Writing II 3
  • ENGL231 American Literature I 3
    and
  • ENGL232 American Literature II 3
    or
  • ENGL233 English Literature I 3
    and
  • ENGL234 English Literature II 3
  • ENGL409 Adv. Creative Writing Workshop 3

Select two from the following:

  • ENGL301 Creative Prose Writing 3
  • ENGL302 Poetry Writing 3
  • ENGL303 Performance Writing 3

Minor: Early Childhood Education – Teaching

Degree Requirements

To be eligible for this minor, students must be in an Elementary Education program or hold an Elementary Teaching Certificate.

Total Credits Required: 28

  • CHLD150 Observation and Assessment 4
  • CHLD210 Infants and Toddlers 4
  • CHLD225 Emergent Literacy 3
  • CHLD245 Early Childhood Curriculum 3
  • CHLD270 Administration of Early Childhood Programs 2
  • CHLD310 Inclusion of Young Children with Special Needs in Early Childhood Settings 3
  • CHLD440 Family and Community Partnerships 3
  • CHLD480 Directed Teaching Seminar 1
  • CHLD492 Directed Teaching:  Early Childhood 5

Students must earn a grade of C or higher in each course.  A minimum gpa of 2.700 or higher is required for this minor.

Successful completion of this minor and a passing score on the Michigan Test for Teacher Certification Early Childhood Education subject test meet the requirements for the Early Childhood (General and Special) Education endorsement (ZS) on a Michigan elementary teaching certificate.

Minor: Economics – Finance

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 28

  • ACTG132 Principles of Accounting I 4
  • ACTG133 Principles of Accounting II 4
  • ECON201 Prin. of Macroeconomics 3
  • ECON202 Prin. of Microeconomics 3
  • FINC341 Managerial Finance 4
  • ECON or FINC Electives 10*

*At least 3 credits must be from 300/400 level ECON or FINC courses

Minor: Electrical Engineering

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required:  26

  • EGNR101 Introduction to Engineering 2
    or
  • CSCI105 Introduction to Computer Programming 3
  • EGNR140 Linear Algebra and Numerical Methods for Engineers 2
  • EGEE125 Digital Fundamentals* 4
  • EGEE210 Circuit Analysis* 4
  • EGEE250 Microcontroller Fundamentals 4
  • MATH152 Calculus II 4

Elective Courses (6 credits minimum):

  • EGEE300 or higher or EGET300 or higher 6

*C or better grade

**At least one elective course must not count toward any other major or minor.

Minor: English Language and Literature - Secondary Teaching

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 30

English Requirements:

  • ENGL180 Introduction to Literary Studies 3
  • ENGL222 English Grammar & Language in Context 3
  • ENGL231 American Literature I 3
  • ENGL232 American Literature II 3
  • ENGL320 Responding to Writing 3
  • ENGL336 Young Adult Literature and Culture 3
  • ENGL345 Studies in Classic Texts 3
  • ENGL435 Studies in Visual Texts 3

Education Requirements:

  • EDUC440 Reading in the Content Area 3
  • EDUC441 Eng Lang Arts Meth Sec Teachers 3

Minor: English Teaching - Elementary Language Arts

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 24

English Requirements:

  • ENGL180 Introduction to Literary Studies 3
  • ENGL221 Introduction to Creative Writing 3
  • ENGL222 English Grammar 3
  • ENGL231 American Literature I 3
  • ENGL232 American Literature II 3
  • ENGL320 Responding to Writing 3
  • ENGL335 Children’s Literature 3
  • THEA112 Acting for Beginners 3

Minor: Environmental Policy

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 21-23

Requirements:

  • BIOL304 The Human Environment 3
  • EVRN311 Environmental Law 3
  • NSCI103 Environmental Science 3
  • POLI342 International Environmental Policy 3

Select one of the following:

  • ECON201 Principles of Macroeconomics 3
  • ECON202 Principles of Microeconomics 3

Select one of the following:

  • POLI110 Introduction to American Government & Politics 3
  • POLI160 Introduction to Canadian Government & Politics 3

Select one of the following:

  • ECON307 Environmental Economics 3
  • EVRN315 Human Impacts on Environment 4
  • POLI301 Policy Analysis and Evaluation 4
  • POLI413 The International Legal Order 4
  • POLI420 Politics of the World Economy 4

Minor: Environmental Science

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 22

  • BIOL131 General Biology: Cells 4
    or
  • BIOL132 General Biology: Organisms 4
  • CHEM115 General Chemistry I 5
  • NSCI103 Environmental Science 3

One of the Following:

  • NSCI102 Introduction to Geology 4
  • GEOL121 Physical Geology 4
  • NSCI116 Introduction to Oceanography 4

At least 3 additional credits of EVRN course(s) at the 300 level or higher

One of the following (minimum 3 credits):

  • NRES304 The Human Environment 4
  • BIOL337 General Ecology 3
  • NRES345 Limnology 3
  • BIOL420 Evolutionary Analysis 3
  • NRES470 Restoration Ecology 3
  • NRES475 Aquatic Entomology 3
  • ECON307 Environmental Economics 3
  • GEOG306 Cultural Geography 4
  • POLI342 International Environmental Policy 3
  • GEOL334 Hydrologic Systems: Sur/Ground Water 4
  • Any EVRN course at the 300 level or higher

A minimum gpa of 2.00 or higher is required for this minor.

Minor: General Business

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 22-23

Required Courses:

  • ACTG132 Principles of Accounting I 4
  • MGMT360 Management Concepts & Apps. 3
  • MRKT281 Marketing Principles & Strategy 3
  • ECON202 Principles of Microeconomics 3
  • FINC245 Principles of Finance 3
    or
  • FINC341 Managerial Finance 4
  • BUSN231 Business Communications 3
  • BUSN350 Business Law I 3

Minor: Geographic Information Science

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 20

GIS Core Requirements:

  • EVRN131 Introduction to GIS and GPS 3
  • EVRN225 Intermediate GIS 3
  • EVRN325 Geospatial Analysis 3

Select two from the following:

  • EVRN355 GIS Programming and Applications 4
  • EVRN365 Applied Geospatial Technologies 4
  • EVRN445 Remote Sensing & Spatial Statistics 4

Select one from the following:

  • EVRN211 Field Data Methods 1
  • NRES284 Principles of Forest Conservation 4
  • GEOL308 Structural Geology Systems 4
  • RECS365 Expedition Management 3

Select one from the following:

  • CSCI105 Introduction to Computer Programming 3
  • BIOL280 Biostatistics 3
  • BUSN211 Business Statistics 3
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3
  • PSYC210 Statistics

Minimum grade of C (2.00) in every EVRN course.

Minor: Geography

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 20

Geography (9-11 credits)

  • GEOG106 Physical Geography: Landforms 4
    or
  • GEOL121 Physical and Historical Geology I 4
  • GEOG108 Physical Geography: Meteorology and Climatology 4
  • GEOG302 Economic Geography 4
  • GEOG306 Cultural Geography 3
  • GEOG492 Individualized Studies in Geography 2-4

Geography electives to total 20 credits:

  • GEOG201 World Regional Geography 4
  • GEOG321 Geography of Europe and Great Britain 4
  • GEOG322 Geography of South America, Central America and the Caribbean Region 4
  • GEOG323 Geography of East and Southeast Asia 4
  • GEOG325 Regional Geography of North America 4
  • GEOG360 Historical Geography of Eastern North America 4

It is strongly suggested that students pursuing professional careers complete MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods.

Minor: Geology

Degree Requirements

Total Required Courses: 20

  • GEOL121 Physical Geology 4
  • GEOL122 Historical Geology 4
  • GEOL223 Earth Materials 4
  • GEOL308 Structural Geology Systems 4

A minimum of 4 additional GEOL credits at 3XX or 4XX Level.

Minor: Gerontology

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 23

Required Courses:

  • BIOL105 Function of the Human Body 4
    or
  • BIOL122 Human Anatomy and Physiology II 4
  • PSYC155 Lifespan Development 3
  • RECS105 Program Development & Leadership 3
  • RECS295 Practicum 1
  • RECS370 Recreation for the Elderly 3
  • HLTH352 Health Issues of Aging Populations 3
  • SOCY326 The Sociology of Aging and the Aged 3
  • SOCY327 The Sociology of Dying and Death 3

Minor: History

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 21

  • HIST101 History of World Civilization I 4
    and
  • HIST102 History of World Civilization II 4
    or
  • HIST131 United States History I 4
    and
  • HIST132 United States History II 4
  • HIST296 Historical Methods 2
  • HIST 200 Level History Elective 3
  • HIST 300/400 Level History Elective 8

Minor: Homeland Security

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 21

Required Courses:

  • CJUS101 Introduction to Criminal Justice 3
  • CJUS103 Introduction to Terrorism and Homeland Security 3
  • CJUS203 Cyberterrorism 3
  • CJUS303 Critical Infrastructure Protection 3

Select two courses from:

  • CJUS204 Domestic and International Terrorism 3
  • CJUS325 Homeland Security and Emergency Services 3
  • CJUS384 International and Comparative Criminal Justice Systems 3

Select one course from:

  • CJUS306 Security Systems 3
  • CJUS313 Crisis Intervention and Deviant Behavior 3
  • CJUS444 Criminalistics 4
  • FIRE312 Hazardous Materials Management 3

The Homeland Security Minor cannot be applied to the Associate Degree Criminal Justice Homeland Security, the Bachelor’s degree in Criminal Justice with a Homeland Security Concentration or equivalent.

Minor: Human Nutrition

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 23

  • BIOL122 Anatomy and Physiology II 4
  • CHEM105 Life Chemistry II 4
  • HLTH104 Nutrition for Early Childhood 3
  • HLTH208 Principles of Human Nutrition 3
  • EXER275 Nutrition for Sport and Exercise Performance 2
  • HLTH330 Applied Nutrition 2
  • HLTH452 Contemporary Issues in Nutrition 3
  • HLTH490 Independent Study in Health 2
    or
  • EXER496 Selected Research Topics 2

Minor: Human Resource Management

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 31

  • BUSN350 Business Law I 3
  • ECON201 Principles of Macroeconomics 3
  • ECON202 Principles of Microeconomics 3
  • MGMT360 Management Concepts & Apps. 3
  • MGMT365 Human Resource Management 3
  • MGMT451 Labor Law 4
  • MGMT464 Organizational Behavior 3
  • MGMT469 Collective Bargaining 3
  • PSYC201 Communication Skills in Counseling 3
  • PSYC396 Tests and Measurements 3

Minor: Human Services Administration

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 22

  • SOWK344 Social Welfare Systems 3
  • MGMT365 Human Resource Management 3
  • DATA Elective 3
  • POLI201 Intro. to Public Administration 3
    or
  • PSYC228 Organizational Behavior 3
  • HMSV250 Human Services Practicum 3
  • ACTG230 Fundamentals of Accounting 4
  • MRKT281 Marketing Principles and Strategy 3

Minor: Humanities

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 24

Required Courses:

  • HUMN251 Humanities I 4
  • HUMN252 Humanities II 4

Select at least 10 credits from Group A:

  • HUMN203 Survey of Chinese Culture 3
  • HUMN240 Native Art and Culture 3
  • HUMN255 World Mythology 4
  • HUMN256 Intro Film: Images of Culture 3
  • HUMN261 World Literature I 3
  • HUMN262 World Literature II 3
  • PHIL204 Introduction to Philosophy 3
  • PHIL210 Existentialism 3
  • PHIL215 Ethical Theory and Practice 3
  • PHIL250 Philosophy of Religion 3
  • PHIL302 Ancient Western Philosophy 3
  • PHIL305 Modern Contemporary Philosophy 3

Select at least 6 credits from Group B:

  • ARTS109 Principles of Design and Color 3
  • ARTS110 Fundamentals of Drawing 3
  • ARTS250 Art History & Appreciation I 4
  • ARTS251 Art History & Appreciation II 4
  • SPAN261 Second Year Spanish I 3
  • SPAN262 Second Year Spanish II 3
  • FREN251 Second Year French I 4
  • FREN252 Second Year French II 4
  • THEA251 History of Drama and Theatre I 3
  • THEA252 History of Drama and Theatre II 3
  • DANC305 Dance History 3
  • ENGL236 Literature and Culture 3
  • MUSC220 History Appreciation Music I 4
  • MUSC221 History Appreciation Music II 4

At least 6 of the 24 credits need to be at the 300 level.

Minor: Institutional Loss Control

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 21

  • CJUS212 Loss Control 3
  • CJUS341 Fire Cause & Arson Investigation 3
  • FIRE101 Introduction to Fire Science 3
  • FIRE111 Hazardous Materials 3
  • FIRE206 Fire Protection Systems Equipment and Industrial Fire Prevention 3
  • FIRE301 Code Enforcement Inspection and Fire Prevention 3

Select one of the following two:

  • CJUS303 Critical Infrastructure Protection 3
    or
  • CJUS306 Security Systems 3

This minor may not be used for fire science majors.

Minor: International Business

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 21

Required Courses:

  • INTB375 International Business Law 3
  • INTB389 Competing in the Global Marketplace 3
  • INTB420 Comparative International Management 3
  • INTB486 International Marketing 3
  • MGMT360 Management Concepts 3
  • MRKT281 Principles of Marketing 3
  • Approved International Experience Elective (3)

Select one of the following courses for the International Experience Elective:

  • BUSN399 Internship in Discipline 3
  • INTD310 Foreign Study 3
  • INTD410 Internship in Department 3

Minor: International Studies

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 32

Choose at least one course from six of the following categories to total a minimum of 32 credits.

Category 7, foreign language, is required.

1. Cultural Diversity

  • SOCY103 Cultural Diversity 3
  • BUSN308 Managing Cultural Differences 3

2. Business and Economics

  • ECON408 International Economics 3
  • INTB486 International Marketing 3
  • BUSN400 Special Topics 3

3. Geography

  • GEOG302 Economics Geography 4
  • GEOG306 Cultural Geography 3

4. Political Science

  • POLI411 U.S. Foreign Policy 3
  • POLI420 Politics of the World Economy 4
  • POLI331 Comparative Politics of Western Europe and Russia 4
  • POLI334 Middle East Politics 3

5. History

  • HIST310 Russia: From Under-developed State to Superpower 4
  • HIST316 Europe in the 20th Century 4
  • HIST361 Latin America 4
  • HIST371 Far East Civilization: 1850 to Present 4
  • HIST442 Diplomatic History of the U.S. I 4

6. Humanities

  • HUMN261 World Literature I 3
  • HUMN262 World Literature II 3
  • FREN353 Business French I 3
  • FREN354 Business French II 3
  • FREN360 French Cultural Perspectives 3-4
  • JAPN105 Intensive Introductory Japanese Language I 10
  • JAPN106 Intensive Introductory Japanese Language II 10
  • JAPN201 Culture and Society of Japan I 3
  • JAPN202 Culture and Society of Japan II 3
  • JAPN301 Japanese Art and Culture I 4
  • JAPN302 Japanese Art and Culture II 4

7. Foreign Language

  • A minimum of two semesters of a modern foreign language 8

Special Topics — study in a foreign country may be used for up to eight credits of the humanities and foreign language credits.

Minor: Kinesiology

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 24

  • KINS101 Foundations in Kinesiology 3
  • KINS140 Health and Fitness 3
  • KINS265 Personal Fitness Training 3
  • KINS275 Nutrition Sport Exercise Performance 3
  • KINS332 Health Promotions 3
  • KINS428 Psychology Exercise/Rehabilitation 3
  • KINS434 Neurological Basics Motor Learning 3
  • KINS444 Exercise Prescription 3

Minor: Law Enforcement

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 21

Required Courses:

  • CJUS101 Intro. to Criminal Justice 3
  • CJUS102 Police Process 3

Minimum of 15 credits from (at least 6 credits must be at 300/400 level):

  • CJUS203 Cyberterrorism 3
  • CJUS206 Law Enforcement/Loss Control Internship 3
  • CJUS243 Investigation 3
  • CJUS313 Crisis Intervention and Deviant Behavior 3
  • CJUS319 Substantive Criminal Law 3
  • CJUS321 Ethical Issues in Public Safety 3
  • CJUS409 Procedural Criminal Law 3
  • CJUS444 Criminalistics 4
  • CJUS Elective 200 Level or higher (up to 6 credits)

The Law Enforcement Minor cannot be applied to the Associate Degree Criminal Justice Law enforcement, the Bachelor’s degree in Criminal Justice with a Law Enforcement concentration, or equivalent.

Minor: Literature

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 21

Methods, Genre, and Theory (6 credits)

  • ENGL180 Introduction to Literary Studies 3
  • ENGL380 History of Literary Criticism 3

Literature (12 credits)

Choose four courses not required for major with at least one course at the 400 level.  The four courses may come from any category:

American and British Literatures

  • ENGL231 American Literature I 3
  • ENGL232 American Literature II 3
  • ENGL233 English Literature I 3
  • ENGL234 English Literature II 3

Diversity and Culture

  • ENGL235 Survey of Native Literature of North America 3
  • ENGL236 Literature and Culture 3

Textual Criticism

  • ENGL345 Studies in Classis Texts 3
  • ENGL435 Studies in Visual Texts 3

Advanced Studies

  • ENGL440 Advanced Studies in British Literature 3
  • ENGL442 Advanced Studies in American Literature 3

Professional Skills (3 credits – Choose one course not required for major)

  • ENGL221 Introduction to Creative Writing  3
  • ENGL222 English Grammar 3
  • ENGL320 Responding to Writing 3

Minor: Marine and Freshwater Sciences

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 24-26

  • NSCI116 Introduction to Oceanography 4
  • BIOL286 Principles of Watershed 3
  • BIOL310 Ichthyology 3
  • BIOL345 Limnology 4
  • BIOL389 Internship in Biology 3
  • BIOL450 Lab Apprentice* 1

Select two of the following (must represent different disciplines):

  • BIOL289 Aquatic Research Sampling Methods* 3
  • BIOL302 Invertebrate Zoology 3
  • BIOL333 Fish Ecology 3
  • BIOL475 Aquatic Entomology 3
  • EVRN341 Environmental Chemistry I 4
  • GEOL121 Physical & Historical Geology I 4
  • GEOL411 Hydrological Systems 4

*Cross-listed as EVRN

Minor: Marketing

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 21

  • ECON202 Principles of Microeconomics 3
  • INTB486 International Marketing 3
  • MRKT281 Marketing Principles & Strategy 3
  • MRKT283 Personal Selling 3
  • MRKT381 Consumer Behavior 3
  • MRKT Electives (300 level or above) 6

Minor: Mathematics

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 21

Required Courses:

  • MATH151 Calculus I 4
  • MATH152 Calculus II 4
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3
    or
  • MATH308 Probability and Mathematical Statistics 3

Plus additional mathematics courses numbered MATH215 or higher for a minimum of 21 credits with a minimum of 6 credits at the 300/400 level.

Minor: Mathematics - Elementary Teaching

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 26

Courses Required:

  • MATH103 Number Systems and Problem Solving 4
  • MATH104 Geometry & Measurement 4
  • MATH112 Calculus for Business & Life Sciences 4
    or
  • MATH151 Calculus I 4
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3
  • MATH215 Fundamental Concepts of Mathematics 3
  • MATH321 History of Mathematics 3
  • EDUC420 Math Methods for Elementary Teachers 2
  • MATH300/400 Elective 3

Minor: Mathematics - Secondary Teaching

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 26

  • MATH151 Calculus I 4
  • MATH152 Calculus II 4
  • MATH215 Fundamental Concepts of Mathematics 3
  • MATH216 Discrete Mathematics and Problem Solving 3
  • MATH207 Principles of Statistical Methods 3
  • MATH321 History of Mathematics 3
  • MATH325 College Geometry 3
  • EDUC442 Math Methods for Secondary Teachers 3

Minor: Mechanical Engineering

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 21

  • EGNR140 Linear Algebra and Numerical Methods for Engineers 2
  • EGEM220 Statics 3
  • EGME110 Manufacturing Processes 3
  • EGME141 Solid Modeling 3
  • EGME225 Mechanics of Materials 3
  • EGME or EGEM listed courses at the 300/400 level 7

Minor: Natural Resources

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 25 – 27

Required Courses (16 credits):

  • BIOL132 General Biology: Organisms 4
  • EVRN311 Environmental Law 3
  • NRES107 Field Biology Fish Wildlife Eco/Iden 3
  • NRES203 Fund of  Natural Resources 3
  • NSCI103 Environmental Science 3

Two of the following (6 – 8 credits):

  • NRES230 Introduction to Soil Science 4
  • NRES240 Natural History of the Vertebrate 3
  • NRES250 Quantitative Biology 3
  • NRES284 Principles Forest Conservation 4
  • NRES286 Principles of Watersheds 3
  • NRES287 Conservation Biology 3

NRES Elective- One NRES course at the 300-400 Level (3-4 credits)

(Note:  NRES199, NRES299, NRES398, NRES399, NRES495, NRES497, NRES499 can not be used to fulfill the 300-400 level elective requirement.)

Minor: Outdoor Leader

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 23

  • RECS101 Introduction to Recreation and Leisure Services 3
  • RECS262 Outdoor Recreation 3
  • RECS360 Facilitation and Interpretation 3
  • RECS365 Expedition Management 3
  • RECS390 Recreation Leader Apprenticeship 1
  • RECS390 Recreation Leader Apprenticeship 1
  • EMED188 Wilderness First Responder 2
  • EVRN131 Introduction to GIS and GPS 3

Complete four from the following five courses:

  • RECA106 Backpacking 1
  • RECA107 Canoe Techniques 1
  • RECA109 Rock Climbing and Rappelling 1
  • RECA119 Cross-Country Skiing 1
  • RECA120 Downhill Skiing and Snowboarding 1

Minor: Paramedic Technology

Degree Requirements

Current licensure as a Michigan Basic EMT and all course prerequisites must be met by the student prior to beginning this program.

Total Credits Required: 44

Paramedic Technology (36 credits)

  • EMED211 Emergency Pharmacology I 2
  • EMED212 Emergency Pharmacology II 2
  • EMED251 Advanced Emergency Care I 4
  • EMED252 Advanced Emergency Care II 4
  • EMED261 Emergency Cardiology I 2
  • EMED262 Emergency Cardiology II 2
  • EMED271 Prehospital Emergency Pediatrics 2
  • EMED284 Advanced Skills and Situations I 3
  • EMED285 Advanced Skills and Situations II 3
  • EMED286 Paramedic Operations 2
  • EMED297 Paramedic Clinical I 2
  • EMED298 Paramedic Clinical II 2
  • EMED301 National Registry Certification Preparation 2
  • EMED302 Paramedic Field Internship 4

Support Courses (8 credits)

  • BIOL121 Anatomy and Physiology I 4
  • BIOL122 Anatomy and Physiology II 4

Minor: Philosophy

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 20-21

Required Courses (12 credits):

  • PHIL205 Logic 3
  • PHIL215 Ethical Theory and Practice 3
  • PHIL302 Ancient Western Philosophy 3
  • PHIL305 Modern and Contemporary Philosophy 3

Elective Courses (8-9 credits)

  • PHIL100 Special Topics (if offered) 1-4
  • PHIL200 Special Topics (if offered) 1-4
  • PHIL204 Introduction to Philosophy 3
  • PHIL210 Existentialism 3
  • PHIL220 Biomedical Ethics 3
  • PHIL250 Philosophy of Religion 3
  • PHIL300 Special Topics (if offered) 1-4
  • PHIL400 Special Topics (if offered) 1-4
  • PHIL490 Directed Study in Philosophy 1-4
  • HUMN261 World Literature I 3
  • HUMN262 World Literature II 3

Minor: Political Science

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 28

Required Courses:

  • POLI110 Intro. to American Government & Politics 4
    or
  • POLI160 Intro. to Canadian Government & Politics 4
  • POLI202 Sophomore Seminar Political Research & Stats 3
  • POLI351 Political Philosophy 4

A minimum of one course in each of the following three fields: (9-12 credits)

  • American Politics: POLI301, POLI325, POLI367, POLI467
  • Comparative Politics: POLI234, POLI331, POLI334, POLI335
  • International Relations: POLI241, POLI245, POLI342, POLI411, POLI413, POLI420

Additional political science electives must be taken to reach 22 credits. A minimum of 12 credits must be at the 300/400 level.

Minor: Pre-law

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 22-23

Required Courses:

  • LAWS102 Legal Research and Case Analysis 3
  • LAWS202 Legal Writing and Analysis 3
  • POLI120 Introduction to the Legal Process 3
  • POLI222 Introduction to the Legal Profession 3
  • POLI467 Constitutional Law and Civil Liberties 4

Select two courses in different disciplines from the following:

  • BUSN350 Business Law I 3
  • BUSN355 Business Law II 3
  • CJUS250 Correctional Law 3
  • CJUS319 Substantive Criminal Law 3
  • CJUS409 Procedural Criminal Law
  • EVRN311 Environmental Law 3
  • INTB375 International Business Law 3
  • MGMT451 Labor Law 4
  • POLI301 Policy Analysis and Evaluation 4
  • POLI342 International Environmental Policy 3
  • POLI499 Political Science/Public Administration Internship 3

Minor: Professional Communication

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 21-22

Required Courses:

  • COMM308 Communication Theory 3
  • CSCI106 Web Page Design and Development 3
  • ENGL222 English Grammar 3
  • ENGL306 Technical Writing 3
  • COMM399 Internship (1-4)

Elective Courses: (6-7 credits)

  • COMM210 Business & Professional Speaking 3
    or
  • BUSN231 Business Communications 3
  • COMM211 Advanced Public Speaking 3
  • COMM302 Argumentation and Advocacy 3
  • COMM320 Public Relations 3
  • COMM325 Organizational Communication 3
  • ENGL221 Creative Writing 3
  • ENGL320 Responding to Writing 3
  • JOUR220 Photojournalism 3
  • SOWK480 Grantwriting 3
  • MRKT281 Marketing Principles & Strategy 3
  • MRKT387 Advertising Theory and Practice 3

Minor: Psychology

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 22

  • PSYC101 Introduction to Psychological Science 3
  • PSYC210 Statistics 3
  • PSYC212 Experimental Psychology 4
  • PSYC Electives 6
  • PSYC Elective at 300+ level 3
  • PSYC357 Personality Theory 3
    or
  • PSYC396 Tests & Measurements 3
    or
  • PSYC457 Cognition 4
    or
  • PSYC459 Behavioral Neuroscience 4

Minor: Public Administration

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 27

  • POLI110 Intro. to American Government & Politics 4
  • POLI130 Intro. to State and Local Government 4
  • POLI201 Intro. to Public Administration 3
  • POLI202 Sophomore Seminar Political Res & Stats 3
  • POLI301 Policy Analysis & Evaluation 3
  • POLI401 Prin. of Public Administration 3
  • POLI499 Political Science/Public Administration Internship 3
  • ECON201 Prin. of Macroeconomics 3

Minor: Public Health

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 22

Required Courses (10 credits):

  • HLTH150 Introduction to Public Health 3
  • SOCY266 Medical Sociology 4
  • KINS332 Health Promotions 3

Choose Three courses within one of the concentrations below:

Drug Abuse Prevention:

  • SOWK204 Fundamentals of Drug Abuse 3
  • SOWK292 Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment 3
  • SOWK341 Addiction 3
  • SOCY420 Sociology of Cannabis 3

Environmental Health:

  • HLTH210 Intro to Health Care Concepts and Issues 3
  • SOCY227 Population and Ecology 3
  • EVRN317 Environmental Health Applications 3
  • POLI342 International Environmental Policy 3
  • BIOL385 Public Health Statistics and Epidemiology 3

Health Education:

  • KINS140 Health and Fitness 3
  • HLTH208 Principles of Human Nutrition 3
    or
  • KINS275 Nutrition Sports Exercise Performance 3
  • NURS/ HLTH328 Multicultural Approaches to Health Care 3
  • PSYC385 Health Psychology 3

Choose one additional elective course from any [of the courses] listed above or one course from any special topics course offered within the course areas listed above (3 credits).

Minor: Public Relations

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 21

Required Courses: (13 credits)

  • COMM210 Business & Professional Speaking 3
    or
  • COMM211 Advanced Public Speaking 3
  • COMM302 Argumentation and Advocacy 3
  • COMM308 Communication Theory 3
  • COMM320 Public Relations 4

Elective Courses: (8 credits)

  • BUSN231 Business Communications 3
  • COMM280 Understanding Mass Media 3
  • COMM307 Classical/Contemporary Rhetoric 3
    COMM325 Organizational Communication 3
  • COMM399 Internship in Public Relations 1-4
  • CSCI106 Web Design and Development 3
  • CSCI107 Web Graphic Design and Development 3
  • MRKT281 Marketing Principles and Strategy 3
  • MRKT387 Advertising Theory and Practice 3
  • POLI325 Politics and Media 3

Minor: Recreation Studies

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 24

Required Courses: (16 credits)

  • EXER140 Health and Fitness 3
  • RECS101 Intro. to Recreation and Leisure Services 3
  • RECS105 Program Development and Leadership 3
  • RECS295 Practicum 2
  • RECS390 Recreation Leader Apprenticeship 1
  • RECS482 Administration of Recreation and Leisure Services 4

Departmental Elective: (8 credits)
(six credits from 300- and 400-level classes)

  • HMSV480 Grantwriting 3
  • RECA210 Lifeguarding 2
  • RECA211 Water Safety & Lifeguard Instructor 2
  • RECS212 Instructional Methods in Adapted Aquatics 2
  • RECS220 Methods in Arts & Crafts 3
  • RECS262 Outdoor Recreation 3
  • RECS270 Sports Management 3
  • RECS280 Readiness in Games, Activities and Sports 3
  • RECS320 Dance & Rhythmic Activities for Recreation 3
  • RECS344 Adapted Sports and Recreation 3
  • RECS362 Land Management for Recreational Purposes 3
  • RECS365 Expedition Management 3
  • RECS367 National Parks, National Monuments and National Culture 3
  • RECS370 Recreation for the Elderly 3
  • RECS375 Commercial Recreation 3
  • RECS397 Recreation Studies Junior Research Seminar 1
  • RECS437 Recreation Studies Senior Research Seminar 1
  • RECS435 Research in Recreation and 3
  • RECS450 Philosophy of Human Performance and Leisure 3
  • RECS496 Selected Research Topics 1

Minor: Robotics Technology

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 24 – 27

Required Courses: 12 credits

  • EGRS215 Robotics Technology I 2
  • EGRS380 Robotics Technology II 2
  • EGRS381 Robotics Technology Lab 1
  • EGRS365 Programmable Logic Controllers 3
  • EGRS480 Manufacturing Automation 3
  • EGRS481 Manufacturing Automation Lab 1

Complete all courses from either of the following two sequences:

Engineering Technology Sequence

  • EGNR140 Linear Algebra and Numerical Methods for Engineers 2
  • EGNR245 Calculus Applications in Technology 3
  • EGNR265 “C” Programming 3
  • EGRS430 Systems Integration and Machine Vision 4
  • EGNR496 Senior Directed Project 3

Computer Science Sequence

  • CSCI121 Principles of Programming 3
  • CSCI221 Computer Networks 3
  • CSCI461 Decision Support and Expert Systems 3
    or
  • CSCI490 Individual Research Topics Computer Science 3
  • CSCI or MATH 300-level or above 3

Minor: Social Work

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 21

Required Courses:

  • SOWK110 Introduction to Social Work 3
  • PSYC201 Communication Skills in Counseling 3
  • SOWK250 Social Work Practicum 6-9
  • SOWK310 Clinical Practice and Diagnosis 3
  • SOWK344 Social Welfare Systems 3

One elective course from the following:

  • SOCY301 Social Research Methods 3
  • PSYC291 Group Counseling 3
  • SOWK301 Alternative Dispute Resolution and Conflict Management 3
  • SOWK305 Tribal Law and Government 3
  • SOCY338 Deviance 3
  • SOWK341 Addiction 3
  • PSYC391 Family Therapy 3
  • SOWK480 Grantwriting 3

The practicum may be taken for six or nine credits; nine credits are required when application for social work technician registration with state of Michigan is desired.

Minor: Society and Environment

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 25

  • BIOL304 The Human Environment 3
  • ECON202 Principles of Microeconomics 3
  • ECON307 Environmental Economics 3
  • INTD490 Senior Directed Study 3
  • NSCI103 Environmental Science 3
  • POLI342 International Environmental Policy 3
  • SOCY102 Social Problems 4
  • SOCY227 Population and Ecology 3

Minor: Sociology

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 23

  • SOCY101 Introduction to Sociology 4
  • SOCY238 Social Psychology 4
    or
  • SOCY214 Criminology 3
    or
  • SOCY227 Population and Ecology 3
  • SOCY310 Development of Sociological Theory 3
    or
  • SOCY311 Contemporary Sociological Theory 3
    or
  • SOCY301 Research Methods 3

One elective course from the following:

  • SOCY314 Social Change 3
  • SOWK480 Grantwriting 3
  • SOCY497 Community Action Project 3

Additional sociology courses (9-10 credits) to total a minimum of 23 credits.

Minor: Sports Marketing

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 28

Required Courses:

  • BUSN231 Business Communications 3
  • MRKT281 Marketing Principles and Strategy 3
  • MRKT379 Sports and Events Marketing 3
  • RECS270 Sports Management 3
  • RECS295 Practicum 2
  • RECS496 Selected Research Topics 2

Select 12 credit hours from the following electives:

  • COMM320 Public Relations 4
  • INTB486 International Marketing 3
  • MRKT283 Principles of Selling 3
  • MRKT381 Consumer Behavior 3
  • MRKT383 E-Marketing 3
  • MRKT385 Services Marketing 3
  • MRKT387 Advertising Theory and Behavior 3
  • MRKT388 Retail Management 3
  • MRKT480 Marketing Research 3

Minor: Substance Abuse Counseling

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 27

  • SOWK204 Fundamentals of Drug Abuse 3
  • SOWK250 Social Work Practicum 3
  • SOWK292 Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment 3
  • SOWK341 Addiction 3
  • PSYC201 Communication Skills in Counseling 3
  • PSYC240 Behavior Management 3
  • PSYC396 Tests and Measurements* 3
  • PSYC291 Group Counseling 3
    or
  • PSYC391 Family Therapy 3
  • PSYC259 Abnormal Psychology** 3
    or
  • SOCY338 Deviance** 3

*Note: PSYC396 has a prerequisite of one of these statistics courses: MATH207, PSYC210 or SOCY302.

**May count toward SOCY/PSYC minor.

Minor: Sustainability

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 21

Required Courses (3 credits)

  • NSCI103 Environmental Science 3

Law and Policy: 3 credits – one of the following two:

  • EVRN311 Environmental Law 3
  • POLI342 International Environmental Policy 3

Science & Technology: Minimum 6 credits from the following:

  • BIOL235 Introduction Protected Horticulture 3
  • EGNR261 Energy Systems/Sustainability 3
  • EGNR361 Energy Systems/Sustainability Lab 1
  • EVRN315 Human Impacts on Environment 4
  • EVRN317 Environmental Health Apps 4
  • EVRN435 Environmental Systems 3
  • GEOG108 Physical Geography: Meteorology/Climatology 4
  • GEOL334 Hydrologic Systems Surface & Ground water 4
  • NRES287 Conservation Biology 3
  • NRES304 The Human Environment 3

Economics: Minimum 6 credits from the following:

  • ECON201 Principles Macroeconomics 3
  • ECON202 Principles Microeconomics 3
  • ECON307 Environmental Economics 3
  • POLI420 Politics of the World Economy 4

Sociology & Human Behavior: Minimum 3 credits from the following:

  • BUSN403 Business, Government & Society 3
  • PSYC217 Social Psychology 3
  • SOCY102 Social Problems 4
  • SOCY227 Population & Ecology 3

Minimum of 6 credits at the 300/400 level required.

Minor: Theatre

Degree Requirements

Total Credits Required: 24

  • THEA112 Acting for Beginners 3
  • THEA212 Improvisational Acting 3
  • THEA251 Theatre History 3
  • THEA309 Survey of Great Playwrights 3
  • THEA312 Acting Shakespeare 3
  • THEA333 Play Analysis 3
  • THEA412 Acting Studio 3

Required Practicum (3 credits):

  • THEA162 Practicum-Acting in Practice 1
  • THEA163 Practicum-Production Team 1
  • THEA164 Practicum-Healthcare Simulation 1