Fields of Study:

Geosciences, Hydrology, GIS/Remote Sensing


Ph.D. in Geosciences: 2015- Florida International University, FL

MS in Geology with Graduate Certificate in Geospatial Technology: 2010, Bowling Green State University, OH

M.Sc. in Geology (Natural Resource Studies Track)- 2007, Tribhuvan University, Nepal


I am a broadly trained geo-environmental scientist with a research focus on water– its movement and characteristics on surface, sub-surface, and near-surface atmosphere. I use remotely sensed data and GIS methods to study hydrologic processes in the scales ranging from a point of interest to watershed. My past research has focused on the geochemical signatures of natural waters; hydrologic processes in watershed such as precipitation-runoff-soil erosion-sediment delivery; human alteration of land cover and resulting alteration of energy and water balance; and extraction of albedo, emissivity and land surface temperature from Landsat. Currently, I am working on analyzing water quality of stream reaches and groundwater wells and its linkage to geology and surficial watershed processes, extracting vegetation characteristics of forested ecosystem and hydrogeomorphic features of inland water bodies using remote sensing data.

Research Interests:

Human-environment interaction, geochemistry of waters, geospatial analysis and modeling

Professional Affiliations:

American Geophysical Union

Nepal Geological Society

Publications (recent):

Kandel, H. (2021). Time series analysis of snow loss from the glaciated high mountain area of Kaligandaki River Watershed using global scale modeling and reanalysis products. In 10th Nepal Geological Congress, Organized virtually on 7-8 March, 2021, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Kandel, H. and Aryal, A. (2020) Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Air Pollution in Kathmandu and Pokhara Valleys. In Sharma, B. & Adhikari, A. (2020).  COVID-19 Pandemic and Nepal: Issues and Perspectives. Asta-Ja RDC, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Kandel, H.P., Aryal, A., & Kandel, P.P. (2020) COVID-19 and Environment: Analyzing stability and environmental impact of SARS-CoV-2 using theoretical study and observational approach. In International Virtual Symposium (2020) Climatological, Meteorological, and Environmental factors in the COVID-19 pandemic, AGU.

Kandel, H. (2020) The Effect of Climate Change on Water Depletion Over Nepal Himalaya: A Remote Sensing Analysis. In Environment and Climate Change Symposium, National Knowledge Convention 2020, Non-Resident Nepalese Association- National Coordination Council, USA, July 04, 2020.

Publication (other):

Link to Google Scholar

Geology Courses

Courses Taught

  • GEOL322 Geochemical Systems
  • GEOL334 Hydrologic Systems: Surface & Groundwater

Environmental & GIS Courses

Courses Taught

  • NSCI103 Environmental Science
  • GEOG108 Meteorology and Climatology
  • EVRN131 Introduction to GIS
  • EVRN225 Intermediate GIS
  • EVRN325 Geospatial Analysis
  • EVRN355 GIS Programming and Applications
  • EVRN445 Remote Sensing and Spatial Statistics