Lake Superior State University
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Alum Success

Rachael graduated from Novi High School in Novi, Michigan. Rachael completed their senior research project by developing a method of detecting blastomyces dermatitidis in soil using PCR. This study lays the foundation for further studying blastomyces dermatitidis in soil samples from endemic regions in northern Michigan. Rachael is a member of the Alpha Chi Honor Society. Rachael recently was selected to go to MSU to train in qPCR techniques and assisted in their cow bacteroides project. Rachael plans to attend graduate school in the future to study biochemistry.

Rachael Cunningham
2010 Outstanding Graduate
Forensic Chemistry

Chemistry

LSSU chemistry students receive top awards in undergraduate student research
Senior Projects
 
Undergraduate Research

Lake Superior State University students have demonstrated once again that they can be formidable competitors among their peers when it comes to research. Recently, three LSSU chemistry students received top awards in the undergraduate part of a competition that examined student research in their field.


Anna Kerr, a senior from Harrison, poses with a poster that details research she performed as part of the requirements for her bachelor's degree.

Christopher Gravatt is exploring a method of scrubbing petroleum hydrocarbons from soil and groundwater. Volatile organic chemicals (VOCs) associated with petroleum become trapped in soil due to their insoluble nature. These contaminants slowly leach out of soil to contaminate groundwater. One common method of removing these contaminates is by pumping out the groundwater, treating it at the surface, and then returning it via a spray application. This is a long, repetitive process. Gravatt's study proposes the synthesis and deployment of novel biodegradable organic surfactants that would isolate insoluble soil contaminants near the groundwater layer for rapid and safe removal. Gravatt is a senior in environmental chemistry from Escanaba, Mich.

"Our students received the top awards in the undergraduate competition," said Prof. Barbara Keller Ph.D., chair of the department of chemistry and environmental science. "They really did an outstanding job and seemed to surprise the competition."

Titles of a few of the senior research projects include:

  • Measurement of CI/LI Additive in Military Jet Fuel by Infrared Spectrometry, Christine Larkin
  • Determination and Comparison of Ca:Zn and Ca:Fe Ratios in Conversion Coatings using SEM-EDS, Nathan Morrill
  • Asymmetric Synthesis Using Chiral Auxiliaries and Titanium Enolates, Michael Overbeek
  • Determination of Silver in Seawater by Thin Film Hydride Generation ICP-MS, Jordan Burton
  • Towards the Synthesis of a Guanidine-like Organocatalyst, Rebecca Smrke
Presentations

Several LSSU Chemistry & Environmental Science students presented their senior thesis research at regional research symposia.


In October, Allissa Haney (Senior, Forensic Chemistry), and Danielle Hamann (Junior, Chemistry) presented their results at the Midwestern Symposium on Undergraduate Research in Chemistry hosted by Michigan State University, in East Lansing. Allissa (L) and Danielle (R) are shown with their research posters.


Christopher Gravatt (Senior, Environmental Chemistry & Chemistry), Chelsea Theissen (Chemistry & Biology), Rebecca Schewe (Senior, Environmental Chemisty), Adam Point (Senior, Environmental Science) and Danielle Hamann (Junior, Chemistry) presented their research at the 23rd Annual Argonne Symposium, hosted by the US Dept of Energy at Argonne National Laboratory. In addition to the research presentation, attendees had an opportunity to tour lab facilities such as the Argonne Tandem Linear Accelerator System (ATLAS) and the Advanced Photon Source. Chris, Danielle, Brandon Yanni, Adam, Rebecca, and Chelsea are shown in the picture to the left, in front of the Advanced Photon Source.

  

"The equipment available to students in our chemistry department is unparalleled in the state of Michigan. Here, undergraduate students get to use the equipment…They don't have to compete with research assistants as they would in other universities."

--Barbara Keller
Dean
College of Natural, Mathematical and Health Sciences

Prepared


Nicholas Smith Ph.D. (file photo) works in the areas of radioisotope recycling and medical isotope synthesis and isolation. He received his bachelor's degree in chemistry from LSSU ('04), then went on to graduate work in nuclear chemistry at University of Nevada-Las Vegas, where he received his Ph.D. He is a postdoctoral research fellow at Argonne, where much of the experimental work for the Manhattan Project occurred and is the site where the first nuclear reactor was built. The Argonne lab, along with Oak Ridge and Los Alamos labs, are where the bulk of nuclear research is performed in the U.S.

 

In the Field


Student researchers collecting sediment cores on the St. Marys River.

Synthesis of Multicyclic Products ...

Josh Brown

“Synthesis of Multicyclic Products from Annulation Reaction of an Imadazoline and β-Hydroxy Carboxylic Acids”: Imidazolines are nitrogen containing hetercycles that can be found in natural products. They have unique properties particularly their ability to react with electrophiles and nucleophiles. If reacted with a molecule that contains both, imidazolines can undergo annulations to produce many interesting products. This study attempted to prepare a multicyclic product from the reaction of 1-benzyl-2-phenyl-2-imidazoline with salicyloyl chloride or salicylic acid under three different conditions to determine which was optimal. The first reaction is a two step process that uses salicyloyl chloride produced from salicylic acid. The salicyloyl chloride is then used in an annulations reaction with the imidazoline. Production of salicyloyl chloride by known methods failed. Conditions two and three attempted a similar annulations using the coupleing reagents BOP-Cl and EDC with salicylic acid and the imidazoline. These reagents work to bond the carboxylic acid to the imidazoline N and make the reaction one step. The EDC reaction failed to produce the right product, the BOP-Cl reaction appeared successful based on GCMS. However, during the purification the product was not able to be isolated.

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